Research, Articles & Case Studies

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Research, Articles & Case Studies

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11 Most Commonly Requested CST Research Articles

17 Most Commonly Requested VM Research Articles

Article Description

How Long Does Colic Last? Don't Worry This Too Shall Pass
(September 9th, 2019)
By: Grace Gallagher
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

If you are reading this , there's a high probability that you frantically googled How long does Colic Last.

Believe it or not , experts still aren't totally sure what colic is; it's Clinical definition is Frequent and prolonged crying of fussiness in a healthy infant.

CST appears to be effective and safe for Infantile Colic by reducing the number of crying hours.

Life in the Bones
(September 18th, 2019)
By: David Lauterstein
Curriculum/s: Zero Balancing, Process Acupressure,

Great Read!!

Zero Balancing is unique in that it focuses especially on the experience of the person as evoked through the skeletal system, as well as soft tissues.

In our work, it is easy to see we are helping to free and relax our clients through the muscles and fascia. Since our tissues act like guide wires that position and move the bones

Zero Balancing is a form of bodywork that focuses on the skeletal side of the musculoskeletal equation and emphasizes contacting energy as well as structure.

Zero Balancing A Conversation with Founder Fritz Smith MD
(September 18th, 2019)
By: David Lauterstein
Curriculum/s: Zero Balancing, Process Acupressure,

This is an excellent read!

Zero Balancing seems to engage the person in profound ways through apparently simple hands on work. Smith says that comes from the Zero Balancing working tool, called a fulcrum. “A fulcrum is a field of tension that we create in the client’s body and then hold it stationary to allow the opportunity for the person to respond to it. Some of the fulcrums I’ve developed come from listening to people who have a worldview that makes sense to me, like Deepak Chopra or the Dalai Lama. 

Developing Zero Balancing many years ago, I had no idea where it was going to go,” he says. “It started out as a bio-mechanical system that was very good at stopping pain and helping function. But now I’m seeing it as a holistic system.

Mum-of-3 left partially blind after hitting head on bedroom shelf
(September 18th, 2019)
By: Sophie Barnett
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Mother of 3 accidentally caught her head on the Metal hinge of her bedroom shelf while trying to dig out her children's presents on Christmas Eve,

The 54 yr old saw the cut but brushed it off, even the Nausea and carried on with her day not wanting to spoil the festivities.

After Surgery and after her life was torn apart she turned to Craniosacral therapy.

Cranial Therapy and Heart Rate Variability
(September 13th, 2019)
By: Vaness Bayo-Tallon, Jordi Esquirol-Caussa, Montserrat Pamias-Massana, Kalia Planells-Keller, Diego J. Palao-Vidal
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Background: and purpose: Heart rate variability represents a marker activity, self-regulation and psychiatric illness. Few studies of manual therapy have investigated the neurophysiological effects of manual cranial therapy. This study assessed the neurophysiological short/medium-term effects of two manual therapy interventions: massage therapy . Materials and methods: A double-blind clinical trial was conducted with 50 healthy children, randomized into two groups who received a Mss-t intervention or MC-t.

The variables analysed included vital signs (temperature, respiratory rate, heart rate, blood pressure) and HRV components, including the root mean square ofsuccessive differences (RMSSD), high frequency (HF), low frequency (LF) and LF/HF ratio.

Results: Both interventions produced short-term parasympathetic effects, although the effects of MC-t were more persistent.

Conclusion: The persistence of the MC-t intervention suggested a prominent vagal control and better self-regulation. Autonomic imbalances in mental pathologiesmay benefit from the neurophysiological effects of MC-t.

Effects of manual cranial therapy on heart rate variability in children without associated disorders: Translation to clinical practice
(August 19th, 2019)
By: Vanessa Bayo-Tallóna, Jordi Esquirol-Caussaa, Montserrat Pàmias-Massanab , Kalia Planells-Kellerb , Diego J. Palao-Vidalb
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The autonomic nervous system (ANS) controls unconscious body functions by innervating cardiac and smooth muscles, as well as exo-crine and endocrine glands, through three main efferent pathways:sympathetic, parasympathetic, and enteric pathways. The equilibrium between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems is responsible for maintaining homeostasis and regulating adaptive responses to internal/external environmental changes. Sympathetic activation promotes a "defense" response, while parasympathetic activation is related to protective and relaxation functions.

Type of relationship between the different factors that potentially influence heart rate variability.

Giles focused their research on the relationship between the vagus nerve and musculoskeletal structures with vagal functions using the Vagus Nerve is a mixed nerve (10th cranial nerve) joining the glossopharyngeal and accessory nerves to constitute asystem with a primarily parasympathetic function.

A way to heal trauma | Live Well
(July 16th, 2019)
By: Jennifer Mulson
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Avadhan Larson offers somatic experiencing, which can potentially help people heal from trauma. The healing modality looks like talk therapy from the outside, but doesn't ask the client to relive the traumatic experience repeatedly.

