Research, Articles & Case Studies

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Research, Articles & Case Studies

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11 Most Commonly Requested CST Research Articles

17 Most Commonly Requested VM Research Articles

Article Description

Safety and Therapeutic Effects of Craniosacral Therapy: A Short Review
(July 12th, 2021)
By: Thomas Rosenkilde Rasmussen. Ph.D., MSc, CST-D
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

This RCT (Random Controlled Trials) Studies Review is documenting both the safety and therapeutic effect of Upledger CranioSacral Therapy (CST), and leads the way to larger studies in different health care conditions so often incorporating CST as a complementary treatment.

Physical therapy for the treatment of respiratory issues using Systemic Manual Therapy protocols
(August 20th, 2021)
By: Adi Halili
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Amplification of the decongestive effect can occur by facilitating the motion of fluids away from the respiratory system which can become outside of the body. Protocols in this category are used as a diuretic reflex, the Barral  by creating fascial release or increased motility in and around organs used for elimination. This study provided immediate practical implications to clinicians who have been using these protocols. Further prospective work and replication of these findings are needed to better interpret the results of this study.

Effect of occipitoatlantal decompression on cerebral blood flow dynamics as evaluated by Doppler ultrasonography
(August 11th, 2021)
By: Bryan Roberts, BS, OMS III, Andrew E. Makar, BS, OMS III, Ryan Canaan, BA, OMS III, Vanessa Pazdernik, MS and Tatyana Kondrashova, MD, PhD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Osteopathic manipulative treatment reduces symptoms in patients with headache disorders. Patients with headache disorders who visit osteopathic physicians to have manipulation done, seem to improve the area where soft tissue experience a reduction of symptoms as part of their treatment plan.

Doppler ultrasound is a non-invasive tool that can be used to check the blood flow in the arteries for restrictions with OMT seem to help the patient out. 


Effects of CranioSacral therapy upon symptoms of post-acute concussion and Post-Concussion Syndrome: A pilot study
(August 5th, 2021)
By: Susan Vaughan Kratz , Daniel J. Kratz
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Professional Athletes, other events like car accidents, head blow trauma and patients seeking medical treatment were studied through CranioSacral Therapy.  Most patients are assumed to recover from concussions in one to three months through the normal process of rest. Persistent symptoms are beyond healing allowances, ranging from days to months and are referred to Post-Concussion Syndrome

CranioSacral Therapy (Upledger-CST) was recommended to all the study group patients, which monitored their visits, they were able to return to a semblance of their pre-injury activities with the CST treatments.

Craniosacral Therapy in the Midwifery Model of Care
(August 5th, 2021)
By: Kara Maria Ananda|
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

CranioSacral Therapy is one of the most wonderful relaxing bodywork done by midwives, doulas and childbirth professionals. The CranioSacral system develops shortly after conception. It happens when the first of the cells divides in the womb and forms the primal midline that becomes our spine.

CST helps the mother to relax and relieves restrictions in the body. After birth CST helps to gently do bodywork for the newborn infants, babies and children after some have traumatic births. 

A Great Read !!!

Low back pain is one of the most common reasons for seeking medical care.
(July 20th, 2021)
By: Adrian C. Traeger, PhD; Amir Qaseem, MD, PhD, MHA; James H. McAuley, PhD
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Low back pain is one of those symptoms that can last from 4 weeks, subacute usually last 4-12 weeks. Chronic low back pain last more than 12 weeks. There are many different therapies which usually starts out with massage therapies exercises, yoga etc. If the pain becomes chronic the patient may have to go to more options to the failed treatments.  

Respiratory influence on CSF flow
(July 5th, 2019)
By: Vegard Vinje , Geir Ringstad, Erika Kristina Lindstrøm, Lars Magnus Valnes, Marie E . Rognes, Per Kristian Eide, Kent-Andre Mardal
Curriculum/s: Visceral Manipulation / Neural Manipulation / New Manual Articular Approach, Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Current theories suggest that waste solutes are cleared from the brain via the CSF flow, diven by pressure pulsations of possibly both cardiac and respiratory origin. In this study, we explored the importance of respiratory versus cardiac pressure gradients for CSF flow within one of the main conduits of the brain, the cerebral aqueduct. 

Pressure gradients underlying CSF flow in the cerebral aqueduct are dominated by cardiac pulsations, but induce CSF flow volumes dominated by respiration.  

Naturopathic Oncology Care for Pediatric Cancers: A Practice Survey
(August 29th, 2019)
By: Athanasios Psihogios, ND , Jullie K. Ennis, PhD , and Dugald Seely, ND, MSc, FABNO
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Pediatric cancer can sometimes need other options for cancer care. Many of the children respond to other alternative medicine such as CranioSacral therapies and other Manipulations instead of traditional medicine. Research has shown in patients that they responded well to these alternative Medicines. The also tried other medicinal meds like Vitamins and Green Tea which is an antioxident.

