Research, Articles & Case Studies

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Research, Articles & Case Studies

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11 Most Commonly Requested CST Research Articles

17 Most Commonly Requested VM Research Articles

Article Description

PT Classroom - Discover CranioSacral Therapy for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
(December 15th, 2021)
By: Cybert PT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

PTSD has been part of CranioSacral Therapy  for treating the Veterans.

The program has helped these Vets. It's a 5 day program which helps them with anxiety and other issues that they have when coming back from Combat. The results have been amazing!

A Great Read!!

Effectiveness of craniosacral therapy in the treatment of infantile colic. A randomized controlled trial
(August 1st, 2019)
By: M.Castejón-Castejóna M.A.Murcia-González J.L.Martínez Gilc J.Todrid M.Suárez Rancele O.Lenaf R.Chillón-Martínezg
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 58 infants, aged 0-84 days, diagnosed with infantile colic. The babies received a 30-40 minute CST session once a week (experimental group) or no treatment (control group). Craniosacral therapy appears to be effective and safe for infantile colic by reducing the number of crying hours, the colic severity and increasing the total hours of sleep. 

•CST helps in reducing crying hours and colic severity in infantile colic.

•CST helps to increase the sleep hours in infants dealing with infantile colic

Total Body Balancing Manual Techniques to Improve Patient Outcomes
(April 13th, 2022)
By: Kerry D’Ambrogio DOM, AP, PT, DO-MTP
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Total Body Balancing (TBB) is a specifically designed curriculum based on the osteopathic principle of holism that uses a total body approach to evaluate and treat the Total Body Lesion. The TBB treatment helps influence All Body systems. It is appropriate for Athletes, Orthopedic Patients, Geriatric Patients, Pediatric Patients, Internal Medicine patients, Wellness and Maintenance Patients. TBB balances the biomechanical structure of the body.

Great Article!!

The Integrating Touch of CranioSacral Therapy
(February 11th, 2022)
By: Liz Brinson, LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

 Sometimes bodies are complex. People are complex. We may not know the full story of the body when we plan a treatment. In CST, we are lucky to be following the pace and direction of the body. In Liz's experience, practicing CST has been a journey of learning to trust, at deeper and deeper levels, in the body’s healing abilities. This practice of trust has had an expansive effect in my own being as well as for my clients.


Visceral Manipulation Application FOR TRAUMA AND WHIPLASH
(March 22nd, 2021)
By: Lorilynn Dowiak, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

The massage therapist is no stranger to the sequalae of musculoskeletal involvement following trauma, as in the case of whiplash injury. You comprehend the anatomic origins – insertions and the mechanical function that the muscular system exerts on the skeleton. Applied techniques for reducing muscular fascial tensions improve mobility and reduce pain symptoms. For some clients, relieving these tensions may be all that is needed for tissues to regain homeostasis.

CRANIOSACRAL THERAPY PART III: IN THE FUTURE
(April 1st, 1995)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this, the third and final installment of the "perspectives" series on CranioSacral Therapy and its interrelationship with energy medicine, I present my concepts of its potential applications and contributions for the betterment of the human condition. It is my hope that as the human condition is positively affected, so the planet will have a better chance for a high quality survival. In the first and second installments I have discussed the history and development of CranioSacral Therapy, its progeny, its integrations with other therapeutic approaches and the wide range of applications for recipients of this modality as well as its effects upon the CranioSacral Therapy practitioner.

What is presented in this last article is a summary of the potential uses and dividends of CranioSacral Therapy as I see them. I am not predicting what will happen, I am predicting what could happen and hoping that it will.

CRANIOSACRAL THERAPY PART I: ITS ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT
(April 1st, 1995)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this. the first installment of a series on CranioSacral Therapy and energy medicine, I have attempted to describe in brief the many facets of the system and therapy as they presented themselves, almost simultaneously. The observations that led to the research into the craniosacral system are described. The clinical and educational ramificarions are also considered. In the second and third installments, these two latter aspects will be considered in more detail. Political aspects and events which resulted from the release of CranioSacral Therapy to the healthcare community at latge and to the public will be described and discussed.


A Systematic Review of a Polyvagal Perspective on Embodied Contemplative Practices as Promoters of Cardiorespiratory Coupling and Traumatic Stress Recovery for PTSD and OCD: Research Methodologies and State of the Art
(November 10th, 2021)
By: Andrea Poli, Angelo Gemignani, Federico Soldani, Mario Miccoli
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

  • Baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) has been proposed as a transdiagnostic biomarker of stress vulnerability across psychopathologies, and a reliable association between PTSD, OCD and lower resting RSA was found. The polyvagal theory proposes an evolutionary and neuro-physiological framework that deals with the organization of autonomic systems and has been linked to functional gastrointestinal disorders and chronic diffuse pain and to psychosocial pathology, both connected to chronic traumatic stress during development.

USE OF CRANIOSACRAL THERAPY TO TREAT INFANT POST-TRAUMATIC TORTICOLLI
(April 1st, 2022)
By: C. Johansson, Elon University, Elon, NC.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: To describe the use of craniosacral therapy (CST) to improve ROM and posture in an infant with post-traumatic torticollis and C1–2 subluxation.

