Research, Articles & Case Studies

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Research, Articles & Case Studies

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11 Most Commonly Requested CST Research Articles

17 Most Commonly Requested VM Research Articles

Article Description

A Comprehensive Physical Therapy Approach Including Visceral Manipulation After Failed Biofeedback Therapy for Constipation
(June 24th, 2016)
By: L.Archambault-Azenwa, J.Brewer, A.Markowski
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Introduction: 

Pelvic floor rehabilitation encompasses the application of specific therapeutic treatments aimed to improve muscle strength, relaxation, and coordination, promotes circulation, and restores the mobility of the fascial, ligamentous, nervous, vascular, and visceral systems, to foster pelvic health and biomechanics. The following case study will illustrate the importance of this approach to pelvic floor rehabilitation.

Effect of Visceral Manipulation on Liver Enzymes on a Child with Cerebral Palsy
(December 10th, 2018)
By: Yousef Salah Salem
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Abstract:

Background: Children with cerebral palsy often suffer from seizures so anticonvulsants drugs is a treatment choice and others using them as aprophylaxis if there is suspicion about Increasing possibility for having one and commonly those list of drugs have an impact on liver function if there is long term of them of huge doses due to mal-abuse or any other cause here come the need for liver enzymes monitoring.

Objective: Reducing the liver enzymes for those children who suffered from abnormal ratio using an osteopathic approach.

Methods: The study was done on two children aiming to reduce their liver enzymes as they were on abnormal value as a cause of anti-epileptic drug we use visceral manipulation techniques especially liver technique investigation using liver enzymes as Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST).

Results: We found dropping with their value to normal ratio after 15 min with the visceral manipulation techniques the approach is done for three times a week for three month.

Visceral Manipulation: Fact and Fantasy
(October 22nd, 2018)
By: Ramona C. Horton PT, MPT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This article discusses:

  • The history of visceral mobilization (VM) as a foundational technique within the realm of osteopathic manipulative therapy (OMT).
  • The anatomy of the visceral fascia, its attachment to and effect on the somatic frame.
  • Efficacy for the treatment of the fascial network throughout the body as a component of manual physical therapy.
  • Evidence as it exists for VM and the scientific rational that would support the manual treatment of internal organs within the scope of physical therapy

The effect of a six-week osteopathic visceral manipulation in patents with non-specific chronic low back pain and functional constipation: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
(October 23rd, 2018)
By: Walkyria Vilas Boas Fernandes, Cleofás Rodríguez Blanco, Fabiano Politti, Fernanda de Cordoba Lanza, Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli, and João Carlos Ferrari Corrêa
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

The proposed study is to analyze the effect of a six-week osteopathic visceral manipulation (OVM) program on the flexion-relaxation phenomenon in individuals with non-specific chronic low back pain and functional constipation. 

Helping to Relieve the Pain of Post-Surgical Breast Cancer with Myofascial/Craniosacral Techniques
(March 25th, 2005)
By: Aaron Dalton
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Health Practitioners can provide significant pain relief for post-surgical breast cancer patients by using a technique called myofascial release and craniosacral therapy. So said Meryle Richman, PT, MS, CST, owner of two Physical Therapy clinics in New York, speaking at a breast cancer rehabilitation seminar at Beth Israel Medical Center. The techniques consist of a series of hand positions with the therapist applying pressure in opposite directions with each hand - so while one hand applies gentle pressure toward the head, the other applies pressure toward the feet, to release tension and soften the facial tissues.   

The Role of the Vagus Nerve in Cancer Prognosis: A Systematic and a Comprehensive Review
(October 11th, 2018)
By: Marijke De Couck, Ralf Caers, David Spiegel, and Yori Gidron
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article reviews the role of the vagus nerve in tumor modulation and cancer prognosis. 

Ultra-fast magnetic resonance encephalography of physiological brain activity - Glymphatic pulsation mechanisms?
(January 4th, 2016)
By: Vesa Kiviniemi, Xindi Wang, Vesa Korhonen, Tuila Keinanen, Timo Tuovinen, Joonas Autio, Pierre LeVan, Shella Keilholz, Yu-Feng Zang, Jurgen Hennig and Mailen Nedergaard
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The Theory on the glymphatic convection mechanism of serebrospinal fluid holds that cardiac pulsations in part pump cerebrospinal fluid from the Peri-arterial spaces through the extracellular tissue into peri-venous spaces facilitated by aguaporin water channels. Since cardiac pulses cannot be the sole mechanism of glymphatic propulsion, we searched for additional cerebrospinal fluid pulsations in the human brain with ultra-fast magnetic resonance ecephalography. We detected three types of physiological mechanisms affecting cerebral cerebrospinal fluid pulsations: cardiac, respiratory, and very low frequency pulsations. The cardiac pulsations induce a negative magnetic resonance encephalography signal change in peri-arterial regions that extends centrifugally and covers the brain in I Hz cycles. The respiratory 0.3 Hz pulsations are centripetal periodical pulses that occur dominantly in peri-venous areas. The third type of pulsation was very low frequency (VLF 0.001-0.023hZ) and low frequency (LF 0.023-0.73 Hz) waves that both propagate with unique spatiotemporal patterns. Our findings using critically sampled magnetic resonance encephalography open a new view into cerebral fluid dynamics. Since glymphatic system failure may precede protein accumulations in diseases such as Alzheimer's dementia, this methodological advance offers a novel approach to image brain fluid dynamics that potentially can enable early detection and intervention in neurodegenerative diseases.  

Cranial osteopathy for childeren with cerebral palsy: a randomised controlled trial of the effects of cranial osteopathy on the health and wellbeing of children with cerebral palsy.
(October 10th, 2018)
By: Cerebra Research Unit
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Cerba asked researchers at the Peninsula Medical School to examine the existing scientific evidence on the benefits of cranial osteopathy for children with CP.


The Osteopathy for Children with Cerebral Palsy Trial (OCP Trial) examined the effectiveness of cranial osteopathy on movement, overall quality of life, sleep patterns, pain and fits in children with CP. 

Cranial sacral therapy for your dog
(April 17th, 2018)
By: Rachel Jones, DVM
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Cranial sacral therapy is a gentle hands - on form of energy healing. It's very subtle and simple, yet it can have profound effects. CST is a safe and non-invasive technique that brings with it many lasting beneficial results. By partnering it with traditional and other alternative therapies, your dog's innate healing abilities can be greatly enhanced. 

Complementary Therapies
(November 16th, 2018)
By: Katherine Larter, CST
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Sometimes all the body needs to activate the healing process is a gentle touch by a skilled hand - one that can read the body's signals and perceive where an underlying restriction may be inhibiting proper functioning.

CarnioSacral therapy works by helping the body's natural healing mechanisms dissipate the negative effects of stress on the cranial nervous system. This is accomplished through utilizing a physiological body system called the CarnioSacral system, which maintains the environment in which the central nervous system functions.

Barral Visceral Manipulation Case Study - 10 Pain Studies
(October 2nd, 2018)
By: Ivy Mok
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

10 Visceral Manipulation Case Studies

Barral Visceral Manipulation Case Study - 10 Pain Studies
(October 2nd, 2018)
By: Ivy Mok
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

10 Visceral Manipulation Case Studies

The Ricky Williams Concussion Project
(June 13th, 2013)
By: Gail Wetzler, PT, DPT, EDO, BI-D, Sally Fryer PT, DPT, CST-D, SIPT Cert. , George Visger, BS, Wildlife Biologist, TBI Consultant Retired Professional Football Player for the NFL
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The purpose of this recent study is to determine if specific manual therapy techniques would provide an intervention with positive changes to enhance recovery or diminish long - term sequelae for post professional athletes with a history of concussions. 

Closing and Non-closing Sutures in 256 Crania of Known Age and Sex from Amsterdam (A.D. 1883-1909)*
(August 25th, 1983)
By: W.R.K. Perizonius
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

By dividing a Dutch reference collection into to sub samples of different ages, remarkable differences were found in the suture closure process in these sub samples. Spearman rank correlations demonstrated that mean endocranial closure stage is correlated with age in the ages below fifty but not in the ages above fifty. In the latter ages in the closure stage of individual suture sections showed positive as well as negative correlations with age at death. Therefore two different suture closure indices were introduced as age indicators, one for each sub sample. In both indices are correlated with age within their sub sample. It is supposed that the required division into sub samples may be realized with the help of other age indicators. As possible age indicator, especially when used together with others in "complex methods", suture closure has not yet served its turn.  

On the pulsatile nature of intracranial and spinal CSF- circulation demonstrated by MR imaging
(July 1st, 1994)
By: Greitz D, Franck A, Nordell B
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow was studied in 24 healthy volunteers using grated MR phase imaging.

Craniosacral Rythem-Where does it stand?
(December 1st, 2011)
By: Supp, Georg, PT, Dip. MDT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In an article titles "Challenging Myths in Physical Therapy" (Harris 2001), this professor at the University of Vancouver, criticized physical therapists that were using craniosacral therapy in their treatment of musculoskeletal problems, despite the current lack of scientific evidence. Today - about ten years later - the body of evidence has not changed in favor of craniosacral therapy. Nevertheless, the demand for and offer of training courses in this area continues unabated. This article represents a critical personal review of this myth.  

Research Regarding Motion of the Cranial Bones
(September 3rd, 2018)
By: Moskalenko and Frymann
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Cranial bone motion has been one of the most controversial aspects of CranioSacral Therapy, but there is ample evidence that the cranial bones do rhythmically move a small, but definite amount. In summary, substantial support for life-long sutural patency and mobility of cranial sutures in healthy human beings is well established within the scientific and medical literature. Cranial bones can move small amounts, and so possess inherent rhythmic motion.  

Slow Rythmic Oscillations within the Human Cranium: Phenomenology, Origin, and Informational Signifigance
(March 1st, 2001)
By: Moskalenko, Y.E., Frymann, V., Weinstein, G.B
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Slow rhythmic oscillations in the human cranial cavity were studied using two noninvasive methods: the bio impedance method (volume ratios between liquid media in the cranial cavity) and trans cranial ultrasound Doppler echography (variation in the blood flow in the middle cerebral artery). The combination of these methods made it possible to estimate the intracranial hemodynamics. Simultaneous recording of these parameters and their spectral analysis were carried out in healthy subjects and patients with intra cranial hypertension syndrome and disturbed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow. The parameters were recorded at rest and immediately after manual (osteopathic) correction.

Detection of skull expansion with increased intracranial pressure
(November 2nd, 1981)
By: Heifetz MD, Weiss M
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A technique is described which uses standard strain-gauge technology to detect skull expansion associated with increased intracranial pressure.

Your gut is directly connected to your brain, by a newly discovered neuron circut
(September 20th, 2018)
By: Emily Underwood
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The human gut is lined with more than 00 million nerve cells- it's practically a brain unto itself. And indeed, the gut actually talks to the brain, releasing hormones into the bloodstream that, over the course of about 10 minutes, tell us how hungry it is, or that we shouldn't have eaten that entire pizza. But a new study reveals the gut has a much more direct connection to the brain through a neural circuit that allows it to transmit signals in mere seconds. The findings could lead to new treatments for obesity, eating disorders, and even depression and autism- all of which have been linked to a malfunctioning gut.

Age changes in the human frontozygomatic suture from 20 to 95 years.
(April 1st, 1976)
By: AM J Orthod
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The frontozygomatic suture of human cadaver material was examined by a combination of histologic, radio graphic, and gross techniques to determine the aging changes in the suture and the approximate age at which sutural fusion occurs.

New cause of chronic stress identified in the brain
(September 13th, 2018)
By: Johannes Angerer, Medical University of Vienna
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In an International collaboration between MedUni Vienna, Semmelweis University in Budapest, the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm and ale University, researchers have identified a new process in the brain that is responsible for the delayed stress response on the long-term effects of stress: with a delay of 10 minutes after the "danger", the area of the brain that reacts to stress and responsible for further action is activated via the cerebral fluid. The findings could open up new perspectives for understanding the neuronal processes at play in post- traumatic stress disorder, chronic stress and burnout.  

Researchers unearth secret tunnels between the skull and the brain
(August 27th, 2018)
By: Herisson F
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

NIH- funded study suggests immune cells rush through channels to get to injured tissue quickly. Bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside most of our bones, produces red blood cells as well as immune cells that help fight off infections and heal injuries. According to a new study of mice and humans, tiny tunnels run from skull bone marrow to the ling of the brain and may provide a direct route for immune cells responding to injuries causes by stroke and other brain disorders.

Stress: It's Not in Your Head, it's in your Nervous System
(July 28th, 2018)
By: Melody Walford
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Have you ever been told when you are stressed to stop worrying and just relax? That it's all in your head? It would be nice if it were that simple. But it's not. Physiology research shows that the stress response memory lives in your nervous system. This article discusses Traumatic Memory and How to Heal it. 

Key Reasons to get trained in CranioSacral Therapy
(September 6th, 2018)
By: Brandi Schlossberg
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

When a professional massage therapist or bodyworker branches out and brings a whole new modality into his or her practice, there are usually several motivating factors for such a change. CranioSacral Therapy is the perfect example of the type of touch therapy massage therapists and bodyworkers are often motivated to learn and bring on board with their won practices. In this article we explore a few of the most common reasons professional massage therapists and bodyworkers choose to learn CranioSacral Therapy and integrate this gentle hands-on method into their own practices. 

Provide more relief from pain with CranioSacral Therapy
(February 1st, 2017)
By: John Matthew Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

John Matthew Upledger (1960-2017) wrote this article for the MASSAGE Magazine's February 2012 issue, and we are republishing it here to honor his memory- and to educate massage therapists about the benefits of CranioSacral Therapy, the technique John Matthew's father, John E. Upledger. D.O., created. John Matthew Upldeger passed away on May 21, 2017. He had been involved in the Upledger Institute International for more than 30 years, in areas including clinical services and education.

Like massage therapy, CranioSacral Therapy is a gently end effective tool to have in a therapist's set of skills for pain relief. CranioSacral and massage both create more space in the body, increase flexibility and decrease pain. 

Manual Therapy for Alzheimer's and Dementia Patients
(April 19th, 2017)
By: Michael DeSocio Terry Pratchett
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

DO you know somebody affected by Alzheimer's disease? I hope you don't. But with 5 million Alzheimer's patients in the United States alone, chances are somebody in your close circle is affected. You likely know how difficult it is to live with this illness. Alzheimer's may start with forgetfulness or the same questions repeated a little too frequently. This disease, the most common cause of dementia among other adults, first eats away memory, then thinking ability and eventually basic everyday skills like brushing your hair. Later, even the ability to recognize a loved one withers away. Over time, the person forgets to eat, drink or even breather. Alzheimer's disease is the sixth leading cause of death in America. Manual therapy is a cost effective, noninvasive, side-effect free therapeutic modality with a light touch which has many Physical, and mental benefits. 

Visceral Influences on Brain and Behavior
(February 20th, 2018)
By: Hugo D. Critchley and Neil A. Harrison
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Mental processes and their neural substrates are intimately linked to the homeostatic control on internal bodily state. There are a set of distinct interoceptive pathways that directly and indirectly influence brain functions. The anatomical organization of these pathways and the psychological/behavioral expressions of their influence appear along discrete, evolutionarily conserved dimensions that are tractable to a mechanistic understanding. Here, we review the role of these pathways as sources of biases to perception, cognition, emotion, and behavior and arguably the dynamic basis to the concept of self. 

The vagus nerve and cancer
(August 14th, 2018)
By: David R. Hamilton
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article reviews 12 scientific studies, involving 1822 patients, and suggests a link between high vagus nerve activity and better cancer prognosis. The effect, the authors wrote, was most likely due to an anti-inflammatory effect created by the vagus nerve. 

Generally, the paper found that the higher a persons HRV, or vagus nerve activity (also known as vagal tone), the slower the progression of cancer, and this was true for all cancers studied. The effect was especially pronounced in late stage, metastatic cancers. 

CranioSacral Therapy and Autism: Observations, Experiences, and Concepts
(April 6th, 2000)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger, D.O., O.M.M.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is the transcript of Dr. Upledger's presentation on CranioSacral therapy and Autism, with his observations, Experiences, and Concepts that was presented at a Committee Meeting on Topic of Autism before the Government Reform Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, 106th Congress (1999-2000). Dr Upledger testified in the day long session which features testimonies from leaders in autism research and treatment, as well as from the parents of the autistic children.



PT Classroom - Sports Injury and Visceral Manipulation
(August 20th, 2018)
By: Lorrie Harper MSPT, CVTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Many athletes suffer from recurrent injuries and persistent muscle and joint discomfort. As a hands-on therapists we know that much of it is related to structural misalignment. We have numerous skills to address muscles and joints to help our active clients; however, when they return time and time again with the same alignment problems we addressed in previous visits do we ever wonder "What am I missing?" The organs (viscera) may be the answer to that question. According to French osteopath John Pierre Barral, 90% of musculoskeletal problems have a visceral component. So how do we treat the organs? Visceral Manipulation often referred to as the missing link in manual techniques, is the answer.

The Real Couse Of Depression Is About Way More Than Just Serotonin
(August 30th, 2018)
By: Ella Vora, M.D. Holistic Psychiatrist
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

If you're feeling sad or blue or suffering from mild to moderate depression, dysthymia, seasonal effective disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, bipolar II, or anxiety, Dr. Ellen Vora has the tips and tools you need to help manage symptoms and feel vibrantly healthy.Many of us have been taught that depression is the result of a genetic chemical imbalance. And while there is certainly a genetic component to depression, and, yes, neurotransmitters like serotonin do play a role in mood, depression, actually has many potential root causes. 



"Got touch?" Mayo Clinic researchers discover importnat trigger for serotonin release
(August 21st, 2018)
By: Advancing the Science Contributor
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Researchers at Mayo Clinic have discovered an important mechanical trigger in the gut for releasing serotonin in the body. Serotonin in an important hormone and neurotransmitter in the human body, believed to help regulate digestion, appetite, mood, social behavior, sleep and other important functions. The researchers' findings were published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academics of Science.

Scientists Have Found Secret Tunnels Between The Skull And The Brain
(August 28th, 2018)
By: Michelle Starr
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Did you know you have tiny tunnels in your head? That's OK, no one else did either until recently! But that's exactly what a team of medical researchers have just found in mice and humans - tiny channels that connect skull bone marrow to the lining of the brain. The research shows they may provide a direct route for immune cells to rush from the marrow into the brain in the event of damage.

Visceral/Neural Manipulation Case Study - Widespread Chronic Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Ben Katz, LMT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral/Neural Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Morning Sickness from Pregnancy
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Dee Ahern, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Thoracic Tightness and Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Dawn-Marie Ickes, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Testicular and Hepatic Flexure Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Anne Hammel, Movement Therapist
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Stress Incontinence
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Sarah Labrecque PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Sleep Apnea, Mental Health
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Melody Rudolph HHP, CST, COTA
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Shoulder Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Dora Franco, DO
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Shoulder Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Dawn-Marie Ickes, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Severe Reflux
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Jennifer Neta, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Scoliosis and Back Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Gugi Decher, LMT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Neck and Shoulder Pain; Decreased ROM
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Arty Clark, L.M.T.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral/Neural Manipulation Case Study - Mid-back & Neck Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Barbara LeVan, P.T.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral/Neural Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Leg Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Nancy Redlich, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Left Sided Headaches
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Alison Harvey, DC
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Laxatives Required for Bowel Movement
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Sarah Labrecque PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Laparoscopic Surgery
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Jennifer Shifferd, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Knee Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Dora Franco, DO
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Infertility
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Bill Christie, Massage Practitioner
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - IBS and Incontinence
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Tanye Hage Maisel, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral/Neural Manipulation Case Study - Hip Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Barbara LeVan, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral/Neural Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Heartburn and Reflux
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Nancy Redlich, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Headaches and Neck Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Susan Reiter, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Fractured C1/2, Ruptured Esophagus, Right Rib Cage Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Claudia Mirdita, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Extremity Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Bill Christie, Massage Practitioner
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - The Effect of Visceral Manipulation on Diastasis Recti Abdominis
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Brandi Kirk, PT, CVTP, PRPC; Teri Elliot-Burke, PT, MHS, WCS, PRPC, BCB-PMD
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral/Neural Manipulation Case Study - DeQuervain's Tendonitis
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Barbara LeVan, P.T.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral/Neural Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Coccyx Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Sarah Labrecque PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Chest Pressure
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Arty Clark, L.M.T.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - CFS
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Alison Harvey, DC
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Car Accident; Neck, Low Back, and Rib Pain
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Sarah Labrecque PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Bilateral OA Knees
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Sarah Labrecque, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Bed Wetting
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Alison Harvey, DC
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Abdominal Pain After Surgery
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Anne Hammel
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Left Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
(July 17th, 2018)
By: Mike Burggraaf, PT, DPT, LAT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy Case Study – Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)
(July 3rd, 2017)
By: Lori Leitzel Rice, LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy  – Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Neck Pain & Thyroid
(July 3rd, 2017)
By: Anna Cawthorne, PT, CVTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Manipulation - Neck Pain & Thyroid

Anna describes the client's presenting symptoms, initial evaluation, treatment and results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Neck Pain & Headaches
(July 3rd, 2017)
By: Anna Cawthorne, PT, CVTP 
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Manipulation - Neck Pain & Headaches

Anna describes the client's presenting symptoms, initial evaluation, treatment and results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Epigastric Pain
(July 13th, 2018)
By: Anna Cawthorne, PT, CVTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Manipulation –  Epigastric Pain

Anna describes the client's presenting symptoms, initial evaluation, treatment and results.

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Low Back Pain
(July 3rd, 2017)
By: Anna Cawthorne, PT, CVTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Manipulation –  Low Back Pain

Anna describes the client's presenting symptoms, initial evaluation, treatment and results.

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Acid Reflux Symptoms
(July 3rd, 2017)
By: Anna Cawthorne, PT, CVTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Manipulation –   Acid Reflux Symptoms

Anna describes the client's presenting symptoms, initial evaluation, treatment and results.

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Shoulder Pain
(July 3rd, 2017)
By: Anna Cawthorne, PT, CVTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Manipulation –  Shoulder Pain

Anna describes the client's presenting symptoms, initial evaluation, treatment and results.

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Atrial Fibrillation & Breathlessness
(July 3rd, 2017)
By: Anna Cawthorne, PT, CVTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Manipulation - Atrial Fibrillation & Breathlessness

Anna describes the client's presenting symptoms, initial evaluation, treatment and results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Bowel Symptoms
(July 3rd, 2017)
By: Anna Cawthorne, PT, CVTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Manipulation –  Bowel Symptoms

Anna describes the client's presenting symptoms, initial evaluation, treatment and results.

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Coccygeal Pain
(July 3rd, 2017)
By: Anna Cawthorne, PT, CVTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Manipulation –  Coccygeal Pain

Anna describes the client's presenting symptoms, initial evaluation, treatment and results.

Visceral Manipultaion Case Study - Sternal Pain
(July 3rd, 2017)
By: Anna Cawthorne, PT, CVTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Manipulation –  Sternal Pain

Anna describes the client's presenting symptoms, initial evaluation, treatment and results.



Interdisciplinary Work and the Scientific Basis for Visceral Manipulation: Soft Tissue Fascial Mobilization
(July 1st, 2009)
By: Diane Beach, MS, PT, MOMT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This letter discusses for the need to integrate basic science research with clinical PT practice and how the literature supports Visceral Manipulation; a rationale for a more extensive neurophysiological model in the field of manual therapy; and peer-reviewed research in Visceral Manipulation. 

The letter also talks about mid-range theories relevant to Visceral Manipulation, peer reviewed research supporting Visceral Manipulation and a support bibliography.

Shocking victory for proponents of alternative medicine
(March 8th, 2018)
By: Jon Rappoport
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In Australia, an effort to label all alternative (traditional, complementary) medicine products as "based on pseudoscience" has failed.

This article is important to share, as many times complementary healthcare modalities are maligned by saying there is not enough science behind them. People who watch the news or read mainstream news have the impression that "scientific"medical research is remarkably valid and always progressing. "It simply no longer possible to believe much of the clinical research that is publishes, or to rely on the judgment of trusted physicians or authoritative medical guidelines. I take no please in this conclusion, which I reached slowly and relunctantly over my two decades as an editor of Th New England Journal of Medicine." (Dr. Marcia Angell, NY Review of Books, January 15, 2009, "Drug Companies * Doctors: A Story of Corruption)

Discover an Integrative Treatment Approach to Concussion and Traumatic Brain Injury November 11th – 17th, 2018
(July 6th, 2018)
By: Upledger Foundation
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Discover an Integrative Treatment Approach to Concussion and Traumatic Brain Injury November 11th – 17th, 2018 

A new look at cerebrospinal fluid circulation
(May 1st, 2014)
By: Thomas Brinker, Edward Stopa, John Morrison and Petra Klinge
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract: According to the traditional understanding of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) physiology, the majority of CSF is produced by the choroid plexus, circulates through the ventricles, the cisterns, and the subarachnoid space to be absorbed into the blood by the arachnoid villi. This review surveys key developments leading to the traditional concept. Challenging this concept are novel insights utilizing molecular and cellular biology as well as neuroimaging, which indicate that CSF physiology may be much more complex than previously believed. The CSF circulation comprises not only a directed flow of CSF, but in addition a pulsatile to and fro movement throughout the entire brain with local fluid exchange between blood, interstitial fluid, and CSF. Astrocytes, aquaporins, and other membrane transporters are key elements in brain water and CSF homeostasis. A continuous bidirectional fluid exchange at the blood brain barrier produces flow rates, which exceed the choroidal CSF production rate by far. The CSF circulation around blood vessels penetrating from the subarachnoid space into the Virchow Robin spaces provides both a drainage pathway for the clearance of waste molecules from the brain and a site for the interaction of the systemic immune system with that of the brain. Important physiological functions, for example the regeneration of the brain during sleep, may depend on CSF circulation.

Soldier finds healing through CranioSacral Therapy
(April 5th, 2010)
By: Cheryl Rodewig
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Fort Benning, GA- It was during his second mobilization that SFC Dale Kessler, a Reserve Soldier with the 198th Infantry Brigade, was injured. After finishing his term as a drill Sargent on Sand Hill, Kessler relocated to the Warrior Transition Battalion. While there, he found an unexpected treatment that worked wonders for his strained back, thanks to a massage therapy demonstration of CranioSacral Therapy at the battalion Feb 22 that changed his life. 

Cutting Edge: Lymphatic Vessels, Not Blood Vessels, Primarily Mediate Immune Rejections After Transplantation
(December 16th, 2009)
By: Tina Dietrich, Felix Bock, Don Yuen, Deniz Hos, Bjorn O. Beachman, Grit Zahn, Stanley Wiegland, Lu Chen and Claus Cursiefen
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The purpose of this study was to determine the relative importance of blood vessels (hemangiogenesis) versus lymphatic vessels (lymphangiogenesis) in mediatingimmunological responses for transplantation. 

Electric Cures
(March 2nd, 2015)
By: Kevin J. Tracey
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about how Bioelectronic medicine could create an "off switch" for arthritis, diabetes, and even cancer. Stimulation of the nervous system could replace drugs for inflammatory and autoimmune conditions.

Is neuroplasticity in the centeral nervous system the missing link to our understanding of chronic musculoskeletal disorders?
(June 8th, 2015)
By: Rene Pelletier, Joanne Higgins, and Daniel Bourbonnais
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Recent findings suggest that a change in model and approach is required in the rehabilitation of chronic MSD that integrate the findings of neoroplastic changes across the CNS and are targeted by rehabilitative interventions. Effects of current interventions may be medicated through peripheral and central changes but may not specifically address all underlying neuroplastic changes in the CNS potentially associated with chronic MSD.Novel approaches to address these changes show promise and require further investigation to improve efficacy of current  approaches. 

Link Between Brain's Memory Center and Heart Function
(November 8th, 2017)
By: Tom Wilemon
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Vanderbilt researchers report elderly people whose hearts pump less blood have reduced blood flow in the temporal lobe. Previous studies report the temporal lobe is a critical brain area for the development of Alzheimer's disease.  

CranioSacral Therapy for Plagiocephaly
(December 31st, 2008)
By: Rebecca Flowers, O.T.R., B.C.P., CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The incidence of infant plagiocephaly, or misshapen heads, is on the rise in the United States, and CranioSacral Therapy can intervene to restore symmetry and facilitate health and healing.

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Ankle Pain
(June 26th, 2018)
By: Veronika Campbell, P.T., C.S.C., CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation -  Hip Pain

Abstract: A case study of a 50-year-old male suffering with left ankle pain after tibia and fibula fractures with surgical fixation. His symptoms resolved after manual therapy that included joint mobilization, myofascial release techniques and neural manipulation.

 

Neural Manipulation Case Study – ADHD/Stuttering/Sleep Disturbance
(June 26th, 2018)
By: Veronika Campbell, P.T., C.S.C., CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation -  ADHD/Stuttering/Sleep Disturbance

Abstract: A case study of a year 17 y.o. male suffering with symptoms of ADHD, stuttering, sleep disturbance, and R A/C Jt pain that resolved with treatment of cranial sutures, dura, encephalon and associated nerve structures with neural manipulation techniques.

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Low Back Pain/Hip Pain
(June 26th, 2018)
By: Veronika Campbell, P.T., C.S.C., CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation -  Low Back Pain/Hip Pain

Abstract: A case study of a 74year old female suffering with Low Back Pain and L hip pain that resolved using treatment techniques of visceral and neural manipulation.

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Dysphonia & Vocal Cord Dysfunction
(June 26th, 2018)
By: Veronika Campbell, P.T., C.S.C., CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation -  Dysphonia & Vocal Cord Dysfunction

Abstract: A case study of a 21 year old male suffering with dysphonia and vocal chord dysfunction that resolved with treatment of cervical fascial, cranial dura, and cranial nerves with neural manipulation. Signs of possible vagal disequilibrium were also present and decreased after treatment of neural structures.

 

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Neck & Jaw Pain
(June 26th, 2018)
By: Veronika Campbell, P.T., C.S.C., CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation -  Neck & Jaw Pain

Abstract: A case study of a 70-year-old female suffering with neck, jaw pain and disrupted taste after a fall backwards and hitting her head. Her symptoms resolved with treatment of cranial dura and nerve structures with neural manipulation.


Neural Manipulation Case Study– Headaches/Vertigo/Anxiety/
(June 26th, 2018)
By: Veronika Campbell, P.T., C.S.C., CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation -  Headaches/Vertigo/Anxiety/Cervical Pain

Abstract/ Summary: A case study of a 43-year-old female suffering with headaches, vertigo, cervical pain, anxiety after a long history of sinus infections, allergies and mold exposure. Her symptoms improved with treatment of cranial dura, cranial nerves, intracranial induction techniques, and neural manipulation techniques.

 

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Indigestion/Hip Pain
(June 26th, 2018)
By: Veronika Campbell, P.T., C.S.C., CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation -  Indigestion/Hip Pain

Abstract: A case study of a 30-year-old female with indigestion and hip pain that improved with neural manipulation treatments. Fascial restrictions and involvement of vagus nerve, lumbar plexus, obturator and femoral nerve appear to have been contributing to her symptoms and decreased functional status

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Elbow Pain, Weakness & Paresthesia
(June 26th, 2018)
By: Veronika Campbell, P.T., C.S.C., CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation -  Elbow Pain, Weakness & Paresthesia

Abstract: A case study of a 30-year-old male pitcher suffering with left elbow symptoms including weakness and paraesthesias. His symptoms resolved with treatment of cervical spine, brachial plexus, shoulder complex, ulnar nerve, radial nerve with neural manipulation techniques. Releasing key areas of entrapment allowed full return to pitching and ADL’s without symptoms

A comprehensive physical therapy approach including visceral manipulation after failed biofeedback therapy for constipation
(August 1st, 2016)
By: L. Archambault-Ezenwa, J. Brewer, A. Markowski
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about techniques in coloproctology, and a comprehensive physical therapy after failed surgery. 

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Sciatica/Chronic Headaches
(June 26th, 2018)
By: Veronika Campbell, P.T., C.S.C., CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation -  Sciatica/Chronic Headaches

Abstract: A case study of a 14-year-old male runner suffering with right lower extremity sciatic symptoms and chronic headaches that resolved after treatment to dura, vagus, and sciatic nerve structures with neural manipulation. This case example demonstrates the possibility of how trauma affecting a distant region can resolve with treatment using neural manipulation. Treatment of structures distant from pain site can have huge implications on symptoms resolving when using the guidance of general and local listening for treatment plan

Structural and functional features of central nervous system lymphatics
(July 16th, 2015)
By: Antoine Louveau, Igor Smirnov, Timothy Keyes, Jacob D. Eccles, Sherin J. Rouhani, J Davis Peske, Noel Derecki, David Castle, James W. Mandell, S. Lee Kevin, Tajie H Harris, and Jonathan Kipnisb
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is an Author manuscript pertaining to the discovery of structural and functional features of central nervous system lymphatics. This article explains the findings after an experiment with mice. 

Craniosacral Therapy shows promise as concussion treatment - research
(January 11th, 2018)
By: Melinda Sue Gordon
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about Actor Will Smith and Bennet Omalu, who played in the film concussion, with producer Peter Landersman. The film raised awareness of the issue of brain injuries in sport, particularly football. This is a study of football players who had sustained a consciousness of mild traumatic Brain injury found that Craniosacral Therapy inproved thier symptoms. 

Structural and functional features of centeral nervous system lymphatics
(July 16th, 2015)
By: Antoine Louveau
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about the CNS (Central nervous system) and the constant immune surveillance that takes place within the meningeal compartment. The mechanisms governing the entrance and exit of immune cells from the CNS remain poorly understood. In searching for T cells gateways into and out of the meninges, we discovered functional lymphatic vessels lining the dural sinuses. These structures express all of the molecular hallmarks of lymphatic endothelial cells, are able to carry both fluid and immune cells from CSF, and are connected to the deep cervical lymph nodes. The discovery of the CNS lymphatic system may call for a reassessment of basic assumptions in neuroimmunology and shed new light on the etiology of neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases associated with immune system dysfunction.

CranioSacral Case Study - Autism
(June 21st, 2018)
By: Tami A Goldstein, WLMT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy  – Autism

More Evidence That Caraniosacral Therapy Works
(October 28th, 2016)
By: Chris Centeno
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about new discoveries that showed that craniosacral therapy works, how finding new lymph connections in the brain that would further explain why craniosacral therapy si effective and charts a link between the immune system and the brain.  

Therapist treats Hong Kong elderly and China's poor for free with gentle form of chiropractic.
(March 23rd, 2018)
By: Rachel Cheung
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

After 3 years of travel and study, Sampsun Wong developed Yide Therapy. Now he gives free aqua therapy treatment to old people in Hong Kong, runs a medical center and travels around China offering help to the needy. Most of the people in the aqua therapy are in their 60's and some even in their late 70's could not do the same moves on land, but the lukewarm water's buoyancy supports their weight, allowing them to work on their flexibility without the risk of falling. While Wong often recommends exercises for patients, for those with knee pain, regular exercising puts pressure on the kneecap, exacerbating the pain, slowing the recovery process- if it recovers at all. That is when Wong started exploring alternative methods.    

Former NFL star Ricky Williams now pitching same drug that got him banned
(March 20th, 2018)
By: Jennifer Kaplan - The Washington Post
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Former NFL football player Ricky Williams, who played for the New Orleans Saints and the Miami Dolphins among other teams, addresses an audience during a conference on medical marijuana at Harvard Medical School.

Marijuana drained running back Ricky Williams' NFL career, but now the same drug may help launch the next phone of his business career. Williams, 40 is launching a cannabis brand called Real Wellness by Ricky Williams. The line will cater to health-conscious consumers, particularly women, who are interested in using alternative medicine to boost wellness, he said.   

Forest Fires and Aging
(March 22nd, 2018)
By: Michael Morgan, Contributor, Author, Teacher, LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about what forest fires and aging have in common, and that forest fires have something to teach us. Forrest Fires offer us a great analogy not only of the population we are referring to, but of a strategy that can help us bring hope and health. 

The healing power of touch
(March 22nd, 2018)
By: Christina Symons
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about the many benefits of appropriate physical contact and how simple touch helps us develop into strong and sensitive individuals, provides comfort, calms us, enhances trust and enables us to bond with one another.

Meniere's Disease 16 Ways the help manage this inner ear disorder
(June 15th, 2018)
By: Dr. Axe
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

As there is no known cure for Meniere's Disease, managing troubling symptoms is key. This article explains What Meniere's Disease is, the signs and symptoms, causes and risk factors, and conventional treatment. 

Sensory Processing Disorder & Autism Parent Support
(April 18th, 2018)
By: Tami Goldstein, WLMT, CST, BCTMB
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is a story from one of the parents of a child with Autism/ ASD & Sensory Processing Disorder that talks about recovery, and shares her daughters journey and the therapies that made a difference with Upledger Craniosacral Therapy (CST). Heather was diagnosed with sensory processing disorder and presented shutting down for up to 5 days where she couldn't walk or talk. Her health picture was broad, she produced life-threatening levels of stress hormones, had 40 seizures a day, sleep issues, severe food allergies, attention deficient disorder (ADD), attention deficient hyperactive disorder(ADHD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), obsessive defiance disorder (ODD), anxiety, depression and a very high IQ.

 

Chronic pain and childhood trauma
(April 18th, 2018)
By: Laura Kisel
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article discussed Chronic pain and childhood trauma, understanding the connection, and why addressing pain and trauma should so hand in hand.

Craniosacral Therapy and Autism
(May 1st, 2018)
By: Rebecca Flowers, OTR, BCP, CST, D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is a success story of an autistic boy named Mikey (age 2 years, 9 months) and his journey with the power and promise of Cranio sacral therapy and how it helped him incredibly.

Shocking victory of proponents of alternative medicine
(March 8th, 2018)
By: Jon Rappoport
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Allopathic and Complementary Healthcare - Let's Integrate Rather than Diminish

In Australia, an effort to label all alternative (traditional, complementary) medicine products as "based on Pseudoscience" has failed.

This article is important to share, as many times complementary healthcare modalities are maligned by saying there is not enough science behind them. People who watch the news or read mainstream news have impression that "scientific" medical research is remarkably valid and always progressing. 

"It is simply no longer possible to believe much of the clinical research that is published, or to rely on the judgement of trusted physicians or authoritative medical guidelines. I take no pleasure in this conclusion, which i reached slowly and reluctantly over my two decades as an editor of The New England Journal of Medicine." (Dr. Marcia Angell, NY Review of Books, January 15, 2009, "Drug Companies & Doctors: A story of corruption)

Let's work together to create the healthiest healthcare system.  

Is Neoroplasticity in the CNS the missing Link to Our Understanding of Chronic Musculoskeletal Disorders
(February 12th, 2015)
By: Rene Pelletier, Johanne Higgins and Daniel Bourbonnais
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about recent findings that suggest that a change in model and approach is required in the rehabilitation of chronic MSD that integrate the findings of neuroplastic changes across the CNS and are targeted by rehabilitative interventions. Effects of current interventions may be mediated through peripheral and central changes but may not specifically address all underlying neuroplastic changes in the CNS potentially associated with chronic MSD. Novel approaches to address these neuroplastic changes show promise and require further investigation to improve efficiency of current approaches.

Link Between Brain's Memory Center and Heart Function
(November 8th, 2017)
By: Tom Wilemon
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about Vanderbilt researchers who report elderly people whose hearts pump less blood have reduced blood flow in the temporal lobe. Previous studies report the temporal lobe is a critical brain area for the development of Alzheimer's disease.

Scientists discover neuron-producing stem cells in the membranes covering the brain
(November 24th, 2016)
By: VIB- Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about how unexpected cells have been found in the protective membranes that enclose the brain, the so called meninges. These 'neural progenitors' -- or stem cells that differentiate into different kinds of neurons-- are produced during embryonic development. These findings show that the neural progenitors found in the meninges produce new neurons after birth-- highlighting the importance of meningeal tissue as well as these cells' potential in the development of new therapies for brain damage and neurodegeneration. A paper highlighting the results was published in the leading scientific journal Cell Stem Cell.

CranioSacral Therapy Case Study – Arthritis/Reflux/PTSD
(June 11th, 2018)
By: Joanna Haymore OTR/L, CMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Arthritis/Reflux/PTSD

Joanne Haymore OTR/L, CMT, CST-T describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, and results.

CranioSacral Therapy Case Study– Headaches/Pain
(June 11th, 2018)
By: Joanna Haymore OTR/L, CMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Headaches/Pain

Joanne Haymore OTR/L, CMT, CST-T describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, and results.

CranioSacral Therapy Case Study – PTSD/Anxiety/Depression
(June 11th, 2018)
By: Joanna Haymore OTR/L, CMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - PTSD/Anxiety/Depression    

Joanna Haymore OTR/L, CMT, CST-T describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, and results. 

CranioSacral Therapy Case Study– Traumatic Head Injury/Severe Head  Pain 
(June 11th, 2018)
By: Joanna Haymore OTR/L, CMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Traumatic Head Injury/Severe Head Pain

Joanne Haymore OTR/L, CMT, CST-T describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, and results.

CranioSacral Therapy Case Study - Lyme Disease/Neurological Complications/Chronic Pain
(June 11th, 2018)
By: Joanna Haymore OTR/L, CMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Lyme Disease/Neurological Complications/Chronic Pain

Joanne Haymore OTR/L, CMT, CST-T describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, objective and subjective results.

CranioSacral Therapy - Birth Trauma/Torticollis
(June 11th, 2018)
By: Amy Sanders, O.T.R., LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Birth Trauma/Torticollis

Amy Sanders, OTR, LMT, CST-T describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, treatment and final assessment.

CranioSacral Therapy Case Study - Concussion/Pain
(June 11th, 2018)
By: Amy Sanders, O.T.R., LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Concussion/Pain

Amy Sanders, OTR, LMT, CST-T describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, treatments and final assessment.

CranioSacral Therapy Case Study - Postconcussion/Headaches/Pain
(June 11th, 2018)
By: Amy Sanders, O.T.R., LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Post-concussion/Headaches/Pain

Amy Sanders, O.T.R., LMT, CST-T describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, treatment and final assessment. 

CranioSacral Therapy Case Study – Pain/Numbness/Limited mobility
(June 11th, 2018)
By: Amy Sanders, O.T.R., LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Pain/Numbness/Limited Mobility

Amy Sanders, O.T.R., LMT, CST-T describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, treatment and final assessment.

CranioSacral Therapy Case Study– Chronic Pain/Headaches
(June 11th, 2018)
By: Amy Sanders, O.T.R., LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Chronic Pain/Headaches

Amy describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, treatments and final assessment. 

Evidence for brain glial activation in chronic pain patients
(December 21st, 2015)
By: Marco L. Loggia, Daniel B. Chonde, Oluwaseun Akeju, Grae Arabasz, Ciprian Catana, Robert R. Edwards, Elena Hill, Shirley Hsu, David Izquierdo-Garcia, Ru-Rong Ji, Misha Riley, Ajay D. Wasan, Nicole R. Zurcher, Daniel S. Albrecht, Mark G. Vangel, Bruce R. Rosen, Vitaly Napadow and Jacob M. Hooker
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about brain glian activation in chronic pain patients. Until recently, chronic pain has been thought to arise primarily from neuronal dysfunction within nociceptive path-ways of the nervous system. In the last decade, however, a paradigm shift has occurred in the fields of pain neurobiology.   Animal studies have clearly demonstrated that microglia and astrocytes in the CNS, as well as neuro-glial interactions, play a key role in the establishment and maintenance of persistent pain. This study includes 19 patients diagnosed with chronic LBP for at least 2 years (either with or without radicular pain complaints) and 25 healthy controls with no history of chronic pain were initially screened to participate in the study. The results were that there are higher brain TSPO levels in people with chronic back pain.

CranioSacral Therapy – Parkinson’s Disease
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Amanda Del Castillo LMT, CPT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Parkinson's Disease

Amanda describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, treatment and sums it up with the results and analysis.

CranioSacral Therapy – Headache and Muscle Tension
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Amanda Del Castillo LMT, CPT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Headache and Muscle Tension

 Amanda describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, treatment and sums it up with the results and analysis.

CranioSacral Therapy – Acute Pain and PTSD
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Amanda Del Castillo LMT, CPT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Acute Pain and PTSD

Amanda describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, treatment and sums it up with the results and analysis.

CranioSacral Therapy – Debilitating Pain in Neck and Shoulder
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Amanda Del Castillo LMT, CPT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Debilitating Pain in Neck and Shoulder

Amanda describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, treatment and sums it up with the results and analysis.

CranioSacral Therapy Case Study ‐ PTSD
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Amanda Del Castillo LMT, CPT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - PTSD

Amanda describes patient's history, symptoms, evaluation, treatment and sums it up with the results and analysis.