Rhinitis: The Osteopathic Modular Approach
(May 1st, 2020)
By: Shan Shan Wu, DO; Kelsey Graven, DO; Michelle Sergi, OMS IV; Robert Hostoffer, DO
Curriculum/s: Lymphatic Balancing / Total Body Balancing / Muscle Balancing / Fascial Balancing, CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

The osteopathic approach to rhinitis. The musculoskeletal system plays a substantial role in the management of rhinitis with OMT techniques. (osteopathic manipulative treatment) Lymphatic techniques were used to help improve the Lymphatic system.

Rhinitis can affect your mental, emotional, social and spiritual well being. Rhinitis can effect your sleep, facial pain and cause depression. They recommend future research in this field of OMT.

These were based on whole body approach, based on experts in this field.

This research was done at the University Hospitals Osteopathic Consortium in Cleveland, OHIO

Objectivation of an Educational Model in Cranial Osteopathy Based on Experience
(March 5th, 2021)
By: Jesús Requena-García, Evelyn García-Nieto and David Varillas-Delgado
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Professional Osteopaths were selected based on their degree of experience. The highest selected was with more that 15 yrs experience in Cranial Osteopathy. They did experiments that were repeated 25 times bringing the skull to open measurements. An open cadaver skull was used to perform the measurements in a structure that was most like doing a daily consultation. The rhythm represent interaction between tissues and fluids that make up the structure, with it can be used as a diagnosis.

CranioSacral Therapy - Migraine
(May 19th, 2021)
By: Jennifer de Jong, LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Migraine

CranialSacral Therapy - Long COVID
(May 10th, 2021)
By: Jennifer de Jong, LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Long COVID

CranioSacral Therapy - Glial Work Helps Concussion Recovery
(July 21st, 2021)
By: Amy Hanson LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Glial Work Helps Concussion Recovery

CranioSacral Therapy - Sensory Integration Dysfunction in a Child
(March 9th, 2021)
By: Jennifer de Jong
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Sensory Integration Dysfunction in a Child

CranioSacral Therapy - Working with a Spontaneous CSF Leak
(March 9th, 2021)
By: Amy Hanson LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Working with a Spontaneous CSF Leak

CranioSacral Therapy - Reduces Perseveration in a Client with Cohen Syndrome
(March 9th, 2021)
By: Amy Hanson LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Reduces Perseveration in a Client with Cohen Syndrome

Manual therapy for the pediatric population: a systematic review
(July 2nd, 2019)
By: Carol Parnell Prevost , Brian Gleberzon , Beth Carleo , Kristian Anderson , Morgan Cark and Katherine A. Pohlman
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Parents have been using a variety of therapies for pediatric conditions including manual therapy and soft tissue therapy. Different studies have been used as observational tools for different age groups. The study of one group was crying babies. They were able to prove that crying infants improved with manual Osteopathy manipulation and CranioSacral  Manual Therapies.

CranioSacral Therapy - Newborn with Poor Latch/FTT, Upset Mother
(March 9th, 2021)
By: Carol J Reshan, OTR, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International 

CranioSacral Therapy - Newborn with Poor Latch/FTT, Upset Mother

CranioSacral Therapy - Difficulty Conceiving/Fertility
(March 9th, 2021)
By: Carol J Reshan, OTR, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Difficulty Conceiving/Fertility

CranioSacral Therapy - Developmental Delay
(March 9th, 2021)
By: Carol J Reshan, OTR, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Developmental Delay

CranioSacral Therapy - Bump on the Head/Seizures
(March 9th, 2021)
By: Carol J Reshan, OTR, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Back Pain or Heart Attack?
(March 9th, 2021)
By: Amy Hanson LMT, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Anxiety and Poor Sleep
(March 9th, 2021)
By: Carol J Reshan, OTR, CST-T
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study    

The Effects of Massage Therapy on Pain Management in the Acute Care Setting
(July 20th, 2021)
By: Rose Adams, MHA, BSW, LMT, Barb White, MS, LMT, and Cynthia Beckett, PhD, RNC-OB, LCCE4
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Pain management remains a critical issue for hospitals, they are trying to integrate Massage Therapy as a part of the team management for patient care. The study was conducted on patients from medical, surgery and obstetrics departments. Each session was 30 minutes. They were able to see the difference in the pain levels from 0 to 10 before and then after the therapy. Before the massage they recorded the pain levels most patients were around 5.18, after their massage, their levels went down to 2.33 a significant difference.

CranioSacral Therapy - Anxiety and Depression Following Family Tragedy
(May 21st, 2021)
By: Melissa Gunter, OTR/L, CST-T, CIMI
Curriculum/s: CranioSacral Therapy / SomatoEmotional Release,

Upledger Institute International Case Study

CranioSacral Therapy - Anxiety and Depression Following Family Tragedy