OUTCOMES: Posture and ROM improved markedly in the first 4 weeks. Treatment continued weekly for 6 more months with consistent, though less dramatic, progress. Digital overlays of photographs allow comparative estimates of improvement. At discharge, patient achieved neutral head and neck posture in times of quiet standing and AROM beyond neutral in inversion. Mild asymmetry was still evident in stand-to-squat and in times of dynamic play. The child was discharged at nearly 24 months of age, with no imminent plans for additional CT scans or surgical intervention, to a hippotherapy program.

DISCUSSION: While considerable literature exists on physical and surgical interventions for congenital torticollis, little is written on the treatment of traumatic torticollis in very young children. In this case, CST appeared to be an effective intervention for improving cervical posture and ROM in an infant with post-traumatic torticollis.


Testimonials from Professional Football Players Concussion Intensive Therapy Program
(September 30th, 2015)
By: Vaughn, Meggyesy, Williams, Jones, Borland, Galsgow, Visger, Koch,
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

On September 30th the Upledger Foundation, in conjunction with the Ricky Williams Foundation, completed the 2015 Football Players Concussion Intensive Therapy Program and Research Study.

This year’s program treated seven former professional football players, two of whom were repeats from the 2014 study. The programs have consisted of extensive baseline intake testing, five consecutive days of twice daily CranioSacral Therapy, Visceral Manipulation and Neural Manipulation Therapy. At week’s end, a re-taking of the same tests concluded the program. Besides positive documented quantitative changes shown in the tests, all of the former players reported experiencing significant life-changing value, benefits and insight through receiving treatment, and participating in the dialogues of shared experiences. The personal testimonies below reflect some of what the participants experienced, and their desire to inform those institutions and organizations who are actively seeking to study the issues, and help improve the quality of life OF ANYONE suffering from brain injury, post traumatic stress, and other accumulated traumas.

CRANIOSACRAL THERAPY AS SUPPORT FOR A COMPLEX MEDICAL CONDITION
(March 22nd, 2022)
By: Kate MacKinnon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

 

Great Read!

CranioSacral Therapy has helped patients with various complex medical Conditions. Here is a story of a woman with many post op Surgery issues with the help of the therapist and her Medical Dr. she was able to have her second surgery with less pain and severe issues that she had before!

At that time everything felt like pain and that would send off alarm bells in her sympathetic nervous system. She was making frequent visits to the ER and suffered from urinary tract infections, difficulty sleeping, significant pelvic pain, fistulas, depression and limited ability to sit and walk. 

Long COVID Symptoms Linked to Effects on Vagus Nerve
(February 15th, 2022)
By: Carolyn Crist
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

 Several long COVID symptoms could be linked to the effects of the coronavirus on a vital central nerve .The vagus nerve, which runs from the brain into the body, connects to the heart, lungs, intestines, and several muscles involved with swallowing. Those with long COVID and vagus nerve problems could face long term issues with their voice, a hard time swallowing, dizziness, a high heart rate, low blood pressure, and diarrhea.

Brain Drain: A Look Inside the Brain's Waste Clearance System
(February 25th, 2022)
By: : Dr. Onder Albayram/
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A joint research team at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) and the University of Florida describes the first non-invasive and near real-time visualization of the human brain’s waste-clearance system in Nature Communications. The lymphatic clearance system is all over the body for different organs, Why not the Brain?

The Role of the CranioSacral Therapist in the Treatment of Ankyloglossia (Tongue-Tie)
(January 3rd, 2022)
By: Patricia Abby Berg
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Ankyloglossia, also known as Tongue Tie is a strain pattern of the muscles of the tongue.. These strain patterns may impact craniofacial development, anatomical structure as well as musculature and cranial nerve function. When there is difficulty eating and breathing, the stress felt by the system may result in activation of the autonomic nervous system putting the reticular activating/alarm system (RAS) into overdrive. A surgical release of the frenulum is only the first step in aiding the healing of the total body system.

CranioSacral therapy is a modality that facilitates bringing the body into normal physiological motion and functionality of the tongue strain.

Fascial Nomenclature: Update 2021, Part 1
(February 6th, 2022)
By: Bruno Bordinid, Allan R. Escher, Filippo Tobbi, Antonio Pranzitelli, Luigi Pianese
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In the new millennium, we can find another group dedicated to the study of Fascial Tissue!. There definitely is a special distinction between the term Fascia and the Fascial System, the first term is equivalent to the description of the tissue( mesoscopic and microscopic scale), Fascia is a thin sheet or any other dissectible aggregations of connective tissue that forms beneath the skin. It encloses muscles and internal organs like straps to hold everything up.

Effect of Health-Promoting Agents on Exclusion-Zone Size
(August 1st, 2018)
By: Abha Sharma, Colby Adams, Benjamin D. Cashdollar, Zheng Li, Nam V. Nguyen, Himasri Sai, Jiachun Shi, Gautham Velchuru, Kevin Z. Zhu, and Gerald H. Pollack
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

It is now well-confirmed that hydrophilic surfaces including those within the cell generate structural changes in water. This interfacial water is ordered and acquires features different from the bulk. Amongst those features is the exclusion of colloidal and molecular solutes from extensive regions next to the hydrophilic surface, thereby earning it the label of “exclusion zone” (EZ) water.