CranioSacral Therapy Case Study–Panhypopituitarism
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Raquel Rotnes, MA, LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute CranioSacral Case Study about Panhypopituitarism

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Chronic Neck Pain and Headaches
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Chronic Neck Pain and Headaches

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation and treatment she did based on the evaluation. She sums it up with the results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Chronic Neck Pain and Headaches
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Chronic Neck Pain and Headaches

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation and treatment she did based on the evaluation. She sums it up with the results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – ADD/Poor Muscle Tone
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - ADD/Poor Muscle Tone

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation and treatment she did based on the evaluation. She sums it up with the results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Neck Pain/Reflux
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Neck Pain/Reflux

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation and treatment she did based on the evaluation. She sums it up with the results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Digestion problems/Constipation
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI‐D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Digestion problems/Constipation

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation and treatment she did based on the evaluation. She sums it up with the results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Iliotibial Band Syndrome/Low Energy Neck and Knee Pain/Depression
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Low Energy/Neck and Knee Pain/Depression

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation and treatment she did based on the evaluation. She sums it up with the results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Hip injury/Low back immobile
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Hip injury/Low back immobile

Visceral Manipulation Case Study– Hip pain/Ankle weakness
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Hip and ankle pain

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation and treatment she did based on the evaluation. She sums it up with the results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Low back pain/Anxiety attacks/Insomnia/Bruxism
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Low back pain/Anxiety attacks/Insomnia

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation and treatment she did based on the evaluation. She sums it up with the results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Sciatica
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Sciatica

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation and treatment she did based on the evaluation. She sums it up  with the results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Acute back pain/Unable to walk and stand
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case STudy

Visceral Manipulation - Acute back pain/Unable to walk and stand

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation and treatment she did based on the evaluation. She sums it up  with the results. 


Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Shoulder Pain
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Shoulder Pain

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation, treatment and results.

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Headaches and muscle spasm
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Headaches and muscle spasm

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation, treatment and results.

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Acoustic Neuroma/loss of hearing
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation Manipulation – Acoustic Neuroma/loss of hearing

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation, treatment and results.

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Leg pain and severe back pain
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Leg pain and severe back pain

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation, treatment and results.

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – General muscular pain
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - General muscular pain

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation, treatment and results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Low back pain, anxiety and headaches
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Low back pain, anxiety and headaches

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation, treatment and results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Lack of concentration and short term memory problems
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Lack of concentration and short term memory problems

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation, treatment and results. 

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation, treatment and results. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study – Helicopylori Bacterium
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Visceral Manipulation - Helicopylori Bacterium

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation and treatment she did based on the evaluation. She sums it up with the results. 


Visceral Manipulation Case Study– Numbness in finger tips/Stiffness in cervical spine
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Joanne Enslin de Wet, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Numbness in finger tips/Stiffness in cervical spine

Joanne describes her patient, reason for coming to get treated, evaluation and treatment she did based on the evaluation. She sums it up  with the results. 

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Headache and neck pain
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Linda Oberdorfer PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation - Headache and neck pain

A case study of a 32 y.o. female suffering from headache and neck pain after a MVA with resolved using neural manipulation techniques

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Foot pain/gait abnormalities
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Linda Oberdorfer PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation - Foot pain/gait abnormalities

Case Study about a 53 year old female with pain in right foot that is significant and not allowing her to walk normally that resolved using Neural Manipulation. 

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Neck and headache pain
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Linda Oberdorfer PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation - Neck and headache pain

A case study of a 62 y.o. female suffering from neck and headache pain which was greatly reduced with techniques of neural manipulation.

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Neck and arm pain
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Linda Oberdorfer PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Nerual Manipulation - Neck and arm pain

Case study is about a 45 year old female with neck and arm pain that resolved with treatment including neural manipulation.

Neural Manipulation Case Study - Penial Pain–
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Linda Oberdorfer PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral institute Case STudy

Neural Manipulation - Penile pain

A case study of a 65 year old male suffering from penile pain that resolved using treatment with Neural Manipulation.

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Neck Pain
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Linda Oberdorfer PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation - Neck Pain

Patient is a 66 y.o. female that works as a volleyball ref with neck and bilateral UE pain which limits her ability to do her job. Her current symptoms began in Feb. of 2017 when she was using her arms to do a lot of sewing with arms held in unsupported positions as she worked.      Patient had a fall on her bike onto her Lt. arm on 06/10/17 which exacerbated her symptoms. She presented in PT on 07/03/17 with complaints of neck pain, pain into Rt. arm and pain into left arm down into hand. Pain complaint was 7 at best and 9/10 at worst in the areas noted.  She also describes frontal headaches. Her pain limits her ability to work as a volleyball ref.  Past medical history in noncontributory except for hypothyroid for which she takes meds.

Neural Manipulation Case Study – Spinal Stenosis/Low back pain
(May 24th, 2018)
By: Linda Oberdorfer PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation - Spinal Stenosis/Low back pain

A case study of a 69 year old female with spinal stenosis with leg pain and low back pain that was greatly improved with techniques of Visceral and Neural Manipulation.

Neural Manipulation Case Study - SI/Low back pain
(May 25th, 2018)
By: Linda Oberdorfer PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study

Neural Manipulation -  SI/Low back pain

A case study of a 61 year old femal suffering from SI/Low back dysfunction after a fall that developed sudden arm pain and distal weakness in her hands that revolved with treatment of neural manipulation. 


Neural Manipulation Case Study - Bell's Palsy
(May 17th, 2018)
By: Lenora Klassen, PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This is a Barral Institute case study about Neural Manipulation and Bell's Palsy. Bell's Palsy at times has no apparent cause but factors such as strain through the sinuses or meninges can predispose someone to this condition, as can trauma such as a lengthy or invasive dental procedure. Bell's Palsy is often terrifying for the patient and affects their social interaction greatly. For this reason, it is imperative to relieve the strain on the facial nerve as quickly as possibly and before any lasting nerve damage occurs.

Neural Manipulation Case Study - TMJ Hypoglossal Nerve
(May 17th, 2018)
By: Lenora Klassen, PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This is a Barral Institute Case study about Neural Manipulation and how it can help TMJ Hypoglossal  Nerve. Lenora talks about how we see that cervical and TMJ mobility can be greatly influenced by a restriction in the mobility of the hypoglossal nerve and how immediate improvements were rendered in rage of movement of both the TMJ and tongue.

Neural Manipulation Case Study - Anxious Bladder
(May 17th, 2018)
By: Lenora Klassen, PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This is a Barral Institute Case Study about Neural Manipulation and helping an anxious bladder. Ankle sprains are a very common effect for many children, as is a bladder dysfunction of varying types. This case study showed the connection of the tibial nerve to the level of activation of the bladder.

Neural Manipulation Case Study- Pudendal Neuralgia
(May 17th, 2018)
By: Lenora Klassen, PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This is a Barral Institute case study about Neural Manipulation and pudendal neuralgia..  It is a case study about a fall on the buttock that resulted in pudendal neuralgia and inability to perform daily activities.

Neural Manipulation Case Study - Plantar Faciitis
(May 17th, 2018)
By: Lenora Klassen, PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This Barral Institute Case Study is about how Neural Manipulation can help Plantar Fasciitis, Lenora talks about Plantar Fasciitis and how it is often a chronic issue before it gets any treatment. By then, treatment can become quite difficult due to the adaptive changes. In this case study we see the impact of the plantar nerves on pain producing tensions in the foot and the effect of  neural tension on gait patterns.

Dr. John E Upledger Compassionate Touch Program New Glarus Study Glarus Elementary School in New Glarus, Wisconsin New Glarus - Study
(May 1st, 2018)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger Foundation
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A program conducted recently in New Glarus, WI demonstrated the efficiency of the Compassionate Touch, which is based on the Direction of Energy technique outlined in the text CranioSacral Therapy. One hundred and one children attending kindergarten and first grade at New Glarus Elementary School comprised the initial subject population for this study. The data analysis showed a very clear and statistically significant increase in the demonstration of pro-social behaviors and similarly significant reduction in behavior problems reported by the classroom teachers. Read full study.

Children’s Program and Book Demonstrate the Power of Compassionate Touch
(May 2nd, 1999)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger Foundation
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about the Compassionate Touch study and program and how children who apply compassionate touch to playmates can help relieve pain, strengthen self-esteem and positive behaviors, according to studies conducted by The Upledger Foundation based in Palm Beach Gardens, FL. 

The article discusses the children's book  "I Can Show You I Can" and the importance of touch to children, teachers and parents.

At the end of the article, the results of the Compassionate Touch Program are provided.



The Compassionate Touch Program; Defusing Violence by Enhancing Self-Esteem, Self-Worth and Self-Image in Children
(May 2nd, 1996)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger Foundation
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about The Compassionate Touch program conducted in the Midwest in the 1990s. The children involved experienced a greater sense of belonging and connection with others by the study's conclusion. Teachers also observed more than twice as many acts of compassion and empathy and only half the acts of aggression or behavioral problems they reported at the study's onset. Read more about this program

EFFECT OF COMPASSIONATE TOUCH ON PRESCHOOL CHILDREN: A PILOT STUDY
(May 2nd, 2016)
By: Russell A. Bourne, Jr., Ph.D.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Russel Bourne talks about the Dr. John E. Upledger Compassionate Touch program. In the Spring of 1997, The Upledger Foundation initiated a simple and straight-forward investigation into the use and instruction of Compassionate Touch with preschool children. The pilot project was design to evaluation the effect of Compassionate Touch on the demonstration of increased pro-social behaviors and the reduction of aggressive behaviors and behavioral problems in children.

Neoral Manipulation Case Study - Suprascapular Nerve Impingement
(May 17th, 2018)
By: Lenora Klassen, PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This Barral Institute case study is about Neural Mannipulation and Supraxcapular Nerve Impingement. This work can help improve in impingement syndromes that can be made quickly with manual therapy on the nerve. In this case, a supra-scapular nerve impingement, first the impingement site had to be identified and released. Following this, specific, gentle treatment on the nerve itself as it passes through the area of impingement helps to restore movement of surrounding tissue, restore normal nutritive flow to the nerve and helps restore proprioceptive information about the nerve to the brain. This case study demonstrates the rapid success of such treatment.

Neural Manipulation Case Study - Pronator Teres Syndrome
(May 17th, 2018)
By: Lenora Klassen, PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This Barral Institute case study is about Neural Manipulation and Pronator Teres Syndrome. I talks about how overuse injuries can be difficult to treat. They are complicated by many adaptive responses to the tissues and altered movement patterns. This case study shows the effectiveness of neural manipulation to treat such injuries within a short time frame, to help change the movement patterns to restore a more efficient pattern with less strain in the tissues.

Neural Manipulation Case Study - Post fracture neural restrictions of the elbow
(May 17th, 2018)
By: Lenora Klassen, PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This Barral Institute case study is about Neural Manipulation and post fracture neural restrictions of the elbow. Neural restrictions can occur following a fracture and fixation following injury. Increasing the mobility of the neural structures in the area can be an important step in restoring function. This case study is a 15 month old who sustained a fracture due to a fall. Neural development at this age is very dependent on the child's ability to explore their world. Thus, it is critical to restore upper extremity Range of Motion quickly to ensure function of the arm but also continued brain development.

Neural Manipulation Case Study - Trigeminal Neuralgia
(May 17th, 2018)
By: Lenora Klassen, PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This Barral Institute case study is about Neural Manipulation and Trigeminal Neuralgia.  Trigeminal Neuralgia is a condition that can become quite debilitating. Finding a nonsurgical effective way to treat this condition would be quite welcomed. In this case study we see the effectiveness of manual therapy on the whole nervous system to reduce the tensions on the trigeminal nerve.  

Chiropractic care of a pediatric patient with symptoms associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease, fuss-cry-irritability with sleep disorder syndrome and irritable infant syndrome of musculoskeletal origin
(May 1st, 2008)
By: Joel Alcantara, Renata Anderson
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

This case study is about a mother who took her 3 month old girl in for chiropractic care with a medical diagnosis of gastroesophageal re flux disease. (GERD) Notable improvements in the patient's symptoms were observed within four visits and total resolution of symptoms within three months of care. 

Muscle Balancing: TREATMENT OF THE SHOULDER COMPLEX
(May 1st, 2018)
By: KERRY D’AMBROGIO DOM, AP, PT, DO-MTP
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

KERRY D’AMBROGIO DOM, AP, PT, DO-MTP explains Muscle Balancing (MB) and gives the criteria for using this technique with shoulder dysfunction and how to perform the technique. He also provides a Shoulder Dysfunction Case Study. 

"Concussion" Movie Spurs Interest in Dr. Ronald Murray's Manual Regulation Therapy
(December 31st, 2015)
By: Dr. Ronald Murray
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Thanks to the latest Hollywood release, "Concussion," starring Will Smith, and the prevalent role that NFL football plays in American culture, more and more people are becoming aware of the impact of concussions on those who play impact sports, including football, at all levels.

Murray, author of "A Colloid Fluid Model: The Bridge Between Biological and Energy Medicine," published internationally in Explore Magazine, and pioneer of Manual Regulation Therapy (MRT), explains how the model gave birth to MRT.  MRT is a unique and integrative therapy that combines conventional physical therapy, cranial sacral therapy, visceral manipulation, and myofascial release to provide a totally unique approach to treatment. These treatments prove highly effective in helping those suffering from the effects of concussions, both as a result of violent hits and smaller repetitive blows, to experience relief, and even complete recovery.



Effectiveness of a Treatment Involving Soft Tissue Techniques and/or Neural Mobilization Techniques in the Management of Tension-Type Headache: A Randomized Controlled Trial
(February 18th, 2017)
By: Alejandro Ferragut-Garcıas, PT, PhD,Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, PT, PhD, Cleofas Rodrı´guez-Blanco, PT, PhD, Olga Velasco-Roldan, PT, PhD, Daniel Pecos-Martın, PT, PhD, Jesus Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, PT, PhD, Bartomeu Llabre´s-Bennasar, PT, Angel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, PT, PhD
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effects of a protocol involving soft tissue techniques and/or neural mobilization techniques in the management of patients with frequent episodic tension-type headache (FETTH) and those with chronic tension-type headache (CTTH).

CONCLUSIONS:

The application of soft tissue and neural mobilization techniques to patients with FETTH or CTTH induces significant changes in pressure pain threshold (PPT), the characteristics of pain crisis, and its effect on activities of daily living as compared with the application of these techniques as isolated interventions.

CranioSacral Therapy & Autism: A story of Success
(May 1st, 2018)
By: Rebecca Flowers, OTR, BCP, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this article, we'll look at CranioSacral Therapy's effect on Autism and sensory processing disorder, a condition experienced by most people diagnosed on the autism spectrum. 

Can CranioSacral therapy improve symptoms of concussion and mild TBI among football players
(January 9th, 2018)
By: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publis
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This invited commentary references a preliminary study in which the integrative medicine technique known as CranioSacral Therapy (CST) was tested on a group of ex-National Football League (NFL) players who showed significant improvement in range of motion, pain, sleep, and cognitive function. The need for more clinical research data to better understand the potential effectiveness of CST in post-concussive syndrome, mild and more severe traumatic brain injury, and even perhaps chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is emphasized in the article published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (JACM).

Modalities: Athletic Therapists
(April 2nd, 2018)
By: Revelstoke Mountaineer staff
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about how  Athletic Trainers can do a variety of manual therapy modalities from CranioSacral Therapy, Visceral Manipulation and soft tissue release, fascial release, joint traction, trigger point release amongst many more.

Athletic Therapists help active people with the rehabilitation of both chronic and acute musculoskeletal condition. 

Case Series: The Effect  of Visceral Manipulation on Diastasis on REcti Abdominis (DRA)
(July 3rd, 2017)
By: Brandi Kirk, PT, CVTP, PRPC; Teri Elliott‐Burke, PT, MHS, WCS, PRPC, BCB‐PMD
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Case Series: The Effect of Visceral Manipulation on Diastasis Recti Abdominis (DRA)


THIS IS WHAT SENSORY PROCESSING DISORDER FEELS LIKE TO PEOPLE WITH AUTISM
(April 17th, 2018)
By: Casey Nighbor
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this article, we'll look at CranioSacral Therapy's effect on sensory processing disorder, a condition experienced by most people diagnosed on the autism spectrum.

CRANIOSACRAL THERAPY: AN IDEAL MODALITY FOR TREATING INFLAMMATION
(December 21st, 2017)
By: Tim Hutton, PhD, LMP, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this article, Tim Hutton, PHD, LMP, CST-D talks about the immune system, CranioSacral Therapy and how it is a helpful modality for treating inflammation. 

Topics:

Engage Specific Tissues

A Brief History of CranioSacral Therapy

On the Nature of CranioSacral Therapy

CranioSacral Therapy and Musculoskeletal Pain

CranioSacral Therapy in Action

The CranioSacral Rhythm

Chronic vs. Acute Inflammation

Palpating and Treating the Immune System Using CranioSacral Therapy
(November 1st, 2017)
By: Tim Hutton, PhD, LMP, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this article, Tim Hutton, PHD, LMP, CST-D talks about the immune system, CranioSacral Therapy and how it is a helpful modality for treating inflammation. 

Topics:

Engage Specific Tissues

A Brief History of CranioSacral Therapy

On the Nature of CranioSacral Therapy

CranioSacral Therapy and Musculoskeletal Pain

CranioSacral Therapy in Action

The CranioSacral Rhythm

Chronic vs. Acute Inflammation

An Ideal Vehicle

Becoming a CranioSacral Therapist

Neural Manipulation Case Study - Facial Numbness
(April 12th, 2018)
By: Linda Oberdorfer PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case study  -  Neural Manipulation to help facial numbness. The Patient is a 45 y.o. female referred to PT for treatment of facial numbness and tingling which is much improved with treatment techniques of neural manipulation.

Neural Manipulation Case Study - Pain and Pressure in Ear
(May 16th, 2018)
By: Linda Keahey- Oberdorfer, PT, CNMP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Case Study - Neural Manipulation - Pain in ear/TMJ crepitation/hearing loss. A case study of a 66 y.o. male with jaw pain and crepitation with jaw motion and a feeling of "fluid" in the ear. He most significantly had a reduction in his ability to hear as documented in a recent hearing test. He had a long standing history of hearing loss, but this recent diagnostic was demonstrably worse. Symptoms resolved with neural manipulation treatment.

Case Study 1 Pain and Pressure in Lt. ear with some TMJ crepitation and pain.
(June 8th, 2018)
By: Linda Keahey-Oberdorfer, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

A case study of a 66 y.o. male with jaw pain and crepitation with jaw motion and a feeling of "fluid" in the ear. He most significantly had a reduction in his ability to hear as documented in a recent hearing test. He had a long standing history of hearing loss, but this recent diagnostic was demonstrably worse. Symptoms resolved with neural manipulation treatment. 

DOES CRANIOSACRAL THERAPY CONTRIBUTE TO A BETTER BIRTH?
(April 2nd, 2018)
By: Carol McLellan, CMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Carol McLellan CMT, CST-D talks about how CranioSacral Therapy helps assist with pregnancy, childbirth, labor, delivery and postpartum depression or the baby blues.

Changes in alpha band activity associated with application of the compression of the fourth ventriculat (CV-4)
(July 1st, 2013)
By: Luiz Miana PT, Sergio Machado, MD, PhD, Pedro Ribeiro, MD, PhD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

The aim of this study was to measure the effects of CV-4 in 10 healthy subjects through quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG), specifically in alpha band.

Point:Counterpoint Comments
(August 1st, 2006)
By: Aurelien Pichon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

The following letter is in response to the Point: Counterpoint series "Cardiovascular variability is/is not an index of auto-nomic control of circulation"

A review of the physiology of cranial osteopathy
(October 1st, 2003)
By: DO, MSc Andrew Ferguson
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

The models generally used to explain the practice of cranial osteopathy have not been supported by reliable research. This article reviews and explores the relevant physiology and finds much to advance knowledge in this field. 

The Inherent Rhythmic Motion of the Cranial Bones
(March 27th, 2018)
By: Hollis H. King, DO, PhD, FAAO
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core, Zero Balancing,

This article is about the most controversial phenomenon of the PRM from a scientific perspective, and the concept of palpable cranial bone motion.

Cranial Bone Mobility
(March 27th, 2018)
By: Moskalenko and Frymann
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

Cranial bone motion has been the most controversial phenomenon of the Primary Respiratory Mechanism (PRM), but there is ample evidence that the cranial bones do rhythmically move a small but definite amount.

Historically, cranial bone motion was considered an anatomic impossibility. Respected scientists, anatomists, and anthropologists have always assumed that the cranial bones fuse and cannot move however, a thorough examination of the experimental data gives a totally different point of view.

Effectiveness of Craniosacral Therapy in Cervicogenic Headache
(December 14th, 2017)
By: Keerthi Rao and Subhash Katri
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract Background: Headache is common phenomenon experienced by everyone at some point in their lives. Hence it’s not surprising that the global estimate of headache sufferers is around 46% and prevalence of Cervicogenic headache is 2.5-4.1% among all headache types. This prevalence might appear to be relatively low as compared to other headache types like migraine or tension type headache but the associated disability is alarming and high. Craniosacral therapy is a light touch modality which is fairly safe, non-invasive and non-pharmacological mode of treatment which can cure a wide array of musculoskeletal and neurological conditions including headaches but which has limited evidence of effectiveness in literature especially in Cervicogenic Headache. Hence this study aimed at assessing the effectiveness of craniosacral therapy as a treatment modality in the management in Cervicogenic headache. Methods: This study hypothesized that Craniosacral Therapy will demonstrate better improvement in all sub-sections of the Headache Impact Test (HIT-6) which measures the quality of life and also demonstrate reduced frequency and duration of Cervicogenic headache as measured by a self-maintained headache diary. Selection criteria for inclusion in the study were subjects of both gender, age 18 and above and meeting the Cervicogenic Headache International Study Group diagnostic criteria for Cervicogenic Headache. All subjects were treated 3 times a week on alternate days for 3 weeks. Results: 94 individuals were screened for eligibility of which 49 met the selection criteria for the study. Headache-related disability was present 3.4±4.1 days during the 3 week period. The average of the HIT-6 score pre- treatment was 67.6±7.8 points and post- treatment was 42.7±3.6. The Correlation analysis of the frequency of headache attacks and duration of disability according to the headache diary significantly correlated with the severity of headache-related disability at each attack. Conclusion: Craniosacral therapy is an effective treatment strategy for patients of Cervicogenic Headache as measured on HIT-6 during a 3 week treatment program. 

Terapia cranio sacrală și pierderea totală a diagnosticului de autism
(January 3rd, 2018)
By: Daniela
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is an article written by Daniela in Romanian. This is the real story of a heroine mother and her daughter diagnoses with Autism and how CranioSacral Therapy helped

CranioSacral Therapy and Autism
(January 3rd, 2018)
By: Daniela
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is an article written by Daniela in Romanian translated to English. This is the real story of a heroine mother and her daughter diagnoses with Autism and how CranioSacral Therapy helped.

 

Mindfulness Is Aetna CEO’s Prescription for Success
(January 18th, 2018)
By: Sandy Abrams
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Soon after becoming CEO, Bertolini began Aetna's mindfulness-based wellness programs with a study. He brings those experiences with him in leading Aetna's 49000 employees with his unique sense of mindfulness and empathy. Craniosacral therapy proved to be Bertolini’s gateway into the realm of mindfulness and other forms of care.

Read his story…

APPLICATIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS OF NEURAL MANIPULATION
(August 27th, 2013)
By: Jean-Pierre Barral, DO, MRO(F), RPT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This article talks about Neural Manipulation and its applications and and contraindications. Jean-Pierre also talks about the variety of disorders clients seek neural manipulation that affect nervous system issues.

Neural Manipulation Hands-On Work to Promote Nerve Tissue Health
(February 1st, 2018)
By: Judy Russell, RPT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This article talks about Neural Manipulation and how the acquisition of this new and precise assessment and treatment techniques will enhance the overall well-being of the clients. 

Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Incontinence
(March 23rd, 2018)
By: Donna Waldrop LMT, CVTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Barral Institute Visceral Manipulation Case Study - Incontinence

The intent of this case report is to illustrate the use of Visceral Manipulation (VM) for the treatment of incontinence. 

Are You Treating Your Patients Right?
(March 16th, 2018)
By: Jack Ryan LMT
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

Jack Ryan LMT talks about Total Body Balancing (TBB) and why it is important to start and end each Total Body treatment with evaluation. When you use a combination of evaluation techniques and critical thinking to discover the underlying cause of a person’s dysfunction your treatment approach will be more successful. Kerry talks about the benefits of evaluation.

 Jack Ryan, LMT is the owner of the Soar Point Massage Clinic in Sarasota FL. He is a teaching assistant and instructor for the D’Ambrogio Institute. Jack lectures and teaches on the topics of Total Body Balancing, Muscle Balancing, Joint Balancing and pain-free foam roller techniques. His practice is based on pain relief and rehabilitation.

When Modalities are not an Option
(March 16th, 2018)
By: Kerry D’Ambrogio, DOM, AP, PT, DO-MTP
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

Kerry D’Ambrogio D.O.M., A.P., P.T., D.O.-M.T.P. gives a case study using Muscle Balancing/Positional Release Therapy.

Joint Balancing: Reduces Hypomobility, Restores Biomechanics
(March 16th, 2018)
By: Kerry D’Ambrogio, DOM, AP, PT, DO-MTP
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

Kerry D’Ambrogio D.O.M., A.P., P.T., D.O.-M.T.P. talks about Joint Balancing. He discusses Whole-Body Evaluation is essential as well as application of Joint Balancing. 

Total Body Balancing An integrative approach to optimum treatment and balance
(March 16th, 2018)
By: Kerry D’Ambrogio D.O.M., A.P., P.T., D.O.-M.T.P.
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

  Kerry D'Ambrogio D.O.M., A.P., P.T., D.O.-M.T.P. talks about Total Body Balancing (TBB)

- TBB is based in classical osteopathy

- TBB addresses interconnections and contributing lines of tension

- TBB uses A.R.T.S. to evaluate

- TBB follows a five-phase treatment template

Total Body Balancing
(February 1st, 2018)
By: Jack Ryan, LMT
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

Jack Ryan talks about Total Body Balancing and the Curriculum developed by Dr. Kerry D'Ambrogio. 

PRO FOOTBALL PLAYERS TESTIFY TO CRANIOSACRAL THERAPY’S ABILITY TO ADDRESS CONCUSSION AND CTE
(March 14th, 2018)
By: Casey Nighbor
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about what CranioSacral Therapy is and how it has helped football players address concussion and CTE injuries. 

Growth and Learning in Unpreserved Dissection
(March 13th, 2018)
By: Eric Moya, CST-D, MS/MFCT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Eric talks about his experiences in Upledger CranioSacral Dissection classes and the dissection lab. He talks about his personal and professional stories working with unpreserved cadavers.

 

Upledger Institute Aquatic CranioSacral Therapy
(March 13th, 2018)
By: Ann Wister LMT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about CranioSacral Therapy and CranioSacral Aquatic Therapy.   CranioSacral Aquatic Therapy combines multi-hand therapy, floating, sea water/pool water, giving and receiving, group sharing and altered brain wave states with craniosacral hands-on techniques to produce a unique and powerful healing modality.

Osteopathic management of chronic constipation in women patients. Results of a pilot study
(February 16th, 2017)
By: Aurélie Belvauxa, Michel Bouchouchaa, Robert Benamouzig
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Summary Background and aims:

Constipation is a common problem in western countries. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) for the treatment of constipated women with functional constipation (FC) or defeation disorders (DD). Methods: Twenty-one constipated females referred to a tertiary center were recruited. A course of OMT, weekly for four weeks, was given. Clinical questionnaire, Bristol stool form scale and patients’ subjective perception of constipation, bloating and abdominal pain, were recorded. Total and segmental colonic transit time (CTT) were performed before and after OMT. Results: Eleven patients had FC and 10 DD, as defined by Rome III criteria. After OMT, the Knowless Eccersley Scott Symptom score (P = 0.020), the oro-anal transit time (P = 0.002), the right (P = 0.005) and left (P = 0.009) CTT had decreased while the stool frequency (P = 0.005) and the Bristol Stool Form scale (P = 0.003) had increased. After OMT, the intensity of constipation, and the Patient assessment of constipation symptoms score did not change but a decrease of abdominal pain, bloating, quality of life score and drug use was found. Conclusions: This study shows OMT has potential benefit for treating functional constipation in women. Further randomised trials are required to confirm these results. 

The Lost Years: One family’s journey to recovery from autism
(March 8th, 2018)
By: Tami A Goldstein, WLMT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Tami tells the journey of her daughter's recovery from Autism and Sensory Processing Disorder to Functioning Recovery and independent living. She talks about what is Sensory Processing Disorder, CranioSacral Therapy and Bio-Medical Therapy, and what roles they play on the road to Functioning Recovery and independent living.

Upledger CranioSacral Immersion Report for Dr. John E. Upledger Program for Military Post-Traumatic Stress
(March 8th, 2018)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger Foundation/The Upledger Military Veterans Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Program
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

CranioSacral Immersion Program Report graphs from the The Upledger Military Veterans Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Program.  The Upledger Military Veterans Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Program was a five-day Upledger CranioSacral Therapy Intensive Program that ran from Tuesday, November 8th through Sunday, November 13th 2016. The first day was a short meet and greet of the therapists and the veterans. The five-day intensive started the next day. Six military veterans participated in the program. Two were Vietnam veterans and the remaining four were in more recent conflicts. There were approximately 20 therapists. Each veteran received Upledger CranioSacral Therapy from a team of three Upledger CranioSacral therapists, with each team led by a Primary Therapist who was an Upledger CranioSacral Therapy Diplomate. Support therapists all were a minimum of an Upledger CranioSacral Therapist Techniques certified. Each day, veterans received Upledger CranioSacral Therapy for approximately 2.5 hours in the morning and 2 hours in the afternoon

Dizziness: Natural Treatment for Vertigo and BPPV
(March 5th, 2018)
By: BodyQuirks
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about vertigo and how CST can help. 

The effect of a six-week osteopathic visceral manipulation in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain and functional constipation: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
(March 2nd, 2018)
By: Walkyria Vilas Boas Fernandes, Cleofás Rodríguez Blanco, Fabiano Politti, Fernanda de Cordoba Lanza, Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli and João Carlos Ferrari Corrêa
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

The aim of the proposed study is to analyze the effect of a six-week osteopathic visceral manipulation (OVM) program on the flexion-relaxation phenomenon in individuals with non-specific chronic low back pain (LBP) and functional constipation.

Feeding in the NICU: A Perspective from a Craniosacral Therapist
(March 1st, 2016)
By: Quraishy, Karyn
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract: Completing full feedings is a requirement for discharge for babies in the NICU. interaction between the nerves and the muscles of the jaw, tongue, and the soft palate is required for functional sucking and swallowing. Jaw misalignment, compressed nerves, and misshapen heads can interfere with these interactions and create feeding difficulties. craniosacral therapy (CST) is a noninvasive manual therapy that is perfect for the fragile population in the NICU. CST can be used as a treatment modality to release fascial restrictions that are affecting the structures involved in feeding, thereby improving feeding outcomes.

Available for purchase from ingenta: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/springer/jnn/2016/00000035/00000002/art00008



CRANIOSACRAL THERAPY: THE TIN OF REGGIO CALABRIA LEADER IN WORLD RESEARCH
(November 26th, 2017)
By: Eracle Onlus
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article was published in a NICU journal in Italy, about the CST research! 

The Association for Neonatology in Reggio Calabria feels that Craniosacral Therapy is a precious tool especially on premature babies and newborns as well as all ages. The Reggio Calabria TIN is positioning itself in a position of Leader in world research.  Craniosacral therapy has been practiced for some years in all the most renowned TIN and neonatal pathologies in Italy and in the world. Upledger CST is practiced at their facility. Upledger CST has two levels of pediatric specialization and various levels of obstetric and meningeal specialization

TERAPIA CRANIOSACRALE: LA TIN DI REGGIO CALABRIA LEADER NELLA RICERCA MONDIALE
(November 26th, 2017)
By: Eracle Onlus TIN Reggio Calabria Craniosacral dott.ssa Giovanna Fontanelli
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article was published in a NICU journal in Italy, about the CST research! 

The Association for Neonatology in Reggio Calabria feels that Craniosacral Therapy is a precious tool especially on premature babies and newborns as well as all ages. The Reggio Calabria TIN is positioning itself in a position of Leader in world research.  Craniosacral therapy has been practiced for some years in all the most renowned TIN and neonatal pathologies in Italy and in the world. Upledger CST is practiced at their facility. Upledger CST has two levels of pediatric specialization and various levels of obstetric and meningeal specialization

WHAT IS VISCERAL MANIPULATION? AN INTEGRATED PART OF PHYSIOTHERAPY
(October 2nd, 2017)
By: Brent Stevenson
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This article talks about what Visceral Manipulation is and the therapeutic value of Visceral Manipulation.

How anger affects your brain and body
(January 1st, 2017)
By: The National Institute for the Clinical Application of Behavioral Medicine
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article explains the many different ways that anger changes your brain. Elevated cortisol causes neurons to accept too much calcium through their membrane. A calcium overload can make cells fire too frequently and die. It also discusses how stress hormones affect your body. 

Grounding Techniques
(February 27th, 2018)
By: Unknown
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

This article is about the simple grounding techniques that help you re balance and get out of your funk.

Glia, not neurons, are most affected by brain aging
(January 10th, 2017)
By: unknown
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The difference between an old brain and a young brain isn't so much the number of neurons but the presence and function of supporting cells called glia. In this article, researchers found that the state of someone's glia is so consistent through the years that it can be used to predict someones age.

Genetic influence on immune system appears to be higher than previously thought
(January 5th, 2017)
By: Kings College London
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Kings College London reveals nearly three quarters of immune traits are influenced by genes. 

Four simple steps to Preventing Alzheimer's Desease
(April 10th, 2017)
By: Michael Morgan
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

Is it possible to prevent Alzheimer's disease? Research is giving us more and more reason to hope that Alzheimer's is not only preventable, but quite possibly reversible. And alternative approaches are supporting this with simple steps that can be taken. It could change your life, or the life of your loved ones.

Entrainment and the science of energy healing
(February 27th, 2018)
By: www.energy‐healing‐info.com
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

This article is about the heart of the connection between energy healing and entrainment. A new physics principle was discovered in 1965 when a Dutch Physicist and Scientist named Christian Huygens made many well known breakthroughs in the field of physics and astronomy.

Do our bones influence our minds?
(November 3rd, 2018)
By: Amanda Schaffer
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about new ground in how researchers view the skeleton: Not only do bones provide a structural support and serve as a repository for calcium, they issue commands and talk to our brain. They also play a huge role in regulating our blood sugar. 

Craniosacral therapy for migraine: Protocol development for an exploratory controlled clinical trial
(June 9th, 2008)
By: John D Mann, Keturah R Faurot, Laura Wilkinson, Peter Curtis, Remy Coeytaux, Chirayath Suchindran and SUsan Gaylord
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Carniosacral therapy (CST) is a popular non-pharmacological approach to the treatment or prevention of migraine headaches for which there is limited evidence of safely and efficacy. In this article they describe on ongoing feasibility study assess the safety and efficacy of CST in the treatment of migraine. 

CranioSacral Therapy for Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
(November 28th, 2017)
By: Eloise Stager, BA, LMT, CST
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is a genetic, connective tissue disorder affecting collagen production. Since collagen is found throughout the body, all systems, structures and bio mechanics can be effected.

CranioSacral Therapy (CST) proven to relieve chronic neck pain and migraines
(March 15th, 2017)
By: Sara Vincent
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A recent study has shown craniosacral therapy to be effective in improving pain intensity, functional disability, and health related quality of life. It is a non invasive approach that uses gentle manual palpitation techniques to release fascial restrictions between the cranium and the sacrum. 

Concussion Foundation: 91 Percent of ex-college players studied have CTE
(October 19th, 2016)
By: Nick Bromberg
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about chronic traumatic encephalopathy, more commonly known as CTE. CTE is a degenerative condition that can be caused by repeated head trauma. CTE can lead to memory loss, dementia and erratic behavior.

Cognitive Emulation in the Frontoparietal Network
(June 12th, 2017)
By: UNIGE
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is an original story from UNIGE about our brains frontoparietal network and its responsibility for a range of highly diverse functions from planning and executing movements to mental rotation, and from spatial attention to working memory.

Clinical and symptomatological reflections: the fascial system
(September 18th, 2014)
By: Bruno Bordoni, Emiliano Zanier
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

This article is about the functions and interactions between the fascial continuum and the body system.

Changes in elongation of falx cerebri during craniosacral therapy techniques applied on the skull of an embalmed cadaver
(February 28th, 2016)
By: Kostopoulos DC, Keramidas G
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Zero Balancing, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Craniosacral therapy supports that light forces applied to the skull may be transmitted to the dura membrane having a therapeutic effect to the cranial system.

CranioSacral Therapy- A Conversation Between Therapist and Client
(January 5th, 2018)
By: Lori Leitzel Rice, LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In a  CranioSacral Therapy session, listening may be the most important tool for both the client  and the therapist.  The conversation begins with spoken words between therapist and client, but then the experienced hands of the CranioSacral Therapist “listen” through layers of tissue and tension.  That’s when the story unfolds.

To fully understand why communication is essential in CranioSacral Therapy, Lori looks at the craniosacral system in the body and its impact on the body. She also talks about the birth of CST, Upledger CST and what it is.

Prime Cut Productions and Tinderbox Theatre explore the edges of male mental health
(February 13th, 2018)
By: NewsLetter
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

CST in the NEWS

 

Prime Cut Productions and Tinderbox Theatre explore the edges of male mental health


Edgefest is a 3-week festival of explosive new theatre by leading independent companies Prime Cut Productions and Tinderbox Theatre that dares to take audiences to the very edge of human experience.


Activities include yoga, mindfulness, CranioSacral Therapy and meditation sessions, a social pop-up pharmacy and a panel discussion on the interface between mental health and emotional wellbeing and the arts.

 

A Visceral Perspective
(January 2nd, 2018)
By: Alison Harvey DC, CST-D,BI-D, AK
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this introduction to Barral’s work Alison Harvey, a CST instructor with the Upledger Institute, who also runs the UK branch of the Barral Institute, shares some of her insights into the therapy and how it can integrate with CST.”

Stephanie Fowler (Fulcrum editor)

What Happens to a Womas's Brain when she becomes a Mother
(February 8th, 2018)
By: Adrienne Lafrance
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core, Zero Balancing,

This article is about the changes that take place when a woman becomes pregnant and becomes a Mother. A lot of things change, of course, but for new mothers, some of the starkest differences are also the most intimate ones- the emotional changes. Which, it turns out, are also largely neurological. Even before a woman gives birth, the pregnancy tinkers with the very structure of her brain. The maternal feelings of overwhelming love, fierce protectiveness, and constant worry begin with reactions in the brain. So many new mothers experience serious anxiety and depression. Becoming a parent looks- at least in the brain- a lot like falling in love.     

The Glymphatic System in Central Nervous System Health and Disease: Past, Present, and
(February 2nd, 2017)
By: Helene Benveniste, Hedok Lee, Nora D. Volkow
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The overall premise of this review is that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is transported within a dedicated peri-vascular network facilitating metabolic waste clearance from the central nervous system while we sleep. The anatomical profile of the network is complex and has been defined as a peri-arterial CSF influx pathway and peri-venous clearance routes, which are functionally coupled by interstitial bulk flow supported by astrocytic aquaporin 4 water channels. The role of the newly discovered system in the brain is equivalent to the lymphatic system present in other body organs and has been termed the “glymphatic pathway” or “(g)lymphatics” because of its dependence on glial cells. We will discuss and review the general anatomy and physiology of CSF from the perspective of the glymphatic pathway, a discovery which has greatly improved our understanding of key factors that control removal of metabolic waste products from the central nervous system in health and disease and identifies an additional purpose for sleep. A brief historical and factual description of CSF production and transport will precede the ensuing discussion of the glymphatic system along with a discussion of its clinical implications.

The Glymphatic Pathway
(January 1st, 2017)
By: Benveniste H, Lee H, Volkow ND
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract

The overall premise of this review is that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is transported within a dedicated peri-vascular network facilitating metabolic waste clearance from the central nervous system while we sleep. The anatomical profile of the network is complex and has been defined as a peri-arterial CSF influx pathway and peri-venous clearance routes, which are functionally coupled by interstitial bulk flow supported by astrocytic aquaporin 4 water channels. The role of the newly discovered system in the brain is equivalent to the lymphatic system present in other body organs and has been termed the "glymphatic pathway" or "(g)lymphatics" because of its dependence on glial cells. We will discuss and review the general anatomy and physiology of CSF from the perspective of the glymphatic pathway, a discovery which has greatly improved our understanding of key factors that control removal of metabolic waste products from the central nervous system in health and disease and identifies an additional purpose for sleep. A brief historical and factual description of CSF production and transport will precede the ensuing discussion of the glymphatic system along with a discussion of its clinical implications.

Glymphatic system disruption as a mediator of brain trauma and chronic traumatic encephalopathy
(August 16th, 2017)
By: Molly J. Sullan, Breton M. Asken , Michael S. Jaffee , Steven T. DeKosky, Russell M. Bauer,
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Highlights

A model of the mediating effect of disrupted sleep on GS functioning and CTE pathology is proposed.

Sleep disruption affects the ability of the GS to clear metabolic waste.

Protein waste accumulates in perivascular spaces in CTE, which is one pathway used by the GS.

Chronic disruption of the GS following brain trauma may increase the risk for developing CTE-like pathology and clinical symptomatology

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an increasingly important issue among veterans, athletes and the general public. Difficulties with sleep onset and maintenance are among the most commonly reported symptoms following injury, and sleep debt is associated with increased accumulation of beta amyloid (Aβ) and phosphorylated tau (p-tau) in the interstitial space. Recent research into the glymphatic system, a lymphatic-like metabolic clearance mechanism in the central nervous system (CNS) which relies on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), interstitial fluid (ISF), and astrocytic processes, shows that clearance is potentiated during sleep. This system is damaged in the acute phase following mTBI, in part due to re-localization of aquaporin-4 channels away from astrocytic end feet, resulting in reduced potential for waste removal. Long-term consequences of chronic dysfunction within this system in the context of repetitive brain trauma and insomnia have not been established, but potentially provide one link in the explanatory chain connecting repetitive TBI with later neurodegeneration. Current research has shown p-tau deposition in perivascular spaces and along interstitial pathways in chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), pathways related to glymphatic flow; these are the main channels by which metabolic waste is cleared. This review addresses possible links between mTBI-related damage to glymphatic functioning and physiological changes found in CTE, and proposes a model for the mediating role of sleep disruption in increasing the risk for developing CTE-related pathology and subsequent clinical symptoms following repetitive brain trauma.

Steps To Health By Burn Loeffke 'The Peace General'
(December 1st, 2017)
By: Burn Loeffke
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Burn Loeffke is a retired military officer. He talks about some of his stories in the military, how he got hydocephalus and how CranioSacral Therapy helped him and how it can help others. 

Nedergaard Explores Why We Need Sleep
(April 10th, 2015)
By: Rich McManus
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dr. Maiken Nedergaard thinks she knows why the rest of mankind needs sleep, and why without it, we die. At NIH, she reviewed a number of theories about what makes sleep a biological imperative, including benefits to memory, the immune system and the sheer preservation of human energy, given that a sleeping person’s metabolism slows by 15 percent vs. waking hours. Read more on her findings. 

The Effect of Body Post Alzheimer’s disease
(August 5th, 2015)
By: Hedok Lee, Lulu Xie, Mei Yu, Hongyi Kang, Tian Feng, Rashid Deane, XJean Logan, XMaiken Nedergaard, and XHelene Benveniste
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The glymphatic pathway expedites clearance of waste, including soluble amyloid(A) from the brain. Transport through this pathway is controlled bythe brain’s arousal level because, during sleep or anesthesia,the brain’sinterstitial space volume expands (compared with wakefulness), resulting in faster waste removal. Humans, as well as animals, exhibit different body postures during sleep, which may also affect waste removal. Therefore, not only the level of consciousness, but also body posture, might affect CSF–interstitial fluid (ISF) exchange efficiency. We used dynamic-contrast-enhanced MRI and kinetic modeling to quantify CSF-ISF exchange rates in anesthetized rodents’ brains in supine, prone, or lateral positions. To validate the MRI data and to assess specifically the influence of body posture on clearance of A, we used fluorescence microscopy and radioactive tracers, respectively. The analysis showed that glymphatic transport was most efficient in the lateral position compared with the supine or prone positions. In the prone position, in which the rat’s head was inthe most upright position (mimicking posture duringthe awake state),transport was characterized by “retention” ofthetracer, slower clearance, and more CSF efflux along larger caliber cervical vessels. The optical imaging and radiotracer studies confirmed that glymphatic transport and A clearance were superior in the lateral and supine positions. We propose that the most popular sleep posture (lateral) has evolved to optimize waste removal during sleep and that posture must be considered in diagnostic imaging procedures developed in the future to assess CSF-ISF transport in humans.

