Research, Articles & Case Studies

A commitment to our community of care

Research, Articles & Case Studies

You may search by any of the criteria below. To choose more than one criteria in a section, hold the Ctrl button down when making your selections.

List All Articles

11 Most Commonly Requested CST Research Articles

17 Most Commonly Requested VM Research Articles

Article Description

CranioSacral Therapy for Newborns
(April 2nd, 2019)
By: Dr. Colleen Hart, ND
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

 Dr. John Upledger and CranioSacral Therapy for Newborns has been around for years. It can heal infants with all kinds of issues including Colic,  Constipation, Tongue tie, Torticollis, Hip Dysplasia.

The light touch help babies to relax and leads to an unwinding of restriction patterns.

Silent Killler - Carrie Ann Inaba
(September 29th, 2020)
By: Katrina Schollenberger, SEO reporter
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Carrie Ann Inaba on Dancing with the Stars, has an autoimmune Illness for years.

Sjogren's Syndrome and Fibromyalgia.

It has caused a lot of serious Illnesses for many years.

Great Article!! Fast Read

Direct Measurement of the Rhythmic Motions of the Human Head Identifies a Third Rhythm
(October 13th, 2020)
By: Thomas RosenkildeRasmussen, Karl ChristianMeulengracht
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

A central concept in CranioSacral Therapy, and at the same time controversial, is the concept of a unique rhythmic movement separate from arterial and respiratory rhythms. Palpation of the unique rhythm is central and used worldwide by a high number of therapists. A significant source of the criticism and controversy of both the existence and reported range of a unique rhythm in humans is the subjective approach to study rhythmic movements by palpation.

The aim of this study was:

1. to characterize the rhythmic movements on the head relating to the arterial, respiratory and a possible third rhythm.

2. to describe the nature of the third rhythm.

3. to define the normative range of the third rhythm in humans using an objective method.

In humans, a third rhythm separate from arterial and respiratory rhythms was observed. The third rhythm was characterized by its normative range in a population (n=50) and its dynamic range within each individual. Having developed an objective approach for studying this third rhythm might form the future basis for clinical and physiological studies of craniosacral function and dysfunction.

Inside The Exclusive German Spa Victoria Beckham Can’t Get Enough Of
(September 29th, 2020)
By: Hannah Coates, Olivia Singer
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Post-Fashion Week

Victoria Beckham has return to Villa Stephanie in Germany for a 7 day retreat, with all the holistic and spa treatments anyone would desire. CranioSacral Therapy, Lymphatic Drainage, and other treatments are offered there!

A Comment on the Relationship of Recent Research on CSF Production and Reabsorption to the Pressurestat Model
(February 1st, 2013)
By: Tim Hutton, PhD, CST-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Interesting research has come out on how cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is produced and reabsorbed in the central nervous system (CNS). This research totally transformed our understanding of this neurological process. I wanted to comment briefly on the relationship of this recent research to the pressurestat model that is taught in Upledger CranioSacral Therapy classes.

Treatment of Panic Disorder by Trigeminal nerve manipulation: A case Series
(January 28th, 2020)
By: Emmanuel Birstein, Judith Gusky
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Two patients with Panic Disorder relieved their symptoms by manual manipulation of the nerve branches.

The Manipulation was performed on the Oral cavity of both patients who had molar issues in their pastimes. Within the first session, both were able to relieve their Panic Disorder significantly.

PT Classroom-Muscle Balancing: Criterion-Based Evaluation and Treatment of the Knee Complex
(November 20th, 2019)
By: Kerry D’Ambrogio DOM, AP, PT, DO-MTP and Trisha Becker, PT, DPT, MHS, OCS
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

Muscle Balancing is part of the extensive manual-therapy curriculum. When Indicated on a criterion-based evaluation. The muscle Balancing treatment approach helps to reduce muscle tenderness, protective muscle spasm, fascial tension, and pain. Muscle Balancing increases joint mobility, decreases swelling restores proper joint biomechanics, improves functional ROM, and normalizes posture alignment.

Energetic Balancing Total Body
(September 20th, 2020)
By: Kerry D'Ambrogio, DOM, AP,PT,DO-MTP
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

Energy Medicine perspective refers to subtle forces frequently described as a vital force or life force that flows through the body. Since all matter and psychological processes ( thoughts, beliefs, emotions, and consciousness) are composed of energy, the physical body, therefore, the manifestation or representation of an energy field made of dynamic segments of vibration. Total  Energetic Body Balancing bridges the gap between traditional bodywork and energy medicine.