The Fourth Phase of Water: A role in fascia?
(March 11th, 2022)
By: GH Pollack, PHD
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

We learn that water has three phases: solid, liquid and vapor. But there is something more. In our laboratory at the University of Washington we have uncovered a fourth phase. This phase occurs next to water loving (hydrophilic) surfaces. It is surprisingly extensive, projecting out from surfaces by up to millions of molecular layers; and it exists almost everywhere. Water plays a role in everything we do !! Fascia is everywhere!

The Effectiveness of Neural Mobilization for Neuromusculoskeletal Conditions: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
(February 25th, 2022)
By: ANNALIE BASSON, PhD, BENITA OLIVIER, PhD , RICHARD ELLIS, PhD, MICHEL COPPIETERS, PhD, AIMEE STEWART, PhD, WITNESS MUDZI, PhD
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of neural mobilization (NM) for musculoskeletal conditions with a neuropathic component. Neural Mobilization, is a movement-based intervention aimed at restoring the homeostasis in and around the nervous system. Benefits of Neural Manipulation for back and neck pain seemed to help patients!! Musculoskeletal disorders are the second biggest contributor to disability worldwide.

What is Fascia?
(March 2nd, 2022)
By: Dan Brennan, MD
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Fascia is a layer of connective tissue that just cover organs muscles and bones. Body Fascia is multi-layered, and it plays an active role in the body. When Fascia is healthy, it is slippery and smooth. Surgeons used to think it was just a tissue that just covered the organs, muscles, and bones. Your Fascia is broken up into 4 main layers: superficial, deep, visceral, and parietal. Great Read to Understand what Fascia is!!


A Review of the Theoretical Fascial Models: Biotensegrity, Fascintegrity, and Myofacial Chains
(February 20th, 2020)
By: Bruno Bordeni, Thomas Myers
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Looking back to the first articles about the terms of Fascia date back to 1800's The article  describes how a surgery that was performed on a fracture of a leg resolved the pain and inflammation, separating the bands of the muscles and different tissue layers, the concept that the fascia is connective tissue, which separates and supports the muscle and its movements. Nowadays little has changed with the Fascia findings. The Fascia is a sheath,or a sheet that forms beneath the skin to hold up the separate muscles and other internal organs.

Reflections on osteopathic fascia treatment in the peripheral nervous system
(October 30th, 2015)
By: Bruno Borden, Giovanni Bordoni
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The peripheral nerve is composed of layers of Fascia tissue which can become a source of painif the way they slide is impeded. The nerves and the structures change as the adapt to the stimulus which is present ( mechanical, biochemical, electrical, or metabolic).The nervous system is subject to overload as when the joints move, undergoing compression and stretching, an example is when the elbow flexes when the ulnar nerve is stretched. Many Peripheral nerves can be palpated and directly moved for anatomical reasons.

Bone Tissue is an Integral Part of the Fascial System
(December 21st, 2017)
By: Bruno Bordini, Maria Marcella Lagana
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Bone tissue is the largest organ capable of producing autocrine and paracrine substances, influencing its own metabolism of the organs. Autocrine action stimulates a minor remodeling of the bone Osteoporosis., while paracrine action influences Insulin action. Finally we have added two more words to this fasciae of the human body exist as both solid and liquid structure. The facia is any tissue that contains features capable of responding to mechanical stimuli. The term Feeding because of the liquid bands, like the blood and the lymph feed of of the different tissues for the nourishment.

The Five Diaphragms in Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine: Neurological Relationships, Part 2
(June 3rd, 2020)
By: Bruno Borden, Don Carlos Gnocchi
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This continuation of Part 1 is showing how the Five diaphragms reflect the concept with the clinician to guide the evaluations. The philosophy behind the latter and the Five diaphragms is to allow enough space between the different body of tissues ( muscular, visceral, vascular, and nervous), as if there is the possibility of better movement of the tissues. It would seem that you would have better movement for greater health and well being for the patient! 

The Five Diaphragms in Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine: Neurological Relationships, Part 1
(June 10th, 2020)
By: Bruno Bordoni, Don Carlo Gnocchi
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In 1874 Dr. Still the founder of Osteopathy described a fundamental function of the fluids at work together but when an injury arises then the matter, fluids, and emotions will interrupt with all the fluids. The nourishment when there is an interruption due to an injury need further help to regulate the whole body so the fluids can flow more easily with the help of intervention to help the fluid flow properly.

Anatomy, Fascia Layers
(July 26th, 2021)
By: Adrianna Gatt; Sanjay Agarwal; Patrick M. Zito.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Facia is made up of sheets of connective tissue below the skin. These tissues attach, stabilize, impart strength, maintain vessels patency, and hold vital organs and separate muscles. The word Fascia was originally used by surgeons to describe the soft tissue encasing the body, organs and bones. Fascia forms as pearly white fibrous tissue , just like the light tissue that is seen when you take the skin off of a chicken.