Interstitial fluid drainage is impaired in ischemic stroke and Alzheimer's disease mouse models
(September 2nd, 2013)
By: Michal Arbel-Ornath, Eloise Hudry, Katharina Eikermann-Haerter, Steven Hou, Julia L. Gregory, Lingzhi Zhao, Rebecca A. Betensky, Matthew P. Frosch, Steven M. Greenberg, and Brian J. Bacskai
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The interstitial fluid (ISF) drainage pathway has been hypothesized to underlie the clearance of solutes and metabolites from the brain. Previous work has implicated the perivascular spaces along arteries as the likely route for ISF clearance, however it has never been demonstrated directly. The accumulation of amyloid β (Aβ) peptides in brain parenchyma is one of the pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer disease (AD), and it is likely related to an imbalance between production and clearance of the peptide. Aβ drainage along perivascular spaces has been postulated to be one of the mechanisms that mediates the peptide clearance from the brain. We therefore devised a novel method to visualize solute clearance in real time in the living mouse brain using laser guided bolus dye injections and multiphoton imaging. This methodology allows high spatial and temporal resolution and revealed the kinetics of ISF clearance. We found that the ISF drains along perivascular spaces of arteries and capillaries but not veins, and its clearance exhibits a bi-exponential profile. ISF drainage requires a functional vasculature, as solute clearance decreased when perfusion was impaired. In addition, reduced solute clearance was observed in transgenic mice with significant vascular amyloid deposition; we suggest the existence of a feed-forward mechanism, by which amyloid deposition promotes further amyloid deposition. This important finding provides a mechanistic link between cerebrovascular disease and Alzheimer disease and suggests that facilitation of Aβ clearance along the perivascular pathway should be considered as a new target for therapeutic approaches to AD and CAA.

The Paravascular Pathway for Brain Waste Clearance: Current Understanding, Significance and Controversy
(November 17th, 2017)
By: Andrew Bacyinski, Maosheng Xu, Wei Wang and Jiani Hu
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The paravascular pathway, also known as the “glymphatic” pathway, is a recently described system for waste clearance in the brain. According to this model, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) enters the paravascular spaces surrounding penetrating arteries of the brain, mixes with interstitial fluid (ISF) and solutes in the parenchyma, and exits along paravascular spaces of draining veins. Studies have shown that metabolic waste products and solutes, including proteins involved in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases such as amyloid-beta, may be cleared by this pathway. Consequently, a growing body of research has begun to explore the association between glymphatic dysfunction and various disease states. However, significant controversy exists in the literature regarding both the direction of waste clearance as well as the anatomical space in which the waste-fluid mixture is contained. Some studies have found no evidence of interstitial solute clearance along the paravascular space of veins. Rather, they demonstrate a perivascular pathway in which waste is cleared from the brain along an anatomically distinct perivascular space in a direction opposite to that of paravascular flow. Although possible explanations have been offered, none have been able to fully reconcile the discrepancies in the literature, and many questions remain. Given the therapeutic potential that a comprehensive understanding of brain waste clearance pathways might offer, further research and clarification is highly warranted.

Glymphatic distribution of CSF-derived apoE into brain is isoform specific and suppressed during sleep deprivation
(December 8th, 2016)
By: Thiyagaragan M. Achariyar , Baoman Li , Weiguo Pen1 , Philip B. Verghese , Yang Shi , Evan McConnel , Abdellatif Benraiss , Tristan Kasper , Wei Song , Takahiro Takana , David M. Holtzman , Maiken Nedergaard and Rashid Deane
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Background: Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is a major carrier of cholesterol and essential for synaptic plasticity. In brain, it’s expressed by many cells but highly expressed by the choroid plexus and the predominant apolipoprotein in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The role of apoE in the CSF is unclear. Recently, the glymphatic system was described as a clearance system whereby CSF and ISF (interstitial fluid) is exchanged via the peri-arterial space and convective flow of ISF clearance is mediated by aquaporin 4 (AQP4), a water channel. We reasoned that this system also serves to distribute essential molecules in CSF into brain. The aim was to establish whether apoE in CSF, secreted by the choroid plexus, is distributed into brain, and whether this distribution pattern was altered by sleep deprivation. Methods: We used fluorescently labeled lipidated apoE isoforms, lenti-apoE3 delivered to the choroid plexus, immunohistochemistry to map apoE brain distribution, immunolabeled cells and proteins in brain, Western blot analysis and ELISA to determine apoE levels and radiolabeled molecules to quantify CSF inflow into brain and brain clearance in mice. Data were statistically analyzed using ANOVA or Student’s t- test. Results: We show that the glymphatic fluid transporting system contributes to the delivery of choroid plexus/ CSF-derived human apoE to neurons. CSF-delivered human apoE entered brain via the perivascular space of penetrating arteries and flows radially around arteries, but not veins, in an isoform specific manner (apoE2 > apoE3 > apoE4). Flow of apoE around arteries was facilitated by AQP4, a characteristic feature of the glymphatic system. ApoE3, delivered by lentivirus to the choroid plexus and ependymal layer but not to the parenchymal cells, was present in the CSF, penetrating arteries and neurons. The inflow of CSF, which contains apoE, into brain and its clearance from the interstitium were severely suppressed by sleep deprivation compared to the sleep state. Conclusions: Thus, choroid plexus/CSF provides an additional source of apoE and the glymphatic fluid transporting system delivers it to brain via the periarterial space. By implication, failure in this essential physiological role of the glymphatic fluid flow and ISF clearance may also contribute to apoE isoform-specific disorders in the long term.

Cerebrospinal and Interstitial Fluid Transport via the Glymphatic Pathway Modeled by Optimal Mass Transport
(May 15th, 2017)
By: Vadim Ratnerc , Yi Gao, Hedok Lee, Rena Elkin, Maiken Nedergaard, Helene Benveniste, and Allen Tannenbaum
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The glymphatic pathway is a system which facilitates continuous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and interstitial fluid (ISF) exchange and plays a key role in removing waste products from the rodent brain. Dysfunction of the glymphatic pathway may be implicated in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease. Intriguingly, the glymphatic system is most active during deep wave sleep general anesthesia. By using paramagnetic tracers administered into CSF of rodents, we previously showed the utility of MRI in characterizing a macroscopic whole brain view of glymphatic transport but we have yet to define and visualize the specific flow patterns. Here we have applied an alternative mathematical analysis approach to a dynamic time series of MRI images acquired every 4 min over 3 hrs in anesthetized rats, following administration of a small molecular weight paramagnetic tracer into the CSF reservoir of the cisterna magna. We use Optimal Mass Transport (OMT) to model the glymphatic flow vector field, and then analyze the flow to find the network of CSF-ISF flow channels. We use 3D visualization computational tools to visualize the OMT defined network of CSF-ISF flow channels in relation to anatomical and vascular key landmarks from the live rodent brain. The resulting OMT model of the glymphatic transport network agrees largely with the current understanding of the glymphatic transport patterns defined by dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI revealing key CSF transport pathways along the ventral surface of the brain with a trajectory towards the pineal gland, cerebellum, hypothalamus and olfactory bulb. In addition, the OMT analysis also revealed some interesting previously unnoticed behaviors regarding CSF transport involving parenchymal streamlines moving from ventral reservoirs towards the surface of the brain, olfactory bulb and large central veins.

Vascular basement membranes as pathways for the passage of fluid into and out of the brain
(March 16th, 2016)
By: Alan W. J. Morris · Matthew MacGregor Sharp · Nazira J. Albargothy · Rute Fernandes1 · Cheryl A. Hawkes3 · Ajay Verma · Roy O. Weller1 · Roxana O. Carare
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The objective of this study is to differentiate the cerebral vascular basement membrane pathways by which fluid passes out of the brain from the pathway by which CSF enters the brain.

In the absence of conventional lymphatics, drainage of interstitial fluid and solutes from the brain parenchyma to cervical lymph nodes is along basement membranes in the walls of cerebral capillaries and tunica media of arteries. Perivascular pathways are also involved in the entry of CSF into the brain by the convective influx/ glymphatic system.

 

 Experiment 1: 0.5 µl of soluble biotinylated or fluorescent Aβ, or 1 µl 15 nm gold nanoparticles was injected into the mouse hippocampus and their distributions determined at 5 min by transmission electron microscopy. Aβ was distributed within the extracellular spaces of the hippocampus and within basement membranes of capillaries and tunica media of arteries. Nanoparticles did not enter capillary basement membranes from the extracellular spaces. Experiment 2: 2 µl of 15 nm nanoparticles were injected into mouse CSF. Within 5min, groups of nanoparticles were present in the pial-glial basement membrane on the outer aspect of cortical arteries between the investing layer of pia mater and the glia limitans. The results of this study and previous research suggest that cerebral vascular basement membranes form the pathways by which fluid passes into and out of the brain but that different basement membrane layers are involved. The significance of these findings for neuroimmunology, Alzheimer’s disease, drug delivery to the brain and the concept of the Virchow–Robin space are discussed.

Effects of the Fourth Ventricle Compression in the Regulation of the Autonomic Nervous System: A Randomized Control T
(January 14th, 2015)
By: Ana Paula Cardoso-de-Mello-e-Mello-Ribeiro, Cleofás Rodríguez-Blanco, Inmaculada Riquelme-Agulló, Alberto Marcos Heredia-Rizo, François Ricard, and Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system is an important factor in the development of chronic pain. Fourth ventricle compression (CV-4) has been shown to influence autonomic activity. Nevertheless, the physiological mechanisms behind these effects remain unclear. Objectives. This study is aimed at evaluating the effects of fourth ventricle compression on the autonomic nervous system. Methods. Forty healthy adults were randomly assigned to an intervention group, on whom CV-4 was performed, or to a control group, who received a placebo intervention (nontherapeutic touch on the occipital bone). In both groups, plasmatic catecholamine levels, blood pressure, and heartrate were measured before and immediately after the intervention. Results. No effects related to the intervention were found. Although a reduction of norepinephrine, systolic blood pressure, and heart rate was found after the intervention, it was not exclusive to the intervention group. In fact, only the control group showed an increment of dopamine levels after intervention. Conclusion. Fourth ventricle compression seems not to have any effect in plasmatic catecholamine levels, blood pressure, or heart rate. Further studies are needed to clarify the CV-4 physiologic mechanisms and clinical efficacy in autonomic regulation and pain treatment.

Cell Therapy 2.0: Repragraming the Brain's Own Cells for Parkinson's treatment
(April 10th, 2017)
By: Knvul Sheikh
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core, Zero Balancing,

This article is about a major breakthrough that researchers show it possible to make dopamine cells from astrocytes, accelerating traditional stem cell procedures and improving disease symptoms.  

Flowers, sound, touch: Urban India's unusual remedies to tackle stress
(April 16th, 2017)
By: Rhythma Kaul & Anesha George
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core, Zero Balancing,

This article pertains to the alternative therapies and remedies being used to alleviate aches and pains, stress, and treat seasonal allergies.

Healing Concussions in our Hands...Literlly
(March 7th, 2017)
By: Michael Morgan, Contributor Author, Teacher, LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core, Zero Balancing,

Our high impact culture feeds on the same gratification in our sports. In fact, game enthusiasts hunger for the impact- the great tackle, the head long dive for the base, the willingness of our athletes to sacrifice their bodies for the win, the score and the memorable play. One of the prices paid is to the head in the form of concussions and Traumatic brain injuries. Some prevention and rehabilitation therapies available to us include: Acupuncture, Massage, Healing touch, Visceral Release Manipulation, and Cranio-Sacral Therapy.   

It Takes a Village
(January 1st, 2018)
By: Tami A. Goldstein, WLMT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Tami tells the journey of her daughter's recovery from Autism and Sensory Processing Disorder to Functioning Recovery and independent living and how it takes a village to raise a child but it takes an autistic child to change the conciseness of the village.  She talks about what is Sensory Processing Disorder, CranioSacral Therapy and Bio-Medical Therapy, and what roles they play on the road to Functioning Recovery and independent living.

Sports Injury & Visceral Manipulation
(January 1st, 2018)
By: LORRIE HARPER MSPT, CVTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This article talks about what Visceral Manipulation is and how it can help treat sports injuries

Lymphatic balancing for the orthopedic patient
(November 1st, 2017)
By: KERRY D’AMBROGIO, DOM, AP, PT, DO-MTP
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

This article talks about D'Ambrogio Lymphatic Balancing and the channeling the power of the lymph system. Kerry D'Ambrogio talks about what the lymphatic system is, application of Lymphatic Balancing and the Lymphatic Balancing courses offered by D'Ambrogio Institute. 

Líkami og tilfinningar eru ein
(September 20th, 2016)
By: Kynningardeild DV
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is about CranioSacral Therapy. The body and emotions as a whole.

Evaluation of behavioural and gastrointestinal symptoms in autistic children after visceral osteopathic treatment
(March 1st, 2013)
By: Iona Bramati Castellarin,, Ian Drysdale, Vinood Patel
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Abstract

Introduction

Autism or Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) with abnormal or impaired development in reciprocal social interaction, abnormal or impaired social communication and social imagination. Recent theories focused on the possibility of autism being linked with gastrointestinal (GI) abnormalities. Moreover, the problem behaviour typical of autism might be linked to the underlying medical symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhoea, and bloating typical of GI dysfunction.

Faecal Calprotectin and a Twenty-Four-Parameter Questionnaire in Autistic Children with Gastrointestinal
(August 19th, 2017)
By: Ioná Bramati-Castellarin, Vinood Patel and Ian P Drysdale
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract

This study investigated potential correlation between the inflammatory marker, Calprotectin, and a S.O.S questionnaire from forty-nine Autistic children. Symptom and behavioral questionnaires were completed contemporaneously with stool sample collection. Mixed Model data analysis showed strong correlation between some questionnaire parameters and Calprotectin. ‘Need for a fixed routine’ was highly significantly correlated with Calprotectin (

Faecal Calprotectin and a Twenty-Four-Parameter Questionnaire in Autistic Children with Gastrointestinal Symptoms
(August 19th, 2017)
By: Ioná Bramati-Castellarin, Vinood Patel and Ian P Drysdale2
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract

This study investigated potential correlation between the inflammatory marker, Calprotectin, and a S.O.S questionnaire from forty-nine Autistic children. Symptom and behavioral questionnaires were completed contemporaneously with stool sample collection. Mixed Model data analysis showed strong correlation between some questionnaire parameters and Calprotectin. 'Need for a fixed routine' was highly significantly correlated with Calprotectin (í µí±<0.00009) with Multivariate Coefficient of 3.227, whilst paradoxically 'constipation' indicated significant change (í µí±<0.02) with negative Multivariate Coefficient (-1.584). The negative 'constipation' appears to associate with the positive 'need for a fixed routine' indicating possibility of reciprocal, independent prediction of gastrointestinal inflammation. Results suggest that 'need for a fixed routine' and 'constipation' be included in a screening questionnaire as independent predictors of bowel dysfunction in these children. 

Compression of the Fourth Ventricle Using a Craniosacral Osteopathic Technique: A Systematic Review of the Clinical Evidence
(October 17th, 2017)
By: Anna Żurowska, Roksana Malak, Anna Kołcz-Trzęsicka, WłodzimierzSamborski, and Małgorzata Paprocka-Borowicz
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is an article about CV4

Abstract

Compression of the fourth ventricle (CV4) is a well-known osteopathic procedure, utilized by osteopaths, osteopathic physicians, craniosacral therapists, physical therapists, and manual therapists as part of their healthcare practice based on some evidence suggesting impact on nervous system functions. The main objective of the study was to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the clinical benefits of CV4 and to show the evidence supporting clinical prescriptions, guides, and advice in treating. A computerized search of the PubMed, CINAHL Complete, Scopus, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect databases was performed. Two filters were used (article type: RCTs; species: humans). The methodological quality of the trials was assessed using the Downs and Black quality checklist for healthcare intervention studies. Only six studies met the inclusion criteria, of which four were RCTs and two were observational studies. The Downs and Black score ranged from 17 to 24 points out of a maximum of 27 points. The present review revealed the paucity of CV4 research in patients with different clinical problems, as five out of six included studies investigated healthy adults. According to the results of the included studies, CV4 may be beneficial for patients with different functional problems.

Is Lymphatic Balancing the Missing Ingredient to Success in Your Practice?
(August 20th, 2016)
By: Kerry D’Ambrogio, DOM, AP, PT, DO-MTP & Tracey Clark DO (MP), DCMOEB
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

This article talks about Lymphatic Balancing history and development and how the lymphatic system works. Dr. Kerry D’Ambrogio said “The ability to incorporate lymphatic balancing into treatment will also promote healing from the inside out by helping to create an internal environment that is conducive to healing.”

The effects of Carnop-Sacral Therapy on Brain Function Quotient of Elderly with Long-term Care Insurance Service/ Korea Science
(January 1st, 2016)
By: Lee, Jung-eun
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This study was performed to identify the effects of the improvement of brain function by CST on the elderly with the 2nd or 3rd grade of long-term care insurance service. A quasi-experimental design using a nonequivalent control group, a pre-post test was used. A total of 12 elders. (6 in the experimental group, and 6 in the control group) were recruited. Upledger CST (10 step protocol) was performed on each subject for 50 minutes per session, once a week for a total of 8 treatments over an 8 week period. 

Treating childhood traumatic brain injury early to avoid lifelong cognitive deficits
(March 15th, 2017)
By: Medical Express
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core, Zero Balancing, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Some children with traumatic brain injury take longer to transfer visual perception information between the brain hemispheres. Special MRI scans show that these children have structural changes in their brains that result in cognitive deficits. Children with delayed visual perception as a result of serious head injuries may end up with structural changes in their brains that interrupt normal development, a new Keck School of Medicine of USC study shows. 

CST and Headaches from Dental Braces
(January 3rd, 2018)
By: Case Studies by Dr. Weiner
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is a case history about a 14-year-old girl who had been suffering from headaches for over a year and how CranioSacral Therapy helped.

Whether a child or an adult is planning to wear orthodontic braces, CranioSacral Therapy is highly recommended as a conjoint therapy to minimize any side effects of the dental work. In fact, CST prior to receiving braces can start to correct any functional restrictions present, and in some cases, may even eliminate the need for braces!


CPD: Autism and the visceral connection – An overview of recently published research
(June 1st, 2016)
By: Dr Ioná Bramati-Castellarin PhD, BSc (Hons) Ost Med D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

In this article, the author discussed the research behind the effectiveness of osteopathic visceral treatment of gastrointestinal (GI) signs and symptoms as well as behavior patterns in autistic children via manipulation of the ‘gut-brain axis’, and may represent a significant contribution to the evidence base for osteopathic treatment.

Visceral factors in rehabilitation & health
(October 1st, 2016)
By: Matthew Sorenson, PT, VM, DipRM and Matt Wallden, MSc Ost Med, DO, ND
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral health on rehab and prevention.

Article Outline

I.        Digestive organs lungs and pleura

II.        Adhesions and infertility

III.        Ovaries and endometriosis

IV.        Pelvic pain

V.        Leg pain

VI.        Viscera-brain connections

VII.        Beyond manual work to the viscera

VIII.        How common is visceral dysfunction?

IX.        Abdominal neurological connections

X.        Conclusion

XI.        References

CranioSacral Therapy, Brain Injury, and American Football: Time for a Convergence
(November 11th, 2017)
By: Eric Leskowitz, MD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Editor’s Note: Psychiatrist and chronic pain specialist, Eric Leskowitz, MD, retired  recently after 20 years as a member of the Department of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical  School. He continues to lead the Integrative Medicine Task Force at the Harvard affiliated Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital and maintains an avid interest in the  potential of integrative practices in sports‐related contexts. His first column for JACM, in  the May 2017 issue, ‘‘The Zone: A Measurable (and Contagious) Exemplar of Mind‐Body  Integration,’’ examined emerging evidence on athletes seeking that special level of ‘‘in  the zone’’ performance through integrative strategies. In  this, Dr. Leskowitz turns to what may be viewed as the other end of contact sports  performance: concussion and brain injury. The focus is on football, though the  applications may extend to the military. Again, the evidence is only emerging, and begs  more thorough exploration.    —John Weeks, Editor‐in‐Chief, JACM 

Ricky Williams won the Heisman Trophy in 1995, America's highest award for college football players. He went on to have a distinguished professional career with the Miami Dolphins. He was named to the Pro Bowl before he retired in 2011. His unusual career was marked by a 2-year leave of absence during which he studied a range of holistic therapies, including Ayurvedic medicine in India. He found particular benefit from a variant of traditional osteopathy in the cranial field, a technique known as CranioSacral Therapy (CST).2 Williams went on to receive training in CST. In subsequent collaboration with the primary training center for this technique, the Upledger Institute (UI) in Palm Beach, FL, he has organized a CST-based residential treatment program for ex-NFL players with suspected mild TBI.


East Side therapy clinic opens door to inmates
(May 10th, 2016)
By: Patty Machelor
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about how an Arizona PT clinic helps inmates in need of treatment. They specialize in helping people with orthopedic, geriatric and neurological conditions. Therapy is offered by way of both traditional and alternative techniques, including massage, myofascial release, CranioSacral therapy and reiki.

The Benefits of CranioSacral Therapy for Babies
(November 25th, 2015)
By: Venetia Moore
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about the benefits for CranioSacral Therapy for Babies. It also explains what CranioSacral Therapy is and how it is very helpful for all babies as well as for those that have had complicated births. 

CranioSacral Applications for Autism
(November 1st, 2017)
By: Tami A. Goldstein, W.L.M.T., C.S.T.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Tami explains Autism and how CranioSacal Therapy can help!!

“Physicians are beginning to recognize CST for addressing conditions such as autism. I had the opportunity to educate Geoffrey Bouc, M.D., who practices in Beloit, Wisconsin, about CST. I asked him why he now recommends CST for an individual with autism and he said, “It is an invaluable part of recovery and maximizing potential function.” Upledger said, “The shortest distance between two points is intention.” It is my intention to teach the world how to connect with those on the autism spectrum. If you understand autism spectrum disorder and sensory processing disorders, and have the intention to help those with autism through CranioSacral Therapy, you can open the world for these beautiful individuals who often live trapped inside themselves.”

 

Tami A. Goldstein, W.L.M.T., C.S.T., is certified in Upledger CranioSacral Therapy and therapeutic massage. She is an advocate, speaker, and educator on autism and bodywork for autism. She’s the international award-winning author of the book Coming Through the Fog and a contributing author in Cutting Edge Therapies for Autism (2014 Edition). She wrote this article on behalf of Upledger Institute International (upledger.com).

YOU MUST UNDERSTAND HOW TO TEACH DOCTORS ABOUT TOUCH & AUTISM
(November 1st, 2017)
By: Tami Goldstein
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is written by two credentialed massage and craniosacral therapists who also happen to be mothers who had children diagnosed on the autism spectrum.

They talk about their journey finding Upledger CranioSacral Therapy and how it helped their children. Tami also talks about sharing and networking with the doctors effectively.

Compassion for self
(January 1st, 2017)
By: Cloe Couturier
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

Compassion for self is to admit deeply the suffering that we feel from our own imperfections, and to accept the reality of our own fragility and mortality and to simply be and feel it. Compassion is about the presence of being, this non-describable spiritual connection where we can meet, this deep place of suffering that we share and will experience sometimes, somewhere, someplace in the greater depth of our lives and the greater depth of our being and that is ok. 

How craniosacral therapy can help reduce a child's stress
(November 7th, 2016)
By: Mike
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

For most parents, raising calm, thoughtful and mindful children in today's technology-obsessed society is a real challenge. Everything seems rushed and children don't have the time or space they need to really slow down and enjoy life. Craniosacral therapy can provide tools for those struggling to cope growing up. 

The Silver Lining: Connections Between the Gut, Brain and Immune System
(October 7th, 2017)
By: Michael Morgan LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Michael talks about the connections between the gut, brain and immune system. Where there is stress in one, the other will be influenced. That is certainly the down side. But the up side is that the opposite is also true. Where health prevails in one, the other will be influenced. And techniques working with the meningeal and CranioSacral systems reach through the body all the way to the gut. This is one way healthy eating can contribute to a healthy brain. And when modalities such as CranioSacral Therapy are utilized the cleansing and balancing for the brain reaches the gut. In turn the immune system is free to do its job with TRUE invaders.

Craniosacral Therapy for Depression, Neck Pain & Headaches
(October 17th, 2017)
By: Dr. Axe
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dr. Axe talks about what CranioSacral Therapy (CST) is, the benefits of CST, how CST works, CST for Infants and CST Training.

Is There Life In The Bones? - A Biography of Dr Fritz Smith and Zero Balancing
(October 6th, 2017)
By: David Lauterstein CERT ZB LMT
Curriculum/s: Zero Balancing,

David Lauterstein talks about his biography he wrote about Fritz Smith's life: Life in the Bones: A Biography of Dr. Fritz Smith and Zero Balancing. 

Craniosacral Therapy May Help Lesson Symptoms of Post-Concussion Syndrome
(January 21st, 2012)
By: DOROTHY BEDFORD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dorothy talks about her daughter suffering from a concussion and how CranioSacral Therapy helped her daughter.


She also talks how concussions effects the CST system.


She found that this approach allowed her to determine the most effective sequence of treatment in a way that didn't overwhelm but naturally strengthened the whole system's own self-corrective mechanisms. A closely targeted sequence of treatment is invaluable in order for the body to be able to make corrections that occur locally as well as globally throughout the body and brain.

Care for a concussion NOW will save you from LONG TERM effects
(February 10th, 2017)
By: Michael Morgan, Contributor Author, Teacher, LMT, CST - D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Neural ManipulationT,

One of the most common injuries incurred in sports is concussions. They are so common that their potential long-term effects can be overlooked as an ice pack is put upon the head until the player gets their wits back enough to run back on the field. More and more sufferers of such trauma to the brain are finding long-term effects surfacing years after retirement from their beloved sport. Gentle manipulation and craniosacral therapy work with the Cerebro-spinal fluid. We are made up largely of water, so why not use the greatest force within us to bring the body back into balance.     

Building Blocks for a New Paradigm of Aging
(May 15th, 2017)
By: Michael Morgan, LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

While paradigms may seem very solid they are only constructs created by us as we observe patterns and what seems to be. They can be helpful in some ways and limit in other ways. To create new Paradigm means we need to be open to a new pattern of looking at things. This article talks about random damage, normal aging, and cellular aging and the interest in a factor called homeostatic imbalance or allostatic load. This is the way the body deals with incoming stress and how long it takes to recover from the influence.   

CranioSacral Therapy and the High- Performance Athlete
(July 9th, 2012)
By: John Matthew Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

High-performance athletes have grueling training schedules, intense focus, sheer athleticism and an unbelievable commitment level. This is the story of a 49-year-old cyclist and high-performance athlete in peak condition who started feeling off until he had a CST session and became completely centered again. 

Brain Injuries aren't obvious, but they affect 13.5 million Americans
(March 13th, 2017)
By: Sarah Kilch Gaffney, Special to the BDN
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Neural ManipulationT,

Knowledge and awareness of Brain injuries have come a long way, but there is still so much work to do. Brain injury can be an incredibly isolating experience for both the survivor and the caregiver/ family members. Brain injuries can affect anyone at any time. Sarah Kilich Gaffney shares her story of losing her husband to a TBI and how she started working with the Brain Injury Association of America. 

As the Brain Ages, Glial-Cell Gene Expression Changes Most
(January 10th, 2017)
By: Ashley P Taylor
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Neurodegenerative diseases are often associated with aging. To learn what happens within the aging brain and potentially gain information relevant to human health, researchers examined the gene - expression patterns in postmortem brain samples. Overall, the researchers found, gene expression of glial cells changed more with age than did with neurons. These gene- expression changes were most significant in the hippocampus and substania nigra, regions damaged in Alzheimer's  and Parkinson's diseases. 

Brain Toxins Be Gone! The Role of the Glymphatic System Revealed
(August 31st, 2017)
By: Michael Morgan, LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Michael Morgan describes CranioSacral Therapy and how it can stop Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia in their tracks-perhaps even reverse prior brain damage.

Manual Therapy as a Proposed Treatment for Chronic Migraine
(August 31st, 2017)
By: Espí-López GV, Bermell-Salvador C and Cortés-Amador S
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The impact of migraine on the life of the person, is the reason why those affected seek complementary treatments to the pharmacological symptom relief, especially the muscular tensions of the cervical and pericranial. Manual therapy such as craniosacral techniques, spinal manipulation or myofascial manipulation have proven to be an effective intervention strategy in the treatment of MC. Being aware of the impact that chronic migraine has on the quality of life of the person, it is necessary for the professionals to acquire the commitment to carry out new investigations, in which they develop and establish which treatment strategies are effective and decrease the symptolatology derived from chronic migraine.

Twenty patients participated in six sessions of craniosacral therapy and were evaluated four times with the headache impact test (HIT- 6), the study lasted four weeks.

The authors concluded that craniosacral therapy may alleviate migraine symptoms, finding that HIT-6 scores were significantly lower after treatment. (p = 0.004). That is, the patients in the study had an improvement in pain, social participation, general activity, vitality, intellectual activity and biological suffering. This treatment could be considered as a potential therapy in improving the quality of life of patients with migraine. 

Massage Helps Burn Survivors Rediscover Touch
(September 20th, 2017)
By: Allison Payne
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about how manual therapy and touch can help burn victims at time of trauma and after. 

What Is Visceral Organ Massage & Is It As Weird As It Sounds?
(September 22nd, 2017)
By: Lindsay Kellner
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

An article about Visceral Manipulation by MindBodyGreen, a positive online community for wellbeing.

To Err on the Side of Listening
(September 14th, 2017)
By: Lori Leitzel Rice, LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Lori Leitzel Rice, LMT, CST talks about her journey with chronic pain and how she became a better listener to her own body.

Care for a concussion NOW will save
(February 10th, 2017)
By: Michael Morgan, Contributor
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

The long-term effects of concussions can be overlooked and can surface years after retirement. Bumps, blows, and jolts to the head can lead to full range painful and debilitating symptoms. 

Cure Your Headaches + 7 Other Benefits Of Craniosacral Therapy
(September 13th, 2017)
By: Liivi Hess
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The article talks about what CranioSacral Therapy is and the benefits. 

This is a great article to share with everyone!!!


 

MASSAGE HELPS ADDICTS REBUILD SHATTERED LIVES
(August 29th, 2017)
By: Phyllis Hanlon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks how bodywork can help addicts recover and rebuild. The author notes that CranioSacral therapy is particularly useful for people in recovery and goes deep within and helps individuals align themselves.

CranioSacral Therapy and Visceral Manipulation: A New Treatment Intervention for Concussion Recovery
(August 28th, 2017)
By: Gail Wetzler, PT, DPT, EDO, BI-D, Melinda Roland, MA, PT, LAc, OMD, Dipl-Ac, CST-D, Sally Fryer-Dietz, PT, DPT, CDT-D, SIPT Cert, and Dee Dettmann-Ahern, PT, BI-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

ABSTRACT

Background: Military service members and veterans face health issues related to traumatic brain injury (TBI), especially during combat, use of heavy equipment, and exposures to environmental hazards and explosives. There were 400,000 TBIs reported in deployed U.S. troops in 2012. Athletes are also subject to TBI. Studies have indicated that some manual therapies could be helpful for treating patients who have postconcussive syndrome.

Objective: This case series report describes the effects of CranioSacral Therapy (CST), Visceral Manipulation (VM), and Neural Manipulation (NM) modalities for treating patients who have post-concussion syndrome. The goal of this study was to evaluate these effects on immobility, pain intensity, quality of life, sleep disorders, and cognition in these patients.

Materials and Methods: This single-blinded case series was conducted at the Upledger Institute, in West Palm Beach, FL. The patients were 11 male retired professional football players from the National Football League and the Canadian Football League who had been medically diagnosed with post-concussion syndrome. Each participant received a morning and afternoon 2-hour session of these three specific manual therapies, which were capable of accessing and addressing the structural, vascular, and neurologic tissues of the cranium and brain—as well addressing far-reaching ramifications throughout the body following trauma. The main outcome measures were scores on the: Impact Neurocognitive Test; Dynavision Test; Short Form–36 Quality of Life Survey, Headache Impact Test, Dizziness Handicap Inventory; a numeric pain rating scale; orthopedic range of motion tests (ROM); and vestibular testing. Hours of sleep were also checked. These outcome measures were registered at baseline, after treatment, and after a 3-month follow up.

Results: Statistically significant differences were seen with a decrease in overall pain rating scale scores (P=0.0448), and cervicogenic pain levels decreased (P=0.0486). There were statistically significant increases in Dynavision Average Reaction Time (P=0.0332), Memory Test (P=0.0156) scores, and cervical ROM scores (P=0.0377). Hours of sleep averaged 2 hours on the first day of treatment and increased to 4.0 hours at the end of treatment and were continuing to increase, as noted at a 3-month evaluation.

Conclusions: Ten sessions of specific CST/VM/NM therapy resulted in statistically greater improvements in pain intensity, ROM, memory, cognition, and sleep in concussed patients

CranioSacral Therapy and the High-Performance Athlete
(August 28th, 2017)
By: John Matthew Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

CST can be a key part of overall maintenance and healing in addition to deep tissue sports massage. CST is extremely beneficial to athletes. The approach to body work can benefit people in all walks and seasons of life, and will keep you centered.   

An Introduction of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome for the CST Practitioner
(December 1st, 2016)
By: Eloise Stager, BA, LMT, CST
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Neural ManipulationT,

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is a genetic, connective tissue disorder affecting collagen production. One of the primary and most debilitating symptoms of EDS is a widespread, unrelenting and varying pain, with episodes of acute, excruciating pain when there is a direct joint injury, subluxation, or dislocation.   Many people with EDS do not realize they have it. 

Brain gives up more secrets
(August 28th, 2017)
By: McGill University Health Centre
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

New Ground has been broken in our understanding of the complex functioning of the brain. The research demonstrates that brain cells, known as astrocytes, which play fundamental roles in nearly all aspects of brain function, could be adjusted by neurons in response to injury and disease. 

How ANGER affects your Brain and Body
(January 1st, 2017)
By: The National Institute for the clinical Application of Behavioral Medicine
Curriculum/s: Healing from the Core, Neural ManipulationT, Heart Centered Therapy,


8 Reasons Why We Need Human Touch More Than Ever
(March 28th, 2017)
By: Ray Williams
Curriculum/s:

Physical touch is the foundational element of human development and culture. The growing preoccupation with digital media versus personal physical contact, combined with the social and legal media versus personal contact in our schools and workplaces, may unintentionally affect these factors negatively. To foster a safe social environment in a climate of mediated communication, we should intentionally hold onto physical touch.   

Massage Therapy & Bodywork Applications for Autism
(August 4th, 2017)
By: Tami Goldstein, WLMT, CST
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core, Zero Balancing, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

This article talks about Autism Spectrum Disorder and the benefits of CranioSacral Therapy, Visceral Manipulation and other bodywork provide. 

Post-concussion story
(August 1st, 2017)
By: Mariann Sisco PT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Post-concussion story by Mariann Sisco PT, CST-D

Systematic review of randomized clinical trials of complementary/alternative therapies in the treatment of tension-type and cervicogenic headache
(September 1st, 1999)
By: C.S. McDermaid. C. Hagino. Howard Vernon
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Summary

Objectives:

To conduct a systematic review of the randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) of complementary/alternative (CAM) therapies in the treatment of non-migrainous headache (i.e. excluding migraine, cluster and organic headaches).

Design:

Systematic review with quality scoring and evidence tables. Main outcome measures: Number of RCTs per therapy, quality scores, evidence tables.

Results:

Twenty-four RCTs were identified in the categories of acupuncture, spinal manipulation, electrotherapy, physiotherapy, homeopathy and other therapies. Headache categories included tension-type (under various names pre-1988), cervicogenic and post-traumatic. Quality scores for the RCT reports ranged from approximately 30 to 80 on a 100 point scale.

Conclusion:

RCTs for CAM therapies of the treatment of non-migrainous headache exist in the literature and demonstrate that clinical experimental studies of these forms of headache can be conducted. Evidence from a sub-set of high quality studies indicates that some CAM therapies may be useful in the treatment of these common forms of headache.

Qualitative Evaluation of Osteopathic Manipulative Therapy in a Patient With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A Brief Report
(March 1st, 2014)
By: Leonardo Rios Diniz, DO (Brazil); Jacson Nesi, DO (Brazil); Ana Christina Curi, DO (Brazil); Wagner Martins, OMS V (Brazil), PhD
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract

Context: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic condition that affects a growing number of people and is currently among the most common disorders seen in clinical practice.

Objective: To develop a protocol for the management of GERD with osteopathic manipulative therapy (OMTh) applied to the diaphragm and esophagus, and to evaluate the protocol's effectiveness using the quality of life scale (QS-GERD) for the disease.

Methods: In this single-blinded prospective study, an OMTh protocol focusing on the diaphragm and esophagus was applied to a single patient, who had received a diagnosis of GERD 4 years previously. Outcomes were measured using the QS-GERD, which has a total possible score ranging from 0 to 45 (the lower the score, the better the quality of life) and a level of satisfaction from very satisfied to incapacitated. The OMTh protocol was applied at 3 sessions (initial session, second session 1 week after the first, and third session 2 weeks after the second), and the patient completed the QS-GERD 4 times (before the first session, before the third session, and 2 and 4 weeks after the third session).

Results: The OMTh protocol was administered without adverse events, and the patient reported positive outcomes after the third session. The QS-GERD showed a score improvement from 13 of 45 to 4 of 45.

Conclusion: The results in the present report show that OMTh applied to the diaphragm and esophagus may improve symptoms of GERD and should be added to the somatovisceral approach to the care of patients with this condition.

Qualitative Evaluation of Osteopathic Manipulative Therapy in a Patient With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A Brief Report
(March 3rd, 2014)
By: Leonardo Rios Diniz, DO (Brazil); Jacson Nesi, DO (Brazil); Ana Christina Curi, DO (Brazil); Wagner Martins, OMS V (Brazil), PhD
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract


Context: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic condition that affects a growing number of people and is currently among the most common disorders seen in clinical practice.

Objective: To develop a protocol for the management of GERD with osteopathic manipulative therapy (OMTh) applied to the diaphragm and esophagus, and to evaluate the protocol's effectiveness using the quality of life scale (QS-GERD) for the disease.

Methods: In this single-blinded prospective study, an OMTh protocol focusing on the diaphragm and esophagus was applied to a single patient, who had received a diagnosis of GERD 4 years previously. Outcomes were measured using the QS-GERD, which has a total possible score ranging from 0 to 45 (the lower the score, the better the quality of life) and a level of satisfaction from very satisfied to incapacitated. The OMTh protocol was applied at 3 sessions (initial session, second session 1 week after the first, and third session 2 weeks after the second), and the patient completed the QS-GERD 4 times (before the first session, before the third session, and 2 and 4 weeks after the third session).

Results: The OMTh protocol was administered without adverse events, and the patient reported positive outcomes after the third session. The QS-GERD showed a score improvement from 13 of 45 to 4 of 45.

Conclusion: The results in the present report show that OMTh applied to the diaphragm and esophagus may improve symptoms of GERD and should be added to the somatovisceral approach to the care of patients with this condition.

Why Is Self Care Important
(August 1st, 2017)
By: Tanya Drayton, LMT, CST
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

Tanya shares her story. Self  care  is  important,  and  not  only  for  your  own  well  being.  Its  importance  reaches  out  into  your  practice  and   improves  your  ability  to  facilitate  your  clients  and  patients  to  a  better  state  of  wholeness.  It  makes  you  the  best   practitioner  you  can  possibly  be,  each  and  every  day.  


Organ massage is the next big wellness trend, and we're absolutely fascinated
(March 6th, 2017)
By: Krista Jensen
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This article talks about what is Visceral Manipulation and what it has shown to be helpful for. 

Does fascia hold memories?
(August 1st, 2014)
By: School of Osteopathy C.R.O.M.O.N., Italy(1). Electronic address: pt_osteopathy@yahoo.it.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Neural ManipulationT,

The idea that tissues may possess some sort of memory is a controversial topic in manual medicine, calling for research and clinical exploration. Many bodyworkers, at some point in their practice, have experienced phenomena that may be interpreted as representing a release of memory traces when working on dysfunctional tissues. This feeling may have been accompanied by some type of sensory experience, for the therapist and/or the patient. In some cases, early traumatic experiences may be recalled. When this happens, the potency of the memory may be erased or eased, along with restoration of tissue function. Hence the questions: can memories be held in the fascia? And: are these memories accessible during manual fascial work? Modern research has proposed a variety of different interpretations as to how memory might be stored in soft tissues, possibly involving other forms of information storage not exclusively processed neurologically (Box 1).

Soft Hands, Soft Words
(March 13th, 2017)
By: Rob Williamson
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about the therapist-healer facilitating client's transformation process through therapeutic language, imagery and dialogue.

Rob gives many examples how to dialogue with the client/patient.


The Effects of Cranio-Sacral Therapy on Brain Function Quotient of Elderly with Long-term Care Insurance Service
(August 1st, 2016)
By: Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This study was performed to identify the effects of the improvement of brain function by CST on the elderly with the 2nd or 3rd grade of long-term care insurance service. A quasi-experimental design using a nonequivalent control group, pre-post test was used. A total of 12 elders (6 in the experimental group and 6 in the control group) were recruited. Upledger CST(10-Step Protocol) was performed on each subject for 50 minutes per session, once a week, for a total of 8 treatments over an 8 week period from Jan to Feb 2015. The brain function quotient was measured before the 1st CST and after the last CST by portable EEG measurement device using a 2 Channel neuro-feedback system. The data was analyzed by SPSS (Ver. 18.0) program. After CST intervention, the attention quotient (AQ), level of tension, anti-stress quotient (ASQ), emotion quotient (EQ) and brain quotient (BQ) of the experimental group was significantly better than that of the control group. These results showed that the CST was effective in reducing the level of fatigue by the AQ, increasing the physical and psychological stress relief by the ASQ, emotional balance by the EQ, and improving the total brain function by the BQ. Therefore, CST can be used as an effective intervention for improving the health and brain function of the elderly in health facilities.

What Exactly is Visceral Manipulation (Organ Massage) and Is It Safe?
(March 9th, 2017)
By: Lauren Mazzo
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This is an article written in Shape Magazine about Visceral Manipulation. It is meant for the lay person to understand through gentle stimulation, Visceral Manipulation is shown to help a host of issues including women’s health condition, sleep, mood, digestion, pain, trauma, and stress.

What Exactly Is Visceral Manipulation (Organ Massage) and Is It Safe?
(March 9th, 2017)
By: Lauren Mazzo
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This is an article written in Shape Magazine about Visceral Manipulation. It is meant for the lay person to understand through gentle stimulation, Visceral Manipulation is shown to help a host of issues including women’s health condition, sleep, mood, digestion, pain, trauma, and stress.

Meet the Weirdest Wellness Craze of the Moment: Organ Massage
(March 6th, 2017)
By: Lauren Mechling
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is an article written in Vogue Magazine about Visceral Manipulation.


It is meant for the lay person to understand through gentle stimulation, Visceral Manipulation is shown to help a host of issues including sleep, mood, digestion, pain, trauma, and stress.


It is wonderful to see that Visceral Manipulation and Jean-Pierre Barral have gone mainstream in  Vogue magazine. The article also mentions CranioSacral Therapy.


The writer interviewed Gail Wetzler, PT, DPT, EDO, BI-D, Director of Curriculum for BI, for the article. According to the writer, in the more trendy cities such as Los Angeles and NYC, there is a surge in models, actresses and actors, and dancers seeking this "new" Organ Massage, aka Visceral Manipulation.

Visceral Manipulation Treatment to Patients With Non-specific Neck Pain With Functional Dyspepsia
(February 1st, 2017)
By: Fabiano Politti, University of Nove de Julho, Andréia Cristina de Oliveira Silva, Claudia Santos Oliveira Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez Marco Antônio Fumagalli Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Background: Non-specific neck pain (NS-NP) is characterized by pain in structures located in the region between the superior nuchal line and the spinal process of the first thoracic vertebra, without association with any specific systemic disease provided by multifactorial and/or little known causes.

 Objective: The objective of the present study will be to verify the clinical effects of MV through visceral nociceptive inhibition in NS-NP patients with functional dyspepsia.

Methods: In this study sixty NS-NP patients with functional dyspepsia (age: 18 and 50 years) will be randomized in into two groups: visceral manipulation group (VMG) (n =30) and control group (CG) (n =30). The VMG will be treated with visceral manipulation to the stomach and liver wile CG received placebo treatment. The immediate effects and 7 days after treatment will be evaluated through pain, cervical range, and electromyographic activity of the upper trapezius.

Healing GERD; just as nature designed
(July 26th, 2017)
By: Kim Furtado
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This article talks about the natural approach to heal reflux, GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Visceral manipulation, a form of gentle bodywork to help alleviate GERD symptoms with a hiatal hernia.

The Effect of Visceral Osteopathic Manual Therapy Applications On Pain
(March 30th, 2017)
By: Tamer S, Oz M., Ulger O.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The efficacy of osteopathic manual therapy (OMT) applications on chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP) has been demonstrated. However, visceral applications, which are an important part of OMT techniques, have not been included in those studies.

OBJECTIVE:

The study's objective was to determine the effect of OMT including visceral applications on the function and quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP.

DESIGN:

The study was designed with a simple method of block randomization.

METHODS:

Thirty-nine patients with chronic nonspecific LBP were included in the study. OMT group consisted of 19 patients to whom OMT and exercise methods were applied. The visceral osteopathic manual therapy (vOMT) group consisted of 20 patients to whom visceral applications were applied in addition to the applications carried out in the other group. Ten sessions were performed over a two-week period. Pain (VAS), function (Oswestry Index) and QoL (SF-36) assessments were carried out before the treatment and on the sixth week of treatment.