Muscles, Connective Tissue Between Organs Influence Illness
(January 28th, 2020)
By: Marcia Frellick
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Researchers have begun to pay attention to Fascia, but connective tissue may hold the clues to a wide array of diseases including IBD.

Fascia with mechanical forces is usually thought of as it pertains to the musculoskeletal system. The function is being realized throughout all body systems!!

Cerebrospinal Fluid "What is it and Where to Find it"
(August 25th, 2020)
By: John E Upledger, D.O., O.M.M.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The brain is about 80% water and 20% of the water is extracellular. The cranial system also contains blood, lymph, and cerebrospinal fluid. Each of these fluids serves as very specific functions of the brain. The cerebrospinal fluid serves as a shock absorber in head "jolts". It also serves as a vehicle to transfer hormones and peptides of all kinds.


The Pathway to Healing The Importance of Treating the Lymphatic System ( for the Orthopedic Patient)
(July 15th, 2020)
By: Kerry D'Ambrogio, DOM, AP,PT,DO-MTP JACK RYAN, LMT, CNMT, TBB-T
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

How does the body heal after an injury? Trauma and Injury affect multiple body systems.

For health, homeostasis, and healing, all tissues need unobstructed inflow supply and unobstructed outflow return of all vital structures(nerves, arteries, veins, and lymphatic system). Another key factor for tissue healing is that there must be a balanced nerve flow or nerve conduction to/from the tissues, brain, and spinal cord.

The State of Affairs-Alzheimer's Research
(July 15th, 2020)
By: Michael Morgan, LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

When it comes to Alzheimer's research there are some interesting facts to consider.

In the past 10 years, there have been some exciting discoveries in the field of neurology and brain science. Dr. John Upledger researched and pointed out the role of cerebral spinal fluid as it circulates throughout the body.

As we age there are so many different factors that can cause Alzheimer's.

Reading this article will help explain all of the factors and research.

The Vagus Nerve and Our Digestive Tract
(July 15th, 2020)
By: Lorilynn Dowiak, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

It is clear that our digestive system is dependent upon the healthy vagal tone.

Visceral manipulation of the organs of the digestive system stimulates the environment surrounding the organs. Gentle yet specific techniques mobilize the wall of the digestive tract also stimulating the nerve receptors in these muscles.

This article focuses on how the vagus nerve impacts our digestive system with massage therapy and visceral manipulation.

CPTST, PTSD and Intergenerational Trauma: We Are in This Together(and 8 tips for Healing)
(July 3rd, 2020)
By: Jenna Grace
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

It's been a tough few weeks for all of us. I have noticed how important it is for those of us suffering to know there are other people struggling just like us. If you suffer trauma sometimes you feel alone! 

There are 8 tips to help the healing process! CST helps to regulate the Nervous System.

Money and Worth : What stories do you tell yourself about financial success?
(June 25th, 2020)
By: Robyn Scherr and Kate Mackinnon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Money is a deeply emotional subject for most of us because it is so intimately woven in with the concept of worthiness.

Clients value what they pay for to put it simply if you don't have a fair exchange, people won't value what you have to offer.

CranioSacral Therapy - Concussion
(February 20th, 2020)
By: Rob Fournier OTR, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Concussion

CranioSacral Therapy - Vertigo
(March 4th, 2020)
By: Rob Fournier OTR, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Vertigo

CranioSacral Therapy - Spastic Cerebral Palsy
(March 3rd, 2020)
By: Rob Fournier OTR, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Spastic Cerebral Palsy

CranioSacral Therapy - Sensory Processing Disorder
(January 17th, 2020)
By: Alyssa Frey MS, OTR/L, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Sensory Processing Disorder

CranioSacral Therapy - Lactation & Torticollis
(December 30th, 2019)
By: Alyssa Frey MS, OTR/L, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Lactation & Torticollis

CranioSacral Therapy - Headaches, Fatigue and Vision Issures
(February 3rd, 2020)
By: Jane Gatanis MA, OTR/L, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Headaches, Fatigue and Vision Issues

CranioSacral Therapy - Difficulty Feeding & Latching Bottle
(January 9th, 2020)
By: Rob Fournier OTR, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Difficulty Feeding & Latching Bottle

CranioSacral Therapy - Anxiety and Nervous System
(February 27th, 2020)
By: Rob Fournier OT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Anxiety and Nervous System

CranioSacral Therapy - Tremors, Lower Back Pain & stiffness
(March 4th, 2019)
By: Kerstin S Tracy MS, LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Tremors, Lower Back Pain & Stiffness

CranioSacral Therapy - Severe Jaw Pain
(September 18th, 2019)
By: Jill Mabry CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Severe Jaw Pain