So what does a session look like? To an outside observer, it would look a lot like talk therapy, Larson said, with the practitioner and patient sitting and quietly talking.But it’s not. Talk therapy can only help resolve trauma to a point, and it might even worsen it, as talking about and reliving the trauma can reinforce its neural pathways in the brain, making the memory stronger.

This is very interesting read !!!

New Pain Organ discovered in the Skin
(August 20th, 2019)
By: Karolinska Institute
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have discovered a new sensory organ that is able to detect painful mechanical damage, such as pricks and impacts.The discovery is being published in the Journel "Science".

Pain causes suffering and results in substantial costs for society. Our study show that sensitivity to pain does not occur only in the skin fibres,but also in the pain sensitive organ.

Infant Colic What Works a Systematic Review of Interventions for Breast Fed Infants
(August 20th, 2019)
By: Kim Forehand-van der Linde, PhD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This research article's objective is to determine the strength of evidence for commonly used interventions for Colic in breast-fed and mixed fed infants younger than 6 month.

Kim Forehand-van der Linde, PHDUII Research Coordinator  follows up on the Colic Study and this research study. The study compared CST enhanced treatment with normal treatment with amazing results. However, how does that compare to other treatment options? Why is that important, well, if CST enhanced treatment gives you 3.5 hours less crying, but modality XXX enhanced treatment gives you 6 hours improvement, I would recommend to people to get modality X enhanced treatment unless that is not working. Because I want the best for those infants.

So, what works best if not using CST? The review indicates that probiotic (overall mean difference in crying time at day 21 of −55.8 min/day (95% CI −64.4 to −47.3, P = 0.001) ) and fennel (overall mean difference of −72.1 min/day (95% CI −126.4 to −17.7, P < 0.001)) are best suited.

55.8 min and 72.1 min improvement in crying time. Compare that to the CST enhanced treatment that scored on the same measure an improvement of 3.29 hours = 209 minutes. This is between 2.7 and 3.8 times as much improvement as with the best available alternative options."

There is an excess of information for parents on the internet under the term Infant Colic which gives conflicting advise. This research will help you understand these research studies.


Visceral Lymphatic Balancing Techniques
(August 16th, 2019)
By: Kerry D'Ambrogio, DOM,AP,PT,DO-MTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

This article is very interesting for our  Lymphatic systems

Many Massage therapist consider lymphatic drainage to be a specialized set of techniques that do not factor into daily massage practice.

Lymphatic System

A properly functioning lymphatic system is critical for the body to maintain Homeostasis and regenerate tissue. An important principle treatment is "Drainage Precedes Supply." This concept is based on understanding that tissues need a healthy inflow of oxygenated and nutrient rich blood for cellular homeostasis and repair. The system responsible for providing this drainage pathway is the lymphatic system 

Lymphatic drainage dates back to the late 1800's

Diastasis recti, the post-pregnancy belly problem, explained
(May 12th, 2018)
By: Allison Yarrow
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

The article talks about what Diastasis recti (DR) is. DR is caused by the overstretching of the linea alba, the tissue or fascia at thte center of the rectus abdominis muscles, the "six-pack" muscles to the right and left of the bellybutton. It's most common in pregnant and postpartum women because of the load a growing fetus places on the linea alba, which Bowman likens to a shirt seam. 

Brandi Kirk, PT, PRPC, CVTP , Barral Institute Instructor. refers to Jean-Pierre Barra, Visceral Manipulation, and the Barral Institute.

It's a great read. 


 

Geriatric Applications of CranioSacral therapy
(August 14th, 2019)
By: Edith G. Walsh PhD, RN
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about CranioSacral Therapy in geriatric care. It is found that well-established allied health professionals are integrating CST into their care of older adults. This is a exploratory study and suggest that controlled studies of CST is used as an adjunct to regular care my be worthwhile, particularly for chronic pain. Read more for methods used and for results. 


Humboldt survivors featured in doc say they want to make their "angles' proud
(August 14th, 2019)
By: Victoria Ahearn
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about the deadly bus crash that devastated a junior hockey team and nation. Saskatoon-based Dahlgren, 22, is undergoing CranioSacral Therapy for a third-degree brain injury that he suffered in the crash.



Visceral Lymphatic Balancing Techniques
(August 12th, 2019)
By: Kerry D'Ambrogio
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Many massage therapist consider lymphatic drainage to be a specialized set of techniques that do not factor into a daily massage practice. 

The Lymphatic System

An important principle of Osteopathic treatment is "Drainage Precedes Supply." This concept is based on understanding that tissues need a healthy inflow of oxygenated and nutrient rich blood for cellular homeostasis and repair. The system responsible for providing this drainage pathway is the lymphatic system.

Lymphatic Balancing: The Six-Step Treatment Approach
(March 1st, 2018)
By: Kerry D'Ambrogio, DOM, AP, PT, DO-MTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about what Lymphatic Balancing is and the six-step treatment approach. 