RESULTS:

Both of the treatments were found to be effective on pain and function, physical function, pain, general health, social function of the QoL sub-parameter. vOMT was effective on all sub-QoL parameters (p<0.05). Comparing the groups, it was determined that the energy and physical limitations of the QoL scores in vOMT were higher (p< 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Visceral applications on patients with non-specific LBP gave positive results together with OMT and exercise methods. We 

The effect of visceral osteopathic manual therapy applications on pain, quality of life and function in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pa
(July 1st, 2017)
By: Tamer S, Öz M, Ülger Ö.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The efficacy of osteopathic manual therapy (OMT) applications on chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP) has been demonstrated. However, visceral applications, which are an important part of OMT techniques, have not been included in those studies.

OBJECTIVE:

The study's objective was to determine the effect of OMT including visceral applications on the function and quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP.

DESIGN:

The study was designed with a simple method of block randomization.

METHODS:

Thirty-nine patients with chronic nonspecific LBP were included in the study. OMT group consisted of 19 patients to whom OMT and exercise methods were applied. The visceral osteopathic manual therapy (vOMT) group consisted of 20 patients to whom visceral applications were applied in addition to the applications carried out in the other group. Ten sessions were performed over a two-week period. Pain (VAS), function (Oswestry Index) and QoL (SF-36) assessments were carried out before the treatment and on the sixth week of treatment.

RESULTS:

Both of the treatments were found to be effective on pain and function, physical function, pain, general health, social function of the QoL sub-parameter. vOMT was effective on all sub-QoL parameters (p<0.05). Comparing the groups, it was determined that the energy and physical limitations of the QoL scores in vOMT were higher (p< 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Visceral applications on patients with non-specific LBP gave positive results together with OMT and exercise methods. We 

IBCLCs and Craniosacral Therapists: Strange Bedfellows or a Perfect Match?
(November 3rd, 2016)
By: Berg-Drazin, P
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about CranioSacral Therapy (CST) and babies with tongue-tie. CST complements IBCLCs working with the families of babies with tongue-tie all too often are the first ones to notice the symptoms and suggest treatment. Even after the tongue has been released, these infants continue to struggle with breastfeeding. The tongue plays an integral role in breastfeeding, but it is also crucial to other oral functions such as speech, respiration, oral hygiene, swallowing, and chewing. The tongue is connected through the extrinsic muscles to bone both above and below the oral cavity. The restriction of the tongue results in associated strains in the body. We will follow the muscular connections and origins to understand the influences in the body. Craniosacral therapy (CST) has its origin in osteopathy, which teaches that structure and function are reciprocally interrelated. When structure is compromised, function will be as well. CST is a perfect complement to help these infants' bodies release the tensions created as well as to aid in rebalancing structurally and somatically. A case study will illuminate the tremendous impact CST can have on children suffering from tongue-tie

CRANIOSACRAL THERAPY CAN HELP DECREASE STRESS AND IMPROVE FERTILITY
(September 18th, 2014)
By: Karen Axelrod, C.S.T.-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

While there are many reasons a woman might have difficulty becoming pregnant, one reason has to do with stress levels and hormones in the future mother’s body.

This article talks about how CranioSacral Therapy can contribute to balancing a woman’s stress levels—and can therefore help improve fertility. 

CranioSacral Therapy for Decreasing Stress and Improving Fertility
(September 18th, 2014)
By: Karen Axelrod, BA, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

While there are many reasons a woman might have difficulty becoming pregnant, one reason has to do with stress levels and hormones in the future mother’s body.

This article talks about how CranioSacral Therapy can contribute to balancing a woman’s stress levels—and can therefore help improve fertility. 

How Can Craniosacral Therapy Help with Stress?
(September 12th, 2011)
By: Jamison Shults
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article explains in simplistic terms how CranioSacral Therapy can help reduce stress.   

Four Simple Steps to Preventing Alzheimer’s Disease
(April 27th, 2017)
By: Michael Morgan, Contributor Author, Teacher, LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Michael Morgan talks about four simple steps to preventing Alzheimer’s disease. Research is giving us more and more reason to hope that Alzheimer’s is not only preventable but quite possibly reversible.

Glia, not neurons, are most affected by brain aging
(January 10th, 2017)
By: Cell Press
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The difference between an old brain and a young brain isn't so much the number of neurons but the presence and function of supporting cells called glia. In a new article, researchers who examined postmortem brain samples from 480 individuals ranging in age from 16 to 106 found that the state of someone's glia is so consistent through the years that it can be used to predict someone's age.

Equine Wellness Craniosacral Therapy 101
(June 14th, 2017)
By: Equine Wellness Magazine
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about what CranioSacral therapy is and how it is effective treating horses.  It also talks how the cerebrospinal fluid from cranium to sacrum impacts the system.

 

Connection between the spinal dura mater and suboccipital musculature: evidence for the myodural bridge and a route for its dissection--a review
(May 25th, 2012)
By: KOUROSH KAHKESHANI AND PETER J. WARD* Department of Biomedical Sciences, West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine, Lewisburg, West Virginia
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract

A connective tissue link between the spinal dura mater and the rectus capitis posterior minor muscle was first described in 1995 and has since been readily demonstrated via dissection, magnetic resonance imaging, and plastinated cross-sections of the upper cervical region (Hack et al. [1995] Spine 20:2484-2486). This structure, the so-called "myodural bridge," has yet to be included in any of the American anatomy textbooks or dissection guides commonly used in medical education. This direct anatomic link between the musculoskeletal system and the dura mater has important ramifications for the treatment of chronic cervicogenic headache. This article summarizes the anatomic and clinical research literature related to this structure and provides a simple approach to dissect the myodural bridge and its attachment to the posterior atlanto-occipital membrane/spinal dura mater complex and summarizes the case for its possible inclusion in medical anatomy curricula.

Craniosacral therapy (CST) proven to relieve chronic neck pain and migraines
(March 15th, 2017)
By: Sara Vincent
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,


A recent study has shown craniosacral therapy to be effective in improving pain intensity, functional disability, and health-related quality of life. It is a non-invasive approach that uses gentle manual palpation techniques to release fascial restrictions between the cranium and the sacrum


In this study, 54 patients were randomized into either 8 weekly units of craniosacral therapy or light-touch sham treatment. Outcomes were assessed before and after treatment (week 8) and again 3 months later (week 20). It was observed significant effects on reducing neck pain intensity for up to 3 months after the intervention.


CEREBROSPINAL FLUID STASIS AND ITS CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE
(June 15th, 2009)
By: James M. Whedon, DC, Donald Glassey, MSW, DC, LMT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract 

We hypothesize that stasis of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) occurs commonly and is detrimental to health. Physiologic factors affecting the normal circulation of CSF include cardiovascular, respiratory, and vasomotor influences. The CSF maintains the electrolytic environment of the central nervous system (CNS), influences systemic acid-base balance, serves as a medium for the supply of nutrients to neuronal and glial cells, functions as a lymphatic system for the CNS by removing the waste products of cellular metabolism, and transports hormones, neurotransmitters, releasing factors, and other neuropeptides throughout the CNS. Physiologic impedance or cessation of CSF flow may occur commonly in the absence of degenerative changes or pathology and may compromise the normal physiologic functions of the CSF. CSF appears to be particularly prone to stasis within the spinal canal. CSF stasis may be associated with adverse mechanical cord tension, vertebral subluxation syndrome, reduced cranial rhythmic impulse, and restricted respiratory function. Increased sympathetic tone, facilitated spinal segments, dural tension, and decreased CSF flow have been described as closely related aspects of an overall pattern of structural and energetic dysfunction in the axial skeleton and CNS. Therapies directed at affecting CSF flow include osteopathic care (especially cranial manipulation), craniosacral therapy, chiropractic adjustment of the spine and cranium, Network Care (formerly Network Chiropractic), massage therapy (including lymphatic drainage techniques), yoga, therapeutic breathwork, and cerebrospinal fluid technique. Further investigation into the nature and causation of CSF stasis, its potential effects upon human health, and effective therapies for its correction is warranted.


How craniosacral therapy can help reduce a child's stress
(November 7th, 2016)
By: Healthy Pages
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about how CST can help reduce a child's stress

Arnold Chiari Malformation Case Study
(January 14th, 2015)
By: Jan Camus CST-D MCS
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Jan Camus talks about Arnold Chiari Malformation and how CraniosSacral Therapy will help. He provides an extensive case history of a 55 year old adult.

CRANIAL SEA
(December 1st, 2016)
By: Kenneth R. Koles, PhD, DSc, RAc, LMT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Ken Koles talks about what Craniosacral Therapy is and the benefits of this work. 

It's all in your gut
(July 1st, 2017)
By: Nikki Kenward
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The article talks about how the enteric brain, now referred as the second brain, will guide you to optimum health.  It seems the gut plays a central role in all aspects of our health and that it is where most ill health or dis-ease begins.

CST-hoidossa
(January 4th, 2017)
By: Katja Puolakka, CST, UI Finland Inkeri Lappi, Midwife
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

CST article in Finnish

Manual Therapies Reduce Pain Associated with Trigeminal Neuralgia
(November 24th, 2016)
By: Susan Vaughan Kratz
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract 

Introduction: Trigeminal Neuralgia {TN) can be an extremely debilitating condition effecting quality of life, emotional well-being, and engagement in daily occupation. Surgical and medication treatments are cited extensively through the literature but can have undesired side effects, can lose effectiveness over time, or are quite invasive. Little is reported about craniosacral therapy, lymphatic drainage, or other gentle manual techniques as treatment options. 

Objective: This paper introduces and summarizes the experiential process and outcomes of three adults receiving manual therapies to treat TN. This review investigates low-risk, conservation clinical options and explores for treatment guidelines for TN. 

Method: Chart review and client interviews in multiple follow-up contacts of a convenience sample to explore immediate and long term outcomes. All treatment techniques utilized per clients are summarized, and include: Upledger's CranioSacral Therapy (U-CST); Chikly's brain curriculum for lymphatic enhancement and nerve down-regulation techniques; and Wanveer's glia structure and glymphatic mobilization techniques. One occurrence of a spontaneous Somato-Emotional Release technique was also called for. Measurement of baseline and outcomes was conducted using: Verbal descriptor scale; Verbal numeric rating scale; Visual analog scale (VAS); and Self-report of quality of life and pain's impact upon performing daily activities. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis 

Conclusion: Three adults reported individual positive changes or resolution of TN pain. All three reported restoration of quality of life and emotional well-being. One made use of techniques for self-help Comparison to other methods, or variations of these methods utilizing the same names or terminologies, should be avoided. This report is an attempt to aid in the needed clarification between different approaches used in clinical practices. Positive responses suggest that these methods hold value for further study as a viable treatment option to address the agony of neuralgia. 

Utility of craniosacral therapy in treatment of patients with non-specific low back pain. Preliminary report.
(February 6th, 2017)
By: Biafoszewski D, Bebelski M, Lewandowska M, Sfupik A
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract 

BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is an increasingly common musculoskeletal ailment. The aim of this study was to examine the utility of craniosacral therapy techniques in the treatment of patients with lumbosacral spine overload and to compare its effectiveness to that of trigger point therapy, which is a recognised therapeutic approach. 

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study enrolled 55 randomly selected patients (aged 24-47 years) with low back pain due to overload. Other causes of this condition in the patients were ruled out. The participants were again randomly assigned to two groups: patients treated with craniosacral therapy (G-CST) and patients treated with trigger point therapy (G-TPT). Multiple aspects of the effectiveness of both therapies were evaluated with the use of: an analogue scale for pain (VAS) and a modified Laitinen questionnaire, the Schober test and surface electromyography of the multifidus muscle. The statistical analysis of the outcomes was based on the basic statistics, the Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon's signed rank test. The statistical significance level was set at ps0.05. 

RESULTS: Both groups demonstrated a significant reduction of pain measured with the VAS scale and the Laitinen questionnaire. Moreover, the resting bioelectric activity of the multifidus muscle decreased significantly in the G-CST group. The groups did not differ significantly with regard to the study parameters. 

CONCLUSIONS: 1. Craniosacral therapy and trigger point therapy may effectively reduce the intensity and frequency of pain in patients with non-specific low back pain. 2. Craniosacral therapy, unlike trigger point therapy, reduces the resting tension of the multifidus muscle in patients with non­specific lumbosacral pain. The mechanism of these changes requires further research. 3. Craniosacral therapy and trigger point therapy may be clinically effective in the treatment of patients with non-specific lumbosacral spine pain. 4. The present findings represent a basis for conducting further and prospective studies of larger and randomized samples. 

General Movements in preterm infants undergoing craniosacral therapy: a randomised controlled pilot-trial
(January 13th, 2016)
By: Wolfgang Raith, Peter B. Marschik, Constanze Sommer, Ute Maurer-Fellbaum, Claudia Amhofer, Alexander Avian, Elisabeth Lowenstein, Susanne Soral, Wilhelm Muller, Christa Einspieler, and Berndt Urlesberger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract 

Background: The objective of this study was to investigate neurological short-term effects of craniosacral therapy as an ideal form of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) due to the soft kinaesthetic stimulation. 

Methods: Included were 30 preterm infants, with a gestational age between 25 and 33 weeks, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of the University Hospital of Graz, Austria. The infants were randomized either into the intervention group (IG) which received standardised craniosacral therapy, or the control group (CG) which received standard care. To guarantee that only preterm infants with subsequent normal neurodevelopment were included, follow up was done regularly at the corrected age (= actual age in weeks minus weeks premature) of 12 and 24 months. After 2 years 5 infants had to be excluded (IG; n = 12; CG: n = 13). 

General Movements (GMs) are part of the spontaneous movement repertoire and are present from early fetal life onwards until the end of the first half year of life. To evaluate the immediate result of such an intervention, we selected the General Movement Assessment (GMA) as an appropriate tool. Besides the global GMA (primary outcome) we used as detailed GMA, the General Movement Optimality Score (GMOS- secondary outcome), based on Prechtl's optimality concept. To analyse GMOS (secondary outcome) a linear mixed model with fixed effects for session, time point (time point refers to the comparisons of the measurements before vs. after each session) and intervention (IG vs. CG), random effect for individual children and a first order autoregressive covariance structure was used for calculation of significant differences between groups and interactions. Following interaction terms were included in the model: session*time point, session*intervention, time point*intervention and session*time point*intervention. Exploratory post hoc analyses (interaction: session*time point*intervention) were performed to determine group differences for all twelve measurement (before and after all 6 sessions) separately. 

Results: Between groups no difference in the global GMA (primary outcome) could be observed. 

The GMOS (secondary outcome) did not change from session to session (main effect session: p = 0.262) in the IG or the CG. Furthermore no differences between IG and CG (main effect group: p = 0.361) and no interaction of time*session could be observed (p = 0.658). Post hoc analysis showed a trend toward higher values before (p = 0.085) and after (p = 0.075) the first session in CG compared to IG. At all other time points GMOS were not significantly different between groups. 

Conclusion: We were able to indicate that a group of "healthy" preterm infants undergoing an intervention with craniosacral therapy (IG) showed no significant changes in GMs compared to preterm infants without intervention (CG). In view of the fact that the global GMA (primary outcome) showed no difference between groups and the GMOS (detailed GMA-secondary outcome) did not deteriorate in the IG, craniosacral therapy seems to be safe in preterm infants. 

Exploring clients’ experiences of craniosacral therapy: A qualitative study (2012)
(October 6th, 2014)
By: Nicola Brough, Antje Lindenmeyer, Jill Thistlethwaite , George Lewith, Sarah Stewart-Brown
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract

Introduction: Craniosacral Therapy (CST) is a ‘body based’ complementary or alternative medical practice which aims to support natural healing mechanisms. There is limited evidence regarding its effectiveness or mechanisms of action.

Methods: Qualitative study based on constant comparative methods informed by grounded theory. Semi-structured interviews explored 29 participants’ experiences with CST. Inductive thematic analysis resulted in themes, concepts and illustrative quotes.

Results: Participants consulted for pain relief, emotional and psychological issues and help with rehabilitation. All but four participants reported improvement in at least two of the three dimensions of holistic wellbeing: body, mind and spirit, others in one. Experiences during CST included altered perceptual states and other specific sensations and emotions. The importance of the therapeutic relationship was emphasized. Theory emerging from this study regarding CST and the ways in which healing can be enabled holistically suggests that the establishment of a trusting therapeutic relationship enables CST to take clients into altered perceptual states; these in turn facilitate a new level of awareness regarding the interrelatedness of body, mind and spirit, together with an enhanced capacity to care for self and manage health problems.

Conclusion: All participants in this study observed positive changes in their health status and most attributed these to CST; these changes were frequently accompanied by new levels of health awareness which enhanced participants’ capacity to self-care. Interviewees were self-selected users of CST and the data are therefore subject to certain methodological biases.

Effects of craniosacral therapy as experienced by pregnant women with severe pelvic girdle pain: An interview study
(June 24th, 2014)
By: Helen Elden, Ingela Lundgren, Eva Robertson
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract 

Background: Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) affects 50% of pregnant women worldwide. PGP increases with advancing pregnancy with considerable impact on quality oflife, interfering with sleep, daily activities, work, motherhood and close interpersonal relationships. The use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is increasingly prevalent among pregnant women, particularly for pregnancy-induced back pain. Craniosacral treatment (CST) is a CAM that has shown symptom relieving effects in pregnancy-related back pain. The purpose of this study was to describe women's experiences of the treatment. 

Methods: Twenty-seven women receiving CST plus standard treatment (ST) were interviewed following 3 of5 treatments with CST by two qualified and experienced CST practitioners. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. 

Results: The experience of CST by pregnant women diagnosed with severe PGP can be described in three categories: An unfamiliar and different treatment method; description of treatment effects, and regaining a personal and social life. 

Women described how CST provided them with new awareness of their widespread muscle tension. They told of how they experienced increased body awareness, distraction from pain, relaxation and calm, and feelings of security and optimism. These factors may have helped them actively improve posture and lower muscle tension thereby relieving the symptoms of PGP. 

Conclusions: The present study reports a contextual interpretation of previously published quantitative data, as it provides a deeper understanding of total symptom relief from PGP during pregnancy. 

The use of craniosacral therapy in a physically-impaired population in a disability service in Southern Irelan
(November 1st, 2007)
By: Vicki McManus & Maggie Gliksten
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) with children is increasing (Nickel 1996). The use of craniosacral therapy is common in children with special needs for relief from daily or weekly symptoms (Sinha et al 2005, Hurvitz et al 2003). Carlson and Krahn found that their sample of people with physical disabilities used CAM including CST because it fitted their lifestyles and because they perceived it to be more effective than conventional medicine for treating symptoms or treating decreased function (Carlson et al 2006).

The article describes families’ reasons for using CST and their perceptions of its effectiveness. T

“Our study shows that families perceive improvements in all areas of daily functioning after using CST”

Craniosacral therapy in welfare and autonomous nervous system of fighters of mixed martial arts: cases study
(March 30th, 2014)
By: Diane Nogueira Paranhos Amorim, Lia Medeiros Brandim Mendon, Ludmilla Karen Brandao Lima de Matos, Iara Sayuri Shimizu
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Introduction: The Craniosacral Therapy uses tender and accurate touches to diagnose and treat the craniosacral system. The Mixed Martial Arts athletes are exposed at risk of injury during competitions, which can affect your wel­fare. The Craniosacral Therapy improves the functioning of the Central and Autonomic Nervous System, that promotes relaxation, sense of welfare and homeostasis in the body. Objective: to evaluate the effect of Craniosacral Therapy in welfare and Autonomic Nervous System in Mixed Martial Arts fighters. Method: We conducted a case study by an­alyzing the heart rate and general welfare of OS Mixed Martial Arts fighters, eight sessions with Craniosacral Thera­py, using respectively a frequency Polar RS800 and a Range of Subjective Well-Being for collection data, posteriorly it was submitted to the calculation of mean and standard deviation and "T Studant" test to compare the data before and after the treatments. Results: The initial evaluation of the athletes showed a high subjective well-being, that re­mained after the therapy. There was a statistically significant increase in one of the athletes with respect to positive affect (from 4.048 ± 0.5896 to 4.429 ± 0.5071). As for the negative affects three increased the score. There was a statistically significant reduction (p <0.001) between the initial and final heart rates in each service, with averages of 68.50 and 63.28 respectively. Conclusion: The Craniosacral Therapy increases the activity of the parasympatic ner­vous system, promoting decreased heart rate, providing better coronary flow and that al

Craniosacral therapy for migraine: Protocol development for an exploratory controlled clinical trial
(June 9th, 2008)
By: John D Mann, Keturah R Faurot, Laurel Wilkinson, Peter Curtis, Remy R Coeytaux, Chirayath Suchindrans and Susan A Gaylord
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract 

Background: Migraine affects approximately 20% of the population. Conventional care for migraine is suboptimal; overuse of medications for the treatment of episodic migraines is a risk factor for developing chronic daily headache. The study of non­pharmaceutical approaches for prevention of migraine headaches is therefore warranted. Craniosacral therapy (CST) is a popular non-pharmacological approach to the treatment or prevention of migraine headaches for which there is limited evidence of safety and efficacy. In this paper, we describe an ongoing feasibility study to assess the safety and efficacy of CST in the treatment of migraine, using a rigorous and innovative randomized controlled study design involving low-strength static magnets (LSSM) as an attention control intervention. 

Methods: The trial is designed to test the hypothesis that, compared to those receiving usual care plus a treatment with low­strength static magnets (attention-control complementary therapy), subjects receiving usual medical care plus CST will demonstrate significant improvement in: quality-of-life as measured by the Headache Impact Test (HIT-6); reduced frequency of migraine; and a perception of clinical benefit. Criteria for inclusion are either gender, age > I I, English or Spanish speaking, meeting the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD) criteria for migraine with or without aura, a headache frequency of 5 to 15 per month over at least two years. After an 8 week baseline phase, eligible subjects are randomized to either CST or an attention control intervention, low strength static magnets (LSSM). To evaluate possible therapist bias, videotaped encounters are analyzed to assess for any systematic group differences in interactions with subjects. 

Results: 169 individuals have been screened for eligibility, of which I 09 were eligible for the study. Five did not qualify during the baseline phase because of inadequate headache frequency. Nineteen have withdrawn from the study after giving consent. 

Conclusion: This report endorses the feasibility of undertaking a rigorous randomized clinical trial of CST for migraine using a standardized CST protocol and an innovative control protocol developed for the study. Subjects are able and willing to complete detailed headache diaries during an 8-week baseline period, with few dropouts during the study period, indicating the acceptability of both interventions. 

Complementary and alternative medicine use in Irish pediatric patients
(April 22nd, 2008)
By: E. Low, D. M. Murray, 0. O'Mahony, J. O'B Hourihane
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract 

Background 

Although very little scientific data exists on the efficacy and side effects of complementary and alternative medicines, their profile and side effects of complementary and alternative medicines, their profile and availability is increasing. Use among Irish children is unknown. 

Aims 

To determine the nature and prevalence of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) use in our pediatric population.

Complementary and alternative medicine use in Irish pediatric patients
(June 1st, 2008)
By: E. Low, D. M. Murray, 0. O'Mahony, J. O'B Hourihane
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract 

Background 

Although very little scientific data exists on the efficacy and side effects of complementary and alternative medicines, their profile and availability is increasing. Use among Irish children is unknown. 

Aims 

To determine the nature and prevalence of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) use in our pediatric population. 

Methods 

Parental questionnaires were distributed in 13 pediatric settings over a 4 months period

Asking the experts: A qualitative analysis of patient-centered outcomes for Craniosacral Therapy research
(September 1st, 2015)
By: Heidemarie Haller, Romy Lauche, Holger Cramer, Bettina Berger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Introduction: Research in body based complementary ther­apies such as Craniosacral Therapy (CST) is often focused on physical outcome measures. This study therefore investigated patients' experiences of CST to reveal additional outcome domains for further clinical trials. 

Benefits of Craniosacral Therapy in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial
(November 8th, 2016)
By: Adelaida Marı´a Castro-Sa´nchez, PT, PhD, Inmaculada Carmen Lara-Palomo, PT, PhD, Guillermo A. Matara´n-Pen˜arrocha, MD, PhD, Manuel Saavedra-Herna´ndez, PT, PhD, Jose´ Manuel Pe´rez-Ma´rmol, OT, and Marı´a Encarnacio´n Aguilar-Ferra´ndiz, PT, PhD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of craniosacral therapy on disability, pain intensity, quality of life, and mobility in patients with low back pain. Design: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Patients: Sixty-four patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (mean age–SD, 50–12 years; 66% female) who were referred for physical therapy at a clinical unit of the Health Science School of the University of Almeria (Spain). Interventions: Participants were randomly assigned to an experimental group (10 sessions of craniosacral therapy) or a control group (10 sessions of classic massage). Outcome measures: Disability (Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire [RMQ, primary outcome] and Oswestry Disability Index), pain intensity (10-point numeric pain rating scale), kinesiophobia (Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia), isometric endurance of trunk flexor muscles (McQuade test), lumbar mobility in flexion, hemoglobin oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, hemodynamic measures (cardiac index), and biochemical estimation of interstitial fluid. These outcomes were registered at baseline, after treatment, and 1-month follow-up. Results: No statistically significant differences were seen between groups for the main outcome of the study, the RMQ (p=0.060). However, patients receiving craniosacral therapy experienced greater improvement in pain intensity (p£0.008), hemoglobin oxygen saturation (p£0.028), and systolic blood pressure (p£0.029) at immediate- and medium-term and serum potassium (p=0.023) level and magnesium (p=0.012) at short-term than those receiving classic massage. Conclusions: Ten sessions of craniosacral therapy resulted in a statistically greater improvement in pain intensity, hemoglobin oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure, serum potassium, and magnesium level than did 10 sessions of classic massage in patients with low back pain.


Integrative Approaches to Caring for Children with Autism
(June 1st, 2016)
By: NadavKleinBS (MD Candidate). Kathi J.Kemper MD, MPH
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Parents commonly integrate complementary and alternative medical (CAM) treatments for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with conventional care. The aims of this article are to (1) describe the most commonly used treatments, (2) assess their efficacy and safety, and (3) organize the information in practical format for practitioners. We organized treatment modalities into four categories: recommended, monitored, tolerated, and therapies that should be avoided. These four categories are based on a two by two table weighing a therapy׳s effectiveness and safety. To meet the threshold for “recommended,” its effectiveness needed to be supported by two or more randomized, controlled trials. In addition to promoting an overall healthy lifestyle via nutrition, exercise, sleep, stress management, social support, and avoiding neurotoxins (healthy habits in a healthy habitat), the most promising therapies recommend are applied behavior analysis, parent-implemented training, melatonin supplements to improve sleep, supplements to correct deficiencies, and music therapy. Medications and restrictive diets may be helpful for some children, but use should be monitored given the risk of side effects. Most complementary therapies including craniosacral therapy are safe, so they can be tolerated, but additional research is needed before they should be recommended. Given their risks, costs, and limited evidence of efficacy, chelation, secretin, and hyperbaric oxygen should be avoided.

Services for children with autism in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
(October 20th, 2016)
By: Fahad M Alnemary, Hesham M Aldhalaan, Gabriela Simon-Cereijido, Faisal M Alnemary
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Little information is available about autism spectrum disorder services in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A sample of 205 parents completed an online survey about the use of autism spectrum disorder services for their children. The results revealed that on average, children began services by 3.3 years. Most parents reported utilizing non-medical treatments followed by biomedical treatments and cultural and religious treatment. The age at the initiation of services and the type of treatments used differed by parent’s income, educational attainment, the extent of knowledge about autism spectrum disorders, and geographic location. Some child characteristics also influenced the use of services. The disparities in service utilization in Saudi Arabia point to the need to develop policy and interventions that can mitigate the paucity of services for children with autism spectrum disorders. More research is needed to better understand service use and the decision-making processes that underlie treatment selection by parents of children with autism spectrum disorders in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Perspectives on the effects and mechanisms of craniosacral therapy:A qualitative study of users’ views
(October 7th, 2014)
By: Nicola Brougha,, Antje Lindenmeyera,, Jill Thistlethwaiteb, George Lewithc,Sarah Stewart-Brown
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract

Introduction: Craniosacral Therapy (CST) is a ‘body based’ complementary or alternative medical practice which aims to support natural healing mechanisms. There is limited evidence regarding its effectiveness or mechanisms of action.

Methods: Qualitative study based on constant comparative methods informed by grounded theory. Semi-structured interviews explored 29 participants’ experiences with CST. Inductive thematic analysis resulted in themes, concepts and illustrative quotes. 

Results: Participants consulted for pain relief, emotional and psychological issues and help with rehabilitation. All but four participants reported improvement in at least two of the three dimensions of holistic wellbeing: body, mind and spirit, others in one. Experiences during CST included altered perceptual states and other specific sensations and emotions. The importance of the therapeutic relationship was emphasized. Theory emerging from this study regarding CST and the ways in which healing can be enabled holistically suggests that the establishment of a trusting therapeutic relationship enables CST to take clients into altered perceptual states; these in turn facilitate a new level of awareness regarding the interrelatedness of body, mind and spirit, together with an enhanced capacity to care for self and manage health problems.

Conclusion: All participants in this study observed positive changes in their health status and most attributed these to CST; these changes were frequently accompanied by new levels of health awareness which enhanced participants’ capacity to self-care. Interviewees were self-selected users of CST and the data are therefore subject to certain methodological biases.

Treating the Sequelae of Postoperative Meningioma and Traumatic Brain Injury: A Case of Implementation of Craniosacral Therapy in Integrative Inpatient Care
(July 1st, 2015)
By: Heidemarie Haller, MSc, Holger Cramer, PhD, Marc Werner, MD, and Gustav Dobos, MD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract

Background: Craniosacral therapy (CST) is a commonly used but under-researched therapeutic approach. This case study explores the implementation of CST in the integrative inpatient treatment of sequelae of postoperative meningioma and traumatic brain injury. 

Case: A 50-year-old woman was admitted for 2 weeks of integrative inpatient treatment following meningioma resection and traumatic brain injury. In addition to the integrative treatment approach, which included conventional as well as complementary and alternative medicine, she received five sessions of CST for refractory headaches, vertigo, and cervicobrachial syndrome during this time. At discharge, the reported intensity of her headaches on a 10-cm visual analogue scale decreased from 6–9cm to 2–4cm and her level of vertigo decreased from 6–10cm to 2cm. Her cervical mobility and muscle tension, sleep quality, and general wellbeing also improved. The attending physicians saw CST as having contributed greatly to this improvement alongside use of phytotherapy and hyperthermia. 

Conclusion: Implementation of CST in integrative inpatient care could benefit patients with headache and vertigo from intracranial injuries.


The comparison of the therapeutic massage with the craniosacral method in treating the pain syndrome of the cranial part of the spine
(April 17th, 2016)
By: Miszewski Waldemar, Miszewska Agnieszka, Śniegocki Maciej, Siedlecki Zygmunt, Grzyb Sebastian, Siminska Joanna, Pietkun Katarzyna, Głowacka Iwona, Nowacka Krystyna, Hagner Wojciech
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Massage has been used for several thousand years at least, aiming at relief in suffering and decreasing all kinds of ailments, including health problems with the cervical vertebrae. 

Craniosacral therapy is quite a new method of treatment since it was founded in the first half of the 20th century. It is different from other methods because it treats energetic changes and lessens the pathological tension in the fascia. Whereas, other methods used by physiotherapists begin working with the patient much later, after functional changes have advanced – contractures or structural degenerations, which cannot be fully removed. And the organism will not be able to come back to full efficiency. 

Pains of the cervical part of the spine occur quite often in modern societies, including the Polish one. What is more, this troubles younger and younger people. 

The results of the research conducted on two groups of twenty people, which were described by Method T – Student, proved that both the therapeutic massage and the craniosacral therapy are effective ways of treating the pain syndrome of the cranial part of the spine. 

 

Subgrouping fibromyalgia patients according to response to therapeutic interventions: a new concept for a disease with low treatment‑response rates
(July 10th, 2015)
By: Michael Schirmer
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Patients with fibromyalgia (FM) are usually difficult to treat, and new concepts are needed to improve patients’ outcome.

Only recently they reported a promising therapeutic approach in patients with long-standing FM according to the ACR 1990 criteria and limited C1–C2 range of motion based on the flexion–rotation test. After stratification of patients primarily on pre-medication and age, the patients completed a 12-week multimodal program with education, cognitive behavior therapy and exercise. In addition to the multimodal program, patients in the experimental group also received upper cervical manipulative therapy. 

Pilot study of the effects of mixed light touch manual therapies on active duty soldiers with chronic post-traumatic stress disorder and injury to the head.
(October 2nd, 2014)
By: Davis L, Hanson B, Gilliam S.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This pilot study was designed to examine the effects of mixed Light Touch Manual Therapies (LTMT) on headache, anxiety and other symptoms suffered by active duty United States service members experiencing chronic Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Ten service members diagnosed with PTSD and having a self-reported injury to the head acquired at least two years prior, were provided with two hour-long sessions of mixed LTMT given a week apart. Data to assess the immediate and durable effects were gathered before and after the LTMT sessions. Results indicate that headache, anxiety, and pain interference were significantly reduced during the course of the pilot study. This suggests that mixed LTMT may be helpful in reducing some of the symptoms of PTSD and injury to the head. Further studies will be needed to determine if LTMT is an effective non-pharmacological treatment for headache, anxiety or other problems associated with PTSD or injury to the head.

Factors related to parents’ choices of treatments for their children with autism spectrum disorder
(April 30th, 2011)
By: Victoria A.Millera,.Kimberly A.Schrecka, James A.Mulickb. Eric Butterb
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The history of autism treatment has been plagued with fad therapies which waste parents’ and children's time, energy, and money. To determine if referral sources, such as professionals’ recommendations, media, or scholarly sources, have influenced parents’ treatment decisions, parents of at least one child with an autism spectrum disorder (N = 400) were surveyed to determine the sources they used to obtain treatment. Recommendations from professionals in non-medical fields and autism books were the most popular sources of information. Due to the diverse range of influences on parents’ treatment decisions, a multifaceted dissemination strategy for the most effective therapies is warranted.

Highlights

► Our examination of parental treatment decisions for children with autism spectrum disorders indicated that less than 1/2 of surveyed parents reported choosing a scientifically supported treatment. ► Sources of influence for treatment choices most often came from popular media, anecdotal reports, and professional recommendations. ► Demographic factors (e.g., child age, parent education, family income) had little relationship to treatment choices. ► The most influential group of professionals, educators, tended to recommend treatments with less scientific support than treatments with scientific support.

Exploring clients’ experiences of craniosacral therapy: A qualitative study (2012)
(July 18th, 2017)
By: Nicola Brough, Sarah Stewart-Brown, Antje Lindenmeyer, Jill Thistlethwaite, George Lewith
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Introduction: Current social and political factors are influencing the need for research within the field of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) and more specifically CraniosacralTherapy (CST).CST is one of a number of‘ body based’ or energy medicine practices which aim to support the body’s natural healing mechanisms. The mindset of practitioners and their beliefs about health, illness and bodily functions are different from those of conventional medical practitioners. It was essential to identify what outcomes and changes are important to clients having CST. There is limited published literature and gaps remain in understanding and knowledge surrounding CST.

Developing and evaluating a health related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaire for craniosacral therapy (CST): Evaluating a conceptual framework
(November 7th, 2015)
By: Nicola Brough, Helen Parsons, Sarah Stewart-Brown
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Introduction: Craniosacral therapy (CST) is a complementary therapy which is increasing in popularity. Clients anecdotally report health improvement,but CST lacks a research evidence base. One barrier to developing an evidence base is a lack of suitable Patient Reported Outcome(PRO)measures.This project is part of a larger study to develop a new PRO for CST and will fulfill part of the FDA guidance for PRO development. This paper will establish if a conceptual framework (CF) is an appropriate representation of CST outcomes.

Credibility of a comparative sham control intervention for Craniosacral Therapy in patients with chronic neck pain.
(October 6th, 2014)
By: Haller H, Ostermann, Lauche , Cramer H, Dobos G.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

OBJECTIVES:

Determining efficacy in complementary medicine research requires valid placebo/sham control groups that are credible to patients and ensure successful blinding. Within the scope of this study, a light touch sham-control intervention for trials of Craniosacral Therapy (CST) was developed and tested for its credibility.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients' expectancy, credibility and therapeutic alliance did not appear to affect study outcomes, blinding patients to group allocation was possible, and sham intervention was tolerable and safe. The design can therefore be recommended as control for non-specific treatment effects in future CST clinical trials.

A Craniosacral Therapy Perspective on Migraine and Complex Headaches
(October 1st, 2016)
By: Erin Riley PT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Erin Riley talks about the history of Upledger CranioSacral Therapy and CST work. She talks about the functional manifestation of migraine and complex headaches and how CST is well placed to effectively threat these disorders.

4 Ways to Keep Your Lymphatic System Healthy
(May 4th, 2017)
By: Ty Bollinger
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

Having a fully functioning lymphatic system is critical for your overall health and ability to fight cancer. Yet so few people are knowledgeable about the lymphatic system. What’s even more concerning is that only a small percentage of health care practitioners ever discuss lymph health with their patients.

This article discusses 4 ways to keep your lymphatic system healthy.

How Trauma Lodges in the Body
(March 15th, 2017)
By: Bessel van der Kolk
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Human memory is a sensory experience, says psychiatrist Bessel van der Kolk. Through his longtime research and innovation in trauma treatment, he shares what he’s learning about how bodywork like yoga or eye movement therapy can restore a sense of goodness and safety. What he’s learning speaks to a resilience we can all cultivate in the face of the overwhelming events — which, after all, make up the drama of culture, of news, and of life.

What Happens to a Woman's Brain When She Becomes a Mother
(January 8th, 2015)
By: Adrienne LaFrance
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

From joy and attachment to anxiety and protectiveness, mothering behavior begins with biochemical reactions.

Mapping the maternal brain is also, many scientists believe, the key to understanding why so many new mothers experience serious anxiety and depression.

In other words, the act of simply caring for one's baby forges new neural pathways—undiscovered rooms in the parental brain.


Why Dyslexia Is More Than a Reading Disorder
(December 21st, 2016)
By: Alice Park
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In the latest research published in the journal Neuron, scientists led by John Gabrieli, a professor of brain and cognitive sciences at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, found that dyslexia may be due to a much broader difference in brain function. 

But in the latest research published in the journal Neuron, scientists led by John Gabrieli, a professor of brain and cognitive sciences at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, found that dyslexia may be due to a much broader difference in brain function. 


Study finds altered brain growth patterns that predict autism
(February 17th, 2017)
By: Autism Speaks.org
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Experimental brain-imaging method predicts autism based on early differences in brain growth; potential for earlier diagnosis and therapy for high-risk infants

The study’s findings may stimulate further research into the relationship between early brain overgrowth and autism, which some previous studies have likewise documented.


Craniosacral Therapy: The Science of Belief
(November 30th, 2012)
By: Brittany Cooley Pacific University Brielyn Jensen Pacific University Leah Kresse Pacific University Abby Ritter Pacific University Justin Teerlinck Pacific University
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is a research article on Craniosacral Therapy. The article has an overview of What CST is, the history of CST, Educational requirements for Upledger Certification, Condition treated with CST, and a summary of research articles.

15 Soothing Mindfulness Quotes That Will Calm Your Anxious Feelings
(January 14th, 2017)
By: The Power of Ideas
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Anxiety is becoming a big problem for people in America. This article provides you 15 Soothing Mindfulness Quotes That Will Calm Your Anxious Feelings.


7 Huge Benefits of An Undisturbed First Hour After Birth
(January 16th, 2017)
By: CureJoy Editorial
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The way your baby is cared for and nurtured immediately after birth significantly impacts their transition from the womb to life outside.

In a culture that commonly separates mothers and babies for routine procedures such as cleaning, weighing and measuring, most babies are missing that critical time of being skin to skin with their mothers, which has short and long term consequences for all.

This article talks about the first hour should be focused on baby’s first breastfeed and mother-baby and family bonding. Unless mother or baby is in need of medical assistance, hospital protocols should support this time of new beginnings for both vaginal and caesarean births.


Your Cells Are Listening: How Talking To Your Body Helps You Heal
(December 4th, 2016)
By: Conscious Reminder
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

This article talks about positive body talk for healing.


CRANIOSACRAL THERAPY PART II: AS IT IS TODAY
(April 1st, 1995)
By: John E. Upledger, D.O., O.M.M
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this, the second installment of a three part series on CranioSacral Therapy, I have discussed the status of CranioSacral Therapy as a treatment modality today. Also included in the discussion are some of the reasons for its current status, political and control issues that have arisen, its clinical applications, its progeny and integration with other therapeutic approaches, and explorations that are currently underway.

Why Sleep Deprivation Eases Depression
(May 1st, 2013)
By: David Levine
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,


How to Make Friends with Your Reptilian Brain
(January 31st, 2017)
By: Edwina Shaw
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about the reptilian brain and how to tame it.

The sacral autonomic outflow is sympathetic
(November 18th, 2016)
By: I. Espinosa-Medina O. Saha, F. Boismorea
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A kinship between cranial and pelvic visceral nerves of vertebrates has been accepted for a century. Accordingly, sacral preganglionic neurons are considered parasympathetic, as are their targets in the pelvic ganglia that prominently control rectal, bladder, and genital functions. Here, we uncover 15 phenotypic and ontogenetic features that distinguish pre- and postganglionic neurons of the cranial parasympathetic outflow from those of the thoracolumbar sympathetic outflow in mice. By every single one, the sacral outflow is indistinguishable from the thoracolumbar outflow. Thus, the parasympathetic nervous system receives input from cranial nerves exclusively and the sympathetic nervous system from spinal nerves, thoracic to sacral inclusively. This simplified, bipartite architecture offers a new framework to understand pelvic neurophysiology as well as development and evolution of the autonomic nervous system.

Craniosacral therapy for migraine: Protocol development for an exploratory controlled clinical trial
(June 9th, 2008)
By: John D Mann, Keturah R Faurot, Laurel Wilkinson, Peter Curtis, Remy R Coeytaux, Chirayath Suchindran, and Susan A Gaylord
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Migraine affects approximately 20% of the population. Conventional care for migraine is suboptimal; overuse of medications for the treatment of episodic migraines is a risk factor for developing chronic daily headache. The study of non-pharmaceutical approaches for prevention of migraine headaches is therefore warranted. Craniosacral therapy (CST) is a popular non-pharmacological approach to the treatment or prevention of migraine headaches for which there is limited evidence of safety and efficacy. In this paper, we describe an ongoing feasibility study to assess the safety and efficacy of CST in the treatment of migraine, using a rigorous and innovative randomized controlled study design involving low-strength static magnets (LSSM) as an attention control intervention.

Applications of Craniosacral Therapy for Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome for Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
(January 26th, 2017)
By: Eloise Stager, BA, LMT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Eloise Stager, BA, LMT, CST talks about what Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is and how CranioSacral Therapy can help.

Lip Tie and Tongue Tie and CranioSacral Therapy – OH MY!
(February 1st, 2016)
By: Dr. Jackie Hines
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dr. Jackie Hines talks about Lip or Tongue tie and how CranioSacral Therapy can help.

The 5 Non-Negotiable Disciplines of a High Achiever
(May 2nd, 2016)
By: Patrick Allmond
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Daily interruptions are inevitable. Acting on a fear of missing out, we allow the beeps, dings and vibrations to interject, to assure us that we’re connected, and subconsciously we tell ourselves that that constant connection has no impact on the amount of work we can accomplish. But, in reality, we’re so bombarded with outside noise, it becomes almost impossible to avoid—and our productivity suffers because of it.

The mesentery: A &#39;new&#39; organ you didn&#39;t know you had
(January 5th, 2017)
By: Ashley Strickland
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The research of Dr. J. Calvin Coffey, foundation chair of surgery at the University of Limerick, is reclassifying this part of the digestive system as a contiguous organ. In a new study, Coffey has established the anatomy and structure of the mesentery, using images and compiling research to show that the organ&#39;s continuity can be seen only when it&#39;s exposed in a certain way. The article talks about What the mesentery does and why it has been misunderstood.

New role identified for scars at the site of injured spinal cord
(April 7th, 2016)
By: NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

For decades, it was thought that scar-forming cells called astrocytes were responsible for blocking neuronal regrowth across the level of spinal cord injury, but recent findings challenge this idea. According to a new mouse study, astrocyte scars may actually be required for repair and regrowth following spinal cord injury.

Gut Decision: Scientists Identify New Organ in Humans
(January 3rd, 2017)
By: Sara G. Miller
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dr. J. Calvin Coffey, a professor of surgery at the University of Limerick in Ireland, has concluded that the mesentery, which is a membrane found in the gut, is its own organ. The mesentery connects the small and large intestines

Missing Link Between Gut and Brain Discovered With Big Implications for Disease
(December 19th, 2016)
By: University of Virginia
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Researchers have identified immune cells in the membranes around the brain that could be a ‘missing link’ in the gut-brain axis. The immune cells also appear to have a positive impact on recovery following spinal cord injury.

Brain changes seen in youth football players without concussion
(October 24th, 2016)
By: Radiological Society of North America
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Researchers have found measurable brain changes in children after a single season of playing youth football, even without a concussion diagnosis, according to a new study.

Embryonic cerebrospinal fluid in brain development: neural progenitor control
(August 1st, 2014)
By: Angel Gato,M. Isabel Alonso, Cristina Martín, Estela Carnicero, José Antonio Moro, Aníbal De la Mano, José M. F. Fernández, Francisco Lamus,and Mary E. Desmond
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Due to the effort of several research teams across the world, today we have a solid base of knowledge on the liquid contained in the brain cavities, its composition, and biological roles. Although the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is among the most relevant parts of the central nervous system from the physiological point of view, it seems that it is not a permanent and stable entity because its composition and biological properties evolve across life. So, we can talk about different CSFs during the vertebrate life span. In this review, we focus on the CSF in an interesting period, early in vertebrate development before the formation of the choroid plexus. This specific entity is called “embryonic CSF.” Based on the structure of the compartment, CSF composition, origin and circulation, and its interaction with neuroepithelial precursor cells (the target cells) we can conclude that embryonic CSF is different from the CSF in later developmental stages and from the adult CSF. This article presents arguments that support the singularity of the embryonic CSF, mainly focusing on its influence on neural precursor behavior during development and in adult life.

In NFL Players, Brain Inflammation May Persist Years After Head Trauma
(December 2nd, 2016)
By: Alzforum.org
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Research has shown that sports-related head injuries lead to future amyloid and tau pathology, as well as a higher risk of dementia and neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, the link between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and these ensuing problems is unclear. Could inflammation play a role? Scientists led by Martin Pomper, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, report online in the November 28 JAMA Neurology that NFL players’ brains are replete with activated glial cells even without obvious neuropsychiatric problems. This finding suggests that neuroinflammation could be a marker for problems down the road.

Scientists discover neuron-producing stem cells in the membranes covering the brain
(November 28th, 2016)
By: VIB - Flanders Institute for Biotechnology
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In a cross-domain study researchers discovered unexpected cells in the meninges. These &#39;neural progenitors&#39; (stem cells that differentiate into different kinds of neurons) are produced during embryonic development.

Pain is not just a matter of nerves
(November 10th, 2016)
By: Medical University of Vienna
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The sensation of pain occurs when neural pathways conduct excitation generated by tissue damage to the spinal cord, where the nociceptive information is extensively preprocessed. From there, the information is transmitted to the human brain, where the sensation of "pain" is finally created. This is the general belief. However, researchers have now discovered that pain is not just a matter of nerves but that non-neuronal cells, the glial cells, are also involved in clinically relevant pain models and their activation is sufficient to amplify pain.

Study reveals role of spleen in prolonged anxiety after stress
(November 13th, 2016)
By: Provided by The Ohio State University
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this study, the trio of scientists determined that the immune cell changes persisted for almost a month after the mice experienced the stress.

Study reveals role of spleen in prolonged anxiety after stress
(November 13th, 2016)
By: Provided by The Ohio State University
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this study, the trio of scientists determined that the immune cell changes persisted for almost a month after the mice experienced the stress.

Having my head rubbed like a baby cured my stress: After her father died and she lost her job at a glossy magazine all in the same year, one woman tries craniosacral therapy
(November 16th, 2016)
By: Niki Browes
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Niki Browes writes in the The Daily Mail News about her continual low-level anxiety — which manifested in tense head and neck aches even painkillers couldn’t help — that made her decide something needed to be done to make her to feel like herself again. She said “A friend mentioned she’d been having craniosacral therapy — George Clooney was an advocate! — and found it restorative, even healing.” This is her story.

Unwinding the Meridians With CranioSacral Therapy to Release Old Blocks
(June 2nd, 2008)
By: Ken Koles, PhD, DSc, RAc, Dipl. NCCAOM, LMT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about CranioSacral Therapy (CST) and acupuncture being effective avenues of strengthening the flow of energy throughout the body to enhance health. Combining the two can dramatically increase your ability to resolve musculoskeletal problems, organ issues, systemic imbalances and, as you’ll see, even the oldest blocks.

Unwinding the Meridians With CranioSacral Therapy to Release Old Blocks
(June 2nd, 2008)
By: Ken Koles, PhD, DSc, RAc, Dipl. NCCAOM, LMT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about CranioSacral Therapy (CST) and acupuncture being effective avenues of strengthening the flow of energy throughout the body to enhance health. Combining the two can dramatically increase your ability to resolve musculoskeletal problems, organ issues, systemic imbalances and, as you’ll see, even the oldest blocks.

Unwinding Meridians to Reverse Anemia
(April 7th, 2009)
By: Kenneth R. Koles, PhD, DSc, RAc, LMT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article provides a case story about anemia and treating her with unwinding the meridians using the craniosacral rhythm.

Untangling the Meridians With CranioSacral Therapy
(March 5th, 2008)
By: By Kenneth R. Koles, PhD, DSc, RAc, LMT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Acupuncture and CranioSacral Therapy (CST) are two wonderfully effective modalities of healing that utilize the body&#39;s wisdom to heal itself. Both of them use cycles of energy flow rhythms Untangling the meridians has been very useful in musculoskeletal problems, organ issues and also in systemic imbalances. Ken offers one case study.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Cell Patterns
(January 15th, 2008)
By: Tad Wanveer, LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

PTSD is caused by a traumatic event. When a portion of the body, perhaps even a single cell, maintains a pattern of trauma, it can create an inner feeling of the traumatic event. Craniosacral therapy can help the body change cell shape through gentle techniques that improve inherent pathways of self-correction. As cells change and correct their shapes, the trauma imbedded within the cells can be processed with greater efficiency.

The Very Intelligent Choroid Plexus Epithelial Cell
(September 20th, 2015)
By: Jon Lieff, M.D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The choroid plexus has many different functions. It eliminates waste products from brain tissues. It controls the travel of immune T cells in the CSF that promote cognition and fight infections. It regulates the travel of critical microglia and neural stem cells that create new brain cells of all types. It is the major determinant of critical neuroplasticity time windows during brain development. It is vital for the health of the brain regulating the immune surveillance and the maintenance and pruning of synapses. Jon Lieff, M.D. is a practicing psychiatrist, with specialties in geriatric psychiatry and neuropsychiatry.

Chronic Pain Associated with Activation of Brain&#39;s Glial Cells
(January 13th, 2015)
By: Will Boggs MD
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Patients with chronic pain show signs of glial activation in brain centers that modulate pain, according to results from a PET-MRI study

What Veterans Want You To Know About PTSD
(November 11th, 2016)
By: Carolyn Gregoire
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Here are five things vets wish others knew about PTSD.

There&#39;s a single nerve that connects all of your vital organs — and it might just be the future of medicine
(June 1st, 2015)
By: GAIA VINCE, MOSAIC
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Operating far below the level of our conscious minds, the vagus nerve is vital for keeping our bodies healthy. It is an essential part of the parasympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for calming organs after the stressed ‘fight-or-flight’ adrenaline response to danger. “Because the vagus nerve, like all nerves, communicates information through electrical signals, it meant that we should be able to replicate the experiment by putting a nerve stimulator on the vagus nerve in the brainstem to block inflammation in the spleen,” he explains. “That’s what we did and that was the breakthrough experiment.”

How can visceral manipulation help my massage clients?
(November 7th, 2016)
By: GAIL WETZLER, P.T., D.P.T., E.D.O., B.I.-D., RESPONDS
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA,

Gail talks about Visceral Manipulation, history and the curriculum.

How can visceral manipulation help my massage clients?
(November 7th, 2016)
By: GAIL WETZLER, P.T., D.P.T., E.D.O., B.I.-D., RESPONDS
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA,

Gail talks about Visceral Manipulation, history and the curriculum.

Gut microbiota may have role in neurodegenerative diseases: study
(October 8th, 2016)
By: Relaxnews
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Could neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer&#39;s and Parkinson&#39;s originate in the gut? New research from the U.S., published in the journal Nature, shows that certain proteins produced by gut bacteria may be linked to neurodegeneration in rats.

Cross Bite Resulting from Abnormal Foot Pronation
(October 20th, 2016)
By: Athlepedia
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Frontal Plane Distortion of the Maxilla (Cross Bite) Resulting from Abnormal Pronation (Pure Ascending Postural Distortional Pattern) http://athletics.wikia.com/wiki/Cross_Bite_Resulting_from_Abnormal_Foot_Pronation

The retina as a window to the brain-from eye research to CNS disorders.
(January 9th, 2013)
By: London A , Benhar I, Schwartz
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract: Philosophers defined the eye as a window to the soul long before scientists addressed this cliché to determine its scientific basis and clinical relevance.

The Symbiotic Partnership of Dentistry And Craniosacral
(October 17th, 2016)
By: Benjamin Shield, Ph.D.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article will explore the symbiotic partnership between the dental profession and craniosacral therapy. With the simple integration of craniosacral techniques, the dental professional will significantly enhance the effectiveness of existing modalities, increase the economic return in their practice, and benefit from greater patient satisfaction. The goal is to better serve our patients. In addition to enhanced dental care, CST offers the dental professional the ability to solve many instances of craniocervical pain and dysfunction. The dental professional is in an unique position to correct underlying anatomical and functional dysfunction that may have been unseen or mistreated by other professionals.

Characterisation of interface astroglial scarring in the human brain after blast exposure: a post-mortem case series
(June 9th, 2016)
By: Sharon Baughman Shively, MD, Robert V Jones, MD James P Kelly, MD Regina C Armstrong, PhD Daniel P Perl, MD
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this post-mortem case series, we investigated several features of traumatic brain injuries, using clinical histopathology techniques and markers, in brain specimens from male military service members with chronic blast exposures and from those who had died shortly after severe blast exposures. We then compared these results with those from brain specimens from male civilian (ie, non-military) cases with no history of blast exposure, including cases with and without chronic impact traumatic brain injuries and cases with chronic exposure to opiates, and analysed the limited associated clinical histories of all cases. Brain specimens had been archived in tissue banks in the USA.

Osteopatia trzewna według autorskiej metody Jean-Pierre Barrala
(October 14th, 2016)
By: Mariusz Kurkowski , Adam Polański
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Article about Jean-Pierre Barral, Visceral Manipulation and the Barral Institute.

What if PTSD Is More Physical Than Psychological?
(June 10th, 2016)
By: ROBERT F. WORTH
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A new study supports what a small group of military researchers has suspected for decades: that modern warfare destroys the brain. The scarring from a blast is different from concussion

Why Sleep Deprivation Eases Depression
(May 1st, 2013)
By: David Levine
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Glial activity reveals how sleep deprivation elevates mood

Biologists Discover Bacteria Communicate Like Neurons in the Brain
(October 21st, 2015)
By: University of California - San Diego
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Biologists have discovered that bacteria -- often viewed as lowly, solitary creatures -- are actually quite sophisticated in their social interactions and communicate with one another through similar electrical signaling mechanisms as neurons in the human brain.

Scientists Find Vessels That Connect Immune System and Brain
(June 3rd, 2015)
By: Stephen Luntz
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The authors say the vessels, “Express all of the molecular hallmarks of lymphatic endothelial cells, are able to carry both fluid and immune cells from the cerebrospinal fluid, and are connected to the deep cervical lymph nodes.”

New Players in the Obesity Puzzle: The Brain’s Glial Cells
(August 19th, 2016)
By: Diana Kwon
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Discoveries about the roles they play in appetite and metabolism could unlock new strategies against obesity Despite major advances in understanding how neurons control the body’s metabolic processes, scientists are still far from finding a cure for obesity, which has reached pandemic levels in many countries. Researchers investigating glia hope that focusing on these long-overlooked cells will provide some much-needed advances.

A neuroscience researcher reveals 4 rituals that will make you happier
(September 26th, 2015)
By: ERIC BARKER
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core,

UCLA neuroscience researcher Alex Korb has some insights that can create an upward spiral of happiness in your life. A neuroscience researcher reveals 4 rituals that will make you happier

Kraniosakralni Terapie
(April 1st, 2016)
By: Helena Touskova
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

CST and Upledger Institute in a Czech lifestyle magazine

Science Finally Confirms That People Absorb Energy From Others
(September 28th, 2016)
By: Simplecapacity.com
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A biological research team at Bielefeld University has made a groundbreaking discovery showing that plants can draw an alternative source of energy from other plants. This finding could also have a major impact on the future of bioenergy eventually providing the evidence to show that people draw energy from others in much the same way. THE ARTICLE GIVES YOU FIVE ENERGY TOOLS TO USE TO CLEAR YOUR SPACE AND PREVENT ENERGY DRAINS WHILE RELEASING PEOPLE’S ENERGY.

Neuroscientists gain insight into cause of Alzheimer&#39;s symptoms
(November 23rd, 2015)
By: Virginia Tech
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Scientists have uncovered a mechanism in the brain that could account for some of the neural degeneration and memory loss in people with Alzheimer&#39;s disease.

How Neurons Talk to Each Other
(September 24th, 2016)
By: Max Planck Institute
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Summary: A new paper offers an overview as to how neurons ‘communicate’ with one another. Neurons are connected to each other through synapses, sites where signals are transmitted in the form of chemical messengers. Reinhard Jahn, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen, has investigated precisely how the process works.

Support cells found in human brain make mice smarter
(March 7th, 2013)
By: University of Rochester Medical Center
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

"The role of the astrocyte is to provide the perfect environment for neural transmission," said Maiken Nedergaard, M.D., D.M.Sc. Glial cells -- a family of cells found in the human central nervous system and, until recently, considered mere "housekeepers" -- now appear to be essential to the unique complexity of the human brain. Scientists reached this conclusion after demonstrating that when transplanted into mice, these human cells could influence communication within the brain, allowing the animals to learn more rapidly.

Long-term aerobic exercise prevents age-related brain changes
(October 29th, 2015)
By: PLOS
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Numerous studies have correlated the development of Alzheimer&#39;s disease with vascular dysfunction during aging. This study suggests that this dysfunction might be driven by astrocyte dysfunction and/or pericyte loss leading to a breakdown of the blood-brain barrier.

The Mystery and Magic of Glia: A Perspective on Their Roles in Health and Disease
(September 21st, 2016)
By: Ben A. Barres
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this article, Ben Barres reviews recent evidence that glial cells are critical participants in every major aspect of brain development, function, and disease. Far more active than once thought, glial cells powerfully control synapse formation, function, and blood flow. They secrete many substances whose roles are not understood, and they are central players in CNS injury and disease. I argue that until the roles of nonneuronal cells are more fully understood and considered, neurobiology as a whole will progress only slowly.

Brain function: First look at how astrocytes function in humans
(September 21st, 2016)
By: Cell Press
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Pretty much everything happening in the brain would fail without astrocytes. These star-shaped glia cells are known to have a critical role in synapse creation, nervous tissue repair, and the formation of the blood-brain barrier. But while we have decades of data in mice about these nervous system support cells, how relevant those experiments are to human biology (and the success of potential therapies) has been an open question.

Fight-or-flight chemical prepares cells to shift the brain from subdued to alert state
(September 21st, 2016)
By: Johns Hopkins Medicine
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Brain cells, called astrocytes because of their star-shaped appearance, can monitor and respond to nearby neural activity, but only after being activated by the fight-or-flight chemical norepinephrine. Because astrocytes can alter the activity of neurons, the findings suggest that astrocytes may help control the brain’s ability to focus.

Fight-or-flight chemical prepares cells to shift the brain from subdued to alert state
(June 18th, 2014)
By: Johns Hopkins Medicine
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Brain cells, called astrocytes because of their star-shaped appearance, can monitor and respond to nearby neural activity, but only after being activated by the fight-or-flight chemical norepinephrine. Because astrocytes can alter the activity of neurons, the findings suggest that astrocytes may help control the brain’s ability to focus.

How the brain stabilizes connections in order to learn better
(July 17th, 2014)
By: Université de Genève
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Throughout our lives, our brains adapt to what we learn and memorize. The brain is indeed made up of complex networks of neurons and synapses that are constantly re-configured. However, in order for learning to leave a trace, connections must be stabilized. A team researchers has now discovered a new cellular mechanism to help understand this.

The empty brain
(May 18th, 2016)
By: Robert Epstein
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

An interesting essay by a psychologist Robert Epstein. Your brain does not process information, retrieve knowledge or store memories. In short: your brain is not a computer Epstein tackles the miseries that afflict any effort to understand the brain and its function when we think and speak in terms of the metaphor of the brain as some sort of computer.

The Spoon Theory
(August 1st, 2003)
By: Christine Miserandino
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Christine Miserandino’s personal story and analogy of what it is like to live with sickness or disability.

Tinnitus is the result of the brain trying, but failing, to repair itself
(January 15th, 2011)
By: Georgetown University Medical Center
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Tinnitus appears to be produced by an unfortunate confluence of structural and functional changes in the brain, say neuroscientists.

There&#39;s a single nerve that connects all of your vital organs — and it might just be the future of medicine
(June 1st, 2015)
By: GAIA VINCE, MOSAIC
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Operating far below the level of our conscious minds, the vagus nerve is vital for keeping our bodies healthy. It is an essential part of the parasympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for calming organs after the stressed ‘fight-or-flight’ adrenaline response to danger. Because the vagus nerve, like all nerves, communicates information through electrical signals, it meant that we should be able to replicate the experiment by putting a nerve stimulator on the vagus nerve in the brainstem to block inflammation in the spleen, he explains. Thats what we did and that was the breakthrough experiment."

When Gut Bacteria Changes Brain Function
(July 24th, 2015)
By: DAVID KOHN
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Some researchers believe that the microbiome may play a role in regulating how people think and feel. Many people know that these microbes influence digestion, allergies, and metabolism. A growing group of researchers around the world are investigating how the microbiome, as this bacterial ecosystem is known, regulates how people think and feel.

Manual Therapies Promote Continence and Mobility in a Patient with Cerebellar Agenesis
(June 13th, 2016)
By: Susan Vaughan Kratz, OTR, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Objective: Present single case study of a 26 year old female with congenital agenesis of cerebellum and other congenital malformations who achieved fecal continence and measurable mobility improvements following a prolonged series of craniosacral therapy. Design: Retrospective review of data based on several interviews with the patient’s mother, her primary caregiver and review of the medical record. Results: Craniosacral Therapy over the course of 4 years contributed to unexpected attainment of fecal continence as well as other areas of functional improvements. The patient was 22 years of age at the time this therapy series began and had life-long neurogenic bowel and bladder dysfunction. Gains were indirectly achieved. Treatment had been initiated to address chronic pain from an older spinal surgery and sessions continued long term for health and wellness. Mobility improvements beyond pre-surgery status and fecal continence were a surprise to all parties involved. Conclusion: Clinical significance of these outcomes stimulates curiosity as to the actual type of stimulation CST actually provides to the central nervous system and its effect upon neuroplasticity.

Gabor Mate: How to Build a Culture of Good Health
(November 16th, 2015)
By: Gabor Mate, M.D.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Physical well-being depends on more than keeping our bodies fit. Emotions and the people who come into our lives matter just as much. This article talks about how health or illness reflects our relationship with the world we inhabit—including all the variables of family, class, gender, race, political status, and the physical ecology of which we are a part.

Preliminary Reflections on the Adaptation of one form of Osteopathic palpation to Acupuncture
(September 5th, 2016)
By: Daniel Bensky, D.O.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Fondateur du Seattle Institute of Oriental Medicine The goal of this brief article is to accomplish two simple things. First, introduce a type of palpation adapted from the osteopathic world to serve the practice of acupuncture. While simple and easy to practice, it does take some time to become proficient at this technique. After practicing it for over ten years, I believe I have achieved a modicum of proficiency; enough in any case to present it to the audience of the NAJOM which is well versed in various palpatory techniques. After a brief description of the background to this technique and going over how to practice it, I would like to both talk about some clinical ramifications and use some of my findings utilizing it to look at some of meridian therapy&#39;s basic assumptions from a slightly different perspective

Ten-year Retrospective Study on the Efficacy of a Manual Physical Therapy to Treat Female Infertility.
(February 17th, 2015)
By: Rice AD, Patterson K, Wakefield LB, Reed ED, Breder KP, Wurn BF, King Iii R, Wurn LJ.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Female infertility is a complex issue encompassing a wide variety of diagnoses, many of which are caused or affected by adhesions. Objectives • The study intended to examine the rates of successful treatment of infertile women using a protocol of manual physical therapy to address underlying adhesive disease leading to infertility. Methods • The research team designed a retrospective chart review. Setting • The study took place in a private physical therapy clinic. Participants • Participants were 1392 female patients who were treated at the clinic between the years of 2002 and 2011. They had varying diagnoses of infertility, including occluded fallopian tubes, hormonal dysfunction, and endometriosis, and some women were undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Intervention • All patients underwent whole-body, patient-centered treatments that used a protocol of manual physical therapy, which focused on restoring mobility and motility to structures affecting reproductive function.

Manual Physical Therapy for Non-Surgical Treatment of Adhesion-Related Small Bowel Obstructions: Two Case Reports
(December 28th, 2012)
By: Amanda D. Rice Richard King Evette D&#39;Avy Reed Kimberley Patterson Belinda F. Wurn And Lawrence J. Wurn
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Reports: Two patients presenting with SBO symptoms due to abdominal adhesions secondary to abdominal and pelvic surgery were treated with manual soft tissue physical therapy focused on decreasing adhesions. Conclusions: Successful treatment with resolution of symptom presentation of partial SBO and sustained results were observed in both patients treated.

Increasing Orgasm and Decreasing Dyspareunia by a Manual Physical Therapy Technique
(December 14th, 2004)
By: Lawrence J. Wurn, LMT, Belinda F. Wurn, PT, C. Richard King, MD, Amanda S. Roscow, MPT, Eugenia S. Scharf, PhD, Jonathan J. Shuster, PhD
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract Context: Female sexual pain and dysfunction Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a new site-specific, manual soft-tissue therapy in increasing orgasm and reducing dyspareunia (painful intercourse) in women with histories indicating abdominopelvic adhesion formation.

Clearing Bowel Obstruction and Decreasing Pain in a Terminally Ill Patient via Manual Physical Therapy
(November 3rd, 2013)
By: Amanda D. Rice, PhD, Evette D’Avy Reed, PT, Kimberly Patterson, PTA, LMT, Belinda F. Wurn, PT, and Lawrence J. Wurn, LMT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Decreasing pain and improving function and quality of life are important topics for patients that refuse, or are not candidates for traditional medical interventions, and those at end stages of disease. The article talks about treating a patient using a manual soft tissue physical therapy with goals of decreasing her pain and alleviating symptoms of bowel obstruction secondary to adhesions successfully, using a protocol they developed initially to open fallopian tubes that were blocked by adhesions

The Brain Drain; An Internal Plumbing System Rids the brain of toxic wastes. Sleep is when this cleanup ritual occurs
(March 9th, 2016)
By: Maiken Nedergaard & Steven A. Goldman
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about: • Where do these wastes go if the brain lacks the elaborate network of lymph vessels that transports wastes outside the nervous system? New research has recently found detritus-carrying passages in the brain that are most active during sleep. • The glymphatic system, as these fluid vessels are known, may become a critical target for the treatment of neurological diseases such as Alzheimer&#39;s or Parkinson&#39;s that result from the buildup of toxic proteins that are not cleared from the brain.

Treatment of refractory irritable bowel syndrome with visceral osteopathy: Short-term and long-term results of a randomized trial
(December 14th, 2013)
By: Attali TV, Bouchoucha M, Benamouzig R
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: In light of the low efficiency of available drugs in treating irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), there has been a growing interest in its alternative therapies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of visceral osteopathy for IBS. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that visceral osteopathy improves short-term and long-term abdominal distension and pain, and also decreases rectal sensitivity in IBS patients.

Time to Change from a Symptom-based Concussion Assessment to a Structured Physical Examination
(April 23rd, 2016)
By: Willer BS, Leddy JJ
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This editorial on concussion assessment for this issue of Academic Emergency Medicine. The research is focused on physiological aspects of concussion and mTBI1

New Treatment For Post-Concussion Syndrome Pioneered At UB
(October 16th, 2006)
By: University of Buffalo
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Sports medicine specialists in the University at Buffalo&#39;s Sports Medicine Institute have developed a new method for treating athletes who sustain post-concussion syndrome that, unlike the conventional approach, allows athletes to maintain conditioning while recovering gradually from the injury.

Manual Therapy for Post-Concussion Syndrome
(October 23rd, 2011)
By: Amy Garrigues, Pt, DPT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Objectives: Discuss evidence for manual therapy in patients with symptoms of headache, dizziness, oculomotor impairments and neck pain Learn and practice manual techniques  Discuss integration of manual therapy evaluation and treatment of patients following concussion

Lymphatic Vessels Discovered in Central Nervous System
(June 15th, 2015)
By: Carol Torgan, Ph.D
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

At a Glance • Scientists discovered that the brains of mice contain functional lymphatic vessels that can carry fluid and immune cells from cerebrospinal fluid. • Further work will explore whether problems in this system might play a role in neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, meningitis, and multiple sclerosis.

New Craniosacral Therapy Research—This Duck Doesn’t Quack Anymore
(August 30th, 2016)
By: Chris Centeno, M.D.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Chris Centeno, M.D. is a specialist in regenerative medicine, wrote this article supporting CST. CranioSacral Therapy shown to be effective for neck pain in new high level study. Even I, who have become more and more open to alternative therapies, need to give a hat tip to the CST practitioners, as I also couldn’t get my head completely wrapped around this one. So the next time one of my patients tells me about the relief he or she gets with CST, I’ll be sure to swallow some pride and say, “Wow, that’s awesome!” -Chris Centeno, M.D

Hands On Research: The Science of Touch
(September 29th, 2010)
By: Dacher Keltner
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dacher Keltner explains how compassion is literally at our fingertips. He elaborates on cutting-edge research into the ways everyday forms of touch can bring us emotional balance and better health. 

Craniosacral Therapy for the Treatment of Chronic Neck Pain: A Randomized Sham-controlled Trial
(April 18th, 2016)
By: Heidemarie Haller, MSc, Romy Lauche, PhD, Holger Cramer, PhD, Thomas Rampp, MD, Felix J. Saha, MD, Thomas Ostermann, PhD, and Gustav Dobos, MD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

An Abstract Study: With growing evidence for the effectiveness of craniosacral therapy (CST) for pain management, the efficacy of CST remains unclear. This study therefore aimed at investigating CST in comparison with sham treatment in chronic nonspecific neck pain patients.

Walking on ice takes more than brains: &#39;Mini-brain&#39; in spinal cord aids in balance
(January 29th, 2015)
By: Salk Institute for Biological Studies
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Scientists have discovered how a "mini-brain" in the spinal cord aids in balance. Much of the balancing act that our bodies perform when faced with a task such as walking on an icy surface happens unconsciously, thanks to a cluster of neurons in our spinal cord that function as a "mini-brain" to integrate sensory information and make the necessary adjustments to our muscles so that we don&#39;t slip and fall, researchers report.

Mechanism that repairs brain after stroke discovered
(October 10th, 2014)
By: Lund University
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A previously unknown mechanism through which the brain produces new nerve cells after a stroke has been discovered by researchers. A stroke is caused by a blood clot blocking a blood vessel in the brain, which leads to an interruption of blood flow and therefore a shortage of oxygen. Many nerve cells die, resulting in motor, sensory and cognitive problems. The researchers have shown that following an induced stroke in mice, support cells, so-called astrocytes, start to form nerve cells in the injured part of the brain.

Physical Therapy Management of Post-Concussion Syndrome
(March 31st, 2014)
By: Jason A. Hugentobler, PT, DPT, SCS, CSCS
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural ManipulationAA, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Physical Therapy Management of Post-Concussion Syndrome Presentation by Jason A. Hugentobler, PT, DPT, SCS, CSCS At the 4th Annual Pediatric Sports Physical Therapy Conference: April 4-5, 2014 Outline • Evidence Review • Symptom/Vital Assessment • Role of Manual Therapy • Role of stretching/strengthening • Sport-specific/Interval Exercise

A Novel Massage Therapy Technique for Management of Chronic Cervical Pain: A Case Series
(September 30th, 2011)
By: William R. Thompson, DPT, PhD, Ronald Carter, LMT, NCBTMB, CPT, Benjamin Rohe, MS,Randall L. Duncan, PhD, and Carlton R. Cooper, PhD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract article talks about how massage therapy is helpful for chronic neck pain and a provides a case report.

Reduction of Current Migraine Headache Pain Following Neck Massage and Spinal Manipulation
(March 31st, 2012)
By: Younes Jahangiri Noudeh, MD,,* Nasibeh Vatankhah, MD, and Hamid R. Baradaran, MD, PhD
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This abstract talks about how some manual therapies are helpful for headaches and migraines.

New study shows severity of tinnitus (ringing in the ears) is related to emotional processing
(February 25th, 2016)
By: Lisa Packer
Curriculum/s: Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Tinnitus, also called ringing in the ears, is sound perceived by the brain that is not present in the environment. A recent study out of the University of Illinois revealed not only that those who have tinnitus process emotional sounds differently than those who do not have tinnitus, but also that among those who have tinnitus, there are significant differences in which regions of the brain are used when processing emotions.

Researchers just doubled what we know about the map of the human brain
(July 20th, 2016)
By: Amy Ellis Nutt
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In a study online in Nature, a team of researchers more than doubled the number of distinct areas known in the human cortex, from 83 to 180. This new map of the brain combines data from four different imaging technologies to essentially bring high-definition to brain scanning for the first time. The immediate implications, say those familiar with the results, include the possibility of identifying biological markers for a host of neurological diseases and mental illnesses, and the new knowledge may aid neurosurgeons who need to know exactly what sort of tissue they are operating on.

Science Finally Proves Meridians Exist
(April 20th, 2016)
By: Azriel ReShel
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Recently scientists at Seoul National University confirmed the existence of meridians, which they refer to as the “primo-vascular system.” They say that this system is a crucial part of the cardiovascular system. Perhaps now with the scientific proof of meridians, acupuncture will become more widespread for all ailments, along with other great healing modalities based on the energetics of the body, supporting more people to have vibrant health and wellbeing. This article talks about the energy channels, scientific research, the meridian system and how the meridians are related to health.

How to Hold Space for Yourself
(August 5th, 2016)
By: Azriel ReShel
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Healing from the Core, Zero Balancing,

We all need to hold space for ourselves if we are going to be able to live life in a healthy and balanced way. This article gives you 9 Vital keys to holding space for yourself.

Cerebrospinal Fluid Signals Control the Behavior of Stem Cells in the Brain
(July 21st, 2016)
By: University of Basel
Curriculum/s: Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The choroid plexus, a largely ignored structure in the brain that produces the cerebrospinal fluid, is an important regulator of adult neural stem cells, research indicates. The study also shows that signals secreted by the choroid plexus dynamically change during aging which affects aged stem cell behavior.

Your Brain Has A "Delete" Button—Here&#39;s How To Use It
(May 11th, 2016)
By: JUDAH POLLACK AND OLIVIA FOX CABANE
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about the fascinating way that your brain makes space to build new and stronger connections so you can learn more.

Gut bacteria regulate nerve fibre insulation
(April 5th, 2016)
By: Mo Costandi
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Research suggests that gut bacteria may directly affect brain structure and function, offering new ways to treat multiple sclerosis and psychiatric conditions. The surprising new findings, published today in the journal Translational Psychiatry, provide what is perhaps the strongest evidence yet that gut bacteria can have a direct physical effect on the brain, and suggest that it may one day be possible to treat debilitating demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis, and even psychiatric disorders, by altering the composition of the gut’s microbial menagerie in some way or another.

How the brain processes emotions
(March 31st, 2016)
By: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Neuroscientists identify circuits that could play a role in mental illnesses, including depression. A new study reveals how two populations of neurons in the brain contribute to the brain&#39;s inability to correctly assign emotional associations to events. Learning how this information is routed and misrouted could shed light on mental illnesses including depression, addiction, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder.

Amazing new brain imaging technique shows synaptic density
(July 20th, 2016)
By: KEVIN LORIA
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This breakthrough could help scientists see exactly how depression, Alzheimer&#39;s, and autism transform our brains

Effectiveness of Combined approach of CraniosacralTherapy (CST) and Sensory-Integration Therapy (SIT) on reducing features in Children with Autism
(January 1st, 2015)
By: Durga Prasad Mishra (M.O.T.), Co-Author : Anurupa Senapati (M.O.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This study was undertaken to investigate the effectiveness of combined approach of Craniosacral Therapy(CST) and Sensory-Integration Therapy(SIT)on reducing features in Children with Autism. From the above experiment it has been concluded that combined approach of CST and SI therapy(SIT) is more effective then SIT alone. Thus CST can be incorporated in the usual practice to get better improvement in autism.

CranioSacral Therapy and the Upledger Institute Czech and Slovak Republic
(February 15th, 1987)
By: Helena Touskova and Petra Bihary
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

An article about CranioSacral Therapy and the Upledger Institute Czech and Slovak Republic. The article is by Helena Touskova (our Czech and Slovak Republic Affiliate) and an Upledger CST student - Petra Bihary

Clearing the Fog: Craniosacral Therapy Aims to Ease Dementia
(June 1st, 2016)
By: Susan Heitler Ph.D.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

An interview with Michael Morgan about applying CranioSacral techniques to the treatment of Alzheimer’s and other types of dementia.

Scoliosis Traced to Problems in Spinal Fluid Flow
(July 18th, 2016)
By: Dr. Francis Collins
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about experiments show, for the first time, that mutation of a gene associated with spinal curvature in both zebrafish and humans has its effect by altering the function of the tiny hair-like projections, known as cilia, that line the spinal cord. Without the cilia’s normal, beating movements, the fluid that bathes the brain and spinal cord doesn’t flow properly, and zebrafish develop abnormal spinal curves that look much like those seen in kids with scoliosis. However, when the researchers used genetic engineering to correct such mutations and thereby restore normal cilia function and flow of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF), the zebrafish did not develop spinal curvature.

The role of astrocytes in the developing brain
(February 9th, 2016)
By: Laurie Doering and Angela Scot
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

"Astrocytes are brain cells that manufacture the substances that enable and secure proper communication between other brain cells. In the developing brain, astrocytes are extremely important for the organ’s proper growth and function and, as an alteration of communication between brain cells can lead to many of the defects associated with autism, astrocytes have been identified as an interesting topic of focus."

Vagus Nerve Stimulation Dramatically Reduces Inflammation
(July 6th, 2016)
By: Christopher Bergland
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Inflammatory responses play a central role in the development and persistence of many diseases and can lead to debilitating chronic pain. This article talks about Vagus Nerve Stimulation gives healthcare providers a potentially more effective way to improve the lives of people suffering from chronic inflammatory diseases.

Resiliency Building Skills to Practice for Trauma Recovery
(June 30th, 2016)
By: Heidi Hanson
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Much of trauma healing is helping the nervous system become more “resilient.” Rather than spend a few hours or even days drowning in a state of terror, tension and nervousness after getting triggered, doing one or more of these exercises can help the nervous system shift into a different state sooner. This article has activities and exercises that will help the nervous system to be more flexible and rebound from activation sooner.

The use of CranioSacral therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorders: Benefits from the viewpoints of parents, clients, and therapists
(June 6th, 2016)
By: Susan Vaughan Kratz, OTR, CST, Jane Kerr, MSc, Bsc, MSCP, HCP, Lorraine Porter, BSc
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The objectives of this preliminary study were to explore: the use of CranioSacral Therapy for persons with Autism Spectrum Disorder, the demographics of participants, and the retrospective interpretation of reported changes related to the intervention. Participants included therapists, parents, and clients.

Treating the sequelae of postoperative meningioma and traumatic brain injury: a case of implementation of craniosacral therapy in integrative inpatient care.
(February 21st, 2015)
By: Haller H1, Cramer H, Werner M, Dobos G.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract

Background: Craniosacral therapy (CST) is a commonly used but under-researched therapeutic approach. This case study explores the implementation of CST in the integrative inpatient treatment of sequelae of postoperative meningioma and traumatic brain injury. Case: A 50-year-old woman was admitted for 2 weeks of integrative inpatient treatment following meningioma resection and traumatic brain injury. In addition to the integrative treatment approach, which included conventional as well as complementary and alternative medicine, she received five sessions of CST for refractory headaches, vertigo, and cervicobrachial syndrome during this time. At discharge, the reported intensity of her headaches on a 10-cm visual analogue scale decreased from 6–9cm to 2–4cm and her level of vertigo decreased from 6–10cm to 2cm. Her cervical mobility and muscle tension, sleep quality, and general wellbeing also improved. The attending physicians saw CST as having contributed greatly to this improvement alongside use of phytotherapy and hyperthermia. Conclusion: Implementation of CST in integrative inpatient care could benefit patients with headache and vertigo from intracranial injuries.


Swapping sick for healthy brain cells slows Huntington&#39;s disease
(June 7th, 2016)
By: University of Rochester Medical Center
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Researchers have successfully reduced the symptoms and slowed the progression of Huntington&#39;s disease in mice using healthy human brain cells. The findings could ultimately point to a new method to treat the disease

Change in the brain: Astrocytes finally getting the recognition they deserve
(April 25th, 2016)
By: RIKEN
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Astrocytes help control the strength of connections between neurons, new research shows. The study used cultured cells and brain slices to show that astrocytes in the hippocampus regulate changes in the brain brought on by neural activity.

Talking sense: What sensory processing disorder says about Autism
(June 1st, 2016)
By: SARAH DEWEERDT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Some children are highly sensitive to sound, sight or touch, whereas others seem almost numb. This article explores the differences and may offer insights into autism.

The Power of Touch
(March 11th, 2013)
By: Rick Chillot
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

We have an innate ability to decode emotions via touch alone. Rick Chillot said “We begin receiving tactile signals even before birth, as the vibration of our mother&#39;s heartbeat is amplified by amniotic fluid. No wonder then that touch plays a critical role in parent-child relationships from the start.”

Brain’s immune cells show intriguing links to autism
(August 13th, 2013)
By: BETH STEVENS
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

"Emerging evidence indicates that microglia are altered in some individuals with autism, raising questions about their potential role in brain development."

Science Says Silence Is Much More Important to Our Brains Than We Think
(May 27th, 2016)
By: Rebecca Beris
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about regenerated brain cells may be just a matter of silence. According to the attention restoration theory when you are in an environment with lower levels of sensory input the brain can ‘recover’ some of its cognitive abilities. In silence the brain is able to let down its sensory guard and restore some of what has been ‘lost’ through excess noise.

Not enough YAP means too much deadly inflammation inside the brain
(December 22nd, 2015)
By: Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Lack of YAP can disrupt regulation of astrocyte inflammation so "The brake is gone and over-inflammation can occur." This can lead to a break down of the blood-brain barrier, neuroinflammation and possibly hydrocephalus" Inside the brain, a protein called YAP, best known for its ability to help right-size our developing hearts and livers, appears to have the different but equally important task of helping control inflammation.

A Comment on the Relationship of Recent Research on CSF Production and Reabsorption to the Pressurestat Model
(January 15th, 2016)
By: Tim Hutton
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Tim Hutton discusses the Recent Research on CSF Production and Reabsorption to the Pressurestat Model Tim also talks about how the pressurestat model and the classical neurological model of CSF production and reabsorption are two separate and distinct things.

DETOXING FOR BRAIN HEALTH – NEW RESEARCH FINDINGS: CranioSacral Therapy Improves Glymphatic Cleansing of Brain Tissue
(May 16th, 2016)
By: Carolyn Simon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about how craniosacral therapy improves glymphatic cleansing of the brain tissue and effectively promotes brain health by invigorating this active fluid cleansing system.

Cells carry &#39;memory&#39; of injury, which could reveal why chronic pain persists
(May 12th, 2016)
By: Medicine & Health
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A new study from King&#39;s College London offers clues as to why chronic pain can persist, even when the injury that caused it has gone. Although still in its infancy, this research could explain how small and seemingly innocuous injuries leave molecular &#39;footprints&#39; which add up to more lasting damage, and ultimately chronic pain.

INSPIRE: Barbara Huntress Tresness
(May 2nd, 2016)
By: Lorna Oppedisano
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Baraba Huntress shares her journey with her son. “And the only thing I’d done differently was the dolphin therapy with Upledger. So I knew then that there was something really magical about this,” she said. She continued on her journey with Graham, becoming a licensed massage therapist and learning craniosacral therapy.

Astrogliopathology in neurological, neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders
(January 15th, 2016)
By: Verkhratsky A, Parpura V.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract article on Astroglial cells representing a main element in the maintenance of homeostasis and providing defense to the brain.

The Gift of Presence, the Perils of Advice
(April 27th, 2016)
By: Parker J. Palme
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Palmer talks about his personal experience about giving advice. Don’t give advice, unless someone insists. Instead, be fully present, listen deeply, and ask the kind of questions that give the other a chance to express more ...

New Research will Change the Way We Think About Depression. (Finally!)
(March 25th, 2016)
By: Hey Sigmund
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The researchers found that depression affects the whole body on a cellular level. When we change the way we think about depression – as an illness of the whole body, not just an illness of the mind – we open up new possibilities for treatment. The body can heal and so can the mind.

Going Home: Zero Balancing takes the Body Back
(April 2nd, 2004)
By: Karrie Osborn
Curriculum/s: Zero Balancing,

<a href="http://www.zerobalancing.com/assets/pdf/articles/zerobalancing_m_b_04.pdf">http://www.zerobalancing.com/assets/pdf/articles/zerobalancing_m_b_04.pdf</a>

Missing link found between brain, immune system; major disease implications
(June 1st, 2015)
By: University of Virginia Health System
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In a stunning discovery that overturns decades of textbook teaching, researchers have determined that the brain is directly connected to the immune system by vessels previously thought not to exist. The discovery could have profound implications for diseases from autism to Alzheimer&#39;s to multiple sclerosis.

Active fascial contractility: Fascia may be able to contract in a smooth muscle-like manner and thereby influence musculoskeletal dynamics
(April 18th, 2016)
By: Schleip R, Klingler W, Lehmann-Horn F
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dense connective tissue sheets, commonly known as fascia, play an important role as force transmitters in human posture and movement regulation. There is some evidence to suggest that fascia may be able to actively contract in a smooth muscle-like manner and consequently influence musculoskeletal dynamics.

Blame it on the astrocytes: does brain&#39;s most abundant cell type have role in neurological disorders?
(July 11th, 2014)
By: Publicase Comunicação Científica
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The demonstration that astrocytes, the brain&#39;s most abundant cell type, participate in the formation of inhibitory synapses in the cortex suggests an important role for these cells in some neurological disorders. Astrocytes, named for their star-like shape, are ubiquitous brain cells known for regulating excitatory synapse formation through cells. Recent studies have shown that astrocytes also play a role in forming inhibitory synapses, but the key players and underlying mechanisms have remained unknown until now.

Inspiration is the major regulator of human CSF flow
(February 1st, 2015)
By: Dreha-Kulaczewski S, Joseph AA, Merboldt KD, Ludwig HC, Gärtner J, Frahm J.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract article on CSF

A Sensitive Subject
(March 28th, 2016)
By: Sonia Fernandez
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

UCSB researchers catalog for the first time patterns of vibration on the skin of the hand that are part of how we sense the world through touch

Involvement of astrocytes in neurovascular communication
(March 22nd, 2016)
By: M. Nuriya*, H. Hirase
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract: Neuroscientists suggest possible functional roles of astrocytes including astrocytic modulation of the vasculature.

Healing from the freeze, The vagus nerve, emotions and the difficulty with mindfulness practices
(August 18th, 2011)
By: TRACY A. ANDREWS, MSOM, LAC
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Van der Kolk believes that bodywork and somatic re-education are essential components to releasing, and restoring function to tissues and organs that have lost mobility due to years of fleeing from those physical sensations.

Structure of Brain Explains Ability to Regulate Emotions
(July 24th, 2015)
By: Structure of Brain Explains Ability to Regulate Emotions
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Previous studies have shown that people diagnosed with emotional instability disorders exhibit a decrease in the volume of certain brain areas. The scientists wanted to know if these areas are also associated with the variability in the ability to regulate emotions that can be seen in healthy individuals

Sixth Sense: Science begins to Explain How We Sense Electric Fields
(March 24th, 2016)
By: The Mind Unleased
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Scientists are starting to figure out what is going on inside our cells when we sense electrical fields.

How chronic stress predisposes brain to mental disorders
(February 11th, 2014)
By: University of California
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

University of California, Berkeley, researchers have shown that chronic stress generates long-term changes in the brain that may explain why people suffering chronic stress are prone to mental problems such as anxiety and mood disorders later in life.

Feeling small: Fingers can detect nano-scale wrinkles even on a seemingly smooth surface
(September 16th, 2013)
By: KTH The Royal Institute of Technology
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In a ground-breaking study, Swedish scientists have shown that people can detect nanoscale wrinkles while running their fingers upon a seemingly smooth surface. The findings could lead such advances as touch screens for the visually impaired and other products. When a finger is drawn over a surface, vibrations occur in the finger. People feel these vibrations differently on different structures. The friction properties of the surface control how hard we press on the surface as we explore it. A high friction surface requires us to press less to achieve the optimum friction force.

Astrocytes As the Main Players in Primary Degenerative Disorders of the Human Central Nervous System
(March 14th, 2016)
By: Francisco Capani, Cecilia Quarracino, Roberto Caccuri and Roberto E. P. Sica
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Along the last years it has been demonstrated that non-neural cells play a major role in the pathogenesis of the primary degenerative disorders (PDDs) of the human central nervous system. In this mini review they summarize the astrocytic behavior in PDDs, with special consideration to the experimental observations where astrocytic pathology precedes the development of neuronal dysfunction.