Effect of Osteopathic Visceral Manipulation on Pain
(August 2nd, 2019)
By: Andréia Cristina de Oliveira Silva, Danirla Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzolez, Fabio Henrique Monteiro Oliveira, Adriano Oliveria Andrade, Cid Andre Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Fernanda de Cordoba Lanza, Cesar Ferriera Amorim, and Fabio Politti
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Nonspecific neck pain is a musculoskeletal disorder characterized by pain in the structure located between the superior nuchal line and the spinous process of the first thoracic vertebra, which is not associated with a particular disease or modification of the anatomical structure.

Previous studies have reported that visceral disturbances can lead to increased musculoskeletal tension and pain in structures innervated from the corresponding spinal level through viscerosomatic reflexes.

Notes on Visceral adhesions as Fascial Pathology
(July 1st, 2019)
By: Gil Hedley
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Fascia is introduced as an organizing anatomical category for visceral mesothelia.

Normal tissue relations are discussed in order to frame the presentation of abnormal visceral adhesions as fascial pathology, 4 types of which are identified laboratory of fixed and unembalmed human cadavers provide the basis for insights into these pathologies as regards self-care and therapeutic techniques.

Effect of Craniosacral Therapy in Treatment of Cervical Spondylosis
(July 30th, 2019)
By: Dr. D. Y. Patil ,Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth,Sant Tukaram Nagar,Palekar Tushar J,Shah Nikhil B,B,,Khandare ShilpaBaxi Gaurangasu Soumik
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Craniosacral Therapy (CST) is an effective treatment and can be used for treating patients with cervical spondylosis. Craniosacral Therapy has a therapeutic effect on reducing pain, improving cervical range of motion and improving overall cervical function amongst people with cervical spondylosis.

To Purchase Article: http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:ijpot&volume=13&issue=3&article=016

Neural Mobilization Treatment Decreases Glial Cells and Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor Expression in the Central Nervous System in Rats with Neuropathis Pain Induced By CCI Rats
(March 22nd, 2017)
By: Aline Carolina Giardini, Fabio Martinez dos Santos, Joyce Teixeira da Silva, Mara Evany de Oliveira, Daniel Oliveira Martins, and Marucia Chacur
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is a research article about nerve injury in humans that often results in persistent or chronic neuropathic pain which is characterized by spontaneous burning pain accompanied by hyperalgesia and allodynia.

These findings may improve the knowledge about the involvement of astrocytes, microglia, and BDNF in the chronic pain and show that NM treatment which alleviates neuropathic pain, affects glial cells and BDNF expression.

Meghan King Edmonds Claims Chiropractor Helped Correct her 7 Month old Sons Vision Problems
(July 30th, 2019)
By: Dave Quinn
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this story, she tells how CranioSacral Therapy helped improve her sons far-sightedness

The Mother of 3 was prompted to seek help for Hart's vision problems when she noticed he wasn't seeing up close. He wasn't meeting certain milestones.

After speaking to her pediatrician, she was recommended to visit a pediatric ophthalmologist. But before the appt. Dr. MCNamara told her about CranioSacral Therapy which was meant to loosen the muscles that were making his eyes cross-eyed and were making it hard for him to see up close.

  

Respiratory influence on cerebrospinal fluid flow - a computational study based on long-term intracranial pressure measurements
(July 5th, 2019)
By: Kristinana Lindstrøm, Lars Magnus Valnes, Marie E. Rognes, Per Kristian Eide & Kent-Andre Mardal
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Heart Centered Therapy,

This research article discusses current theories that waste solutes are cleared from the brain via cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow. 

In this study, they explored the importance of respiratory versus cardiac pressure gradients for CSF flow within one of the main conduits of the brain, the cerebral aqueduct.

SomatoEmotional Release
(June 10th, 2019)
By: Upledger Institute International
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article describes what SomatoEmotional Release is and where it comes from. This article also discusses energy cyst formation.

Specialized connective tissue: bone, the structural framework of the upper extremity
(April 25th, 2012)
By: Alyssa M. Weatherholt, Robyn K. Fuchs, and Stuart J. Warden
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article provides an overview of the structure and function of bone tissue from a macroscopic to microscopic level and discusses the physiological processes contributing to upper extremity bone health. 

Life Lessons: Avril Stanley
(June 7th, 2019)
By: : Avril Stanley
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Life blesses us with all manner of surprises

But I didn't want to have any expectations of myself or my partner, therefore motherhood was more of an unexpected gift than a plan.

A comprehensive physical therapy evaluation for Male Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome: A case series exploring common findings
(May 16th, 2019)
By: Lyne Archambault-Ezenwa, Alycia Markowski, Jean-Pierre Barral
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Neural ManipulationT,

Male Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (MCPPS) is a complex condition and difficult to decipher due to the multifactorial etiologies and system interrelationships. A retrospective analysis of evaluative findings for ten men was performed. The men, with an average age of 35 (range 24e46) were referred to physical therapy for MCPPS.