Memory relies on astrocytes, the brain&#39;s lesser known cells: supportive cells vital in cognitive function
(June 28th, 2014)
By: Salk Institute
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

When you&#39;re expecting something -- like the meal you&#39;ve ordered at a restaurant -- or when something captures your interest, unique electrical rhythms sweep through your brain. Gamma oscillations reflect a symphony of cells -- both excitatory and inhibitory -- playing together in an orchestrated way. Though their role has been debated, gamma waves have been associated with higher-level brain function, and disturbances in the patterns have been tied to schizophrenia, Alzheimer&#39;s disease, autism, epilepsy and other disorders.

How to Control Inflammation with Your Brain
(November 30th, 2015)
By: Dr. Shawna Darou, ND
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this article the author talks about the power of the vagus nerve. Activating the vagus nerve which works through the parasympathetic nervous system, we can greatly influence inflammation and the immune system. The role of the brain on body inflammation can be profound.

The Brain Waste-Disposal System May Be Enlisted to Treat Alzheimer and Other Brain Illnesses | An internal plumbing system rids the brain of toxic wastes. Sleep is when this cleanup ritual occurs
(March 1st, 2016)
By: Maiken Nedergaard, Steven A. Goldman
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The human brain weighs only about three pounds, or roughly 2 percent of the average adult body mass.Yet its cells consume 20 to 25 percent of the body's total energy. In the process, inordinate amounts of potentially toxic protein wastes and biological debris are generated. Each day, the adult brain eliminates a quarter of an ounce of worn-out proteins that must be replaced with newly made ones, a figure that translates into the replacement of half a pound of detritus a month and three pounds, the brain's own weight, over the course of a year.
Read more:
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-brain-s-waste-disposal-system-may-be-enlisted-to-treatalzheimer-s-and-other-brain-illnesses/

Complaining Is Terrible for You, According to Science
(March 8th, 2016)
By: Jessica Stillman
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The article explains how complaining can harm your health.

Concussion and Post-concussion Syndrome Is craniosacral therapy an appropriate treatment modality?
(November 2nd, 2011)
By: Yonina Chernick
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Patients with concussion and post-concussion need to be treated to assist healing of the neurological, vascular and autonomic components of these injuries. This article talks about how Craniosacral therapy is one approach that may be applied by experienced therapists to facilitate this process.

Eight Fascinating Facts About Fascia
(July 24th, 2014)
By: Derrick Price, MS
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This articles gives you facts about fascia. Fascia forms a whole-body, continuous three-dimensional matrix of structural support around our organs, muscles, joints, bones and nerve fibers.

Your Cells Are Listening: How Talking To Your Body Can Help You Heal
(February 1st, 2016)
By: Therese Wade, MSc
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Researcher Backster tested human cells for signs of consciousness. He collected white blood cells from human donors, electroded them in a test tube and then recorded the cells’ reactions as the donors experienced different emotional states. He found that spontaneous emotions were necessary in order to elicit an electrical reaction in the cells.

Viva Vagus: Wandering nerve could lead to range of therapies
(September 13th, 2015)
By: NICOLE RAGER FULLER
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Article on the importance of the Vagus nerve. The vagus nerve is the nervous system’s superhighway. About 80 percent of its nerve fibers — or four of its five “lanes” — drive information from the body to the brain. Its fifth lane runs in the opposite direction, shuttling signals from the brain throughout the body.

Changes in elongation of falx cerebri during craniosacral therapy techniques applied on the skull of an embalmed cadaver
(January 10th, 1992)
By: Kostopoulos DC, Keramidas G
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract Craniosacral therapy supports that light forces applied to the skull may be transmitted to the dura membrane having a therapeutic effect to the cranial system.

A Tongue Restriction Isn&#39;t Always a Tongue Tie
(October 11th, 2015)
By: Carol Smyth, IBCLC
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article looks at the role of bodywork and explain why a tongue restriction isn’t always down to a tight frenulum. There is a before and after photo of the woman&#39;s tongue to illustrate the difference one CST appointment made.

The Science of Happiness: Why complaining is literally killing you
(November 1st, 2015)
By: Steven Parton
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article talks about how your thoughts reshape your brain, and thus are changing a physical construct of reality.

Role of glia in memory deficits following traumatic brain injury: Biomarkers of glia dysfunction
(February 5th, 2016)
By: Venkata Siva Sai Sujith Sajja, Nora Hlavac and Pamela J. VandeVord
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Mini article on the role of glia.

Find Your Own Rhythm
(June 15th, 2014)
By: Gina Flores, CA, CST, LMT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

An article about CranioSacral Therapy

Radiographic Evidence of Cranial Bone Mobility
(January 2nd, 2002)
By: Sheryl Lynn Oleski, B.S., Gerald H. Smith, D.D.S., William T. Crow, D.O.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The purpose of this retrospective chart review was to determine if external manipulation of the cranium alters selected parameters of the cranial vault and base that can be visualized and measured on x-ray. Kragt, et al, (1) showed that movement was possible at the sutures in a macerated human skull, and Retzlaff, et al,(2) documented that the cranial sutures do not fuse with age. Taking this information a step further, Zanakis, et al,(3) attached infrared markers to the skin over selected skull bones, and used a 3-D kinematic system to analyze individual bone motion. Motion of the cranial bones was labeled complex, involving more than one axis of movement and not a simple hinge-operation.

The Baby Angel in Maleny
(February 5th, 2016)
By: Gay Liddington
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Gay writes about a CranialSacral Therapist that works with newborns.

Effect of osteopathic maneuvers in the treatment of asthma: review of literature
(February 22nd, 2016)
By: Rodrigo Medina Vasconcelos Lago; Marco Antônio Figueiredo da Silva Filho; Alan Carlos Nery dos Santos
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Their findings suggest that osteopathic manipulative techniques can be used as non-medicated additional resource in the treatment of patients with asthma. The reviewed studies have identified improving the quality of life, subjective perception of symptoms and reduce the use of drugs.

Visceral Manipulation
(February 22nd, 2016)
By: Warren Hammer, MS, DC, DABCO
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Warren Hammer describes Visceral Manipulation based on Jean Pierre Barral’s books

Principles of Visceral Manipulation
(April 15th, 2013)
By: By Marc Heller, DC
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Marc Heller, DC describes the principles of Visceral Manipulation

Visceral Manipulation
(September 1st, 1994)
By: Warren Hammer, MS, DC, DABCO
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Warren Hammer describes Visceral Manipulation based on Jean Pierre Barral’s books

Scientists Discover Children’s Cells Living in Mothers’ Brains
(December 4th, 2012)
By: Robert Marlone
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The link between a mother and child is profound, and new research suggests a physical connection even deeper than anyone thought. The profound psychological and physical bonds shared by the mother and her child begin during gestation when the mother is everything for the developing fetus, supplying warmth and sustenance, while her heartbeat provides a soothing constant rhythm.

10 Signs That Your Baby needs CranioSacral Therapy
(February 13th, 2016)
By: Vivien Ray, RCST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

10 Signs That Your Baby needs CranioSacral Therapy 1 Baby has difficulty latching onto the breast 2 Baby makes a lot of “slurpy” or clicking noises during feeds 3 Baby has a lot of wind after feeding 4 Breast feeding is uncomfortable or painful for the mother 5 Baby is in pain after feeding, cries or curls up in pain 6 Baby can take one breast but is uncomfortable on the other one. May need the “rugby hold” on one side 7 Baby is unable to sleep or restless when sleeping 8 Baby seems tense and restless, it is difficult to cuddle her/him 9 Baby vomits or brings up some of the feed 10 It seems that your baby is suffering from “tongue tie”

How Can CranioSacral Help
(February 7th, 2016)
By: Barabara Coon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

She explains how CST can best be described by sharing a moment from the table during a session with a Parkinson&#39;s client.

Atrial Fibrillation, the Stomach and Visceral Manipulation
(February 14th, 2016)
By: Barral Institue.com
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of cardiac arrhythmia which results in over 5 million office visits per year and hundreds of thousands of hospitalizations. In 2012 A.J. de Koning, DO, an instructor for the Barral Institute and osteopathic practitioner in Italy, was approached by a renowned Italian cardiologist for treatment due to not being able to stand during long surgeries. The treatment was successful. He invited De Koning to do research with 40 AF patients at his hospital and they observed significant positive changes in patient outcomes. A.J. de Koning is finalizing his research and preparing it for publication.

Barral Visceral and Neural Manipulation and New Manual Articular Approach
(January 25th, 2016)
By: Barral Institue.com
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA,

Visceral Manipulation is a modality that assists functional and structural imbalances throughout the body including musculoskeletal, vascular, nervous, urogenital, respiratory, digestive and lymphatic dysfunction. Neural Manipulation (NM) examines mechanical relationships between the cranium/spine hard frame to the dura and neural elements. New Manual Articular Approach (MAA) is a manual therapy modality that applies a comprehensive approach to the treatment of joints. It integrates all aspects of the joint including the nerve, artery, bone, capsule, and ligaments, as well as visceral and emotional connections.

An Overview of Visceral Manipulation
(February 10th, 2016)
By: Barral.com
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Visceral manipulation is organ-specific fascial mobilization, and is based on the premise that free movement within the body is vital, and thus any restriction will adversely affect health. Visceral manipulation treats functional and structural imbalances throughout the body, with an aim to affect musculoskeletal, vascular, nervous, urogenital, respiratory, digestive, and lymphatic dysfunction. The goal of visceral manipulation is to help the body return to normal function and thereby remove compensatory symptoms, whatever their source, leading to improved health and optimal body functioning.

What If (An article about Upledger and CranioSacral Therapy)
(January 14th, 2016)
By: Brenda Zarth
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger states that “by complementing the body’s natural healing processes, Craniosacral Therapy is increasingly used as a preventive health measure for its ability to bolster resistance to disease, and is effective for a wide range of medical problems associated with pain and dysfunction. SomatoEmotional Release is a therapeutic process that uses and expands on the principles of Craniocacral Therapy to help rid the mind and body of the residual effects of trauma.”

Do we think in Electrical Waves? A Break Through Discovery
(January 16th, 2016)
By: The Mind Unleased
Curriculum/s: Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Researchers may have just made a breakthrough discovery about how our brains send information. This discovery could both help us better understand how memory works and how information is spread without the use of a direct connection or synapses. Researchers found that information can be transferred in electrical waves throughout the neural tissue without following the traditional synaptic pathways.

6 WAYS TO INSTANTLY STIMULATE YOUR VAGUS NERVE TO RELIEVE INFLAMMATION, DEPRESSION, MIGRAINES AND MORE
(January 27th, 2016)
By: Shawna Darou
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The vagus nerve which works through the parasympathetic nervous system, we can greatly influence inflammation and the immune system. The role of the brain on body inflammation can be profound.

Rethinking which cells are the conductors of learning and memory
(August 11th, 2015)
By: Ashley Yeager
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Brain cells called glia may be center stage when it comes to how humans learn and remember. Brain cells called glia may be center stage when it comes to how humans learn and remember. ... Glia are thought of as the support staff for the brain’s nerve cells, or neurons, which transmit and receive the brain’s electrical and chemical signals. Glial cells perform many of the brain’s most important maintenance jobs.

STUNNING IMAGE SHOWS THE SCIENCE BEHIND THE MOTHER-CHILD BOND
(December 21st, 2015)
By: CHAUNIE BRUSIE
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Everyone knows that the bond between a mother and her child is a powerful one. “THE WAY WE SPEAK, SING, HOLD, AND PLAY WITH OUR BABIES SHAPES THE VERY FOUNDATIONS OF THE BRAIN AS OUR CHILD GROWS.”

Polyvagal theory: The biological fingerprint for compassion and empathy
(March 9th, 2015)
By: Emiliana R. Simon-Thomas
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

What happens in Vagus... may make or break compassion. The Vagus nerve is the cranial nerve in the body with the widest reach, influencing speech, head positioning, digestion, and—importantly for these two studies—the parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system&#39;s influence on the heart. The UC Berkeley psychologist and Faculty Director of the Greater Good Science Center shares his research on the vagus nerve, a key nexus of mind and body, and a biological building block of human compassion.

What it means to “hold space” for people, plus eight tips on how to do it well
(March 11th, 2015)
By: Heather Plett
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

What does it mean to hold space for someone else? It means that we are willing to walk alongside another person in whatever journey they’re on without judging them, making them feel inadequate, trying to fix them, or trying to impact the outcome. When we hold space for other people, we open our hearts, offer unconditional support, and let go of judgement and control. Holding space is a key part of what we do in Upledger CranioSacral Therapy: being &#39;in neutral&#39;, supporting the client&#39;s intuition and inner wisdom, creating a safe space - rather than trying to fix, to give advice, to judge or even to know. This post on how to hold space for others - applies far beyond the treatment room. Lots of wisdom here.

Is the Power to Heal ourselves increasing?
(October 26th, 2015)
By: acob Devaney
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The mind, our beliefs, emotions, and lifestyle play a much larger role in our well being than we tend to recognize. While researchers are wondering how to avoid the dreaded monkey-wrench of the placebo effect in testing new drugs, the general public is recognizing that taking charge of ones health doesn’t need to always start with a call to the doctor or a new prescription.

Farewell: Keep Sharing the Love
(November 1st, 2009)
By: John Upledger, DO, OMM
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

After nearly nine years of contributing as a columnist for Massage Today, Dr. John Upledger tells his readers farewell and leaves us with inspiring insight to this special field of work.

Ann Romney’s Book “In this Together”
(January 4th, 2016)
By: Caroline Howe
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Ann Romney was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 1998 and mentions in book how she pursued Craniosacral therapy as part of her alternative therapies.

Ann Romney, Multiple Sclerosis and Craniosacral Therapy
(January 4th, 2016)
By: Lud Deppisch
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Ann Romney, the wife of the presumptive 2012 Republican nominee for president, spoke about her multiple sclerosis (MS) and the treatments she has used to combat it. Some of the therapies she has employed fall under the rubric of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM). In addition to acupuncture and reflexology, craniosacral therapy has been helpful to her.

Ann Romney’s Book “In this Together” Article
(December 30th, 2015)
By: Caroline Howe
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Caroline Howe</p>Ann Romney was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 1998 and mentions in book how she pursued craniosacral therapy as part of her alternative therapies.

Ann Romney, Multiple Sclerosis and Craniosacral Therapy
(May 21st, 2012)
By: Lud Deppisch
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Ann Romney, the wife of the presumptive 2012 Republican nominee for president, spoke about her multiple sclerosis (MS) and the treatments she has used to combat it.Some of the therapies she has employed fall under the rubric of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM). In addition to acupuncture and reflexology, craniosacral therapy has been helpful to her.

Mindful Speech, Using Words Therapeutically
(December 29th, 2015)
By: Robyn Scherr, CMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Language is a potent tool that can be used within our scope of practice as bodyworkers to encourage greater awareness and foster health in our clients. As bodyworkers, we create conditions and provide resources for healthy change to occur. We do this in myriad ways: maintaining a comfortable, peaceful atmosphere; holding a nonjudgmental, witnessing presence; and, of course, using effective hands-on techniques. We also foster our clients’ connection with themselves in body, mind, and spirit, helping them become aware of what it feels like to have their core needs met. Our skillful, well-intentioned touch, our speech can be a resource for our clients. What we say has impact. Skillful use of speech lowers the power differential inherent in all therapeutic relationships and fosters greater autonomy and self-reliance in our clients.

THE EFFECTS OF UPLEDGER CRANIOSACRAL THERAPY ON POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER SYMPTOMATOLOGY IN VIETNAM COMBAT VETERANS
(December 1st, 2015)
By: John E. Upledger, D.O., O.M.M.; Barry S. Kaplan, M.D.; Russell A. Bourne, Jr., Ph.D., A.B.P.S.; Richard B. Zonderman, Ph.D.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Integrative Intentions,

The Upledger Institute has provided two week intensive treatment for Vietnam veterans suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder as diagnosed by the Veteran&#39;s Affairs (VA) medical division. These patients received psychological evaluation tests at the times of entry and exit into and out of the program. The intensive treatment was about six-seven hours per day for eight full days, with approximately three-four hours on the first and last days of the program. The therapy used was primarily CranioSacral Therapy and its progeny Energy Cyst Release, SomatoEmotional Release and Therapeutic Imagery and Dialogue. The results obtained strongly suggest that PTSD may be more successfully treated when the therapy includes corrections of the CranioSacral system, the release of foreign energies and conscious-non-conscious integration.

Is Your Pregnancy Missing Craniosacral Therapy
(December 22nd, 2015)
By: Kelly Marie O’Brien Pahman
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

During pregnancy CST can bring relief to a myriad of issues for several reasons. Because of its ability to help your body release tensions and imbalances it invites your body to be in alignment which enables optimal fetal positioning and can alleviate painful pregnancy complications such as migraines, severe pubic pain, low back pain and sciatic pain. While it would be ideal to receive treatment throughout your entire pregnancy, many women find exceptional benefit from even one treatment finding a great provider and discussing your goals will help you discern what frequency of visits you desire. You can find a care provider near you by checking out the Upledger website.

The Mindset for Craniosacral Therapy
(December 3rd, 2015)
By: Judah Lyons
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The most important tool for therapists practicing cranial work is the cultivation of our state of mind, or what we call the practice of holding stillness. It is a reflective practice by nature. In cranial work we are asked to change our focus to an internal place of quiet, so that the person’s system we are holding feels safe and willing to reveal its story, or history, held within the fluid of the body. Our breath is the bridge to this place of healing power. Naturally, everyone’s mind wanders; however, the more powerfully we can control our thoughts, the more profoundly we can be involved in the therapeutic process with our clients.

Endometriosis and Physical Therapy
(June 1st, 2012)
By: Michele McGurk, PT
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Endometriosis is a female reproductive disorder affecting approximately 176 million women and girls world-wide. Scar tissue and adhesions can develop due to Endometriosis. This fibrous connective tissue that forms between different surfaces in the body can distort or restrict the movement of a woman’s internal anatomy. Visceral Manipulation is a technique that could treat or prevent the formation of adhesions and could lead to fewer post-operative complications.

Alleviating Ear Infections Through Craniosacral Therapy
(July 26th, 2010)
By: Tad Wanveer, L.M.B.T., C.S.T.-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Craniosacral therapy can help children overcome ear infections by improving Eustachian tube (ET) shape. Chronic ear infections may be related to speech, language and learning disabilities, plus over time they can excessively strain the immune system. Craniosacral therapy is a gentle method of freeing a child’s ET of obstruction or congestion, which can promote drainage of substances out of the middle ear and relieve excessive pressure from inside the middle ear.

The Chronically Depleted Client
(December 1st, 2015)
By: Eric Moya, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

CranioSacral Therapy, with its philosophy and core beliefs of a person having the inner resources, or inner wisdom, necessary for healing, as well as a chosen value of using the least amount of influence necessary to get the job done, is a perfect approach to both conceptualize and work with the problem of chronic depletion.

PT Classroom - Hope for the Treatment of Retired Athletes
(November 24th, 2015)
By: Melinda Roland, MA, PT, LAc, OMD, Dipl-Ac, CST-D & Sally Fryer Dietz, PT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Attention to concussions has increased dramatically over the past 10 years, in part due to the media coverage of high profile athletes and the effect of multiple concussions and Post-Concussive Syndrome on long term health. The Upledger Institute, in conjunction with the Ricky Williams Foundation, combined resources with the goal of demonstrating the effect an intensive Upledger based, manual therapy program, might have on retired elite athletes with concussive history. The intensive manual therapy program utilized 3 cutting edge therapies: Craniosacral Therapy, Visceral Manipulation, and Neural Manipulation, all modalities aimed at facilitating the body’s self healing abilities.

Abdominal Visceral Manipulation Prevents and Reduces Peritoneal Adhesions
(December 14th, 2015)
By: Michael A. Seffinger, DO; Amy Jemelka Martin, OMS IV
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

One of the major complications of abdominal surgery is abdominal adhesions, which can negatively impact a patient&#39;s quality of life. Unfortunately, the only intervention currently available is further abdominal surgery—adhesiolysis.1 Diamond et al2 noted, “Adhesions are a major health care burden, and their reduction is a significant unmet need in surgical therapeutics.” Additionally, there are limited options for preventing adhesion formation, and none are consistently reliable.3 However, one relatively unexplored option is visceral manual manipulation. This article explores the efficacy of visceral manipulation in preventing and managing abdominal adhesions

CranioSacral Work Distinguishing between techniques and therapy
(May 1st, 2014)
By: Robyn Scherr, CMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

I’m inspired every day by what the Upledger Institute calls “the power of a gentle touch.” Moving my practice from a “doing to” approach to CST’s “supporting and being with” approach empowers my clients in ways traditional manual therapies simply aren’t set up to do. I find this process-oriented work to be extremely effective and efficient. But both ways of working are needed in the world. m&b

CULTIVATING NEUTRALITY
(November 1st, 2014)
By: Robyn Scherr
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Cultivating neutrality encourages us to be aware of our choices and challenge our habitual reactions and assumptions. While the goal of complete neutrality is not for every bodyworker in every situation, I believe we all could benefit from being more neutral in the ways we approach and interact with our clients. When we focus less on outcome and more on being present with our clients as they are, the outcomes they experience actually tend to improve.

Visceral Manipulation and NDT
(March 7th, 2011)
By: Nancy Dilger, MA, PT, PCS, CKTP
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

So what makes Neuro-Developmental Treatment and visceral manipulation complementary therapies? NDT is based on the sensori-motor development of postural control with emphasis on biomechanical alignment for efficiency of movement. Furthermore, with the organization of movement comes the recognition that the development of movement is multi-planar: sagittal, frontal and transverse. This concept is one of the many commonalities between NDT and VM. Dealing with the visceral system includes, but is not exclusive to, nutrition, digestions, absorption and elimination. All too frequently our patients may have feeding issues and more often than not, problems with constipation. More specifically with developmental delay, there is a decrease in mobility, which translates to decreased visceral motility.

Evaluating and Correcting Sacral Misalignments: A Motion Palpation Approach
(December 11th, 2015)
By: Russ Kalen, DC, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The movements of the sacrum within the pelvis are complex and often overlooked in chiropractic care. They are difficult to differentiate from other sacroiliac joint problems; however, once the pelvis is aligned, the remaining restrictions of the sacrum and coccyx are more straightforward to assess. The sacrum can be readily evaluated using the craniosacral rhythm (CSR).

The Womb As a Classroom
(March 27th, 2014)
By: Nina Staneva
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

http://spisanie8.com/topics/mysteries/2389-the-womb-as-a-classroom.html Our health, emotional responses, intelligence and even our artistic talents are laid down in the 9 months between conception and birth Even before a person is born, they are equipped with crucial knowledge of the world. They have gained that knowledge through the mother, who serves as a medium "transmitting" via biochemical signals information from the outside world. Everything the mother eats and the emotions she experiences influence the child and long before it is born into this world, the baby is prepared for some situations. The latest research in prenatal psychology sheds light on the experience we gain during the nine months spent in our mother`s womb.

The Sound of Silence
(December 1st, 2003)
By: Julian Cowan Hill
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

After receiving help for his tinnitus through CranioSacral Therapy he decided to become a therapist and create a study of how CST can help patience experiencing this challenging condition.

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome - Fact Sheet
(October 27th, 2015)
By: Editor - National Institute Neurological Disorders and Strokes
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article found on the website for National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Strokes gives information on Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) ; symptoms, causes, and possible treatment options. The online article can be found at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/reflex_sympathetic_dystrophy/detail_reflex_sympathetic_dystrophy.htm

The Effect of General Osteopathic Treatment on pain in Veterans Diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
(May 1st, 2014)
By: Andrea Kim Mounce-Halasz
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In May of 2014 Andrea Kim Mounce-Halasz successfully defended for the College Etudes Osteopathique(Canadian College of Osteopathy) her thesis entitled: The Effect of General Osteopathic Treatment on pain in Veterans Diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. This thesis was awarded the William Garner Sutherland Award. They hypothesis: General osteopathic treatment will reduce pain in veterans diagnosed with post traumatic stress disorder.

The Brain-Gut Connection for Mental Well-being
(October 22nd, 2015)
By: Editor - Fractal Enlightenment
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article describes why changes to your diet, stress levels, and therefore the environment in your gut can create changes to your brain and brain function. http://fractalenlightenment.com/28429/life/the-brain-gut-connection-for-mental-well-being

Considering CranioSacral Therapy in Difficult Situations
(August 1st, 2001)
By: Carol Brussel, BA, IBCLC
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This articles asserts that babies who seem unable or unwilling to nurse at birth and babies who are unable to nurse properly may benefit from CranioSacral Therapy. And that CST is an option when traditional techniques for correcting latch-on problems are not completely successful.

CranioSacral Therapy for Infants
(January 1st, 2015)
By: Editor- Birth Injury Guide
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this article CranioSacral Therapys (CST) is described as well as how it can help some of the cranial injuries sustained by infants during birth. Some of the issues that CST can help treat are: Vomiting Seizures Fine motor skills problems Torticollis Cerebral palsy Down’s Syndrome ADD or ADHD Erb’s palsy Colic Klumpke’s palsy Reflux Constipation Teething problems Acid reflux Misshapen head Ear pain It also explains how CST can help with feeding issues.

The Connections Between Emotional Stress, Trauma and Physical Pain
(April 8th, 2010)
By: Susanne Babbel, PhD, MFT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The author states "Since trauma has been found to have a strong correlation to chronic pain, a combination of psychotherapy and physical therapy would be the most logical pain management option for stress and chronic pain relief. Psychotherapy that uses imagery, addresses the nervous system, and facilitates cognitive behavioral therapy is recommended." CranioSacral Therapy was mentioned as one of the recommended treatments as it helps to calm the nervous system.

Craniosacral Therapy Helps PTSD
(October 16th, 2015)
By: Gloria Flores HHP, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article discusses Craniosacral Therapy as a proven way to address a myriad of health problems, specifically those with PTSD. The author believes this is because it contributes to general health and well-being by increasing the body&#39;s natural ability to heal old wounds and traumas.

Craniosacral Therapy for the Treatment of Chronic Neck Pain: A Randomized Sham-controlled Trial
(September 1st, 2015)
By: Research: Haller H, Cramer H, Lauche R, Rampp T, Saha F, Ostermann T, Dobos G.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Clinical Journal of Pain Abstract link: http://journals.lww.com/clinicalpain/Abstract/publishahead/Craniosacral_Therapy_for_the_Treatment_of_Chronic.99251.aspx# CST was both specifically effective and safe in reducing neck pain intensity and may improve functional disability and quality of life up to 3 months post intervention

Researchers Find Textbook-Altering Link Between Brain, Immune System
(June 1st, 2015)
By: Josh Barney
Curriculum/s: Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

This article discusses a new finding of a structure in the human body that in the past was not seen. This structure links the brain to the lymph system through vessels. This has immense potential for new research in neuro-immune reactions.

TIME’S 100 INNOVATORS OF THE NEXT MILLENIUM
(April 16th, 2001)
By: Time Magazine
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dr. John E. Upledger and Jean-Pierre Barral were chosen as two of the top 100 Innovators of the new Millennium by Time Magazine. They were singled out due to their work in CranioSacral Therapy and Visceral Manipulation.

Neurons and Glia - An Essential Partnership
(September 3rd, 2015)
By: Tad Wanveer LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article describes the four primary types of glia within the CNS (astrocytes, ependymal cells, oligodendrocytes, and microglia) and how each of these glial cell types function.

Total Body Balancing An Integrative Approach to Optimum Treatment and Balance
(September 3rd, 2015)
By: Kerry D’Ambrogio D.O.M., A.P., P.T., D.O.-M.T.P.
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

Written by the developer of Total Body Balancing (TBB), this article presents the full-body evaluation and five-phase treatment approach of TBB. The philosophy, principles and concepts are presented, which highlight how this approach influences all systems of the body - craniosacral, lymphatic, musculoskeletal, myofascial, and visceral, which supports the integration of specific techniques and treatments.

PTSD could be treated with Craniosacral Therapy according to a research study
(August 21st, 2009)
By: American Association of Naturopathic Physicians
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article explains that according to Dr. Chavez, CranioSacral Therapy can be an effective treatment for trauma including PTSD.

Prospective study of superior cluneal nerve disorder as a potential cause of low back pain and leg symptoms.
(December 31st, 2013)
By: Kuniya H, Aota Y, Kawai T, Kaneko K, Konno T, Saito T
Curriculum/s: Neural Manipulation,

Link to online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25551470 The conclusion to this article is that the superior cluneal nerve (SCN) disorder is not a rare clinical entity and should be considered as a cause of chronic LBP or leg pain. Approximately 50% of SCN disorder patients had leg symptoms.

Parkinson&#39;s may Begin in Gut and Spread to the Brain Via the Vagus Nerve
(June 23rd, 2015)
By: Elisabeth Svensson PhD, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó PhD, Reimar W Thomsen PhD, Jens Christian Djurhuus DMSc, Lars Pedersen PhD, Per Borghammer DMSc and Henrik Toft Sørensen DMSc
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation,

The research has presented strong evidence that Parkinson’s disease begins in the gastrointestinal tract and spreads via the vagus nerve to the brain. Many patients have also suffered from gastrointestinal symptoms before the Parkinson’s diagnosis is made. “Now that we have found an association between the vagus nerve and the development of Parkinson’s disease, it is important to carry out research into the factors that may trigger this neurological degeneration, so that we can prevent the development of the disease. To be able to do this will naturally be a major breakthrough,” says Elisabeth Svensson.

Parkinson’s May Begin in Gut and Spread to the Brain Via the Vagus Nerve
(June 23rd, 2015)
By: Elisabeth Svensson
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Previous hypotheses about the relationship between Parkinson’s and the vagus nerve have led to animal studies and cell studies in the field. However, the current study is the first and largest epidemiological study in humans. The research project is an important piece of the puzzle in terms of the causes of the disease. In the future the researchers expect to be able to use the new knowledge to identify risk factors for Parkinson’s disease and thus prevent the disease. The interpretation of this study is that the full truncal vagotomy is associated with a decreased risk for subsequent PD, suggesting that the vagal nerve may be critically involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson&#39;s Disease.

A Comparison of Still Point Induction to Massage Therapy in Reducing Pain and Increasing Comfort in Chronic Pain
(January 1st, 2014)
By: Carolyn S. Townsend, DNP, RN, WHNP-BC, CNE; Elizabeth Bonham, PhD, RN, PMHCNS, BC; Linda Chase, PhD, RN; Jennifer Dunscomb, MSN, RN; Susan McAlister, DNP, RN
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A quantitative study was completed to determine whether complementary techniques provide pain relief and comfort in patients with chronic pain. Subjects participated in sessions including aromatherapy and music therapy. Massage or cranial still point induction was randomly assigned. Statistically significant improvement in pain and comfort was noted in both groups.

A systematic review to evaluate the clinical benefits of craniosacral therapy
(August 24th, 2012)
By: Anna Jakel, Philip von Hauenschild
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Summary Objective Craniosacral therapy (CST) is an alternative treatment approach, aiming to release restrictions around the spinal cord and brain and subsequently restore body function. A previously conducted systematic review did not obtain valid scientific evidence that CST was beneficial to patients. The aim of this review was to identify and critically evaluate the available literature regarding CST and to determine the clinical benefit of CST in the treatment of patients with a variety of clinical conditions. Methods Computerised literature searches were performed in Embase/Medline, Medline® In-Process, The Cochrane library, CINAHL, and AMED from database start to April 2011. Studies were identified according to pre-defined eligibility criteria. This included studies describing observational or randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in which CST as the only treatment method was used, and studies published in the English language. The methodological quality of the trials was assessed using the Downs and Black checklist. Results Only seven studies met the inclusion criteria, of which three studies were RCTs and four were of observational study design. Positive clinical outcomes were reported for pain reduction and improvement in general well-being of patients. Methodological Downs and Black quality scores ranged from 2 to 22 points out of a theoretical maximum of 27 points, with RCTs showing the highest overall scores. Conclusion This review revealed the paucity of CST research in patients with different clinical pathologies. CST assessment is feasible in RCTs and has the potential of providing valuable outcomes to further support clinical decision making. However, due to the current moderate methodological quality of the included studies, further research is needed.

Effect of craniosacral therapy on lower urinary tract signs and symptoms in multiple sclerosis
(June 1st, 2009)
By: Gil Raviv a,b,*, Shai Shefi a , Dalia Nizani b , Anat Achiron b
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract: To examine whether craniosacral therapy improves lower urinary tract symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. A prospective cohort study. Out-patient clinic of multiple sclerosis center in a referral medical center. Hands on craniosacral therapy (CST). Change in lower urinary tract symptoms, post voiding residual volume and quality of life. Patients from our multiple sclerosis clinic were assessed before and after craniosacral therapy. Evaluation included neurological examination, disability status determination, ultrasonographic post voiding residual volume estimation and questionnaires regarding lower urinary tract symptoms and quality of life. Twenty eight patients met eligibility criteria and were included in this study. Comparison of post voiding residual volume, lower urinary tract symptoms and quality of life before and after craniosacral therapy revealed a significant improvement (0.001 > p > 0.0001). CST was found to be an effective means for treating lower urinary tract symptoms and improving quality of life in MS patients.

10 Influential Women Share the Wellness Practices They Learned From Their Mothers
(May 7th, 2015)
By: Jamie McKillop
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article from Yahoo Beauty page from Well + Good asked 10 Women in the fashion and Beauty industry what things they learned from their mothers to keep them well. One woman, Tata Harper, found of Tata Harper Skincare, had this to say about CranioSacral Therapy: ”Cranial sacral massage is a wellness practice that my mother shared with me that I’ve really found to be helpful. It’s not your typical form of massage that involves muscle work, it’s all about aligning your brain and spinal fluids. It’s mainly used to reduce stress and tension and to bring your energy back into alignment. The results are very mental. It’s so easy to get overly stressed about things that don’t really matter, so cranialsacral treatments help shift my brain back to a place where my priorities are aligned and my stress is reduced.“<strong></strong>

The relationship of craniosacral examination findings in grade school children with developmental problems
(June 1st, 1978)
By: John E. Upledger, DO, FAAO
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The conclusion of this article: 1. The use of standardized quantifiable craniosacral motion examination represents a practical approach to the study of relationships between craniosacral motion restrictions and a variety of health problems which may or may not be related to the central nervous function. 2. In general, the accuracy of school authorities&#39; opinions which classify children as "normal" or "not normal" are supported by these data points. 3. The probabilities calculated support the existence of a positive relationship between elevated total craniosacral motion restriction scores and classification of "not normal," "behavioral problems," and "learning disabled" by school authorities, and motor coordination problems, as diagnosed by the MSU Motor Coordination Clinic. 4. There is a positive relationship between an elevated total craniosacral motion restriction score and a history of an obstetrically complicated delivery. 5. The total quantitative craniosacral motion restriction score is most positively related to those children presenting with multiple problems.

Mechano electric patterns during craniosacral osteopathic diagnosis and treatment
(July 2nd, 1979)
By: John E. Upledger, DO, FAAO
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Cranial osteopathic manipulative diagnosis and treatment is associated with palpatory sensations perceived by the cranially oriented osteopathic physician at various locations on the patient&#39;s body. The nature of these palpatory sensations and ranges from smooth, regular, and rhythmic to quick, jerky and/or irregular motion. A study of mechano-electric measurements performed on patients in an inactive state of the body shows that distinct strain gauge, electrocardiography, electromyography, and integrated-electromyography, patterns correspond with each one of the palpatory sensations. This correlation far exceeds random probability.

The Principles of Palpatory Diagnosis and Manipulative Technique
(June 17th, 2015)
By: Edited by Myron C. Beal, DO, FAAO
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This Academy publication is devoted to materials dealing with the training of manipulative skills. It is designed to be a resource for students, teachers, and physicians in practice. Included in this volume are the glossary of terminology, objectives for a core curriculum from the document by the Educational Council on Osteopathic Principles, the principles of psychomotor skills teaching, a discussion of practical examinations in osteopathic skills, osteopathic diagnosis and manipulative treatment, articles on osteopathic research, and a listing of textbooks on manipulation and other educational items. In selecting materials for this volume, I have tried to include those which are basic to the teaching of osteopathic skills. They represent a personal judgement based upon my experience as a teacher of osteopathic palpatory and treatment skills. The contents of this yearbook have been reviewed by several other osteopathic educators to try and obtain a broad consensus on the materials to be included. However, after reviewing the educational syllabi of several colleges, I am aware that each college employs and orders materials for their curriculum in an individual manner. Thus, I am sure that I have inadvertently left out items which other osteopathic educators would have included. The intent of this book is to be selective of the large amount of resource material available. The reader shall judge whether I have succeeded in presenting the pertinent materials dealing with manipulative skills training. Myron C. Beal, D.O., F.A.A.O.

Thoracic outlet syndrome--a myofascial variant
(March 1st, 1993)
By: BENJAMIN M. SUCHER, DO DEBORAH M. HEATH, DO
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Thoracic outlet syndrome involves more than just local neurovascular compression. Myofascial release treatments and stretching exercises may be only partially or temporarily successful unless all related components of somatic dysfunction, including craniosacral mechanisms, are addressed. Structural and postural abnormalities in the frontal plane, as with a short leg, and in the sagittal plane, such as lumbopelvic imbalances, as well as neural involvement all contribute to thoracic outlet syndrome symptoms. Once segmental restrictions are treated and symptoms diminish, postural correction and strengthening exercises may be initiated. Osteopathic diagnosis and treatment of the local, regional, and remote structural problems is necessary for optimal treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome and the maintenance of a symptom-free status.

The craniosacral mechanism and the temporomandibular joint
(August 1st, 1986)
By: STEPHEN D. BLOOD, DD., FAAO Alexandria, Virginia
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A review of the extensive work by dentists Fonder and Smith to resolve temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome shows awareness of the unity of the body and the effect of TMJ dysfunction on all body systems. However, the role of the craniosacral mechanism has not been appreciated sufficiently. Results of a retrospective study of 130 TMJ patients evaluated for craniosacral dysfunction over a 9-year-period are reported. More than 57 percent of the patients had a history of trauma. The number of upper cervical restrictions was also impressive. A viscerosomatic reflex is postulated as a mechanism for the association of cervical and cranial restrictions and TMJ dysfunction. Osteopathic cranial treatment will assist resolution of TMJ symptoms and improve results with the dental splint. The benefits of a team approach by dentists and physicians are discussed

Layers of the abdominal wall: anatomical investigation of subcutaneous tissue and superficial fascia
(December 23rd, 2010)
By: Luca Lancerotto • Carla Stecco • Veronica Macchi • Andrea Porzionato • Antonio Stecco • Raffaele De Caro
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Abstract: Introduction In recent times new surgical approaches have been developed, in which subcutaneous tissue is the primary object, such as flaps and fat removal techniques, but different descriptions and abundance of terminology persist in Literature about this tissue. Aim and methods In order to investigate the structure of abdominal subcutaneous tissue, macroscopic and microscopic analyses of its layers were performed in 10 fresh cadavers. Results were compared with in vivo CT images of the abdomen of 10 subjects. Results The subcutaneous tissue of the abdomen comprises three layers: a superficial adipose layer (SAT), a membranous layer, and a deep adipose layer (DAT). The SAT presented fibrous septa that defined polygonal-oval lobes of fat cells with a mean circularity factor of 0.856 ± 0.113. The membranous layer is a continuous fibrous membrane rich in elastic fibers with a mean thickness of 847.4 ± 295 lm. In the DAT the fibrous septa were predominantly obliquely-horizontally oriented, defining large, flat, polygonal lobes of fat cells (circularity factor: mean 0.473 ± 0.07). The CT scans confirm these findings, showing a variation of the thickness of the SAT, DAT and membranous layer according with the subjects and with the regions. Discussion: The distinction of SAT and DAT and their anatomic differences are key elements in modern approaches to liposuction. The membranous layer appears to be also a dissection plane which merits further attention. According with the revision of Literature, the Authors propose that the term ‘‘superficial fascia’’ should only be used as a synonym for the membranous layer.

Morphology, quality, and composition in mature human peritoneal adhesions
(June 29th, 2007)
By: Marcel Binnebösel & Uwe Klinge & Rafael Rosch & Karsten Junge & Petra Lynen-Jansen & Volker Schumpelick
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Abstract Background and aim Peritoneal adhesions are caused by intra-abdominal surgery and can lead to relevant complications. Adhesions are supposed to consist of avascular scar tissue. The aim of the present study was to analyze whether mature postsurgical adhesions even after years still reveal a dynamic remodeling process. Materials and methods In a prospective analysis, we investigated tissue specimen of peritoneal adhesions in 40 patients after abdominal surgery. Expression of five parameters representing wound healing and remodeling were examined (MMP-2, Ki-67, apoptosis, collagen/protein ratio, and collagen type I/III ratio). Results Gender, age, and the number of previous operations had no impact on the parameters measured. Adhesion specimens were cell rich, containing mononuclear round cells, fibroblasts, adipose cells, and vascular endothelial cells. There was a positive expression of MMP-2 and apoptosis, whereas Ki-67 was marginal irrespective of adhesion maturity or quality. Adhesions classified as dense showed a significant increase in total collagen (118.2± 4.9 μg/mg) and collagen type I/III ratios (3.9±0.2), whereas there were no significant differences regarding the adhesion maturity. Conclusion The distinct composition of cellular components as well as of extracellular matrix proteins may reflect an interactive cross-talk between adhesion- and stromaderived cells even in mature adhesions. Our findings support the hypothesis that the disabilities of appropriate repair of the peritoneal surface leading to persistent adhesions are a consequence of a permanent process of disturbed remodeling.

The Formation of Peritoneal Adhesions
(June 1st, 2015)
By: Christian DellaCorte, Ph.D., C.M.T.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This article discusses peritoneal adhesions and re-epithelialization and suggested that the rate of injury determines the rate and extent of the inflammatory response to that injury.

3D reconstruction of the crural and thoracolumbar fasciae
(January 4th, 2011)
By: L. Benetazzo • A. Bizzego • R. De Caro • G. Frigo • D. Guidolin • C. Stecco
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing,

Abstract Purpose To create computerized three-dimensional models of the crural fascia and of the superficial layer of the thoracolumbar fascia. Methods Serial sections of these two fasciae, stained with Azan-Mallory, van Gieson and anti-S100 antibody stains,were recorded. The resulting images were merged (Image Zone 5.0 software) and aligned (MatLab Image Processing Toolkit). Color thresholding was applied to identify the structures of interest. 3D models were obtained with Tcl/Tk scripts and Paraview 3.2.1 software. From these models,the morphometric features of these fasciae were evaluated with ImageJ. Results In the crural fascia, collagen fibers represent less than 20% of the total volume, arranged in three distinct sub-layers (mean thickness, 115 lm), separated by a layer of loose connective tissue (mean thickness, 43 lm). Inside a single sub-layer, all the fibers are parallel, whereas the angle between the fibers of adjacent layers is about 78. Elastic fibers are less than 1%. Nervous fibers are mostly concentrated in the middle layer. The superficial layer of the thoracolumbar fascia is also formed of three thinner sub-layers, but only the superficial one is similar to the crural fascia sub-layers, the intermediate one is similar to a flat tendon, and the deep one is formed of loose connective tissue. Only the superficial sub-layer has rich innervation and a few elastic fibers. Discussion Computerized three-dimensional models provide a detailed representation of the fascial structure, for better understanding of the interactions among the different components. This is a fundamental step in understanding the mechanical behavior of the fasciae and their role in pathology.

CST for Kids with Special Needs
(September 28th, 2014)
By: Nancy Shatz Alton
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article describes what CranioSacral Therapy (CST) is in layman terms as it relates to working with children. It also explains that children all along the spectrum of autism and learning disabilities, including ADD, ADHD, dyslexia and dyscalculia respond well to CST.

The Structure and Development of Cranial and Facial Sutures
(June 9th, 2015)
By: J. J. PRITCHARD, J. H. SCOTT AND F. G. GIRGIS Anatomy Department, Queen&#39;s University, Belfast
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The cranial sutures are full examined and its structure and development described.

Histological techniques for cranial bone studies
(February 2nd, 1976)
By: JOHN P. POPEVEC, D. o. THOMAS P. BIGGERT, B.A. ERNEST W. RETZLAFF, PH.D. Department of Biomechanics Michigan State University—College of Osteopathic Medicine East Lansing, Michigan
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Proceedings: histological techniques for cranial bone studies Author: Popevec JP; Biggert TP; Retzlaff EW; Department of Biomechanics, Michigan State University-College of Osteopathic Medicine, East Lansing, Michigan, USA Subject(s): Animal; Haplorhini; Saimiri; Skull; Staining Journal Info: JAOA: The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association v. 75, pt. 6 (1976 Feb), p. 606-607; J Am Osteopath Assoc; JAOA

Cranial findings and iatrogenesis from craniosacral manipulation in patients with traumatic brain syndrome
(March 1st, 1995)
By: PHILIP E. GREENMAN, DO JOHN M. McPARTLAND, DO, MS
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Cranial findings and iatrogenesis from craniosacral manipulation in patients with traumatic brain syndrome Abstract: Craniosacral findings were recorded for all patients with traumatic brain injury entering an outpatient rehabilitation program between 1978 and 1992. The average cranial rhythmic impulse was low in all 55 patients (average, 7.2 c/min). At least one cranial strain pattern was exhibited by 95%, and 87% had one or more bony motion restrictions. Sacral findings were similar to those in patients with low back pain. Although craniosacral manipulation has been found empirically useful in patients with traumatic brain injury, three cases of iatrogenesis occurred. The incidence rate is low (5%), but the practitioner must be prepared to deal with the possibility of adverse reactions. (Key words: Craniosacral manipulation, traumatic brain injury, iatrogenesis, manual medicine) Author: Greenman, Philip E.; McPartland, John M. Date: 1995 Publisher: American Osteopathic Association; Chicago Relation: JAOA Vol. 95, no.3 (March1995) p. 182-192

Classification of diagnostic tests used with osteopathic manipulation
(June 9th, 2015)
By: Dinnar, Uri; Beal, Myron C.; Goodridge, John P.; Johnston, William L.; Karni, Zvi; Mitchell, Frederic L.; Upledger, John E.; McConnell, David G.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Classification of diagnostic tests used with osteopathic manipulation Abstract: In an effort to characterize methods and decision-making used in osteopathic manipulative diagnosis, videotapes were made of a group of osteopathic physicians individually examining patients who complained of pain considered to be related to musculoskeletal problems. The diagnostic tests used fell into five classes: I—General impression; II—Regional motion testing; III—Position of landmarks; IV—Superficial and deep tissue evaluation; and V—Local response to motion demand. The first three classes are not unique to osteopathic diagnosis. Tests in classes IV and V, however, require high levels of sensory skill and precise anatomic knowledge and are subject to considerable individuality in their application by different physicians. Such differences are consistent with low levels of interexaminer agreement on findings unless special care is taken to adopt detailed criteria for use of a test and for interpretation and recording of findings. The differences may also explain why osteopathic physicians when communicating with other medical professionals rely mainly upon findings obtained with the first three classes of tests. Author: Dinnar, Uri; Beal, Myron C.; Goodridge, John P.; Johnston, William L.; Karni, Zvi; Mitchell, Frederic L.; Upledger, John E.; McConnell, David G. Date: 1980 Publisher: American Osteopathic Association; Chicago Relation: JAOA Vol. 79, no.7 (March1980) p. 451/71-455/79

Autistic children: Preliminary physiologic, structural, and craniosacral evaluations
(October 1st, 1979)
By: Upledger, John E.; Vredevoogd, Jon D.; Retzlaff, Ernest; Raynesford, Alice K.; Howard, Thomas F.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Autistic children - Preliminary physiologic, structural, and craniosacral Abstract: The Twenty-Third National Osteopathic Research Conference was held on March 15-17, 1979, at the Holiday Inn, Chicago City Center. Part 3 of the Proceedings appeared in the September JAOA. Publication will continue in the November JAOA. Author: Upledger, John E.; Vredevoogd, Jon D.; Retzlaff, Ernest; Raynesford, Alice K.; Howard, Thomas F. Date: 1979 Publisher: American Osteopathic Association; Chicago Relation: JAOA Vol. 79, no.2 (October1979) p. 123/114-123/114

The reproducibility of craniosacral examination findingsa statistical analysis
(August 1st, 1977)
By: Upledger, John E.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The reproducibility of craniosacral examination findings - a statistical analysis Abstract: A statistical analysis of the data derived from 50 craniosacral examinations on 25 preschool children is presented. These data would seem to support the reliability and reproducibility of the examination findings when the examinations are performed by skilled examiners. During all 50 examinations, the rate of the cranial rhythmical impulse (CRI) was counted and compared with the pulse and respiratory rates of both the subject and the examiner. The results of this comparison would tend to help establish the CRI as an independent physiologic rhythm. A single-blind protocol was employed. All reasonable precautions were taken to control variables. Author: Upledger, John E. Date: 1977 Publisher: American Osteopathic Association; Chicago Relation: JAOA Vol. 76, no.12 (August1977) p. 890/67-899/76

JAOA book reviews-Pressure points-by JEU 1978
(October 1st, 1978)
By: JAOA
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Book reviews are given on several topics

Letter to Editor against CS Findings in Children Research and JEU response
(February 1st, 1979)
By: John E. Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this letter to the editor, Dr. John E Upledger responds to the srticle by Dr. Northup: "The relationship of craniosacral examination findings in grade school children with developmental problems" (JAOA 77:760-76, June 1978) by John E. Upledger failed to meet the normal standards of research design necessary to a scientific paper.

Age-related changes in human cranial sutures
(September 3rd, 1979)
By: ERNEST RETZLAFF, PH.D. JOHN UPLEDGER, D.O. FRED L. MITCHELL, D.O. JANE WALSH, B.S. JON VREDEVOODG, MFA Michigan State University—College of Osteopathic Medicine East Lansing, Michigan
Curriculum/s:

Age-related changes in human cranial sutures Abstract: The Twenty-Third National Osteopathic Research Conference was held on March 15-17, 1979, at the Holiday Inn, Chicago City Center. Part 2 of the Proceedings appeared in the September JAOA. Publication will continue in the October JAOA. Author: Retzlaff, Ernest; Upledger, John; Mitchell, Fred L.; Walsh, Jane; Vredevoodg, Jon Date: 1979 Publisher: American Osteopathic Association; Chicago Relation: JAOA Vol. 79, no.1 (September1979) p. 60/114-61/115

The structures of cranial bone sutures
(February 1st, 1976)
By: Retzlaff, Ernest W.; Michael, David; Roppel, Richard; Mitchell, Fred
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The structures of cranial bone sutures - attached Author: Retzlaff, Ernest W.; Michael, David; Roppel, Richard; Mitchell, Fred There are few studies on cranial bone sutures which have utilized modern histologic techniques. One of the most informative studies on the structure and the development of mammalian cranial sutures was done by Pritchard, Scott, and Girgis in 1956." Their primary concern was the development of the suture, so there was limited discussion of the adult structure. However, this report provided us with a starting point for our investigation. Date: 1976 Publisher: American Osteopathic Association; Chicago Relation: JAOA Vol. 75, no.6 (February1976) p. 607/106-608/108

The Controversy of Cranial Bone Motion
(June 9th, 2015)
By: Rogers JS; Witt PL; Sutherland WG; Upledger JE
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

CONCLUSION Anatomic studies on sutural union provide evidence that sutures may not fuse until late in life and perhaps not at all in some cases. Biomechanical evidence clearly shows that adult human suture has properties very distinct from that of cranial bone, making it highly improbable that sutures are completely ossified as some authorities have contended. Research on cranial bone motion has shown that cranial sutures may play a significant role in cranial compliance to increases in intracranial pressure in adult humans and animals, indicating the need for revisiting the concept of a physiologically rigid cranium. Therefore, a small magnitude of motion may be possible between the bones of the cranium. However, a number of those published studies supporting cranial bone motion lacked evidence of scientific rigor. Physical therapists should carefully scrutinize the literature presented as evidence for cranial bone motion. Further research is needed to resolve this controversy. Outcomes research, however, is needed to validate cranial bone mobilization as an effective treatment.

Cranial Findings and Iatrogenesis from Craniosacral Manipulation in Patients with Traumatic Brain Syndrome
(June 9th, 2015)
By: Greenman, Philip E.; McPartland, John M.
Curriculum/s:

Cranial Findings and Iatrogenesis from Craniosacral Manipulation in Patients with Traumatic Brain Syndrome Abstract: Craniosacral findings were recorded for all patients with traumatic brain injury entering an outpatient rehabilitation program between 1978 and 1992. The average cranial rhythmic impulse was low in all 55 patients (average, 7.2 c/min). At least one cranial strain pattern was exhibited by 95%, and 87% had one or more bony motion restrictions. Sacral findings were similar to those in patients with low back pain. Although craniosacral manipulation has been found empirically useful in patients with traumatic brain injury, three cases of iatrogenesis occurred. The incidence rate is low (5%), but the practitioner must be prepared to deal with the possibility of adverse reactions. (Key words: Craniosacral manipulation, traumatic brain injury, iatrogenesis, manual medicine) Author: Greenman, Philip E.; McPartland, John M. Date: 1995 Publisher: American Osteopathic Association; Chicago Relation: JAOA Vol. 95, no.3 (March1995) p. 182-192

The Relationship of Craniosacral Examination Findings in Grade School Children with Developmental Problems -
(June 9th, 2015)
By: Upledger, John E.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The Relationship of Craniosacral Examination Findings in Grade School Children with Developmental Problems - Abstract: A standardized craniosacral examination was conducted on a mixed sample of 203 grade school children. The probabilities calculated supported the existence of a positive relationship between elevated total craniosacral motion restriction scores and the classifications of "not normal," "behavioral problems," and "learning disabled," by school authorities, and of motion coordination problems. There was also a positive relationship between an elevated total craniosacral motion restriction score and a history of an obstetrically complicated delivery. The total quantitative craniosacral motion restriction score was most positively related to those children presenting with multiple problems. Author: Upledger, John E. Date: 1978 Publisher: American Osteopathic Association; Chicago Relation: JAOA Vol. 77, no.10 (June1978) p. 760/69-776/85

Description of fifty diagnostic tests used with osteopathic manipulation
(January 1st, 1982)
By: Dinnar, Uri; Beal, Myron C.; Goodridge, John P.; Johnston, William L.; Karni, Zvi; Mitchell Jr., Fred L.; Upledger, John E.; McConnell, David G.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Description of fifty diagnostic tests used with osteopathic manipulation - Abstract: Fifty diagnostic tests used during videotaped examination and treatment of patients with low back complaint by five osteopathic physicians are described. The tests have been assigned to five classes: general impression, regional motion testing, position of landmarks, superficial and deep tissue evaluation, and local response to motion demand. Considerable variation was encountered among the physicians in choice of test and use of a single test in one or more modes or test class. Test selection and sequence were influenced by the conceptual orientation of the physician, patient position, outcome of previous tests, the status of developing hypotheses about the patient&#39;s problem(s), and the accessibility of the problem to treatment and to monitoring of its progress. Distinctions among the fifty tests and differentiation between treatment and diagnostic tests were often obscured. Nevertheless, each physician appeared to follow an orderly process of diagnostic inference leading to treatment. The tests and classification system provide a useful descriptive and analytical tool for research into osteopathic manipulation. Author: Dinnar, Uri; Beal, Myron C.; Goodridge, John P.; Johnston, William L.; Karni, Zvi; Mitchell Jr., Fred L.; Upledger, John E.; McConnell, David G. Date: 1982 Publisher: American Osteopathic Association; Chicago Relation: JAOA Vol. 81, no.5 (January1982) p. 314/79-321/86

Classification of Diagnostic Tests used with Osteopathic Manipulation
(January 1st, 1980)
By: Dinnar, Uri; Beal, Myron C.; Goodridge, John P.; Johnston, William L.; Karni, Zvi; Mitchell, Frederic L.; Upledger, John E.; McConnell, David G.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Classification of Diagnostic Tests used with Osteopathic Manipulation Abstract: In an effort to characterize methods and decision-making used in osteopathic manipulative diagnosis, videotapes were made of a group of osteopathic physicians individually examining patients who complained of pain considered to be related to musculoskeletal problems. The diagnostic tests used fell into five classes: I—General impression; II—Regional motion testing; III—Position of landmarks; IV—Superficial and deep tissue evaluation; and V—Local response to motion demand. The first three classes are not unique to osteopathic diagnosis. Tests in classes IV and V, however, require high levels of sensory skill and precise anatomic knowledge and are subject to considerable individuality in their application by different physicians. Such differences are consistent with low levels of interexaminer agreement on findings unless special care is taken to adopt detailed criteria for use of a test and for interpretation and recording of findings. The differences may also explain why osteopathic physicians when communicating with other medical professionals rely mainly upon findings obtained with the first three classes of tests. Author: Dinnar, Uri; Beal, Myron C.; Goodridge, John P.; Johnston, William L.; Karni, Zvi; Mitchell, Frederic L.; Upledger, John E.; McConnell, David G. Date: 1980 Publisher: American Osteopathic Association; Chicago Relation: JAOA Vol. 79, no.7 (March1980) p. 451/71-455/79

Mechano-electric Patterns During CranioSacral Osteopathic Diagnosis and Treatment
(June 9th, 2015)
By: Upldger, John E.; Karni, Zvi
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Mechano-electric Patterns During CranioSacral Osteopathic Diagnosis and Treatment Abstract: Cranial osteopathic manipulative diagnosis and treatment is associated with palpatory sensations perceived by the cranially oriented osteopathic physician at various locations on the patient&#39;s body. The nature of these palpatory sensations ranges from smooth, regular, and rhythmic to quick, jerky and/or irregular motion. A study of mechano-electric measurements performed on patients in an inactive state of the body shows that distinct strain gauge, electrocardiography, electromyography, and integrated-electromyography patterns correspond with each one of the palpatory sensations. This correlation far exceeds random probability. Author: Upledger, John E.; Karni, Zvi Date: 1979 Publisher: American Osteopathic Association; Chicago Relation: JAOA Vol. 78, no.11 (July1979) p. 782/49-791/58

CranioSacral Therapy - A New Kind of Pulse
(April 16th, 2001)
By: John Greenwald
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In the Alternative Medicine Section of TIME magazine, Innovators TIME 100: The Next Wave, Dr. John E. Upledger was interviewed and CranioSacral Therapy is explained.

Influence of Craniosacral Therapy on Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life in Patients with Fibromyalgia
(January 1st, 2011)
By: Mataran-Penarrocha, G.A., Castro-Sanchez, A.M., Carballo Garcıa, G., Moreno-Lorenzo, C., Parron Carreno, T., & Onieva Zafra, M.D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article studies the influence of Craniosacral Therapy on anxiety, depression and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia. Synopsis: Craniosacral therapy improves the quality of life of patients with fibromyalgia, reducing their perception of pain and fatigue and improving their night rest and mood, with an increase in physical function. Craniosacral therapy . . . also reduces anxiety levels, partially improving the depressive state.

A randomized controlled trial investigating the effects of craniosacral therapy on pain and heart rate variability in fibromyalgia patients
(January 1st, 2011)
By: Mataran-Penarrocha, G.A., Castro-Sanchez, A.M., Carballo Garcıa, G., Moreno-Lorenzo, C., Parron Carreno, T., & Onieva Zafra, M.D.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article explores the influence of Craniosacral Therapy on anxiety, depression and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia. Synopsis: Craniosacral therapy improves the quality of life of patients with fibromyalgia, reducing their perception of pain and fatigue and improving their night rest and mood, with an increase in physical function. Craniosacral therapy . . . also reduces anxiety levels, partially improving the depressive state.

A Retrospective Review of Outcomes Following Physical Therapy Treatments of Fibromyalgia Patients
(January 1st, 2004)
By: Silva, M.P., Barrett, J.M., & Williams, J.D.
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain 2004; 12(2):83-92 This research article is a retrospective review of outcomes of fibromyalgia patients following physical therapy treatments. Synopsis: Upledger’s CranioSacral Therapy techniques, in combination with muscle energy techniques, appear to be effective in treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome. Pain levels were reduced with time in therapy in nearly all the patients. Many reported improved energy levels and quality of life.

Credibility of Low-Strength Static Magnet Therapy as an Attention Control Intervention for a Randomized Controlled Study of CranioSacral Therapy for Migraine Headaches
(April 1st, 2011)
By: Mataran-Penarrocha, G.A., Castro-Sanchez, A.M., Carballo Garcıa, G., Moreno-Lorenzo, C., Parron Carreno, T., & Onieva Zafra, M.D.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Influence of Craniosacral Therapy on anxiety, depression and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2011; article ID 178769. Synopsis: Craniosacral therapy improves the quality of life of patients with fibromyalgia, reducing their perception of pain and fatigue and improving their night rest and mood, with an increase in physical function. Craniosacral therapy . . . also reduces anxiety levels, partially improving the depressive state.

Comparison of still point induction to massage therapy in reducing pain and increasing comfort in chronic pain
(March 30th, 2014)
By: Townsend, C.S., Bonham, E., Chase, L. Dunscomb, J., & McAlister, S.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This study shows that both CranioSacral still point and massage therapy protocols resulted in statistically significant improvement in the participants’ self-reported pain and comfort scores.

Craniosacral Therapy for the Treatment of Chronic Neck Pain: A Follow-up Study
(May 20th, 2014)
By: Heidemarie Haller (1), Romy Lauche (1), Holger Cramer (1), Thomas Rampp (1), Felix J. Saha (1), Thomas Ostermann (2), Gustav J. Dobos (1)
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Follow up study showed that levels of anxiety were significantly less in the CST group. Craniosacral Therapy is more effective in relieving chronic, non-specific neck pain and in improving physical quality of life than an active attention-control condition.

A study of the rhythmic motions of the living cranium
(May 1st, 1971)
By: Viola Frymann, DO, FAAO
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This paper is intended to present the results of exploration of these three questions regarding an inherent motility of the cranium. Does such a motion really occur? Can it be mechanically recorded? If it exists, what is its relation to known physiologic functions? With regard to the first question, as to the existence of such a rhythmic motion, slower than and different from the thoracic respiratory rhythm, within the living cranium, those trained in skillful palpation of the human body have claimed for nearly 30 years that such inherent motility is detectable. The validity of the palpatory findings of persons with trained hands is, however, subject to question by those who lack such palpatory skill. The doubt is due primarily to the plausible hypothesis that the sense of touch will experience systematic tactile illusions when subjected to small cyclic motions.

Prospective study of superior cluneal nerve disorder as a potential cause of low back pain and leg symptoms.
(December 31st, 2014)
By: Kuniya H, Aota Y, Kawai T, Kaneko K, Konno T, Saito T
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The purposes of this prospective study were to investigate the prevalence of Superior Cluneal Nerve (SCN) disorder and to characterize clinical manifestations of this clinical entity. Conclusions SCN disorder is not a rare clinical entity and should be considered as a cause of chronic Low Back Paim (LBP) or leg pain. Approximately 50% of SCN disorder patients had leg symptoms.

UK Osteopathy Today March 2013 Interview with Jean-Pierre Barral
(March 1st, 2013)
By: Theresa Devereux, DO
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA,

French Osteopath, Jean-Pierre Barral, is in the spotlight as Theresa Devereaux asks him about visceral manipulation and his practice.

Influence of Craniosacral Therapy on Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life in Patients with Fibromyalgia
(July 1st, 2009)
By: Guillermo A. Mataran-Pe ´ narrocha, ˜ 1 Adelaida Mar´Ä±a Castro-Sanchez, ´ 2 Gloria Carballo Garc´Ä±a,3 Carmen Moreno-Lorenzo,1 Tesifon Parr ´ on Carre ´ no, ˜ 4 and Mar´Ä±a Dolores Onieva Zafra5
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Fibromyalgia is considered as a combination of physical, psychological and social disabilities. The causes of pathologic mechanism underlying fibromyalgia are unknown, but fibromyalgia may lead to reduced quality of life. The objective of this study was to analyze the repercussions of craniosacral therapy on depression, anxiety and quality of life in fibromyalgia patients with painful symptoms. An experimental, double-blind longitudinal clinical trial design was undertaken. Eighty-four patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia were randomly assigned to an intervention group (craniosacral therapy) or placebo group (simulated treatment with disconnected ultrasound). The treatment period was 25 weeks. Anxiety, pain, sleep quality, depression and quality of life were determined at baseline and at 10 minutes, 6 months and 1-year post-treatment. State anxiety and trait anxiety, pain, quality of life and Pittsburgh sleep quality index were significantly higher in the intervention versus placebo group after the treatment period and at the 6-month follow-up. However, at the 1-year follow-up, the groups only differed in the Pittsburgh sleep quality index. Approaching fibromyalgia by means of craniosacral therapy contributes to improving anxiety and quality of life levels in these patients.

Effect of craniosacral therapy on lower urinary tract signs and symptoms in multiple sclerosis
(January 1st, 2009)
By: Gil Raviv a,b,*, Shai Shefi a , Dalia Nizani b , Anat Achiron b
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract: To examine whether craniosacral therapy improves lower urinary tract symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. A prospective cohort study. Out-patient clinic of multiple sclerosis center in a referral medical center. Hands on craniosacral therapy (CST). Change in lower urinary tract symptoms, post voiding residual volume and quality of life. Patients from our multiple sclerosis clinic were assessed before and after craniosacral therapy. Evaluation included neurological examination, disability status determination, ultrasonographic post voiding residual volume estimation and questionnaires regarding lower urinary tract symptoms and quality of life. Twenty eight patients met eligibility criteria and were included in this study. Comparison of post voiding residual volume, lower urinary tract symptoms and quality of life before and after craniosacral therapy revealed a significant improvement (0.001 > p > 0.0001). CST was found to be an effective means for treating lower urinary tract symptoms and improving quality of life in MS patients.

Special Needs Kids Find Calm with Yoga Therapy
(September 2nd, 2014)
By: Aimee Heckel
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Debbie Stone, a mother of a special needs child with autism has now started a non-profit organization to help parents find affordable options for yoga and therapy for their special-needs children. Stone found that craniosacral therapy, nutrition, yoga and breath work eased her son&#39;s anxiety in new situations, taught him discipline to stay in one place and helped alleviate his rocking movements. The non-profit organization is calle Pop.Earth

In The Spotlight - Interview with Jean-Pierre Barral
(March 1st, 2013)
By: Theresa Devereaux
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA,

An interview with French Osteopath Jean-Pierre Barral that is delightful and insightful. A background on Dr. Barral is given and begins with his explanation of visceral osteopathy.

Treatment Preferences for Complimentary and Alternative Medicine in Children with Chronic Pain
(January 1st, 2007)
By: Jennie C. I. Tsao, Marcia Meldrum, Su C. Kim, Margaret C. Jacob, and Lonnie K. Zeltzer
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract CAM therapies have become increasingly popular in pediatric populations. Yet, little is known about children&#39;s preferences for CAM. This study examined treatment preferences in chronic pediatric pain patients offered a choice of CAM therapies for their pain. Participants were 129 children (94 girls) (mean age = 14.5 years ± 2.4; range = 8–18 years) presenting at a multidisciplinary, tertiary clinic specializing in pediatric chronic pain. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to examine the relationships between CAM treatment preferences and patient&#39;s sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, as well as their self-reported level of functioning. Over 60% of patients elected to try at least one CAM approach for pain. The most popular CAM therapies were biofeedback, yoga and hypnosis; the least popular were art therapy and energy healing, with craniosacral, acupuncture and massage being intermediate. Patients with a diagnosis of fibromyalgia (80%) were the most likely to try CAM versus those with other pain diagnoses. In multivariate analyses, pain duration emerged as a significant predictor of CAM preferences. For mind-based approaches (i.e. hypnosis, biofeedback and art therapy), pain duration and limitations in family activities were both significant predictors. When given a choice of CAM therapies, this sample of children with chronic pain, irrespective of pain diagnosis, preferred non-invasive approaches that enhanced relaxation and increased somatic control. Longer duration of pain and greater impairment in functioning, particularly during family activities increased the likelihood that such patients agreed to engage in CAM treatments, especially those that were categorized as mind-based modalities.

Influence of Craniosacral Therapy on Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life in Patients with Fibromyalgia
(July 22nd, 2009)
By: Guillermo A. Matarán-Peñarrocha,1 Adelaida María Castro-Sánchez,2 Gloria Carballo García,3 Carmen Moreno-Lorenzo,1 Tesifón Parrón Carreño,4 and María Dolores Onieva Zafra5
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract Fibromyalgia is considered as a combination of physical, psychological and social disabilities. The causes of pathologic mechanism underlying fibromyalgia are unknown, but fibromyalgia may lead to reduced quality of life. The objective of this study was to analyze the repercussions of craniosacral therapy on depression, anxiety and quality of life in fibromyalgia patients with painful symptoms. An experimental, double-blind longitudinal clinical trial design was undertaken. Eighty-four patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia were randomly assigned to an intervention group (craniosacral therapy) or placebo group (simulated treatment with disconnected ultrasound). The treatment period was 25 weeks. Anxiety, pain, sleep quality, depression and quality of life were determined at baseline and at 10 minutes, 6 months and 1-year post-treatment. State anxiety and trait anxiety, pain, quality of life and Pittsburgh sleep quality index were significantly higher in the intervention versus placebo group after the treatment period and at the 6-month follow-up. However, at the 1-year follow-up, the groups only differed in the Pittsburgh sleep quality index. Approaching fibromyalgia by means of craniosacral therapy contributes to improving anxiety and quality of life levels in these patients. FULL ARTICLE IS PROVIDED

UNWINDING THE MERIDIANS FOR HEALTH VITALITY AND CLARITY
(January 21st, 2000)
By: KENNETH R KOLES Ph.D.,D.Sc.,L.Ac.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this article the author explains how Unwinding the Meridians uses the craniosacral rhythm and meridian points to to tap into the body's wisdom and healing abilities. The techniques can give access to other levels and dimensions of healing by just feeling the points and meridians while consciously partnering with the patient's inner Qi to heal themselves.

Heart rate variability and the influence of craniosacral therapy on autonomous nervous system regulation in persons with subjective discomforts: a pilot study
(February 20th, 2015)
By: Wanda Girsberger, Ulricke Binziger, Gerhard Lingg, Harald Lothaller, Peter-Christian Endler
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The objective of this clinical research study was to determine any changes in heart rate variability (HRV) in a study on craniosacral therapy. The conclusion was that Craniosacral treatment had a favourable effect on autonomic nervous activity.

Craniosacral Therapy for Better Sleep Recent research reveals the restful benefits of craniosacral therapy
(February 20th, 2015)
By: Brandi-Ann Uyemura
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

According to the National Sleep Foundation "One in five American adults show signs of chronic sleep deprivation, making the condition a widespread public health problem. Sleeplessness is related to health issues such as obesity, cardiovascular problems, and memory problems." CranioSacral Therapy has shown to help people having trouble falling asleep and other sleep problems.

Parental Olfactory Experience Influences Behavior and Neural Structure in Subsequent Generations
(February 18th, 2015)
By: Brian G Dias & Kerry J Ressler
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Heart Centered Therapy,

New research has shown that it is possible for some information to be inherited biologically through chemical changes that occur in DNA. During the tests they learned that that mice can pass on learned information about traumatic or stressful experiences.

Baby with plagiocephaly
(January 28th, 2015)
By: Michelle Emanuel CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Personal Information: M.C. is a 6 month old female, twin gestation, born via planned c section. She was the presenting twin and was delivered first. There were no complications at time of delivery and no respiratory distress. This was the first pregnancy for her mother and it was uncomplicated and unremarkable. Both parents were involved in preparing for the babies and were delighted upon their arrival. Medical History: M.C&#39;s medical history was unremarkable with exception of head flattening and decreased tolerance to the tummy time I prone position. M.C. was referred to this CST by her pediatrician for plagiocephaly at the age of 4.5 months for these issues. Other information: M.C. did not receive treatment prior to her CST evaluation/treatment. M.C. &#39;s treatment was completed in 6 sessions. She was seen by this therapist on a once per week basis. Each session lasted a total of 60 minutes, and included talking with mom getting a weekly update on home activities. Actual treatment time per session ranged from 30 minutes to 45 minutes. M.C. was billed a total of$270.00. Mom and Dad both work for a large corporation and since M.C. had a referral from the pediatrician, their flexible spending account reimbursed 100% of the CST cost. The parents were going to consider helmet therapy if CST did not help to improve the shape ofM.C.&#39;s head, which could have cost the family up to 3 thousand dollars, and not entirely certain of insuranc reimbursement for her specific head measurements. Evaluation: Objective: Michelle Emanuel CST-D Case Histories M.C. was found to have a grade 5 plagiocephaly with right occiput flattening and temporal assymetry. Her right ear was higher and more anterior when compared to the left side. She had positive appearance of frontal bossing on the right. She presented with pelvic torsion and her right leg felt more stiff when compared to the left. Subjective: In my assessment, M.C.&#39; s head flattening was secondary to sleeping on her back with her head turned to her right for the first 4.5 months of her life. In addition to this, M.C. was not provided with tummy time activities, until initiation of treatment with this therapist. The emphasis of hands on treatment revolved around releasing the horizontal diaphragms and balancing the sphenoid with occiput, as the sphenoid had elements of a side bend, torsion and lateral strain and felt very tenacious initially. Gradually through the duraction of the sessions, which were spaced close together (less than two weeks), the tissue became softer and the sphenoid balanced out. Upon conclusion of CST, M.C. was found to have improved cranial symmetry and was classified as grade 2 plagiocephaly. Her transcranial diameter discrepency changed from 15 mm to -7mm. This is a remarkable improvement in a short period of time. M.C. &#39;s parents opted not to have her fitted for a helmet, secondary to their satisfaction with the outcome. Follow up: In real time, this child is now almost one year old. I just spoke to her mother at a local breakfast eatery. She reported that she has had another baby, and she has been very proactive with tummy time positioning, and changing the position that her new baby lays in, to prevent the head flattening problem. M.C. is doing very well and is beginning to take some steps with hand held assistance. Mom reported that she cannot tell that M.C. &#39;s head was flat at all.

A Controlled Camparison Between Manual Lymphatic Mapping (MLM) of Plantar Lymph Flow and Standard Physiological Maps Using Lymph Drainage Therapy (LDT)/Osteopathic Lymphatic Technique (OLT)
(December 16th, 2014)
By: Bruno Chikly, Jorgen Quaghebeur, and Walter Witryol
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

This research article explains some of the structures of the lymph system and outlines the objectives, method, results obtained through a study where a total of 393 newly &#39;trained&#39; manual practitioners were asked to feel the lymphatic flow of the foot and draw arrows showing the direction of the flow. These were then tested against an untrained group of manual therapists drawing the same.

A Controlled Comparison between Manual Lymphatic Mapping (MLM) of Plantar Lymph Flow and Standard Physiologic Maps Using Lymph Drainage Therapy (LDT)/Osteopathic Lymphatic Technique (OLT)
(December 16th, 2014)
By: Bruno Chikly, Jurgen Quaghebeur and Walter Witryol
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

This prospective study evaluates the potential of trained LDT/OLT practitioners to palpate superficial lymphatic flow with MLM. It shows that trained practitioners are able to provide maps of the soles of the feet of healthy volunteers.

The differences between VM, NM, MAA, and CST
(December 2nd, 2014)
By: IAHE
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Barral Visceral Manipulation (VM) and Neural Manipulation (NM) , as well as Upledger CranioSacral Therapy (CST), are based on osteopathic principles. They all rely on connecting with, listening to, and following the self-correcting mechanism of the body. This article gives a brief description of each technique and how each connects to this self-correcting mechanism of the body in different ways with the ultimate goal of relieving pain and dysfunction, while improving health and vitality.

The Foundation of Upledger Curriculum: CS1, CS2 and SER1
(December 2nd, 2014)
By: Avadhan Larson, LMT, LAc, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is a brief description of the 3 courses; CS1, CS2, and SER1, that make up the foundation of the CranioSacral Therapy curriculum and why it is important to attend and learn the techniques from each of these courses to completely and skillfully apply CST in your practice and support your client&#39;s self healing process.

Upledger Institute International Credo
(November 21st, 2014)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This credo was written by founder, Dr. John E. Upledger, and offers an insight to his beliefs and the goals of the Upledger Institute International.

To Relax You, Devices Apply Pressure to Points in the Neck
(November 17th, 2014)
By: Laura Johannes
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article briefly describes devices, such as the Upledger Institute International&#39;s Still Point Inducer, that can be used to help relax the body.

The Right Touch: CranioSacral Therapy for Kids with Special Needs
(October 1st, 2014)
By: Nancy Schatz Alton
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article briefly describes how CranioSacral Therapy can be improve socialization and other stresses for children wtih ADD, ADHD and autism.

CranioSacral Therapy for Babies
(November 14th, 2014)
By: Nancy Schatz Alton
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this article the ways in which CranioSacral Therapy can help babies and new moms are briefly describes. Also some of the symptoms and problems that new moms and babies can experience and that CST can address are listed.

UCLA study finds link between neural stem cell overgrowth and autism-like behavior in mice
(October 9th, 2014)
By: Mark Wheeler
Curriculum/s:

A new study in the journal Stem Cell Reports found that maternal inflammation could trigger the overgrowth of young nerve cells, which has been linked to the development of autism spectrum disorders. To simulate a maternal infection, researchers at UCLA injected pregnant mice with lipopolysaccharide, which led to enlarged brains and an increase in the number of neural stem cells in the pups. These pups also displayed autism-like behaviors. The researchers say that these results add to the body of evidence that&#39;s accumulating that indicates risk for autism may begin before birth and continue afterwards.

Brain Injury (fluroresence imaging)
(March 26th, 2014)
By: Jeffrey Iliff and Maiken Nedergaard
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A close up of fluroresence brain imaging showing the difference in a normal brain and one with a mild traumatic brain injury. It shows glial scar formation.

Is Thera a Cerebral Lymphatic System?
(March 26th, 2014)
By: Jeffrey J. Iliff, PhD; Maiken Nedergaard, MD, PhD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article explains defines for the first time a brain-wide anatomic pathway that facilitates the exchange of Cerebral Spinal Fluid and interstitial fluid thereby clearing the waste products/interstitial solutes of the brain. The article also looks at different types of brain injury and the resulting effects on the glia cells and their newly termed glymphatic system. Since neurotoxic metabolites and cytotox protein aggregates are the hallmark of neurogenerative diseases, such as Alzheimers, they proposed that the reactive glosis may bet the key driver of pathology under conditions of diffuse ischemic or traumatic brain injury. And this in turn represents a key target for therapeutic intervention.

Bringing Them Home
(November 1st, 2014)
By: Karrie Osborn
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article discusses a program offered by the Upledger Institute for Vietnam Vets suffering with Post Traumatic Stress disorder. CranioSacral Therapy was shown helpful for relieving the pain associated with PTSD.

MSU Autism Studies
(April 8th, 1979)
By: Retzlaff
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article describes several studies conducted by Ernest Retzlaff, PhD and John Upledger,DO,FAAO at Michigan State University&#39;s College of Osteopathic Medicine. These studies studied some possible keys to learning disabilities, behavioral problems and autism.

CST at Hopi - An Introduction to Techniques Derived from Osteopathic Medicine
(November 1st, 2014)
By: Ali Gabriel
Curriculum/s:

Poster presented at a Rural Health Professions conference at the University of Arizona College of Medicine by Ali Gabriel,MA, MPH, CST-D.An Introduction to Techniques Derived from Osteopathic Medicine

How Cranio Sacral Therapy May Contribute to Brain Health
(September 1st, 2014)
By: Tad Wanveer, LMBT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article discusses one likely corrective route by which CranioSacral Therapy (CST) can enhance brain structure through the connective tissue layers, or meninges, surrounding the brain. CST helps improve health and healing by addressing the entire strain pattern in both the biomechanical framework and the neurological patterns formed by the stressor or trauma in the brain.

Surgical Intervention Averted with CranioSacral Therapy
(June 1st, 2012)
By: John Matthew Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this article John Matthew Upledger interviews Tim Hutton, PhD, LMP, CST-D, (a certified CranioSacral Therapy practitioner) and relays the case of a young boy, Matt, who recommended brain surgery was averted using CranioSacral Therapy to find and eliminate his chronic headaches. Also described is the pressurestat model of CSF developed by Dr. John Upledger. Tim Hutton said that this case provides strong evidence for the validity of the pressurestat theory. Matt&#39;s case is also a prime example of how our bodies hold tension from every trauma we have ever experienced.

CST Bibliography
(October 16th, 2014)
By: na
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

CST Bibliography

VM Discovery Saves a Life
(October 16th, 2014)
By: Kristin Savory L.Ac.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Case Study

6 Ways CranioSacral Therapy Facilitates Brain Health
(September 1st, 2014)
By: Tad Wanveer, LMBT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The author discusses the specific effects of CranioSacral Therapy on brain-related problems, including chronic pain; neurodegenerative disorders; issues related to inflammation; spinal column or nerve problems; and eye conditions.

Concussion and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: MeriJayd O’Connor
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy on a Newborn
(September 30th, 2014)
By: MeriJayd O’Connor
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Sexual Abuse and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: MeriJayd O’Connor
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Child Migraines and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Melody Lee
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Cerebral Palsy and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Melody Lee
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Depression and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Melody Lee
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

SomatoEmotional Release
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Melody Lee
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Postpartum Depression and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Melody Lee
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Sinus / Breathing Problems and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Gloria Flores
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Sciatic Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Gloria Flores
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Chronic Headaches and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Gloria Flores
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Cerebral Menengioma and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Gloria Flores
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Low Back Pain / Car Accident and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Lisa Desrochers
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Low Back Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Lisa Desrochers
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Left Buttock Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Lisa Desrochers
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Head Trauma and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Lisa Desrochers
Curriculum/s: Healing from the Core,

Case Study

Automobile Accident Brain Injury and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Cloe Couturier
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Microcephaly and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Cloe Couturier
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Perianal Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: David Cook
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

SomatoEmotional Release Sessions and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: David Cook
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Fractured Sternum and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: David Cook
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Lethargy, Depression and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: David Cook
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Sciatica with Parasthesia and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: David Cook
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Poor Digestion and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Herbert M. Carty MT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Diabetes and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Gloria Flores
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Respiratory Allergies, Knee Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Herbert M. Carty MT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Neck Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Herbert M. Carty MT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Pediatric Dizziness and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Herbert M. Carty MT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Athletic Pubalgia and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Herbert M. Carty MT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Microcephaly and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Cloe Couturier
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Tension Headaches, Depression and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Nikki Campbell
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Post-surgery Head Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Nikki Campbell
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Meningitis, Hydrocephalus, Septicaemia and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Nikki Campbell
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Back Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Nikki Campbell
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Baby Colic and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Nikki Campbell
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Leg and Hip Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Brian Calderon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Auto Accident Neck Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Brian Calderon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Osteochondritis Desecans and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Shawn D. Axten PT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Torticollis, Plagiocephaly/Facial Asymmetry and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Shawn D. Axten PT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Depression and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: John Hoernemann
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Constant Lower Back Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: John Hoernemann
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Closed Head Injury and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: John Hoernemann
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Intestinal Problems and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: John Hoernemann
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Torso Twist and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: John Hoernemann
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Autism, Hip Dysplasia and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Norma Hayhurst RN, CHT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Herniated Disc and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Norma Hayhurst RN, CHT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

SomatoEmotional Release Session and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Norma Hayhurst RN, CHT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Head Numbness and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Norma Hayhurst RN, CHT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Child Autism and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 30th, 2014)
By: Norma Hayhurst RN, CHT, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Pervasive Developmental Delay and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: David Halfon, LMT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Headaches, Anger and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: David Halfon, LMT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Anemia and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: David Halfon, LMT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Scottie&#39;s Torticollis
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Brenda Aufderhar RN, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Cervical Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: David Halfon, LMT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Polio and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: David Halfon, LMT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Maggie Gliksten
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Madullablastoma and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Maggie Gliksten
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Corpus Callosum Agensis and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Maggie Gliksten
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Cerebral Palsy and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Maggie Gliksten
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Sturge Weber Syndrome and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Maggie Gliksten
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Pregnancy and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Christopher Slate
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Chronic Headache and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Christopher Slate
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Sleep Apnea and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: John Rollinson
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Asthma and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: John Rollinson
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Vision Problems and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: John Rollinson
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Non-Crawling Baby and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: John Rollinson
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Cerebellum Removed and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: John Rollinson
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Head Trauma and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Rebecca Ridge
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Loss of Baby SER and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Rebecca Ridge
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Edema and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Rebecca Ridge
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Severe Headaches and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Rebecca Ridge
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Closed Head Injury and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Rebecca Ridge
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Recurring Ear Infections and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Phil Robison
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Left Shoulder Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Phil Robison
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Ear Infections & Head Trauma and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Phil Robison
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Chronic Sinus Infections and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Phil Robison
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Post Surgical Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Phil Robison
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Chronic Low Back Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Shyamala Strack
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Migraines and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Shyamala Strack
Curriculum/s:

Case Study

ADD Child and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Shyamala Strack
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Ovarian Surgery and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Shyamala Strack
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Left Hemiparesis and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 29th, 2014)
By: Fred Stahlman
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Shoulder Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: Fred Stahlman
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Chronic Sinus Infections and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: Fred Stahlman
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Seizure Disorder and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: Fred Stahlman
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Head & Jaw Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: Fred Stahlman
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Left Back Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: Charles Gilliam
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

TMJ Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: Charles Gilliam
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Numbness in Left Side of Body and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: Charles Gilliam
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Dyslexia and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: Charles Gilliam
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Scleroderma and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: John T. Jackson, LMP, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Fibromyalgia and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: John T. Jackson, LMP, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Whiplash & Vertigo and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: John T. Jackson, LMP, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Headaches and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: John T. Jackson, LMP, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Back Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: John T. Jackson, EMP, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Automobile Accident and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: Donald Gerken, DC, DACCP, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Pediatric Chronic Constipation and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 26th, 2014)
By: Donald Gerken, DC, DACCP, CST
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Bilateral Face Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Donald Gerken, DC, DACCP, CST and Adrienne Young DC
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Face & Body Numbness, Vertigo, Nausea, Head Pressure and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Donald Gerken, DC, DACCP, CST and Adrienne Young DC
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Child Temper Tantrums and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Pam Kapoor
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Neck & Shoulder Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Pam Kapoor
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Back Pain from Auto Accident and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Brian Calderon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Back Pain from Auto Accident and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Brian Calderon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

A Hand Saves A Leg
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Renee Romero, RN, MS, CLT-LANA
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

The Visceral Manipulation Report -- Complex Case Benefits From Slow Approach
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Jeffrey Burch, CR, MS
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

Case Study

Sacroiliac Pain, Migraines & PTSD
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Ann Harman, D.O.
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, The Feldenkrais Method for CranioSacral Therapists,

Case Study

Survey of Lymphedema Patients Treated with Comprehensive Decongestive Physiotherapy (CDP)
(September 25th, 2014)
By: multiple
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Mechanical Link: Pre- and Post-Surgery
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Elizabeth Derringer, PT
Curriculum/s: Mechanical Link,

Case Study

Stroke and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Pam Kapoor
Curriculum/s:

Case Study

Migraines and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Brian Calderon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Migraines and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Shyamala Strack
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Endometriosis and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Pam Kapoor
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Hyperhidrosis and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Pam Kapoor
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Osteopenia and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Mariann Sisco
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Migraines and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Mariann Sisco
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Uncontrolled Uterine Bleeding and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Mariann Sisco
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Heart Failure and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Christopher Slate
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Pelvic Pain and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Christopher Slate
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Repetitive Stress Syndrome and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Christopher Slate
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy and Migraines
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Jeff Rogers LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy and ADHD
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Jeff Rogers LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy and Bulging Disc
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Jeff Rogers LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Newborn Eating Trouble
(September 25th, 2014)
By: Karyn Quraishy
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Common Questions regarding CranioSacral Therapy
(January 1st, 2014)
By: John E. Upledger, DO
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is an excerpt from the book Entitled Your Inner Physician and You written by Dr. John E. Upledger. Several common questions regarding CranioSacral Therapy (CST) are addressed.

SomatoEmotional Release is not Phychotherapy
(September 22nd, 2014)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this excerpt from the book entitled Your Inner Physician and You by Dr. John E. Upledger, the differences between SomatoEmotional Release (SER)techniques and Psychotherapy are explored. Case studies and observations from Russell Bourne, Jr,PhD and SER instructor, John Page, are presented.

Perry's Alternative Worldview
(August 29th, 2014)
By: People magazine
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Pop star, Katy Perry, uses alternative therapies, including CranioSacral Therapy, while on tour to keep "herself together".

Bilateral Lymphedema of the Legs with Undetermined Cause
(September 5th, 2014)
By: Yolanda Lipari
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Bilateral lymphedema became debilitating, but was maintained with compression stockings for some time. Patient is severely obese and treatment is sporadic.

Lymphedema of Left Arm Over Six Years
(September 5th, 2014)
By: Arlene Frederick
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Lymphedema of Right Arm Over Five Years
(September 5th, 2014)
By: Arlene Frederick
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Morbidly Obese Patient with Secondary Lyphedema Elephantiasis
(September 5th, 2014)
By: Alma Vinje-Harrewijn
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Secondary Lymphedema After Breast Cancer Treatment
(September 5th, 2014)
By: Alma Vinje-Harrewijn
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study.

Lymphedema of Left Arm After Surgery
(September 5th, 2014)
By: Pam McCormack
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Chronic Lymphedema of Right Arm
(September 5th, 2014)
By: Lorna Kerbal, PT, CST, LLCC
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Lymphedema of the Left Upper Extremity
(September 5th, 2014)
By: Lorna Kerbal
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

HCT Changed my Coaching Career and Personal Life
(September 5th, 2014)
By: Eric Kramer
Curriculum/s: Heart Centered Therapy,

Case Study

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus and CranioSacral Therapy
(September 5th, 2014)
By: Mariann Sisco
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Severe Bilateral Lower Extremity Lymphedema - Grade Three
(September 5th, 2014)
By: Mike Voelkel
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Lymphedema of the Chest Wall and Right Breast
(September 5th, 2014)
By: Julie A. Whitehill
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Bilateral Mastectomy Leaves Patient with Lymphedema
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Pam McCormack
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Frozen Shoulder and Puffy Bilateral Axillary Areas
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Barbara Korosec
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Biopsy Resulted in Necrotic Wound
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Rebecca Rich
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Click the link to view the case study. Sixty-four year old male was referred for lymphatic drainage following a biopsy to the right leg, resulting in a necrotic wound. Subject had a history of bilateral lower extremity edema, which was managed with compression socks. Treatment plan was isodasorb with lymph drainage and bandaging.

Vertigo and CranioSacral Therapy
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Mariann Sisco
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

<strong>PERSONAL</strong><p></p> <strong>Age:</strong> 60 <strong>Sex:</strong> Female<p></p> <strong>HISTORY</strong><p></p> <strong>Symptoms:</strong><p></p> 1) Constant positional vertigo with cervical rotation to the right in supine.<p></p> 2) Frequent positional vertigo with rolling to the right and forward bending.<p></p> 3) Dizziness upon arising in AM.<p></p> 4) Intermittent dizziness throughout day.<p></p> <strong>Pertinent Medical History:</strong><p></p> 1) Chronic sinusitis.<p></p> 2) Had first symptom of vertigo with cervical rotation to the right in 1997. Exacerbated in 2000 with no improvement.<p></p> 3) Dizziness began in February of 2003 after a fall on her hands and knees.<p></p> 4) Negative brain/ inner ear MRI.<p></p> 5) Unable to tolerate vertigo exercises given to patient by ENT physician.<p></p> <strong>EVALUATION</strong><p></p> <strong>Findings:</strong><p></p> 1) Decreased amplitude and symmetry of the CSR with a sluggish quality.<p></p> 2) Right tentorium moderately restricted.<p></p> 3) Temporal bones counter rotated.<p></p> 4) Sphenoid severely compressed.<p></p> 5) Moderate increased tension of hyoid musculature.<p></p> 6) Pelvic obliquity.<p></p> 7) Decreased cervical ROM.<p></p> 8) Significant increased tension of the sub-occipital musculature.<p></p> <strong>Tools Used:</strong><p></p> 1) Hands<p></p> 2) Eyes<p></p> <strong>Objective Results:</strong><p></p> 1) Restoration of CSR symmetry and amplitude. Quality significantly improved.<p></p> 2) Decrease in tension of right tentorium and hyoid musculature.<p></p> 3) Correction of counter rotated temporal bones and compressed sphenoid.<p></p> 4) Correction of pelvic obliquity.<p></p> 5) Increased cervical ROM.<p></p> 6) Decreased tension in sub-occipital muscles.<p></p> <strong>Subjective Results:</strong><p></p> 1) No positional vertigo with rolling to the right or forward bending after initial visit.<p></p> 2) No dizziness and positional vertigo with cervical rotation to the right after second visit.<p></p> <strong>Length of Sessions:</strong><p></p> 1) Initial Evaluation and Treatment: 1 hour and 45 minutes.<p></p> 2) Subsequent Visits: 1 hour.<p></p> <strong>Number of Sessions:</strong><p></p> 6 visits total for complaints of vertigo and dizziness. Patient continues to be seen for a session once every 6 weeks "just in case".<p></p> <strong>To find a CranioSacral Therapist, visit <a href="http://iahp.com/pages/search/index.php">iahp.com</a></strong><p><p></p></p> <strong>To learn more about CranioSacral Therapy, click <a href="http://www.upledger.com/content.asp?id=61">here</a>.<p><p></p></p>

CranioSacral Therapy and Ear Infections
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Jeff Rogers LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Infant and CranioSacral Therapy
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Charles Gilliam
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Case Study

Chronic Pain and Lymphedema from Tonsillar Fossa Cancer
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Daisy C. Millett
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Abdominal Lymphodynamic Edema
(August 28th, 2014)
By: David Doubblestein
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Click the link to view the case study. Morbidly obese patient has worsening edema on the left side. Aquatic exercise looked most promising.

Venous Insufficiency and Multiple Wounds
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Rebecca Rich
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Patient used an Unna boot until toes&#39; swelling worsened. Treatment was Lymph Drainage Therapy and bandaging.

Right Upper Extremity Lymphedema with Loss of Mobility over the Anteropectoral Region
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Mike Voelkel
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

<p>Click the link to view the case study. Patient had two complete bilateral mastectomies and radiation. Experienced significant loss of mobility over the anteropectoral region, symptoms of medial and ulnar nerve tension, and swelling.</p>

Tightness in Left Axilla and Arm
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Barbara Korosec
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Click on the link to view the case study. Evaluated by the Local Lymphedema Clinic but found fine. Treatment included Lymph Drainage Therapy, garments for increased activity, aquatic exercise, but no bandaging.

Obese Patient with Bilateral and Axilla Swelling
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Daisy C. Millett
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Progressive Left Arm Lymphedema
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Colleen Pascoe
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Progressive Swelling of the Lower Limbs
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Colleen Pascoe
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Observed Edema to Lower Extremities
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Paula Noyes
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Case Study

Primary Tarda Lymphedema of Lower Extremities in Obese Patient
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Anita Spreen
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Click the link for case study. Obese patient has family history of lymphedema. Bandaging and Lymph Drianage Therapy were preformed with much self-treatment.

Bilateral Lymphedema of the Lower Extremities
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Anita Spreen
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Click the link to view the case study. After Lymph Drainage Treatment, patient is able to walk and stand longer periods. Patient did not understand compression bandaging so was fitted with compression stockings.

Bilateral Lower Extremity Chronic Venous Insufficiency
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Beverly Waldeisen
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Click on the link to view the case study. Swelling continued despite the wearing of a graded compression stocking. Lymph Drainage Therapy was carried out along with therapeutic exercise, and compression wrapping.

Acute Episode of Cellulitis and Lower Extremity Edema
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Beverly Waldeisen
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Click the link to view the case study. Patient had developed lower extremity phlebitis with three of her six pregnancies. Never had treatment. Patient was fitted with a compression legging and underwent Lymph Drainage Therapy.

Secondary Lymphedema Post-Mastectomy and Breast Reconstruction
(August 28th, 2014)
By: David Doubblestein
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Click the link to view the case study. Patient was determined to have co-morbidities of breast lymphedema, wound infection, and left upper extremity lymphedema. Plastic surgery for debridement of infected tissues was preformed. Treatment included compression, Lymphatic Mapping, and Lymph Drainage Therapy.

Lymphedema of the Left Arm
(August 28th, 2014)
By: Sue Corin
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

Click the link to read the case study. Patient was diagnosed by District Health Board and treatment consisted of Manual Lymph Drainage and class two compression sleeve and gauntlet.

The Role of Mindfulness, Meditation, and Prayer After Brain Injury
(July 14th, 2014)
By: Victoria Tilney McDonough
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The role of non-traditional treatments to help in recovery after brain injury is finding a more formal place in hospitals and rehabilitation centers. These treatments can include meditation, mindfulness, acupuncture, energy balance, biodfeedback, and craniosacral therapy (basically, gentle manipulation of the skull and its cranial sutures to enhance the circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid, and release restrictions in the connective tissue that protects the brain.) “People tend to look at the brain after TBI as a damaged or pulled muscle, and that’s not right. There is physical damage to the brain, yes, but there is also trauma to the brain that needs to be looked at neurologically and psychologically,” says Rick Leskowitz, M.D., director of the Integrative Medicine Project at Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital in Boston. “The use of integrative treatments is really interesting. Clearly, they have benefits for people. We don&#39;t know why or how they work, but we do know that they work and are therefore a very promising line of study.”

Central Action of Peripherally Applied Botulinum Toxin Type A on Pain and Dural Protein Extravasation in Rat Model of Trigeminal Neuropathy
(January 1st, 2012)
By: Boris Filipovic, Ivica Matak, Lidija Bach-Rojecky, Zdravko Lackovic
Curriculum/s: Neural Manipulation,

A study using rats to investigate if Infraorbital nerve constriction (IoNC) is accompanied by dural estravasation and if botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A) can reduce pain and dural extravasation is presented. The conclusion of the research shows two different types of pain, IoNC and formalin, are accompanied by dural estravasation. The lasting effect of a unilateral injection of BoNT/A in experimental animals suggest that BoNT/A might have a long-term beneficial effect in craniofacial pain associated with dural neurogenic inflammation. Bilateral effects of BoNT/A and dependence on retrograde axonal transport suggest a central site of its action.

CSF Absorption - new and old idea (Power Point Presentation)
(January 1st, 2013)
By: Dan Greitz
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The power point presentation addresses a new view on CSF circulation and production. The old model of CSF circulation is that there is bulk flow of CSF from the intraventricular plexus to the arachnoid granulations. The new model is that CSF is produced and absorbed by the brain capillaries. Studies are shown to support the new model. The conclusion of the presentation is 1. The major part of the CSF is produced and absorbed by the brain capillaries; 2. Brain capillaries actively transport water-soluble molecules from the brain, 3. Active transport from brain to blood is a prerequisite for brain homeostasis.

The Use of CranioSacral Therapy as a Treatment for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
(June 1st, 2000)
By: John E. Upledger,DO,OMM, Barry S. Kaplan, MD, Russell A. Bourne, Jr.PhD, ABPS, Richard B. Zonderman, PhD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article outlines the research study conducted between June 7 and December 17, 1999 by the Upledger Institute. The offered four intensive two week treatment programs for Vietnam veterans, all who were diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder by the Veteran&#39;s Administration. The study concluded that the therapy program demonstrates CranioSacral Therapy and other non-pharmaceutical modalities that were used during the programs offer positive results to severely disabled patients/clients suffering from PTSD.

The Effects of Upledger CranioSacral Therapy on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptomology in Vietnam Combat Veterans
(May 1st, 2000)
By: John E. Upledger,DO,OMM, Barry S. Kaplan, MD, Russell A. Bourne, Jr.PhD, ABPS, Richard B. Zonderman, PhD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Abstract: The Upledger Institute International has provided two week intensive treatment for Vietnam veterans suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder as diagnosed by the Veteran&#39;s Affairs (VA) medical division. These patients received psychological evaluation tests at the times of entry and exit into and out of the program. The intensive treatment was about six-seven hours per day for eight full days, with approximately three-four hours on the first and last days of the program. The therapy used was primarily CranioSacral Therapy and its progeny Energy Cyst Release, SomatoEmotional Release and Therapeutic Imagery and Dialogue. The results obtained strongly suggest that PTSD may be more successfully treated when the therapy includes corrections of the craniosacral system, the release of foreign energies and conscious-nonconscious integration.

Inducibility of ventricular arrhythmias after gastric distension
(June 13th, 2014)
By: Maria Silvia Negroni, MD, Giuseppe Bacchioni, MD Antonio Dello Russo, MD, PhD, Carola Gianni, MD
Curriculum/s:

This article describes a study using gastric distension (simulating a large meal) as a challenge to induce ventricular arrhythmias in order to guide docators in Ventricular Premature Beat(VPB)ablation.

Heart rate variability and the influence of craniosacral therapy on autonomous nervous system regulation in persons with subjective discomforts: a pilot study.
(June 12th, 2014)
By: Girsberger W, Banziger U, Lingg G, Lothaller H, Endler PC
Curriculum/s:

A pilot study was conducted to study the the effect of CranioSacral Therapy and the heart rate/autonomic nervous system. The conclusion of the study was that CranioSacral treatment had a favourable effect on the autonomic nervous activity.

CranioSacral Therapy Research
(January 1st, 1995)
By: John E. Upledger, DO, OMM
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This is a paper that was written by Dr. John E. Upledger in 1995. It is reprinted in its entirety and shares information regarding CranioSacral Therapy and the research that had been done on the subject up to that date. The original title of the paper was RESEARCH AND OBSERVATIONS THAT SUPPORT THE EXISTENCE OF A CRANIOSACRAL SYSTEM.

The function and structure of the cerebrospinal fluid outflow system
(January 1st, 2010)
By: Michael Pollay
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

This scientific review discusses the anatomy and physiology of the CSF drainage systems, via both the arachnoid granulation structures as well as the lymph system, and how this may relate to various pathologies. Although this is not a research study, per say, it contains ample research information that may be helpful to other researchers.

New View on CSF Circulation: CSF production and CSF absorption by brain capillaries
(August 16th, 2012)
By: Dan Greitz
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

At the Department of Neuroradiology in Stockholm, Sweden, Dan Grietz attempts to make a scientifically-based case that the capillaries of the brain both produce and absorb cerebrospinal fluid,vs the ventricles to the granulation bodies.

Book Excerpt: From my Hands and Heart: Achieving Health and Balance with Craniosacral Therapy
(April 25th, 2014)
By: Kate McKinnon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Excerpt of Kate McKinnon&#39;s book, <em>From my Hands and Heart: Achieving Health and Balance with Craniosacral Therapy</em>

Craniosacral Work: Distinguishing Bewteen Techniques and Therapy
(April 25th, 2014)
By: Robyn Scherr
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Robyn Scherr&#39;s journey into Upledger CST, including how colleagues in various healthcare specialties apply CST in their practices.

The Medical Miracles Delusion
(March 21st, 2014)
By: Jeffrey Braithwaite
Curriculum/s:

This article is a call for a new perspective on healthcare giving evidence from the &#39;viruses of the mind&#39; that keep us held in our old ways of thinking (modern medicine will repair our bodies after decades of mistreatment from stress, alcohol, drugs, sedentary lives, etc.

How Inactivity Changes the Brain
(March 21st, 2014)
By: Gretchen Reynolds
Curriculum/s: Neural Manipulation,

A study on rats showed that inactivity actually changes the shape of certain neurons that can overstimulate the parasympathetic nervous system which in turn can potentially increase blood pressure and breathing. This can in turn lead to heart disease and brain functioning problems.

MSU Autism Studies
(April 8th, 1979)
By: John Upledger, DO, FAAO
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A description of the studies conducted at Michigan State University using CranioSacral Therapy techniques with autistic and learning disabled children is offered

CST Sustainable Healthcare - Susan Steiner
(September 21st, 1996)
By: Susan Steiner - interview
Curriculum/s:

Susan Steiner, a Rhode Island occupational therapist, is interviewed regarding healthcare and her views on creating a sustainable healthcare program. Susan explains CranioSacral Therapy and SomatoEmotional Release and her view that these modalities can and should be integrated with western medicine when warranted as she believes in the &#39;Team Approach"

Case Study - The effect of CranioSacral Therapy on a premature boy who stutters.
(January 22nd, 2014)
By: Leah Mahadeo M.S., CCC-SLP
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This case study relates the effect of CranioSacral Therapy (CST) on a premature boy who started stuttering around 2 1/2 years of age, along with nervous systems such as facial contortions and eye blinks . Results of multiple sessions of CST showed a decrease in tension, cessation of developmental types of stuttering, and a calmer cranialsacral system.

Scientist have found that memories may be passed down through generations in our DNA
(January 7th, 2014)
By: ScienceGymnasium Website
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Process Acupressure, Heart Centered Therapy, Integrative Intentions,

New research from Emory University School of Medicine, in Atlanta, has shown that it is possible for some information to be inherited biologically through chemical changes that occur in DNA. The findings suggest transgenerational inheritance exists and is mediated by epigentics, and more research is needed to extrapolate these findings to humans. And if we can find that these relate to humans, the question remains whether or not our DNA carry also spiritual and cosmic memories.

Get Pain Relief With Craniosacral Therapy
(December 8th, 2013)
By: Kate Mackinnon
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this article Kate Mackinnon relates a story of a mult-hands on CranioSacral Therapy session with Dr. Wayne Dyer. This session is also described in her book titled, From my Hands and Heart: Achieving Health and Balance with CranioSacral Therapy.

Childhood Behavior Problems
(September 1st, 1982)
By: John E. Upledger, DO
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The author has spent approximately six months of each of three consecutive years searching for etiologic factors at the Genessee Intermediate School District Center for Autism in Flint, Michigan. The investigation has involved physical examinations of all the children. Hair analysis and blood electrophoretic studies have been done on a large portion of the group under study. The effects of various therapeutic modalities and of changes in the physical environment upon behavior are reported in overview. In this article the results of the analysis for the mineral content of hair for a sample of forty-one children are reviewed in depth.

Craniosacral Function in Brain Dysfunction
(July 1st, 2013)
By: John E. Upledger, DO, FAAO
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article describes several studies conducted by Dr. Upledger and Zvi Karni on the craniosacral system and children know to have brain dysfunction. Significant findings show that their was a direct correlation between restriction in the CS system and the level of dysfunction.

Trace mineral hair analysis in autistic children
(December 1st, 1980)
By: K. Henderson, Sr.A. Brooks, A. Raynesford, J. Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A study was conducted utilizing hair analysis for a goup of autistic children to determine if any physiological disturbances were contributing to the emotional and development problems.

A Thermographic View of Autism
(August 1st, 1983)
By: John E. Upledger, DO
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

At a center for autism, 26 children and 2 teachers were studied by thermography. Many unexplained findings, and the questions they raised were discussed. Vasoconstriction and vasodilation of the fingers were observed in response to the application of craniosacral therapy.

Cranial and Structural Evaluation of Newborns
(April 28th, 1987)
By: Catherine M. Kimball, DO
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

A study was conducted at Waterville Osteopathic Hospital where all infants born receive a routine cranial and structural evaluation and treatment. A review of 54 newborns was conducted and the findings presented. Subjectively the infants all seem to be very conted following treatment and many appear to be less fussy, suck better and show overall improvements in breathing and color.

The Therapeutic Value of the CranioSacral System
(December 1st, 1988)
By: John E. Upledger, DO, OMM
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this excerpt from the book titled CranioSacral Therapy by Upledger and Vredevoogd, CranioSacral Therapy&#39;s (CST) value in a therapeutic practice is described. Also explained is how it is done, and the origins of the technique.

The Art and Structure of Touch: Principles of Energy Work
(September 21st, 1996)
By: Craig Carr and Jil Windsor
Curriculum/s: Zero Balancing,

As Zero Balancing (ZB)instructors, the authors list and describe 5 principles of Energy work that they have found to be essential guidelines for both working with their clients and in teaching ZB to practitioners. The first of these 5 principles is: Change is affected by introducing fields into the body that are stronger, clearer, more definite, and more complete than those that currently exist. 2. Touch that communicates trust as well as physical support engenders a sense of safety and the capacity to go beyond known territory. 3. Energy moves in curves. To engage energy more fully through touch, accent a curve. 4. A high energy vector entering the system on top of a strong emotional field may create a "standing wave" that persists over time. 5. Change lasts longer when it originates from within the body-mind.

The Vocabulary of Touch
(September 21st, 1996)
By: Fritz Smith
Curriculum/s: Zero Balancing,

In this interview with Fritz Frederick Smith, developer of Zero Balancing, the "vocabulary of touch" and the 4 ways of connecting with others energetically are discussed. The four ways of connecting are interfacing, blending, streaming, and channeling. Dr. Smith believes that of these 4, interfacing is the ideal way to connect in a therapeutic (and social) setting because the intentions and the boundaries are clear.

Healing Hands, CST Helps relieve the Pain
(July 22nd, 1996)
By: Jill Flanagan
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Occupational Therapist, Susan Steiner, describes how a gentle technique called CranioSacral Therapy (CST)can alleviate the pain associated with Temporal Mandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMJD). Since CST uses a whole body approach, evaluating the body from their head to their feet no matter what the symptom is. Susan also stated that sometimes emotional stress is involved in TMJD, and emotional releases often present themselves during a CST session. This is a bonus of the therapy, something that cannot be addressed by a typical allopathic treatment of TMJD.

LDT The French Connection to Lymph Drainage
(June 3rd, 1996)
By: Claudia Stahl
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

In an interview with Lymph Drainage Therapy (LDT) developer, Dr. Bruno Chikly, the article addresses the difference between LDT and other manual lymph techniques and the numerous applications of LDT. Dr. Chikly feels that LDT has applications for all healthcare professions and that he also hopes that laypeople will eventually learn these techniques so that they can work on their families because everyone needs detoxification and rejuvenation, the benefits of LDT.

An Olympian Comeback
(June 1st, 1996)
By: Jeff Lyttle
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Olympic diver, Mary Ellen Clark, almost lost her opportunity to compete in the 1996 games in Atlanta due to the vertigo that she was experiencing while in the midst of training. Thanks to Dr. John Upledger and the CranioSacral Therapy treatments that she received, her vertigo was cured and her training resumed.

Process Acupressure
(June 1st, 1996)
By: Kay Meddelton, RN
Curriculum/s: Process Acupressure,

Registered Nurse, Kay Meddelton describes how she incorporates Process Acupressure (PA) bodywork into her private practice and in the hospital setting. She has found that PA works well to alleviate pain, release the energetic trauma of surgery, and stimulating peristalsis. But PA does much more. In the words of the Process Acupressure developer Aminah Raheem, "the object of PA is to clear the body of its limitations of personal history so that the soul can be free to heal and get on with its purpose."

An Interview with Bruno Chikly, MD
(April 8th, 1996)
By: Sharon Weiselfish, PhD, PT
Curriculum/s: Lymph Balancing Therapy,

In this interview with Dr. Bruno Chikly, a French physician, he describes the type of Lymph drainage therapy (LDT) that he developed; combining the anatomy and physiology of typical training with deep listening skills. This enables the practitioner to work more effectively and efficiently on the tissue and with less effort. There are many benefits of LDT such as stimulating the immune system, relief from many chronic conditions, and can be helpful to reduce stress and insomnia. LDT complements many other manual techniques.

To Onar, With Love
(March 21st, 2014)
By: Russel A. Bourne
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Onar Bargior, born in Russia as a premature infant, suffered severe cerebral circulation impairment, intercranial hemorrhage, and encephalopathy. He presented with severe spasticity, paralysis among other problems that in turn limited his young life to lying on a bed in a one bedroom apartment with his mother in Russia. Through the International Services of Hope (ISOH) they found the Upledger Healthplex (UH). Through the 2 week intensive, multi-therapists, CranioSacral therapy sessions he received at UH he showed tremendous improvement daily, including increased appetite, decreased spasticity, less crying, and increased range of motion. By the end of the two weeks he was sitting, kneeling and grabbing for toys. Through continued therapy, there is much hope for Onar and the life that is now a possibility for him.

Process Acupressure
(March 1st, 2014)
By: Richard Beaumont
Curriculum/s: Zero Balancing, Process Acupressure,

In an interview with Process Acupressure (PA) developer, Aminah Raheem, the author finds that the essential purpose of PA is to expose and empower people&#39;s souls and fulfill the purpose of their life&#39;s journey on earth. Process Acupressure uses the concepts of Chinese acupressure, the process work of Arnold Mindel, and the touch of Zero Balancing interface with the tissue to find, unblock and process the obstacles that keep us from being who we truly are.

An Exclusive Interview with Judith Aston
(March 30th, 1996)
By: Kris Centeno
Curriculum/s:

In this interview with Aston-Patterning (AP)developer, Judith Aston, she describes how she came to develop her work through her background in teaching dance and her affiliation with Dr. Ida Rolf. She describes how AP is complementary to not just Rolfing, but other types of bodywork. There are many aspects to Judith Aston&#39;s work and fitness is one of them. She believes that HOW we exercise - focusing on exercises that address your body&#39;s uniqueness is the key.

Aston-Patterning: Integrating Aston Concepts into a Massage Therapy Practice
(December 11th, 2013)
By: Judith Aston and Judith Pollock, PT
Curriculum/s: Integrative Intentions,

Aston-Patterning: Integrating Aston Concepts into a Massage Therapy Practice describes the underlying concept of Aston-Patterning; that each individual has a unique structure and movement style. The article also describes the forms of Aston-Patterning in detail. These forms are; Aston Massage, Neuro-Kinetics, Myo-Kinetics, Anthro-Kinetics, Aston Fitness, Facial Toning, and Ergonomics/Environmental Modification.

Movement by Pattern
(March 4th, 1996)
By: Claudia Stahl
Curriculum/s:

Aston Patterning (AP), a unique educational system developed by Judith Aston, is described. Judith believes that the body and mind are asymetrical and nonlinear, and so Aston Patterning appoaches the body and it&#39;s patterns of movement in this way. Overall, Aston Patterning and Aston Movement techniques is about teaching the body&#39;s segments to complement and work with each other.

An Interview with Aminah Raheem, PhD
(January 22nd, 1996)
By: Judy M. Rosinski, PT
Curriculum/s: Process Acupressure,

Dr. Aminah Raheem, a transpersonal psychologist for more than 20 years, describes the technique she developed called Process Accupressure (PA). PA blends the concepts of unblocking the energy meridians using fulcrums in the body and concepts of phychological processing. Dr. Raheem describes how PA work is easily incorportated with CranioSacral work and can help those in the physical therapy profession gain more confidence when a client&#39;s emotional issues arise.

CranioSacral Therapy part 1
(December 1st, 1996)
By: John E. Upledger, DO, OMM
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dr. John Upledger, developer of CranioSacral Therapy (CST)describes what CST is, how it influences the development and function of the central nervous system which can lead to many types of sensory, motor and other neurological problems. A list of the indications and the 1 contraindication is discussed.

Mind and Body Uniquely Connected in Holoenergetics
(December 11th, 1995)
By: Claudia Stahl
Curriculum/s:

Dr. Laskow, and OBGYN doctor in the San Francisco Bay area, developed a technique he calls Holoenergetics. He believes that people&#39;s illnesses begin when they attempt to suppress or repress aspects of themselves that they find uncomfortable, which he calls holoforms. Using techniques involving recognition, resonance, and release and reformation of the holoforms, clients can resolve their pain and disease. He also describes a series of experiments where he determined that "What you can love, you can heal."

New Therapy Questions Traditional Medical Concepts
(December 13th, 1995)
By: Jane Roodenburg
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Jane Roodenburg, a CMT in Alaska describes CranioSacral Therapy (CST) and how this gentle form of bodywork; that addresses problems such as headaches, TMJD, autism, chronic pain, and cerebral palsy; questions the commonly accepted belief that the skull bones are fused together after a certain age.

Clark&#39;s Comeback a Succss
(December 1st, 1995)
By: Dave Sherman
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Olympic diver, Mary Ellen Clark is reported to be back on the board and hopefully on her way to the 1996 Summer games in Atlanta thanks to the CranioSacral Therapy she received at the Upledger Institute that "took away all her symptoms" of vertigo.

Aston-Patterning for Chronic and Acute Pain
(December 1st, 1995)
By: Marcia Michael, RN
Curriculum/s:

Aston-Patterning Techniques, which includes analyzing the body&#39;s movement and training the client in utilizing different gaits, sitting position, and different reaching and bending movements, are briefly explained. The nurse practitioner uses this technique almost exclusively and found it to be very effective for conditions stemming from myofascial pain, chronic headaches, TMJ dysfunction, and post-surgical pain.

In or Out of Touch?
(December 5th, 2013)
By: Cathy Pliscof, PT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Prominent New York physical therapist, Ken Frey, is interviewed on his thoughts regarding the level of manual therapy skills in the physical therapy profession.

Desperate to Dive
(September 6th, 1995)
By: Carolyn Susamn
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Platform diver, Mary Ellen Clark, was experiencing vertigo creating problems for her dreams of winning a medal at the Olympics. In searching for treatments to her vertigo, she found the Upledger Institute and CranioSacral Therapy. With trials nine months away she holds tight to her faith and continues to seek treatments.

Why Cant you just pay attention
(December 5th, 2013)
By: Carolyn Susamn
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article in a local newspaper describes ADD and ADHD and some alternative types of therapies used to help this syndrome including CranioSacral Therapy (CST). Dr. Upledger is quoted as saying that CST looks for "the origins of the disorder in the craniosacral system." And when "such origins are found-often stemming from trauma at birth or head injury - the therapist works on removing restriction in the system through non-invasive, hands on treatment.

Differences Separate CranioSacral Therapy from Cranial Osteopathy
(October 31st, 1995)
By: John E. Upledger, DO, OMM
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dr. John Upledger explains that several of the differences between CranioSacral Therapy (CST) and Cranial Osteopathy is the quality of touch, the focus (dura mater membrane vs. sutures of the skull). Also examined is the qualities needed of a practitioner to practice CST.

Baby Bodywork
(July 1st, 1995)
By: Liz Brody
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

CranioSacral Therapy, a very light bodywork technique, is shown to be a helpful technique for common problems in infants such as ear infections, irritability, sucking difficulties, constipation, colic, and hyperactivity.

The Mechanics
(July 1st, 1995)
By: Alice Quaid, PT
Curriculum/s:

Alice Quaid, PT interviews Judith Aston, develop of Aston Patterning. The philosophy and potential results of the technique are discussed.

The Upledger Institute Offers Russian Boy Hope for More Active Life
(June 1st, 1995)
By: Francine Hammond, LMT, LPN
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

<strong>A four-year-old Russian boy with Cerebral Palsy is offered a chance at a better life through the two weeks of CranioSacral Therapy that he received at the Upledger Institute&#39;s Brain and Spinal Cord center.</strong>

An Exclusive Interview with John E. Upledger, DO, OMM
(May 31st, 1995)
By: Ted Koren, DC
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

<p>Dr. John Upledger is interviewed by Ted Koren, DC. Topics covered were Dr. Upledger&#39;s start in Osteopathy, his accomplishments, discovery of the craniosacral system, and how CST can be incorporated into chiropractic care.</p>

Hands-On Healing; Which of These Methods Is Right For You?
(February 1st, 1996)
By: Thomas Claire
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article gives a brief description of several types of Hands-On Healing including; Swedish massage, rolfing, myofascial release, Alexander Technique, CranioSacral Therapy, and shiatsu. The article states that CranioSacral works mailing on the head and is known to help alleviate TMJ pain and migraines.

Creating a Healing Place for the Community
(February 28th, 1995)
By: Unknown
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article introduces the public to a new healing center founded by Gloria Coppola. She saw a need and created a center to educate people on holistic health and provide treatments. One of the treatments offered at her center is CranioSacral Therapy.

Research that Supports the Existence of A Craniosacral System
(January 1st, 1995)
By: John E. Upledger, DO, OMM
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In the present article, the author has reviewed much of the theoretical background and research that support the existence of the craniosacral system. The research summarized here represents work in which the author has either personal knowledge or involvement. The author concludes that positive patient outcomes as a result of CranioSacral Therapy should weigh greater than data from designed research protocols involving human subjects, as it is not possible to control all of the variables of such studies.

Toward An Understanding of Craniosacral Therapy
(March 31st, 1991)
By: Steve Heinrich, PT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article offers an example of a patient that, through CranioSacral Therapy, experienced significant almost immediate relief of pain and problems with memory and concentration years after a motor vehicle accident. The author also discusses the controversy concerning the efficacy of the work and the hope that with more research and scientific validation will come understanding and more utilization of CranioSacral Therapy.

Changes in Magnitude of Relative Elongation of Falx Cerebri During the Application of External Forces on the Frontal Bone of an Embalmed Cadaver
(March 31st, 1991)
By: Dimitrios Kostopoulos, MA, RPT and George Keramidas, MS (Special to Forum)
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article offers validation to the scientific basis of CranioSacral Therapy. The outcome of the research and measurements of the relative elongation of the falx cerebri with external forces on the frontal bone of an embalmed cadaver present evidence in opposition to the belief that cranial sutures are solidly fused and immobile in adulthood

Bodymind and Soul II: Craniosacral Therapy and Myofascial Release
(March 1st, 1991)
By: Unknown
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article reviews 4 books; 3 authored by Dr. John Upledger and 1 by John Barnes, and relate them to a development of a new language and a new view of man started with the work of Freud. The article expounds on CranioSacral Therapy and Myofascial release and how it relates to what Freud can to call repression. The author concludes that the books of Dr. Upledger and John Barnes are a very worthwhile read, and that these “four books, of the greatest clinical, intellectual and humanistic value, are the most recent work of men whose minds might change the world.”

The Role of PT in Craniofacial Pain Disorders: An Adjunct to Dental Pain Management
(January 1st, 1991)
By: Steve Heinrich, PT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article reviews the role of myofascial and craniosacral dysfunction, as well as the function of posture, tension, and stress in the development of syndromes such as dental pain.

Ross McNamara&#39;s Story
(September 10th, 1990)
By: Douglas McNamara
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article relates the story of Ross McNamara and his family’s journey as they search for relief for Ross’s neurological problems and discover the Upledger Institute’s Brain & Spinal Cord Program. The article begins with a letter to Ross’s Pediatric Neurologist requesting him to be open minded as they present Ross’s story in hopes that he will discover the amazing results that CranioSacral Therapy had on Ross’s condition. It also includes explanation of the fundraisers and all that the family went through to collect the necessary funds for the trip to Florida and their time at the Brain & Spinal Cord Center.

Court Case Synopsis on TMJ Dysfunction
(March 1st, 1990)
By: Law offices of Andrew Quiat
Curriculum/s:

A synoposis of the court case on the use of CranioSacral Therapy for treatment of TMJ Dysfunction is given.

Letter to the Editor:
(February 1st, 1992)
By: Dr. John Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dr. Upledger responds to letters published in 1985 apparently that refute the validity of the craniosacral system and the effectiveness of the therapy. He explains how he came to verify first-hand the movement of the cranial bones and the subsequent research at Michigan State University – College of Osteopathic Medicine. Dr. Upledger also explains why the 10-Step Protocol was developed and the concept of the ‘Energy Cyst’. He concludes with the belief that “Physical Therapists and “hands on” clinicians must learn to trust that the perceptions received through our hands are valid, accurate and reliable.”

BODY WATCH: The Importance of Dialogue and Myofascial Unwinding in Creating a Safe Place to Heal
(January 15th, 1990)
By: Steve Heinrich, PT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

<p>In this article the author explains how Myofascial Unwinding or SomatoEmotional Release(SER)can be used in physical therapy practice to create a safe place for effective healing. He explains how in giving answers to clients will not work, whereas self generated ones often will. Realizing that therapists often shy away from using techniques such as SER out of fear, he makes a call for courage and strong determination to make wellness the goal in the physical therapy profession.</p>

Can craniosacral treatment improve the general well-being of patients?
(January 1st, 2006)
By: Silvia Candamil Neira; Robert Elliott; Brian Isbell
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The objective of this research was to evaluate the efficacy of craniosacral therapy in improving the general well-being of patients using a single-blind, randomised, control trial with crossover treatments.

The Effectiveness of Craniosacral Therapy
(January 1st, 2007)
By: Brian Isbell; Sue Carroll
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Using a modified MYMOP (Measure Yourself Medical Outcome Profile) as a measurement, this study shows positive results after craniosacral therapy treatment.

The Therapeutic Potential of Integration
(December 1st, 2004)
By: Donna-Lee Norton; Brian Isbell
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This discussion explores the combined use of homoeopathy and craniosacral therapy as a treatment modality.

CranioSacral Therapy: Who Shall Do It?
(January 1st, 1989)
By: Dr. John Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dr. Upledger explains that during his research with CranioSacral Therapy he developed a "10 Step Protocol" as a &#39;cook book&#39; method of CST so that it could be easily taught to non-physician therapist to meet the evident need of patients that would benefit greatly from CST.

Manual Therapy: Rediscovering an Ancient Healing Art
(August 1st, 1989)
By: Barbara Cohn
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article explains the roots of manual therapy, gives a general description of the myriad types of manual therapy including CranioSacral Therapy.

Energy Cyst
(July 1st, 1989)
By: Dr. John Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In Dr. Upledger&#39;s article he explains the concept of what he calls Energy Cysts. He also discusses how to utilize this concept in Whole Body Diagnosis and how techniques releasing the energy cysts from the body can be used in a clinical practice.

Learning to Let Go
(June 19th, 1989)
By: Steve Heinrich, PT
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article discusses the role of SomatoEmotional Release in a clinic setting.

Palpation of CranioSacral Motion
(May 1st, 1989)
By: Don Cohen, DC
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is the 3nd of a 3 part series on CranioSacral Therapy (CST). In pages 7-9 of the article, Dr. Cohen explains in detail the palpation of the CS motion and how it is done. Topics include; listening stations, palpation of the rhythms and briefly how the practice is accomplished.

The Nature of Palpation
(March 31st, 1989)
By: Don Cohen, DC
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article is the 2nd of a 3 part series on CranioSacral Therapy (CST). In pages 4-6 of the article, Dr. Cohen explains the nature of palpation as well as how and why it is vital the CST work.

CranioSacral Rhythmic Impulse
(March 1st, 1989)
By: Don Cohen, DC
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Chiropractor Don Cohen explains the intricacies of the CranioSacral System (CST). Namely the fluid model of the CSF, the physiological motion (motility) of the CST, Cranial flexion and extension, and the sutures or joints of the skull that allow the motion of flexion and extension.

CranioSacral Therapy
(November 11th, 2013)
By: Susan Danese
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Article explains how CranioSacral Therapy (CST) is a gentle type of therapy that has shown to successfully treat a myriad of problems such as; pain related to a car accident, Chronic ear infections, difficulty swallowing, and complications stemming from a difficult birth. Description of what CST is and why it is helpful in these situations is offered.

Fall was physicalization of mental state
(January 16th, 1989)
By: Sandy Cullen
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Article is a brief interview of playwright, John Arndt. He describes his fall from a tree a &#39;physicalization of a mental state.&#39; After being told that his fall had made him permanently paralyzed he sought treatment at the Upledger Institute clinic in Palm Beach Gardens, FL. He states that his experience there changed him "mentally, spiritually, as well as physically.

Hands-On Treatment Improves Chronic Low Back Pain, Reduces Medication Use
(April 23rd, 1989)
By: Science News
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation,

This article discusses a study conducted at UNT Health Sciences Center where 455 adults were treated for their chronic low-back pain. Ultrasound therapy was used on one group and Osteopathic Manipulative Techniques (OMT) was used to treat the other group. Results showed that nearly 2/3 had a least a 30% reduction in their pain level, and 1/2 had a 50% reduction in pain level. These results, coupled with the fact that OMT has few side effects compared with other common treatments is strong evidence for the promotion of this therapy for chronic low-back pain.

Effect of osteopathic manipulative treatment on incidence of postoperative ileus
(March 1st, 2013)
By: Baltazar GA, Betler MP, Akella K, Khatri R, Asaro R, Chendrasekhar A.
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationAA,

The article is a description of a study done to determine whether there is a relationship between postoperative use of Osteopath Manipulative Therapy (OMT)and postoperative outcomes in gastrointestinal surgical patients, including time to flatus, clear liquid diet, and bowel movement and postoperative hospital length of stay. The conclusion is that OMT is related to decrease time to flatus, and decreased postoperative length of stay.

La Terapia Cranio-Sacrale Nel Cardiopatico
(September 26th, 2013)
By: Sonia Lovison
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

La Terapia-Tecnica Cranio Sacrale si è dimonstrata efficace nella riabilitazione dei pazienti cardiopatici poiché apporta dei miglioramenti all&#39;apparato cardio-circolatorio e all&#39;apparato respiratorio. Studi condotti inserendo la Terapia Cranio Sacrale sul programma di riabilitazione del paziente cardiopatico, ne hanno dimostrato l&#39;efficacia nei pazienti con cardiopatia ischemica provenienti dal reparto di cardiologia e unità coronarica e dalla cardiochirurgia, dopo infarto miocardico o intervento cardiochirurgico di rivascolarizzazione miocardica (By Pass Aorto-Coronarici).

Combined Manual Therapy Techniques for the Treatment of Women With Infertility: A Case Series
(January 1st, 2012)
By: Mary Ellen Kramp, DPT, CLT-LANA
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release, Lymph Balancing Therapy,

This article outlines a case study of 10 previously infertile women and the conclusion shows that 6 of 10 previously infertile women were able to conceive within 3 months after receiving various manual therapy techniques to the pelvis. This fertility rate of 60% within a 3-month period is the same as that of fertile couples. These findings suggest that manual therapy applied to the pelvis could be a viable treatment option for infertile women and should be investigated further.

Scolioses - A New Contributing Factor to Consider
(August 23rd, 2013)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Discusses the possibility that orthodontic appliances may contribute to the onset of scoliosis.

Examination of the Cranial Rhythm in Long-Standing Coma and Chronic Neurologic Cases
(April 1st, 1980)
By: Karni, Upledger, Mizrahi, Heller, Becker, Najenson
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This report details the results of cranial examinations performed by Dr. Upledger on coma patients in the intensive care units of the Loewenstein Rehabilitation Hospital, Ra&#39;anana, Israel

Aging of Cranial Sutures in Humans
(August 21st, 2013)
By: Retzlaff, Mitchell, Upledger and Walsh
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Offers an analysis of a cranial suture in human cadavers.

Bioelectric and Strain Measurements during Osteopathic Manipulation
(August 21st, 2013)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger and Zvi Karni PhD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Discusses the occurrence of a subjective impression of "release" during osteopathic manipulative treatment, and techniques used to record this phenomena bioeletrically and electrocardiographically.

Nerve Fibers and Endings in Cranial Sutures
(August 21st, 2013)
By: Retzlaff, Mitchell and Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Describes nerve endings and fibers present in the cranial sutures of squirrel monkeys, with the observation that multiaxial movement can occur.

Cranial Suture Morphology
(August 21st, 2013)
By: Retzlaff, Mitchell, Upledger, Biggert, Vrevoogd,Dinnar, Karni
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Describes a series of topics then under study in the areas of cranial pain, cranial suture compression,and treatment of sacroiliac dysfunction.

The Relationship of Craniosacral Examination Findings in Grade School Children with Developmental Problems
(August 21st, 2013)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Research Paper undertaken to determine if there is a relationship between restricted mobility of the craniosacral system and the developmental problems in grade school children, particularly "exceptional children" who have learning disabilities and emotional impairments.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Temporoparietal Suture Head Pain
(August 21st, 2013)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger and E.W. Retzlaff PhD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Describes an uncomplicated approach to the diagnosis and treatment of problems ranging from head pain to cerebral dysfunction.

The Goal of Therapy
(August 21st, 2013)
By: Dr. John Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Discusses the goal of therapy through both the physician&#39;s and patient&#39;s perspective. Remarks on the healing professions in general.

Early Steps of Craniosacral Therapy in Israel
(August 21st, 2013)
By: Zvi Karni and Dr. John e. Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Describes the case of a child who was cranially treated for damage to the skull caused by a past accident, and the substantial improvement that has since taken place.

Subjectivity - Unsound Basis for Craniosacral Research
(August 21st, 2013)
By: Dr. John Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this letter to the editor, Dr. Charles Steiner challenges Dr. Upledger&#39;s basis for Craniosacral research as subjective. Dr. Upledger replies to these challenges.

Therapeutic Value of of CranioSacral Therapy
(August 16th, 2013)
By: John E. Upledger, DO, OMM
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dr. Upledger shares history of development of CranioSacral Therapy as well as the mechanical function of the craniosacral system.

“Creating a Healing Place for the Community,”
(August 12th, 2013)
By: Gloria Coppola
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The primary focus of this article is on the use of CranioSacral Therapy at the Garden State Center for Holistic Health Care in Lakewood, NJ.

Correspondences between Chapman&#39;s Reflexes and Acupuncture Points
(August 12th, 2013)
By: John E Upledger, DO, OMM
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

These related articles report a striking correspondence between Chapman&#39;s Reflex Centers and acupuncture points, both in terms of their specific anatomical locations and their reported effects upon precise organ functions.

Testimonial by Cynthia Rowe, PT
(October 16th, 1999)
By: Cynthia Rowe
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Cynthia Rowe writes about her first experience seeing the falx cerebri,tentorium cerebelli and the falx cerebelli of a cadaver, while working as a teacher&#39;s assistant in a gross-anatomy course at Harvard Medical School.

CranioSacral Therapy
(August 12th, 2013)
By: John E. Upledger, DO,FAAO
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This Overview directed to the layperson explains the basic concepts of CranioSacral Therapy, the physiology of the CranioSacral system,those who can benefit from it and the therapists who can learn to use it.

Bioelectric Phenomena in Relation to Neural Function
(December 1st, 1976)
By: Roppel and Upledger
Curriculum/s: Neural Manipulation, Neural ManipulationT,

Briefly describes the hypothesis deducted from the attempts to develop " a unifying view in which a number of bioelectric manifestations may be understood as expressions of more fundamental processes," thus leading to a practical explanation of the mode of action of peripheral-stimulation therapies.

Craniosacral Mechanisms
(March 31st, 1976)
By: Retlaff,Roppel,Becker,Mitchell,Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Briefly describes the scientific bases for craniosacral research and therapy involving manipulation and it&#39;s implications for the treatment of pain. Available online at http://faculty.irsc.edu/FACULTY/SSwartz/UPLEDGER.htm

Osteopathic Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine
(August 1st, 2013)
By: Dr. John E. Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Discusses the applicability of Chinese medical phylosophy and treatment of osteopathic medicine

Integration of Acupuncture and Manipulation
(October 31st, 1997)
By: Dr. John Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Dr. John Upledger explains the advantages of combining acupuncture techniques with manipulative treatment.He claims that by adding simple needling techniques he will improve clinical results by shortening the length of treatment, reducing patient discomfort and obviating the need for pharmacological and physiotherapuetic adjuncts.

CranioSacral Therapy and the High-Performance Athlete
(July 9th, 2012)
By: John Matthew Upledger
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

In this article the author retells a story of a high performance athlete and professional cyclist that was feeling &#39;off-center&#39; was helped by CranioSacral Therapy. In just one session he was feeling balanced again and continues to receive treatments as part of his regular body-work sessions to alleviate restrictions and keep his feeling of being centered.

CST for Chronic Conditions
(March 1st, 2013)
By: Tad Wanveer, LMT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This article explains how hyper-irritated nerves of the central nervous system can cause a wide range of dysfunction. These include but are not limited to leg weakness, difficulty remembering, and migraine headaches. CranioSacral Therapy can address and eliminate the nerve irritation thus helping your clients with these common chronic conditions.

Visceral Manipulation: How It Can Help Your Clients
(March 1st, 2013)
By: Mariann Sisco, PT, CST-D
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach,

This article covers the session highlights that will be presented at the FSMTA 2013 in Orlando, FL by Mariann Sisco, PT, CST-D. Information includes specifics on how certain visc